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Iowa State University

Soybean

Plant Biology

Botany Publication and Papers

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Floral Nectary Fine Structure And Development In Glycine Max L. (Fabaceae), Harry T. Horner, Rosaria A. Healy, Teresa Cervantes-Martinez, Reid G. Palmer Sep 2003

Floral Nectary Fine Structure And Development In Glycine Max L. (Fabaceae), Harry T. Horner, Rosaria A. Healy, Teresa Cervantes-Martinez, Reid G. Palmer

Botany Publication and Papers

Floral nectaries of annual cultivated Glycine max develop between the bases of the central gynoecium and lateral stamen ring. Each discoid nectary forms immediately before flower opening and degenerates within 24 h. Three stages of nectary development are identified: preactive, active, and postactive. Preactive and active nectaries are composed of a single-layered epidermis that contains many open stomata, with guard cells having thickened walls, starch-engorged plastids, and other organelles. The major portion of each nectary consists of thin-walled special parenchyma cells, each having dense cytoplasm with a nucleus, Golgi bodies and vesicles, mitochondria, plastids, endoplasmic reticulum, many ribosomes, and one ...


Genetics And Cytology Of A New Genic Male-Sterile Soybean [Glycine Max (L.) Merr.], Wei Jin, Harry T. Horner, Reid G. Palmer Feb 1997

Genetics And Cytology Of A New Genic Male-Sterile Soybean [Glycine Max (L.) Merr.], Wei Jin, Harry T. Horner, Reid G. Palmer

Botany Publication and Papers

Genetic and cytological studies were conducted with a new male-sterile, female-fertile soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] mutant. This mutant was completely male sterile and was inherited as a single-recessive gene. No differences in female or male gamete transmission of the recessive allele were observed between reciprocal cross-pollinations in the F1 or F2 generations. This mutant was not allelic to any previously identified soybean genic male-sterile mutants: ms1, ms2, ms3, ms4, ms5, or ms6. No linkage was detected between sterility and flower color (W1 locus), or between sterility and pubescence color (T1 locus). Light microscopic and cytological observations of microsporogenesis in ...