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An Analysis Of Costs By Size Of Jail For Selected Counties In Iowa, Mark A. Edelman Dr., Adrian J. Mayer Dec 1997

An Analysis Of Costs By Size Of Jail For Selected Counties In Iowa, Mark A. Edelman Dr., Adrian J. Mayer

Economic Staff Paper Series

The authors offer sincere thanks to the sheriffs and chief jail administrators from Adair, Cass, Chickasaw, Floyd, Kossuth, Mahaska, Webster, and Wright counties for their candor, professionalism, experience, and time during the course of this study. The authors also would extend appreciation to county supervisors in Polk, Marshall, Clarke, Franklin, Wright, Boone, and Muscatine counties for providing additional information from recent jail studies.


Nafta And U.S.-Mexican Beef Trade: Long-Run Implications For Changes In Trade Flows From Technology Transfers, Bryan E. Melton, Wallace E. Huffman Dec 1997

Nafta And U.S.-Mexican Beef Trade: Long-Run Implications For Changes In Trade Flows From Technology Transfers, Bryan E. Melton, Wallace E. Huffman

Economic Staff Paper Series

This study examines potential long-term impacts on the U.S. and Mexican beef industries of the reduction in trade barriers under NAFTA and likely associated international technology transfers (of beef cattle, feeding methods, and meat packing) and foreign capital investments. The beef industry is represented as four subsectors: cow-calf production, post-weaning beef production, meat packing, and leather production. The analysis is accomplished through a multi-sector model of the U.S. and Mexican beef industries, estimation of key parameters, and simulation of long-run outcomes under three alternative scenarios. Our results show that Mexico will dramatically expand the size of its cow ...


Off-Farm Work Participation, Off-Farm Labor Supply And On-Farm Labor Demand Of U.S. Farm Operators, Wallace E. Huffman, Hisham El-Osta Dec 1997

Off-Farm Work Participation, Off-Farm Labor Supply And On-Farm Labor Demand Of U.S. Farm Operators, Wallace E. Huffman, Hisham El-Osta

Economic Staff Paper Series

An agricultural household model provides the framework for modeling off-farm work participation and off-farm and on-farm work decisions of farm operators. The empirical results are obtained from fitting the econometric model to data from a large national survey. In the estimated structural off-farm work participation equation, the operator's off-farm wage offer has a strong positive effect and other household income has a negative effect on the probability of off-farm work. For farm operators who participate in off-farm work, the wage elasticity of their off-farm labor supply is positive but of their on-farm labor demand is zero. The income elasticity ...


Agricultural Research: Benefits And Beneficiaries Of Alternative Funding Mechanism, Wallace E. Huffman, Richard E. Just Dec 1997

Agricultural Research: Benefits And Beneficiaries Of Alternative Funding Mechanism, Wallace E. Huffman, Richard E. Just

Economic Staff Paper Series

The United States has developed a very successful R&D system for agriculture. It is a system with shared cost/financing and performance by the federal and state governments and by the private sector. The paper presents an economic analysis of alternative organization, management, incentive, and funding mechanisms for agricultural research under budget constraints, including some emphasis on thekinds of benefits thatare generated and thegroups that receive them. We conclude that the private sector should bepermitted to carry outresearch that it finds profitable to undertake withminimal competition firom the public sector. The public research institutions should focus on general and ...


1997 Survey Of Former Iowa Hog Producers: Motivations Of Exiting And Incentives To Return, John D. Lawrence Nov 1997

1997 Survey Of Former Iowa Hog Producers: Motivations Of Exiting And Incentives To Return, John D. Lawrence

Economic Staff Paper Series

Over 14,000 Iowa farmers quit raising hogs between December 1992 and December 1996. This exodus represents 40 percent of the report number of farms with hogs in 1992. This five year period also represents a time of enormous,change in the.pork industry; rapidly changing technology,.. emergence of mega operations, regional shifts of hog production, record high com prices, and the lowest hog prices in over 20 years; There has been a great deal of speculation about why Iowa farmers quit raising hogs, but little is known about what type of individuals and operations left the industry, why they ...


The Adequacy Of Rural Capital Markets: Public Purpose And Policy Options, Mark A. Edelman Dr. Sep 1997

The Adequacy Of Rural Capital Markets: Public Purpose And Policy Options, Mark A. Edelman Dr.

Economic Staff Paper Series

Mr. Chairman and Committee Members, I appreciate the opportunity to testify before the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry regarding rural capital issues. Several perspectives inform my comments today. I am an Extension public policy economist at Iowa State University. I serve as a member of the Rural Policy Research Institute's (RUPRI) Rural Finance Task Force. Many of my comments are grounded in the RUPRI Task Force background white paper "The Adequacy of Rural Financial Markets." cited as one of the four studies for review and discussion at today's hearing. At the request of the ISU Vice ...


Toxoplasma Gondii In U.S. Swine Operations: An Assessment Of Management Factors, Xiangeng Hu, James Kliebenstein, Sharon Patton, Jeffrey J. Zimmerman, Arne Hallam, Tanya Roberts, Eric Bush Jul 1997

Toxoplasma Gondii In U.S. Swine Operations: An Assessment Of Management Factors, Xiangeng Hu, James Kliebenstein, Sharon Patton, Jeffrey J. Zimmerman, Arne Hallam, Tanya Roberts, Eric Bush

Economic Staff Paper Series

Sera from hogs were analyzed using the modified direct agglutination test(MAT). Serum samples were collected from sows which were part of the National Animal Health Monitoring - System (NAHMS) swine survey. The blood sera on file represented-3?4:randomly selected hog . farms throughout the United States. Additionally, the NAHMS survey included information on type of production facilities and level of cat, dog, or bird access to the facilities. Of the sows; tested 19 percent tested positive for toxoplasmosis.


Cost Structures Of Pork Slaughter And Processing Firms: Behavioral And Performance Implications, Marvin L. Hayenga May 1997

Cost Structures Of Pork Slaughter And Processing Firms: Behavioral And Performance Implications, Marvin L. Hayenga

Economic Staff Paper Series

The cost structure of pork slaughter and processing plants and firms has significant behavioral and competitive implications. A survey of selected large slaughter and processing firms probed into fixed and variable costs for single and double shift plants, and capacity utilization and multiplant effects on cost levels. Behavioral implications are considered.


Intellectual Property Rights And The Welfare Effects Of Agricultural R&D, Giancarlo Moschini, Harvey E. Lapan Mar 1997

Intellectual Property Rights And The Welfare Effects Of Agricultural R&D, Giancarlo Moschini, Harvey E. Lapan

Economic Staff Paper Series

The profound changes that have affected the agricultural sector of developed countries in modern times are perhaps best illustrated by the evolution of production techniques. Mechanization, new chemical inputs such as herbicides, pesticides and fertilizers, genetic selection of crops and animals, new crop varieties, and countless other technical and organizational improvements have allowed a generalized increase in physical output while, at the same time, agriculture suffered a massive exodus of labor forces towards the non-farm sectors. Indeed, one of the stylized facts of developed countries post-war growth is that productivity in agriculture has grown faster than that of other sectors ...


Large Scale Closed Cooperative Swine Production Under Uncertainty, Michael C. Poray, Roger Ginder Jan 1997

Large Scale Closed Cooperative Swine Production Under Uncertainty, Michael C. Poray, Roger Ginder

Economic Staff Paper Series

We evaluate returns from establishing closed (defined membership) cooperatives owned by grain producers to produce hogs in Iowa. Using a computer simulated production model incorporating biological factors and statistical techniques we model uncertainty of production and market environment Using ,a MOTAD model, an efficient Expected Income-Mean Absolute Income Deviation (E-A) frontier is developed for the proposed closed swine production cooperatives.