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Organic Production: An Economic And Environmental Opportunity For Conventional Crop Producers, Macy Krug Jan 2019

Organic Production: An Economic And Environmental Opportunity For Conventional Crop Producers, Macy Krug

Creative Components

This report will focus on summarizing current issues in conventional crop production in the Midwest and will provide information on how to transition conventional crop acres into organic and review incentives to do so.


Switchgrass Nitrogen Response And Estimated Production Costs On Diverse Sites, John H. Fike, James W. Pease, Vance N. Owens, Rodney L. Farris, Julie L. Hansen, Emily A. Heaton, Chang O. Hong, Hilary S. Mayton, Robert B. Mitchell, Donald R. Viands Oct 2017

Switchgrass Nitrogen Response And Estimated Production Costs On Diverse Sites, John H. Fike, James W. Pease, Vance N. Owens, Rodney L. Farris, Julie L. Hansen, Emily A. Heaton, Chang O. Hong, Hilary S. Mayton, Robert B. Mitchell, Donald R. Viands

Agronomy Publications

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) has been the principal perennial herbaceous crop investigated for bioenergy production in North America given its high production potential, relatively low input requirements, and potential suitability for use on marginal lands. Few large trials have determined switchgrass yields at field scale on marginal lands, including analysis of production costs. Thus, a field-scale study was conducted to develop realistic yield and cost estimates for diverse regions of the USA. Objectives included measuring switchgrass response to fertility treatments (0, 56, and 112 kg N ha−1) and generating corresponding estimates of production costs for sites with diverse soil ...


Suitability Of Winter Canola (Brassica Napus) For Enhancing Summer Annual Crop Rotations In Iowa, Mary H. Wiedenhoeft, Rafael A. Martinez-Feria, Thomas C. Kaspar, Keri L. Jacobs Jan 2015

Suitability Of Winter Canola (Brassica Napus) For Enhancing Summer Annual Crop Rotations In Iowa, Mary H. Wiedenhoeft, Rafael A. Martinez-Feria, Thomas C. Kaspar, Keri L. Jacobs

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

What are the prospects for winter canola as an alternative crop for Iowa farmers? This project examined the economics and costs/benefits of adding canola as a third crop or a cover crop in rotations.


Assessing Nitrogen Credits From Clover Cover Crops And Effects Of Seed Inoculation, Ajay Nair, Kathleen Delate, Georgeanne Artz, Corene Bregendahl Jan 2015

Assessing Nitrogen Credits From Clover Cover Crops And Effects Of Seed Inoculation, Ajay Nair, Kathleen Delate, Georgeanne Artz, Corene Bregendahl

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

A wide array of information is available on cover crop selection, planting date, and potential advantages, but very little data is available on cover crop performance under Iowa growing conditions. In order to expand cover crop options for Iowa growers, more precise and region-specific information is needed.


Innovative Equipment Solutions To Reduce Costs And Improve Productivity For Small-Scale Fruit And Vegetable Growers, Georgeanne M. Artz, Linda L. Naeve Jan 2014

Innovative Equipment Solutions To Reduce Costs And Improve Productivity For Small-Scale Fruit And Vegetable Growers, Georgeanne M. Artz, Linda L. Naeve

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

An array of equipment is available to help fruit and vegetable growers with specialized production and processing tasks. This study examined ways for these small operators to share equipment and maximize their use of the shared implements.


Machinery Management For Small- And Medium-Sized Horticultural Farms, Georgeanne M. Artz, William M. Edwards, Darren H. Jarboe Jan 2014

Machinery Management For Small- And Medium-Sized Horticultural Farms, Georgeanne M. Artz, William M. Edwards, Darren H. Jarboe

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Machinery and equipment needs are far different for vegetable farms than for commodity production units. This project explored the unique machinery access options for small and mid-sized horticulture operations.


Farm-Scale Costs And Returns For Second Generation Bioenergy Cropping Systems In The Us Corn Belt, Robert K. Manatt, Arne Hallam, Lisa A. Schulte, Emily A. Heaton, Theodore P. Gunther, Richard B. Hall, Kenneth J. Moore Sep 2013

Farm-Scale Costs And Returns For Second Generation Bioenergy Cropping Systems In The Us Corn Belt, Robert K. Manatt, Arne Hallam, Lisa A. Schulte, Emily A. Heaton, Theodore P. Gunther, Richard B. Hall, Kenneth J. Moore

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications

While grain crops are meeting much of the initial need for biofuels in the US, cellulosic or second generation (2G) materials are mandated to provide a growing portion of biofuel feedstocks. We sought to inform development of a 2G crop portfolio by assessing the profitability of novel cropping systems that potentially mitigate the negative effects of grain-based biofuel crops on food supply and environmental quality. We analyzed farm-gate costs and returns of five systems from an ongoing experiment in central Iowa, USA. The continuous corn cropping system was most profitable under current market conditions, followed by a corn–soybean rotation ...


Delayed Planting, Prevented Planting And Replanting Crop Insurance Coverage, Steven D. Johnson, William M. Edwards May 2013

Delayed Planting, Prevented Planting And Replanting Crop Insurance Coverage, Steven D. Johnson, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

The frequent rains that have soaked Iowa this year have left many corn and soybean fields unplanted or with flooded areas. Many producers are wondering what options they have under their multiple peril crop insurance (MPCI) policies.

In Iowa, the crop insurance “late planting period” for corn begins on June 1. Corn can still be planted after this date, but the insurance guarantee on those acres is reduced by 1 percent per day until the acres are planted. Corn acres planted after June 25 will receive insurance coverage equal to 60 percent of their original guarantee. Producers should keep accurate ...


Agronomic, Environmental And Economic Performance Of Alternative Biomass Cropping Systems, Lisa A. Schulte Moore, Kenneth J. Moore, Richard B. Hall, Arne Hallam, Matt Helmers Jan 2013

Agronomic, Environmental And Economic Performance Of Alternative Biomass Cropping Systems, Lisa A. Schulte Moore, Kenneth J. Moore, Richard B. Hall, Arne Hallam, Matt Helmers

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

If cellulosic biomass is to play a significant role in America's energy future, research needs to be conducted on the optimal production and placement practices. This project looked at a portfolio of biomass cropping systems that might be adopted for Iowa.


Aflatoxin: Crop Insurance, Charles R. Hurburgh Jr., Chad E. Hart Sep 2012

Aflatoxin: Crop Insurance, Charles R. Hurburgh Jr., Chad E. Hart

Integrated Crop Management News

Aflatoxin is covered under multi-peril crop insurance. The settlement is done as a deducted percentage of actual yield depending on the aflatoxin level. Producers will receive the grain after settlement.


Insurance Coverage For Drought-Damaged Crops, William M. Edwards Jul 2012

Insurance Coverage For Drought-Damaged Crops, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

Nearly 90 percent of the corn and soybean acres in Iowa are covered by multiple peril crop insurance. Drought damage is an insurable loss under these policies. Producers should consult with their crop insurance agents before harvesting or destroying any drought-damaged crops, however.


Grain Producers Need To Consider Crop Insurance Options For Late Planting And Replanting, William M. Edwards Jul 2012

Grain Producers Need To Consider Crop Insurance Options For Late Planting And Replanting, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

The frequent rains that have soaked Iowa this year have left many corn and soybean fields with areas where little or no production will be realized. Many producers are wondering what options they have under their multiple peril crop insurance policies.


Farmland Rental Rates Show Continued Strength In 2012, William M. Edwards, Ann M. Johanns May 2012

Farmland Rental Rates Show Continued Strength In 2012, William M. Edwards, Ann M. Johanns

Integrated Crop Management News

Anyone who is involved with the rental market for Iowa farmland knows that rental rates have been pushed significantly higher by the favorable corn and soybean prices that farmers have enjoyed since 2010. This trend continued in 2012.


Early Planted Acres May Lose Replant Insurance, William M. Edwards Apr 2012

Early Planted Acres May Lose Replant Insurance, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

Unusually warm and dry weather has allowed crop producers to start spring field work earlier than can be remembered by most people. Getting an early start on tillage and planting reduces the risk of getting behind schedule later if an extended period of rainy weather occurs, but it also has its risks. The Risk Management Agency (USDA) has some specific rules about early planted crops with regard to crop insurance coverage. For each insurable crop RMA has set an “early planting date.” The earliest planting dates allowed for counties in the state of Iowa are April 11 for corn and ...


Important Crop Insurance Dates, William M. Edwards Feb 2012

Important Crop Insurance Dates, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

Even the best crop insurance plan is of little use if the right information is not collected and submitted on time. Likewise, if certain actions are not completed by the necessary date, producers may not receive full benefit from the risk protection that they have selected.


Flood Damaged Crops, Crop Insurance Payments And Lease Contracts, William M. Edwards Aug 2011

Flood Damaged Crops, Crop Insurance Payments And Lease Contracts, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

Some Iowa corn and soybean producers are facing substantial if not complete crop losses due to flooding. In particular, many acres of crops in the Missouri River Valley have been under water for a month or more this year. Fortunately, nearly 90 percent of Iowa’s corn and soybean acres are protected by multiple peril crop insurance.


Additional Disaster Payments For 2009 Iowa Soybeans, Chad Hart Oct 2010

Additional Disaster Payments For 2009 Iowa Soybeans, Chad Hart

Integrated Crop Management News

USDA has announced additional disaster payments for the 2009 crop year via the Crop Assistance Program (CAP). Payments will be made to producers of rice, upland cotton, sweet potatoes and soybeans in counties that received Secretarial disaster designations in 2009 for excessive moisture or related conditions. In Iowa, 30 counties qualify for the payments, see the list of counties and map below.


Marketing Year Prices Cancel Acre Payments In Iowa, Chad Hart, William M. Edwards Oct 2010

Marketing Year Prices Cancel Acre Payments In Iowa, Chad Hart, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

Following the completion of the 2009/10 marketing year, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) released its final monthly price estimates for corn and soybeans. Over the September through August marketing year the national average price for corn was $3.55 per bushel. This is $.51 less than the average price during the 2008/09 marketing year of $4.06 per bushel. For soybeans, the 2009/10 national average price was $9.60 per bushel, which is $.37 lower than the previous year’s average price of $9.97 per bushel.


Crop Insurance Decisions Related To Delayed And Prevented Planting, William M. Edwards Mar 2010

Crop Insurance Decisions Related To Delayed And Prevented Planting, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

In some years cold weather or frequent rains prevent tillage and planting from being completed as early as desired to achieve optimum yields. When this happens some adjustments may be made to the amount of coverage provided by Multiple Peril Crop Insurance (MPCI) as well as other types of crop insurance. These adjustments are subject to revision each year by the Risk Management Agency and crop insurance vendors.


Projected Demand For Iowa Crops, Chad E. Hart Mar 2010

Projected Demand For Iowa Crops, Chad E. Hart

Integrated Crop Management News

Demand for Iowa crops has been helped by outside influences, especially the recovery in energy prices. Ethanol margins have moved above breakeven and support for biofuels has been boosted by the substantial rise in crude oil prices over the past year. The energy price recovery has helped ethanol margins remain positive over the past several months. Biofuels continue to see support from higher energy prices.


Late Harvest And Crop Insurance Coverage, William M. Edwards Nov 2009

Late Harvest And Crop Insurance Coverage, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

Iowa and other Corn Belt states are experiencing one of the latest and slowest harvest seasons on record. Some producers have had concerns about whether their crop insurance coverage will be still be in effect if harvesting drags into December.


Adjusting Hail-Damaged Crops For Crop Insurance Reporting, William M. Edwards Sep 2009

Adjusting Hail-Damaged Crops For Crop Insurance Reporting, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

Hail damage to crops in north central Iowa caused great losses; the total of which will become more defined with harvest. The following guidelines are intended to help farmers through the process of adjusting hail-damaged crops for crop insurance reporting.


2009 Crop Year Is Mirror Image Of 2008, Chad Hart Sep 2009

2009 Crop Year Is Mirror Image Of 2008, Chad Hart

Integrated Crop Management News

The parallels between the 2009 crop season and the 2008 crop season are striking. This summer is closing out much like last summer for crops. The early season concern about delayed planting and crop progress is fading under steady doses of sunshine and timely rains. And with crop conditions holding, crop production is up and prices have worked their way down.


May Crop Outlook, Chad Hart May 2009

May Crop Outlook, Chad Hart

Integrated Crop Management News

With the May reports, USDA updated its estimates for 2008/09 and put out its first official estimates for 2009/10. On the corn side, ethanol and export demand are increased by 50 million bushels each for 2008. Both of these uses have experienced a rebound over the past few weeks.


Isu Extension Offers Information About New Farm Bill Programs, William M. Edwards Feb 2009

Isu Extension Offers Information About New Farm Bill Programs, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

The Food, Conservation and Energy Act of 2008 contains a wide variety of legislation affecting everything from school lunches to milk checks. Some of the most immediate provisions that farmers must address are:
• New limitations on commodity payments,
• Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE),
• Supplemental Revenue Assistance (SURE) program.


Crop Insurance Has Some Changes For 2009, William M. Edwards Feb 2009

Crop Insurance Has Some Changes For 2009, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

Crop insurance indemnity prices, guarantees and premiums were all at record levels for corn and soybeans in 2008. Current market conditions make it unlikely that those levels will be reached again in 2009, but they will still be attractive. The Risk Management Agency has announced indemnity prices of $4 per bushel for corn and $9.90 per bushel for soybeans for APH (yield) insurance guarantees for 2009, the second highest prices ever offered. Prices for revenue insurance policies will not be known until the end of February.


Organic Vs. Conventional Farming Systems, Michael D. Duffy, Kenneth T. Pecinovsky Jan 2009

Organic Vs. Conventional Farming Systems, Michael D. Duffy, Kenneth T. Pecinovsky

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

Driven by a consumer demand-driven market, interest in organic crop production continues to grow. A study was begun in 1977 to compare organic and conventional farming systems and was modified in 1999. Results from this study have previously been reported in the 1998 Annual Report (ISRF98-13) and the 2005 Annual Report (ISRF05-13).


Average Value Of Iowa Farmland Nears $4,500 An Acre In 2008 Survey, Michael Duffy Dec 2008

Average Value Of Iowa Farmland Nears $4,500 An Acre In 2008 Survey, Michael Duffy

Integrated Crop Management News

The average value of an acre of farmland in Iowa reached $4,468 in 2008, continuing to increase for the ninth year in a row, according to an annual survey conducted by Iowa State University Extension. Mike Duffy, ISU Extension farm economist who conducts the survey, said the indicators toward the end of the year imply the upward trend may be slowing as the national economy battles recessionary pressures.


Crop Market Outlook, Chad Hart Dec 2008

Crop Market Outlook, Chad Hart

Integrated Crop Management News

The delays in planting led to delays in crop development and conclude with delays in harvesting. As of Nov. 23, 86 percent of Iowa’s corn was harvested, roughly 12 percent behind normal. The harvesting backlog, in combination with higher fertilizer prices, has fall fertilizer application behind as well. Normally, over half of fall fertilizer applications are done by this point in the year. Currently, we are at 32 percent. The delays of the 2008 crop are slowing the prep work for the 2009 crop.


Crop Production And Outlook - The Demand Side, Chad Hart Oct 2008

Crop Production And Outlook - The Demand Side, Chad Hart

Integrated Crop Management News

The latest round of USDA updates to its World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates and Crop Production reports were released on Oct. 10. On the demand side, corn feed demand was projected at 5.35 billion bushels, up 150 million from last month, reversing the move from last month. Lower corn prices are seen as the major reason for this shift. Corn demand from ethanol was reduced by 100 million bushels to 4 billion bushels. While lower corn prices should be attractive to the ethanol industry, reduced transportation fuel consumption is a significant drag to the industry. Combined with general ...