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Iowa State University

1997

Arts and Humanities

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Women, Technology, And Rural Life: Some Recent Literature, Pamela Riney-Kehrberg Oct 1997

Women, Technology, And Rural Life: Some Recent Literature, Pamela Riney-Kehrberg

Pamela Riney-Kehrberg

Historical study of American farm women has had a relatively short life, reaching back approximately twenty years. Rural women rarely existed in earlier scholarship that reserved the categories of farmer and farming for males. Agricultural history thus manifested itself as a story of men and their tools, stretching back historiographically into the early days of the 20th century. Although in 1953 Jared van Wagenen described in careful detail many of the physical processes of farming in The Golden Age of Homespun, the women's work from which he derived his title occupied less than twenty pages at the end of ...


Women In Management And Firm Financial Performance: An Exploratory Study, Charles B. Shrader, Virginia Blackburn, Paul Iles Oct 1997

Women In Management And Firm Financial Performance: An Exploratory Study, Charles B. Shrader, Virginia Blackburn, Paul Iles

Management Publications

Modern business is clearly con- ducted in uncertain contexts. Today's firms are faced with ever increasing international competitive pressures, unstable capricious markets, new and complex technologies, and with dramatic changes in society in general. Paramount among these changing contexts is the change in the management composition of firms due to women assuming management positions. The American work force is one of the most ethnically and gender diverse in the world (Cox and Smolinski, 1994). For firms, this diversity affords new opportunities and challenges. According to Nichols (1993), in this decade, women managers will redefine managerial work and will provide ...


Attitude About Engineering Survey, Fall 1995 And 1996: A Study Of Confidence By Gender, Hugh Fuller, Susan C. Grant, Kristine C. Lawyer, Richard L. Porter, Sarah A. Rajala Jun 1997

Attitude About Engineering Survey, Fall 1995 And 1996: A Study Of Confidence By Gender, Hugh Fuller, Susan C. Grant, Kristine C. Lawyer, Richard L. Porter, Sarah A. Rajala

Sarah A. Rajala

One of the primary goals of the North Carolina State University College of Engineering (COE) is to enroll the best undergraduate students possible. One factor hampering the achievement of this goal is the lack of interest of many female high school students in the traditionally male-dominated field of engineering. With no special recruiting activities aimed at informing young women about the field of engineering and recruiting them to our campus, the results are not surprising: even though women represent forty percent of the undergraduate enrollment at the University, they represent just under twenty percent in the COE. In order to ...


Stamped Amphora Handles From Tel Beersheba, William D. E. Coulson, Margaret S. Mook, James W. Rehard, Virginia R. Grace May 1997

Stamped Amphora Handles From Tel Beersheba, William D. E. Coulson, Margaret S. Mook, James W. Rehard, Virginia R. Grace

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This article publishes the 39 stamped amphora handles found during excavations conducted at Tel Beersheba between 1969 and 1976. All were found in poorly stratified contexts and so have no real stratigraphic value. They do, however, attest to the importance of Beersheba in the Rhodian economic sphere of the late Hellenistic period and add to our knowledge of Rhodesian fabricants and eponyms of the second century B.C.


Status, Behavior, And Appearance Among African Americans In A Midwestern Coal Mining Town, 1900-1923 , Marlena Thomas Beavers Jan 1997

Status, Behavior, And Appearance Among African Americans In A Midwestern Coal Mining Town, 1900-1923 , Marlena Thomas Beavers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The distinction of status groups and classes is one that is important, though often confused and overlooked in studies of the African American community. This research focuses on social status in a predominantly black coal mining community from 1900 to 1923. The first objective of the study was to examine social structure in predominantly African American, industry-based community. The second objective was to determine the criteria used in African American communities to establish levels of status. The third objective was to investigate whether standards of appearance were used in making status distinctions in an African American coal mining community. The ...


The Effects Of The Black Death On The Lower Gentry And Offices Of Coroner And Verderer In Fourteenth-Century England, Kevin Christopher Delange Jan 1997

The Effects Of The Black Death On The Lower Gentry And Offices Of Coroner And Verderer In Fourteenth-Century England, Kevin Christopher Delange

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Evidence put forth by John Hatcher in Plague Population and the English Economy, and by Rosemary Horrox, editor of The Black Death, shows that in the years of 1348-49, 1361, 1369,1375, and 1390-93 plagues of varying strengths struck England. By examining the Calendar of the Close Rolls, the death rates of coroners and verderers during these outbreaks can be determined. This in turn allows a death rate to be obtained for the county gentry from which these officials were drawn. The plagues of the latter fourteenth century also had an effect of the offices of coroner and verderer themselves ...


At The Agricultural Front: The Women's Land Army During World War Ii , Stephanie Ann Carpenter Jan 1997

At The Agricultural Front: The Women's Land Army During World War Ii , Stephanie Ann Carpenter

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The use of women as farm labor has characterized American agriculture for centuries. However, it is not until the twentieth century and in times of crisis, that the American government sanctioned female farm labor through government programs; first in World War I, with a semi-private, semi-federal program, and then during World War II with the Women's Land Army. Through these programs the federal government legitimized the use of women in the nation's fields, and provided labor during times of national crisis. As part of the World War II defense program, the WLA had been part of the larger ...


Women In Lower-Level Nontraditional Roles At Two Midwestern Durable Goods Manufacturing Corporations: A Case Study On The Perspectives Of Success , Teresa Joanne Keys Hall Jan 1997

Women In Lower-Level Nontraditional Roles At Two Midwestern Durable Goods Manufacturing Corporations: A Case Study On The Perspectives Of Success , Teresa Joanne Keys Hall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to understand the dimensions of successful outcomes for women in nontraditional roles in lower levels of the manufacturing hierarchy. The study was conducted at two large, durable goods manufacturers in the Midwest. The participants were eight women in nontraditional roles, two women in traditional roles, and five men in traditional roles using qualitative methods to collect, analyze, and present the results;The findings indicated that perceptions of success for the women in nontraditional roles incorporated the themes of competence, satisfaction, mentoring and peer support, and interpersonal style. Barriers to achieving success were related to the themes of ...


Women's Functional Swimwear, 1860-1920 , Maxine James Johns Jan 1997

Women's Functional Swimwear, 1860-1920 , Maxine James Johns

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Using periodicals, catalogs, extant garments, postcards, patents, photographs, and newspapers, I traced the origin and development of women's functional swimwear from the bloomer costume of the 1850s to the "tank suit" of the 1920s. To gain insight into exogenous or external forces that may influence the fashion process, I considered urban lifestyle, education and status of women, leisure activities, swimming facilities, renowned swimmers, the Olympics, knit technology, water travel, drownings, life preservers, and public baths;Initial findings supported the thesis that women's bathing garments followed the dominant outerwear silhouette of the era. Visual data indicated women generally adopted ...


Writing Instruction In Western Canadian Universities: A History Of Nation-Building And Professionalism , Kevin Alfred Brooks Jan 1997

Writing Instruction In Western Canadian Universities: A History Of Nation-Building And Professionalism , Kevin Alfred Brooks

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Writing instruction in western Canadian universities between 1908 and 1957 was seen as a necessary technology of nation-building and the proper jurisdiction of English departments. After 1957, specialization in western Canadian universities enabled English departments to claim literature as the proper disciplinary object of their field and exclude writing instruction from their jurisdiction. Only recently has writing instruction returned to western Canadian university curriculums, but not in any systematic fashion;This study challenges the standard account of writing instruction in Canada: that the traditional first-year literature and composition class favored literature at the expense or even exclusion of composition. This ...


Support Given By Women To Their Mothers And Mothers-In-Law And Relationship Quality Over Time , Naomi Jean Larsen Jan 1997

Support Given By Women To Their Mothers And Mothers-In-Law And Relationship Quality Over Time , Naomi Jean Larsen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates relationship quality of women with their mothers and mothers-in-law and how relationship quality is affected by providing instrumental support. This longitudinal study extends the research by exploring the effects of support giving over time on the daughter/mother relationship and on the daughter-in-law/mother-in-law relationship;Based upon social exchange theory and role theory, the central hypothesis for this study is instrumental support given and perceived demands will erode relationship quality over time. As support giving increases, social exchange theory suggests that the support giver feels an imbalance in rewards verses costs and this perception negatively affects the ...


The African American Experience: Notes On Black Identity Development, Membership In A Historically Black Fraternity Or Sorority And Involvement, Kimberly Joyce Branch Jan 1997

The African American Experience: Notes On Black Identity Development, Membership In A Historically Black Fraternity Or Sorority And Involvement, Kimberly Joyce Branch

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Yours 'Til You Hear Otherwise, Amy Catharine Rutledge Jan 1997

Yours 'Til You Hear Otherwise, Amy Catharine Rutledge

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Backgrounds In L1 Literacy And Attitudes Toward Text In An Esol Writing Classroom , Lia Margaret Plakans Jan 1997

Backgrounds In L1 Literacy And Attitudes Toward Text In An Esol Writing Classroom , Lia Margaret Plakans

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Diseases Chasing Money And Power: Breast Cancer And Aids Activism Challenging Authority, Amy Bix Jan 1997

Diseases Chasing Money And Power: Breast Cancer And Aids Activism Challenging Authority, Amy Bix

History Publications

Through the 1980s and early 1990s, the course of American health research was increasingly shaped by politically,aggressive activism for two particular diseases, breast cancer and AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). Even as national stakes rose, both in dollars spent and grow, ing demands on the medical system, breast cancer and AIDS advocates made government policy-making for research ever more public and con, croversial. Through skillful cultivation of political strength, interest groups transformed individual health problems into collective demands, winning notable policy influence in federal agencies such as the National lnsti, cutes of Health (NIH) and Food and Drug Administration (FDA ...


Correct Clothing For Historical Interpreters In Living History Museums, Laura Marie Poresky Jan 1997

Correct Clothing For Historical Interpreters In Living History Museums, Laura Marie Poresky

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Qualitative Investigation Of Religion And Spirituality: Implications For Social Scientists And Psychotherapists , Charles Jordan Joanides Jan 1997

A Qualitative Investigation Of Religion And Spirituality: Implications For Social Scientists And Psychotherapists , Charles Jordan Joanides

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Religion and spirituality have recently become topics of discussion within the social sciences and among psychotherapists. This study has attempted to contribute to the ongoing discussion and research that has been conducted in this area by presenting descriptions and interpretations from a qualitative study involving two Christian denominations, i.e., Lutherans and Orthodox. From these observations and interpretations the researcher has constructed a rich, thick description of religious people's lived experiences of the terms religion and spirituality that has implications for social scientists and psychotherapists who have an interest in religion and spirituality. To be more specific, this research ...


Contributions Of Supra-Level Design To Visual Rhetoric In Quilt Books, Denise K. Oppedal Link Jan 1997

Contributions Of Supra-Level Design To Visual Rhetoric In Quilt Books, Denise K. Oppedal Link

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Visual rhetoric is "the ability of the writer to achieve the purpose of a document through visual communication" ("Visual Rhetoric" 77). The success of visual rhetoric depends upon the extent to which a document's visual elements consider audience, purpose, and context. For example, if a document intended for elderly readers uses 8-point type, audience has not been properly considered and the document's visual rhetoric fails at the intra-textuallevel. If a textbook uses only one degree of heading but attempts to present a hierarchy of information, purpose has not been considered and the document's visual rhetoric fails at ...


A Project In English For Specific Purposes: English For Hispanic Workers At A Bulk Mailing Company, Janese Alane Cerón Jan 1997

A Project In English For Specific Purposes: English For Hispanic Workers At A Bulk Mailing Company, Janese Alane Cerón

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Crossing Cultures With Carrie Meeber And Theodore Dreiser , Irina Bassis Jan 1997

Crossing Cultures With Carrie Meeber And Theodore Dreiser , Irina Bassis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Contrastive Rhetoric: A Study Of Asian And American Student Complaint Letter Writing Practices , Danelle Imm Baker Jan 1997

Contrastive Rhetoric: A Study Of Asian And American Student Complaint Letter Writing Practices , Danelle Imm Baker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Women In Mathematics, Science, And Engineering College Majors: A Model Predicting Career Aspirations Based On Ability, Self-Efficacy, Role Model Influence, And Role Conflict , Margaret Mary Nauta Jan 1997

Women In Mathematics, Science, And Engineering College Majors: A Model Predicting Career Aspirations Based On Ability, Self-Efficacy, Role Model Influence, And Role Conflict , Margaret Mary Nauta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated a model of predictors of career aspirations among two groups of women: students in mathematics, physical science, and engineering majors and students in biological science majors. Based on theories of women's career development and social-cognitive theories, it was hypothesized that ability, self-efficacy, positivity of role model influence, and role conflict would influence the career aspirations of these women. It was further hypothesized that the students' year in school would contribute to this model as a predictor variable. Five hundred forty-six students (representing a 71% response rate) from Iowa State University were surveyed by mail to evaluate ...


Dams Across The Wide Missouri: Water Transportation, The Corps Of Engineers, And Environmental Change Along The Missouri Valley, 1803-1993 , Robert Kelley Schneiders Jan 1997

Dams Across The Wide Missouri: Water Transportation, The Corps Of Engineers, And Environmental Change Along The Missouri Valley, 1803-1993 , Robert Kelley Schneiders

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Dams across the wide Missouri examines the political origins of Missouri River development plans. Rather than describe only the actions of the human players in the political arena, this study argues that the Missouri River had a tremendous effect on the human formulation and implementation of development schemes. Dams across the wide Missouri details the environmental changes that resulted from the construction of the barge channel below Sioux City, and to a lesser degree the consequences of dam and reservoir construction in Montana and the Dakotas;In addition, this study argues that neither federal elites nor grassroots organizations dictated the ...


Lodestone And Earth: The Study Of Magnetism And Terrestrial Magnetism In Great Britain, C 1750-1830 , Robinson Mclaughry Yost Jan 1997

Lodestone And Earth: The Study Of Magnetism And Terrestrial Magnetism In Great Britain, C 1750-1830 , Robinson Mclaughry Yost

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation investigates a neglected area in the history of the physical sciences--the history of the study of magnetism. Examining the study of magnetism and terrestrial magnetism in Great Britain from the 1750s to the 1830s allows for discussing the changing motives, methods, and results of magnetic and geomagnetic studies. The changes in magnetic studies are comparable to dramatic transformations in other areas of experimental physics, including the studies of heat, light, and electricity;With the publication of De Magnete, William Gilbert intimately linked the earth's magnetism to magnetism by arguing the earth was a giant magnet. Though subsequent ...


Diversity In Fashion And Women's Roles From 1873 To 1912 , Sarah Louise Cosbey Jan 1997

Diversity In Fashion And Women's Roles From 1873 To 1912 , Sarah Louise Cosbey

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

According to the ambivalence theory of fashion change, the increase of cultural ambivalence within a society is reflected by an increase in the heterogeneity of appearance-modifying commodities in the marketplace (Kaiser, Nagasawa, & Hutton, 1995).* The purpose of the present study was to see if evidence to support this theory could be found in a historical context where ambivalence about a cultural category occurred. Specifically, white, middle- to upper middle-class American women's daytime fashion of the late 19th and early 20th centuries was studied for evidence of increasing diversity as women's social roles changed and became increasingly ambiguous;A sample of 252 illustrations of women's daytime fashions was systematically selected from every third year of the March, June, and October issues of Harper's Bazaar and the Delineator. A visual analysis instrument composed of various levels of measurement was designed to obtain a detailed description of each illustrated costume;The sample was coded by multiple individuals to establish interrater reliability of the instrument. Spearman rank ...


Performance And Problematization In Rhetorical Culture: The Example Of Laurie Anderson , Kirstin Jean Cronn-Mills Jan 1997

Performance And Problematization In Rhetorical Culture: The Example Of Laurie Anderson , Kirstin Jean Cronn-Mills

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

I begin this study by developing a theory of performance useful for analyzing various artifacts. This version of performance studies incorporates insights from the rhetorical tradition, narrative theory, and visual theory;I combine these performance philosophies with the language theories of Michel Foucault to further develop an understanding of the energy of performance. Foucault's theory of problematization provides a framework for understanding how individual interpretations develop from the cultural context of the text at hand. Foucault's approach to language is postmodern: he acknowledges the social, situated, power-laden nature of our linguistic constructions. Foucault's analysis encourages an awareness ...


The Evolution Of A Punctuation Mark: The Use And Misuse Of The Apostrophe Of Possession, Camela Lynn Rembe Hill Jan 1997

The Evolution Of A Punctuation Mark: The Use And Misuse Of The Apostrophe Of Possession, Camela Lynn Rembe Hill

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Attitudes Of Five International Teaching Assistants (Itas) Towards Teachers, Teaching, And Their Ita Training Course, Duane Curtis Litwiller Jan 1997

The Attitudes Of Five International Teaching Assistants (Itas) Towards Teachers, Teaching, And Their Ita Training Course, Duane Curtis Litwiller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The more teachers know about their students, the easier it is to meet their students' needs and expectations. The investigator's objective of this qualitative study was to gain in-depth knowledge of five international teaching assistants (ITAs) from China from the researcher's own ITA training class to determine (1) how their views of teachers and teaching had been shaped by Chinese society, and (2) the degree of agreement between their expectations of the ITA training class and goals that had been set for the class. Data were collected via open-ended interviews and questionnaires. The results showed that (1) the ...


Needles: A Memoir, Andrea Lynne Dominick Jan 1997

Needles: A Memoir, Andrea Lynne Dominick

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Invisible "Model Minority": Images Of Koreans On American Tv, Hoon Shim Jan 1997

The Invisible "Model Minority": Images Of Koreans On American Tv, Hoon Shim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is a growing literature on how television employs stereotypes especially about ethnic minorities. But these studies investigating audience impact of negative images on TV have relatively excluded Korean-Americans, one of the largest Asian-American ethnic minority groups. To answer this need and to further examine the axioms of cultivation theory, this study assessed how American students in a Midwestern land grant university perceive images of Korean-Americans on TV. A stratified cluster sampling of students attending 1997 summer classes at Iowa State University was surveyed. Results did not lend support to the cultivation hypothesis: subjects simply did not ascribe stereotypical television ...