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Iowa State University

Plant Sciences

Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Publications

Carbon sequestration

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Nutrient Availability Controls The Impact Of Mammalian Herbivores On Soil Carbon And Nitrogen Pools In Grasslands, Judith Sitters, Lori A. Biederman, Et Al. Jan 2020

Nutrient Availability Controls The Impact Of Mammalian Herbivores On Soil Carbon And Nitrogen Pools In Grasslands, Judith Sitters, Lori A. Biederman, Et Al.

Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Publications

Grasslands are subject to considerable alteration due to human activities globally, including widespread changes in populations and composition of large mammalian herbivores and elevated supply of nutrients. Grassland soils remain important reservoirs of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N). Herbivores may affect both C and N pools and these changes likely interact with increases in soil nutrient availability. Given the scale of grassland soil fluxes, such changes can have striking consequences for atmospheric C concentrations and the climate. Here, we use the Nutrient Network experiment to examine the responses of soil C and N pools to mammalian herbivore exclusion across 22 ...


Mechanisms Underlying Limited Soil Carbon Gains In Perennial And Cover‐Cropped Bioenergy Systems Revealed By Stable Isotopes, Chenglong Ye, Steven J. Hall Jan 2019

Mechanisms Underlying Limited Soil Carbon Gains In Perennial And Cover‐Cropped Bioenergy Systems Revealed By Stable Isotopes, Chenglong Ye, Steven J. Hall

Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Publications

Removal of biomass for bioenergy production may decrease soil organic carbon. While perennials or cover‐cropped grains often have greater root production than annual grain crops, they variably impact soil carbon and underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We used high‐frequency measurements of soil respiration and natural abundance carbon stable isotopes to differentiate respiration sources, pool sizes, and decomposition rate constants during a 10 month incubation of soils collected to 1 m depth from a 10 year old field experiment in Iowa, United States. Conversion of corn–soybean rotations to reconstructed prairies or addition of a rye cover crop to continuous ...