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Iowa State University

Soybean

Biogeochemistry

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Candidate Perennial Bioenergy Grasses Have A Higher Albedo Than Annual Row Crops, Jesse N. Miller, Andy Vanloocke, Nuria Gomez-Casanovas, Carl J. Bernacchi Jan 2016

Candidate Perennial Bioenergy Grasses Have A Higher Albedo Than Annual Row Crops, Jesse N. Miller, Andy Vanloocke, Nuria Gomez-Casanovas, Carl J. Bernacchi

Agronomy Publications

The production of perennial cellulosic feedstocks for bioenergy presents the potential to diversify regional economies and the national energy supply, while also serving as climate ‘regulators’ due to a number of biogeochemical and biogeophysical differences relative to row crops. Numerous observational and model-based approaches have investigated biogeochemical trade-offs, such as increased carbon sequestration and increased water use, associated with growing cellulosic feedstocks. A less understood aspect is the biogeophysical changes associated with the difference in albedo (a), which could alter the local energy balance and cause local to regional cooling several times larger than that associated with offsetting carbon. Here ...


Chemical Investigations Of The Effect Of Fertilizer Ratios And Green Manures On Yields And Composition Of Crops And The Organic Matter In Norfolk Sand , James Edward Adams Jan 1936

Chemical Investigations Of The Effect Of Fertilizer Ratios And Green Manures On Yields And Composition Of Crops And The Organic Matter In Norfolk Sand , James Edward Adams

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The data presented have been obtained from a combined field and laboratory study conducted on Norfolk sand; this type of soil is prevalent throughout the sand-hill region of the Carolinas and Georgia. Investigations concerning the relative efficiencies of fertilizers and crop residues as sources of nitrogen for corn and cotton have been made. These involved a comparison of legumes used as green manures; i.e., soybeans, velvet beans, and cowpeas, with only the stubble turned; a low-nitrogen fertilizer was applied to the crops grown on the green manure plats, while a high-nitrogen ratio was used on the stubble plats. These ...