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Iowa State University

Plant Sciences

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Cover crop

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Studies On The Impact Of Cover Crops On Soybean Productivity And Root Diseases, Grazieli Da Araldi Da Silva Jan 2019

Studies On The Impact Of Cover Crops On Soybean Productivity And Root Diseases, Grazieli Da Araldi Da Silva

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Soybean (Glycine max L.) and corn (Zea mays L.) are the two main field crops grown in the Midwest, and they are usually used in a rotation system (FAOSTAT, 2018). This cropping system contributes to the elevated nitrate levels found in the surface waters in the Midwest (David et al., 1997; Dinnes et al., 2002), along with higher risk of soil erosion (Pimentel et al., 1995) and loss of nutrients and organic matter (Burkart and James, 1999; David and Gentry, 2000). Cover crops, grown between soybean or corn harvest in the fall and planting of the subsequent crop in the ...


Winter Cereal Rye And Selected Brassica Cover Crops For Forage Prior To Soybeans, Timothy James Sklenar Jan 2018

Winter Cereal Rye And Selected Brassica Cover Crops For Forage Prior To Soybeans, Timothy James Sklenar

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite myriad benefits to incorporating winter cover crops into conventionally managed row crop systems farmer adoption remains low in Iowa. Commonly cited apprehensions include the costs associated with managing cover crops without any short term economic benefits and the complexities associated with management of cover crops. The management of cover crops as a forage could potentially help address both of these issues while at the same time enhancing the environmental sustainability of conventionally managed systems. The work provided in this thesis is an attempt to evaluate the potential for four selected species to be managed as dual-purpose winter cover crops ...


Organic No-Till And Strip-Till Systems For Broccoli And Pepper Production, Dana Lipinski Jokela Jan 2016

Organic No-Till And Strip-Till Systems For Broccoli And Pepper Production, Dana Lipinski Jokela

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Organic farmers rely extensively on tillage to incorporate plant residues, prepare seedbeds, and control weeds. However, tillage may have adverse effects on soil health, and conventional no-till production methods, which rely on herbicide for weed control, are not compatible with organic farming, so research was conducted on organic no-tillage (NT) and strip-tillage (ST), which rely on terminating a cover crop with a roller-crimper. Field research was carried out over two years (2013–14 and 2014–15) to compare two organic, cover crop-based reduced tillage systems (NT and ST) with conventional tillage (CT) in the production of organic bell pepper and ...


Cover Crop Options And Mixes For Upper Midwest Corn-Soybean Systems, Seth R. Appelgate Jan 2016

Cover Crop Options And Mixes For Upper Midwest Corn-Soybean Systems, Seth R. Appelgate

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The implementation of cover crops in Iowa has the potential to decrease soil erosion, weed density, and nitrate leaching while increasing soil organic carbon. This study investigated nine potential cover crops; winter rye (Secale cereale L.), winter triticale (Triticale hexaploide Lart.), two winter canola (Brassica napus L.) varieties, winter camelina [Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz], spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), spring oat (Avena sativa L.), purple top turnip (Brassica rapa L.), and hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth). Cover crops were planted as sole crops and selected binary and trinary mixtures. A control treatment of no cover crop was included. Cover crops ...


Studies On Cover Crops And Sudden Death Syndrome Of Soybean, Renan Kobayashi-Leonel Jan 2016

Studies On Cover Crops And Sudden Death Syndrome Of Soybean, Renan Kobayashi-Leonel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Soybean sudden death syndrome (SDS), caused by Fusarium virguliforme, is a major soybean disease affecting soybean production in the United States. In search for more diversified cropping systems, the adoption of cover crops in the corn-soybean rotation is being encouraged. However, there is lack of information regarding the impact that cover cropping can have on SDS. On the one hand, it is possible that the improvements in soil health caused by cover crop can create an environment that is not favorable to the disease. On the other hand, F. virguliforme is able to colonize many plant species and, if a ...