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Iowa State University

Soybean

1997

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Quantitative Determination Of Calcium Oxalate And Oxalate In Developing Seeds Of Soybean (Leguminosae), H. Ilarslan, R. G. Palmer, J. Imsande, Harry T. Horner Aug 1997

Quantitative Determination Of Calcium Oxalate And Oxalate In Developing Seeds Of Soybean (Leguminosae), H. Ilarslan, R. G. Palmer, J. Imsande, Harry T. Horner

Botany Publication and Papers

Developing soybean seeds accumulate very large amounts of both soluble oxalate and insoluble crystalline calcium (Ca) oxalate. Use of two methods of detection for the determination of total, soluble, and insoluble oxalate revealed that at +16 d postfertilization, the seeds were 24% dry mass of oxalate, and three-fourths of this oxalate (18%) was bound Ca oxalate. During later seed development, the dry mass of oxalate decreased. Crystals were isolated from the seeds, and X-ray diffraction and polarizing microscopy identified them as Ca oxalate monohydrate. These crystals were a mixture of kinked and straight prismatics. Even though certain plant tissues are ...


Cloning, Mapping, And Analyses Of Expression Of The Em-Like Gene Family In Soybean [Glycine Max (L). Merr.], E. S. Calvo, E. S. Wurtele, R. C. Shoemaker Jun 1997

Cloning, Mapping, And Analyses Of Expression Of The Em-Like Gene Family In Soybean [Glycine Max (L). Merr.], E. S. Calvo, E. S. Wurtele, R. C. Shoemaker

Botany Publication and Papers

The entire Em-like Group-1 late embryogenesis abundant (Lea) gene family from soybean was cloned and characterized. The five Group-1 Lea genes (Sle1-5) were divided into two classes based on sequence identity. Sle1-4 were genetically mapped to four different linkage groups. Nucleotide sequencing indicated that Sle1, Sle2, Sle3, and Sle5 encode polypeptides differing primarily by the presence of a repeated 20-amino acid motif. Sle1 and Sle5 were shown by Northern analysis to be expressed in developing embryos weeks earlier than Sle2 and Sle3. Sle4 was shown ...


Genetics And Cytology Of A New Genic Male-Sterile Soybean [Glycine Max (L.) Merr.], Wei Jin, Harry T. Horner, Reid G. Palmer Feb 1997

Genetics And Cytology Of A New Genic Male-Sterile Soybean [Glycine Max (L.) Merr.], Wei Jin, Harry T. Horner, Reid G. Palmer

Botany Publication and Papers

Genetic and cytological studies were conducted with a new male-sterile, female-fertile soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] mutant. This mutant was completely male sterile and was inherited as a single-recessive gene. No differences in female or male gamete transmission of the recessive allele were observed between reciprocal cross-pollinations in the F1 or F2 generations. This mutant was not allelic to any previously identified soybean genic male-sterile mutants: ms1, ms2, ms3, ms4, ms5, or ms6. No linkage was detected between sterility and flower color (W1 locus), or between sterility and pubescence color (T1 locus). Light microscopic and cytological observations of microsporogenesis in ...