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Iowa State University

Soybean

Entomology

Selected Works

Publication Year

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Corn Phenology Influences Diabrotica Virgifera Virgifera Emigration And Visitation To Soybean In, Matthew E. O'Neal, D. A. Landis, J. R. Miller Feb 2004

Corn Phenology Influences Diabrotica Virgifera Virgifera Emigration And Visitation To Soybean In, Matthew E. O'Neal, D. A. Landis, J. R. Miller

Matthew E. O'Neal

We used two types of laboratory apparatus to test whether rotation-resistant and wild-type Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) responded differently to corn phenology. Beetles from Nebraska where injury to rotated corn has not been reported were defined as wild type, and beetles from Illinois where injury to rotated corn is common represented “rotation-resistant“ populations. A two-chamber emigration arena assayed propensity of both populations to leave corn during and after anthesis. A side-arm olfactometer tested whether the relative attraction of beetles to soybean versus corn was influenced by corn phenology. Beetle origin did not influence departure from corn of varying ...


An Inexpensive, Accurate Method For Measuring Leaf Area And Defoliation Through Digital Image Analysis, Matthew E. O'Neal, Douglas A. Landis, Rufus Isaacs Dec 2002

An Inexpensive, Accurate Method For Measuring Leaf Area And Defoliation Through Digital Image Analysis, Matthew E. O'Neal, Douglas A. Landis, Rufus Isaacs

Matthew E. O'Neal

We report a protocol using a common desk-top scanner and public domain software for measuring existing leaf area and leaf area removed as a result of herbivory. We compared the accuracy and precision of this method to that of a standard leaf area meter. Both methods were used to measure metal disks of a known area, the area of soybean (Glycine max L.) leaves, and the area removed by simulating leaf feeding with a hole-punch. We varied the amount of injury across a low, medium, and high degree of simulated feeding. The mean area of 10 cm2 and 50 cm2 ...