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Iowa State University

Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene

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Ethyl Pyruvate Reduces Organic Dust-Induced Airway Inflammation By Targeting Hmgb1-Rage Signaling, Sanjana Mahadev Bhat, Nyzil Massey, Locke A. Karriker, Baljit Singh, Chandrashekhar Charavaryamath Dec 2019

Ethyl Pyruvate Reduces Organic Dust-Induced Airway Inflammation By Targeting Hmgb1-Rage Signaling, Sanjana Mahadev Bhat, Nyzil Massey, Locke A. Karriker, Baljit Singh, Chandrashekhar Charavaryamath

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

Background

Animal production workers are persistently exposed to organic dust and can suffer from a variety of respiratory disease symptoms and annual decline in lung function. The role of high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) in inflammatory airway diseases is emerging. Hence, we tested a hypothesis that organic dust exposure of airway epithelial cells induces nucleocytoplasmic translocation of HMGB1 and blocking this translocation dampens organic dust-induced lung inflammation.

Methods

Rats were exposed to either ambient air or swine barn (8 h/day for either 1, 5, or 20 days) and lung tissues were processed for immunohistochemistry. Swine barn dust was collected ...


Identification And Analysis Of Worker Safety Hazards In Midwest Agribusiness Construction Work Sites, Nurhaizan Mohd Zainudin Jan 2019

Identification And Analysis Of Worker Safety Hazards In Midwest Agribusiness Construction Work Sites, Nurhaizan Mohd Zainudin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The construction industry is characterized by high fatality and injury rates. The dynamic nature of construction projects has exposed its workers to multiple safety hazards and risks, resulting to the high fatality and injury rates on sites. Agribusiness construction is a sub-classified area of the construction industry. Agribusiness construction incidents are thought to contribute to the high fatality and injury rates in the construction industry, yet little empirical work done to confirm this hypothesis. A lack of available data to address fatalities and injuries with specific focus on agribusiness construction sites has hindered many efforts to improve safety management within ...


Using Workers’ Compensation Claims Data To Characterize Occupational Injuries In The Biofuels Industry, Sai K. Ramaswamy, Gretchen A. Mosher Mar 2018

Using Workers’ Compensation Claims Data To Characterize Occupational Injuries In The Biofuels Industry, Sai K. Ramaswamy, Gretchen A. Mosher

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Biofuels production is a fast growing and emerging industry. Occupational injuries are a serious problem due to their human, financial and social costs, yet little research has been published on injuries in the biofuels industry. Learning from past injuries are essential for preventing future occurrences, but the lack of injury information hinders this effort in the biofuels industry. The present study addresses this knowledge gap by utilizing data from over 900 workers’ compensation claims reported from 2008 to 2016 by ethanol and biodiesel facilities in the U.S. to characterize injury costs and severity. The total amount paid for each ...


Utility Of Stress In Occupational And Life Decisions Of Correctional Officers, Laura Kim Jan 2018

Utility Of Stress In Occupational And Life Decisions Of Correctional Officers, Laura Kim

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Little attention has been devoted to the significant amount of stress under which jailer or referred to in this document correctional officer’s work. A limited number of studies address stress in correctional; moreover, a literature review failed to identify the relationship between stress in correctional officers and career-related decisions. The purpose of the study was to identify relationships between perceived life and occupational stress and the utility of stress in career-related decision making. A stress questionnaire that included life and work-related stress instruments along with a simulation of career decision tasks was distributed to frontline county correctional officers within ...


Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Two Training Formats For Grain Dust Explosion Prevention, Wesley Tzungju Chang Jan 2018

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Two Training Formats For Grain Dust Explosion Prevention, Wesley Tzungju Chang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Grain dust explosions result in fatalities, injuries, and downtimes in industry operations. Industry training has been implemented to educate workers on grain dust hazards and prevention tools and methods but no comprehensive evaluation has taken place. This research used the decision-making simulation to evaluate the effectiveness of two training formats for grain dust explosion programming using a four-level Kirkpatrick evaluation model. In addition, the association between the format of training and the decision choices made by workers and the information they used to make decision choices were examined. This research also examined the association between workers' level of perceived training ...


Predictive Analytics In Agribusiness Industries, Fatemeh Davoudi Kakhki Jan 2018

Predictive Analytics In Agribusiness Industries, Fatemeh Davoudi Kakhki

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Agriculturally related industries are routinely among the most hazardous work environments. Workplace injuries directly impact labor-market outcomes including income reduction, job loss, and health of the injured workers. In addition to medical and indemnity costs, workplace incidents include indirect costs such as equipment damage and repair, incident investigation time, training new personnel for replacement of the injured ones, an increase in insurance premiums for the year following the incidents, a slowdown of production schedules, damage to companies’ reputation, and lowering the workers’ motivation to return to work. The main purpose of incident analysis is the derivation and development of preventative ...


A Qualitative And Quantitative Examination Of Factors Underlying Safety Climate, Jon Lewis Patrick Judge Jan 2018

A Qualitative And Quantitative Examination Of Factors Underlying Safety Climate, Jon Lewis Patrick Judge

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The assessment of safety climate in the workplace has been a recurring research topic over the last four decades. Often assessed through the collection of Likert-scaled survey instrument data and subsequent data analysis, previous research studies have indicated that there are potentially a number of latent factors which account for safety climate perceptions of the studied population that may not be revealed through survey data collection. Lacking in the body of research is a mixed-methods approach that can substantiate the level of influence these identified factors have on safety climate perceptions.

The research in this dissertation sought to identify factors ...


Analysis Of Station Wear Selection Worn Underneath A Structural Firefighter Turnout Ensemble, Brooke Garringer, Reannan Riedy, Meredith Mcquerry Jan 2018

Analysis Of Station Wear Selection Worn Underneath A Structural Firefighter Turnout Ensemble, Brooke Garringer, Reannan Riedy, Meredith Mcquerry

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Clothing worn under a firefighter turnout suit, known as station wear, contributes to the thermal protection of the overall ensemble. Depending on the fiber content and fabrication it may also contribute to burn injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of materials, design, selection, and use for NFPA 1975 certified and non-certified station wear garments in relation to thermal stability and burn protection. A comprehensive literature review was conducted to identify gaps in the current body of knowledge. A nationwide information gathering questionnaire was administered to firefighting personnel to address the personal selection, use, and educational ...


An Investigation Of Work-Related Risk Factors Among Sewing Machine Operators In Bangladesh, Md. Tahmidul Islam Molla, Mazed Islam Jan 2018

An Investigation Of Work-Related Risk Factors Among Sewing Machine Operators In Bangladesh, Md. Tahmidul Islam Molla, Mazed Islam

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Working extended periods of time in front of sewing machines may cause discomfort to the operators of sewing machines. Sewing machine operators sit for extended periods of time and use their hands to control, handle, or feel objects and tools in repetitive processes which makes them vulnerable to musculoskeletal symptoms. Therefore, this study aims to identify the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among sewing machine operators working in the apparel industry in Bangladesh while considering job characteristics, productivity, job satisfaction, workstation design, and working environment. The results showed that working in front of the sewing machines for a long period of ...


Wash Life Analysis Of Printed Cooling Technology For Agricultural Work Applications, Meredith Mcquerry Jan 2018

Wash Life Analysis Of Printed Cooling Technology For Agricultural Work Applications, Meredith Mcquerry

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

To improve the comfort of agricultural workers, a t-shirt with a printed active cooling finish was evaluated to determine if it would meet the wash life durability and performance expectations of such an arduous application. Six shirts with a printed PCM finish (printed) and six shirts without (control) were washed 50 times to replicate a typical consumer wash life. Shirts were evaluated for dimensional stability, colorfastness, crocking, abrasion resistance, soil release, and smoothness retention according to AATCC and ASTM standard test methods. Testing was conducted new and after 1, 5, 10, 20, 30, 35, 40, and 50 consumer laundry (CL ...


Thermal Comfort Performance Of Active Cooling T-Shirt In Agricultural Protective Clothing, Meredith Mcquerry, Naomi Brownstein, Joseph Grzywacz, Alexis Chavez Jan 2018

Thermal Comfort Performance Of Active Cooling T-Shirt In Agricultural Protective Clothing, Meredith Mcquerry, Naomi Brownstein, Joseph Grzywacz, Alexis Chavez

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The purpose of this research aimed to investigate if a t-shirt with printed cooling technology can significantly improve the physiological and subjective thermal comfort of agricultural workers. Chest skin temperature, chest microclimate humidity, and the heart rate of twenty agricultural workers were measured. Daily exit surveys consisting of perceived exertion, comfort, and temperature sensations were gathered along with an additional exit survey consisting of acceptance information from the agricultural workers. Results from this study will determine if novel textile finishing technologies, such as the ones used in this study, can improve comfort for agricultural and industrial work applications.


Theoretical Engineering Of The Gut Micro Biome For The Purpose Of Creating Superior Soldiers, Garrett R. Schmidt-Mccormack, Kristina M. Feye, Sreemoyee Acharya, Gregory S.A. Mlynarczyk, Stephen A. Anderson, Patricia Izbicki, Emir Malovic, K. C. Luna, Joseph S. Smith, Matthew A. Jefferson, Aron Nakama, Kasandra Diaz Santana, Naveen C. Kondru, Michael D. Kleinhenz, James G. Tipton, Shivani Choudhary, Robin D. Kokemuller, Sireesha Manne, Marson R. Putra, Nyzil Massey, Denusha Shrestha, Diou Luo, Shaunik Sharma, Pongrat Jaisil, Carrie A. Berg, Steve A. Carlson Jun 2017

Theoretical Engineering Of The Gut Micro Biome For The Purpose Of Creating Superior Soldiers, Garrett R. Schmidt-Mccormack, Kristina M. Feye, Sreemoyee Acharya, Gregory S.A. Mlynarczyk, Stephen A. Anderson, Patricia Izbicki, Emir Malovic, K. C. Luna, Joseph S. Smith, Matthew A. Jefferson, Aron Nakama, Kasandra Diaz Santana, Naveen C. Kondru, Michael D. Kleinhenz, James G. Tipton, Shivani Choudhary, Robin D. Kokemuller, Sireesha Manne, Marson R. Putra, Nyzil Massey, Denusha Shrestha, Diou Luo, Shaunik Sharma, Pongrat Jaisil, Carrie A. Berg, Steve A. Carlson

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

The purpose of this review is to highlight research raising the possibility of exploiting the host-microbiome gut axis for military purposes. Through optimizing the gut-microbiome environment it is possible to enhance nutritional access to indigestible material, provide local and systemic analgesia, enhance psychological robustness to battlefield stress, produce endogenous steroids, reduce muscle fatigue, and promote peripheral wound healing. However, this approach is still in its early stages and thus has not been explored to its full potential. The challenges that are currently preventing the practical use of gut bacteria include the following: inconsistency of clinical outcomes, transient effects requiring continuous ...


Contributing Causes Of Injury Or Death In Grain Entrapment, Engulfment, And Extrication, Salah Fuad Issa, William E. Field, Charles V. Schwab, Fadi S. Issa, Eric A. Nauman Jan 2017

Contributing Causes Of Injury Or Death In Grain Entrapment, Engulfment, And Extrication, Salah Fuad Issa, William E. Field, Charles V. Schwab, Fadi S. Issa, Eric A. Nauman

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Objectives: Grain entrapments and engulfments are one of most common hazards associated with grain storage facilities, with over 1,140 such entrapments/engulfments documented since the 1970s. The objective of the study was to determine the factors that contribute to injury or death in grain entrapment, engulfment, and extrication cases. Methods: A literature review, including data contained in the Purdue Agricultural Confined Spaces Incident Database (PACSID), was conducted to determine the conditions that the body experiences during an entrapment or engulfment in grains and during extrication efforts. Results: Based on the review, the conditions a human body faces during an ...


Analysis Of Workers' Compensation Claims Data For Improving Safety Outcomes In Agribusiness Industries, Sai Kumar Ramaswamy Jan 2017

Analysis Of Workers' Compensation Claims Data For Improving Safety Outcomes In Agribusiness Industries, Sai Kumar Ramaswamy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Occupational injuries continue to be a major issue for non-farm agricultural workplaces such as commercial grain elevators and ethanol plants. For preventing these injuries and improving workplace safety outcomes requires learning from past incidents, and identify the most significant causes and implement targeted prevention strategies. However, obtaining detailed records of past incidents is a challenge acknowledged by investigators across several industrial sectors including agribusiness. Previous researchers suggest workers ’ compensation claims as an excellent data source to address the existing informational gaps about safety incidents and injuries in the workplace. In this study, workers’ compensation claims obtained from a leading private ...


Analysis Of Commercial Lines Insurance Claims In The Nursing Home Industry, Jason Schaufenbuel Jan 2017

Analysis Of Commercial Lines Insurance Claims In The Nursing Home Industry, Jason Schaufenbuel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

These studies provide information to the owners and operators of nursing homes, so they can better understand the causes of commercial insurance (property, auto, general liability, and workers’ compensation) claims in their industry. Insurance claim loss data are provided from a sample of nursing homes in the midwestern United States. The first article analyzes the commercial property, auto, and general liability claims from nursing homes from January 2007 and March 2017. Claim frequency is calculated based upon the number of bed years, with commercial property insurance having the greatest frequency of claims. Median incurred cost data are provided, permitting comparisons ...


Likelihood Of Entanglement When Materials Are Dropped Vertically Onto A Rotating Pto Knuckle, Charles V. Schwab, Isaac J. Rempe Jan 2017

Likelihood Of Entanglement When Materials Are Dropped Vertically Onto A Rotating Pto Knuckle, Charles V. Schwab, Isaac J. Rempe

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Power take-off (PTO) is a common method of transferring power from a tractor to a towed piece of machinery. The PTO is also a well-documented cause of severe and often permanent disabling injuries to farm operators. The physical conditions that cause entanglements are not well established. Several studies have explored the parameters of PTO entanglements as materials have been drawn across a rotating PTO knuckle to test for entanglement probability. The objective of this study was to determine probability of entanglement when materials are dropped vertically onto a PTO knuckle spinning at 540 rpm. A total of 360 randomized trials ...


Food Safety Modernization Act: A Quality Management Approach To Identify And Prioritize Factors Affecting Adoption Of Preventive Controls Among Small Food Facilities, Abhay K. Grover, Shweta Chopra, Gretchen A. Mosher Aug 2016

Food Safety Modernization Act: A Quality Management Approach To Identify And Prioritize Factors Affecting Adoption Of Preventive Controls Among Small Food Facilities, Abhay K. Grover, Shweta Chopra, Gretchen A. Mosher

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) was signed into law in the United States in 2011, shifting the existing food safety focus from a reactive to a preventive approach. According to literature, legislative requirements of FSMA can be challenging for small food facilities affected by the regulations immediately or in near future. Thus, the purpose of this research was to utilize quality management tools to identify and prioritize major challenges faced by small food facilities in adopting the preventive controls' component of the FSMA legislation. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews of food industry representatives and academic professionals from the ...


A Risk Assessment Model To Measure The Difference In Worker Injury Risk Between Corn And Biofuel Switchgrass Production Systems, Saxon James Ryan Jan 2016

A Risk Assessment Model To Measure The Difference In Worker Injury Risk Between Corn And Biofuel Switchgrass Production Systems, Saxon James Ryan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Keeping workers safe presents a continuing challenge in the agricultural industry. Risk assessment methodologies have been used widely to better understand systems and enhance decision making with a goal of reducing injuries and fatalities. This research applies probabilistic risk assessment to human safety in two agricultural production systems, taking into account uncertainties such as equipment variation, working schedules, and weather conditions. A comparative model was developed because it can be scaled up or down based on available data and allow inputs from categories defined broadly or specifically as necessary. In this model, risk is calculated by multiplying the probability of ...


Application Of Quality Tools To Characterize Patterns In A Workers’ Compensation Claims Database, Sai K. Ramaswamy, Gretchen A. Mosher Jan 2016

Application Of Quality Tools To Characterize Patterns In A Workers’ Compensation Claims Database, Sai K. Ramaswamy, Gretchen A. Mosher

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Attendees will understand and appreciate the wider applicability of quality tools to not just solve technical problems in the manufacturing process but also other challenges across the business, specifically in using a large database to manage and characterize a firm’s safety performance.


Approaching Safety Through Quality: Factors Influencing College Student Perceptions, Sai K. Ramaswamy, Gretchen A. Mosher Jan 2016

Approaching Safety Through Quality: Factors Influencing College Student Perceptions, Sai K. Ramaswamy, Gretchen A. Mosher

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Quality management practices have been identified by previous literature as a factor that could potentially reduce the level of safety incidents and hazards in agricultural work environments. The present study used multivariate analysis to examine the effect of independent variables such as quality and safety awareness, work experience, safety and quality management experience, and the perceived importance of safety and quality on the role of quality management practices as a mitigating factor for safety hazards and incidents in agriculture. Variables were measured on a five-point scale using a survey questionnaire. Data were collected from approximately 900 undergraduates enrolled in the ...


Applying Lean Principles To Mitigate The “July Effect”: Addressing Challenges Associated With Cohort Turnover In Teaching Hospitals, Shweta Chopra, Manasa Kondapalli Jul 2015

Applying Lean Principles To Mitigate The “July Effect”: Addressing Challenges Associated With Cohort Turnover In Teaching Hospitals, Shweta Chopra, Manasa Kondapalli

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The healthcare system in the United States is comparatively superior to healthcare systems of other countries in terms of advanced and modern technology, drugs used, services offered, and required care. However, hospital management has to face the challenges in the managing of care and addressing safety issues for its patients due to the multiple stakeholders involved such as medical doctors, residents, nurses, diagnostic tool providers, as well as patients. Every year many people lose their lives due to medical errors caused by new employees in hospitals, errors that can be prevented by “mistake-proofing.” Similarly, teaching hospitals face an increase in ...


The Efficiency Of Biofilters At Mitigating Airborne Mrsa From A Swine Nursery, Dwight D. Ferguson, Tara C. Smith, Kelley J. Donham, Steven J. Hoff Jan 2015

The Efficiency Of Biofilters At Mitigating Airborne Mrsa From A Swine Nursery, Dwight D. Ferguson, Tara C. Smith, Kelley J. Donham, Steven J. Hoff

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Our prior studies have been in agreement with other researchers in detecting airborne methicillin-resistant (MRSA) inside and downwind of a swine housing facility. MRSA emitted in the exhaust air of swine facilities creates a potential risk of transmission of these organisms to people in the general area of these facilities as well as to other animals. This study investigated a possible means of reducing those risks. We investigated the efficiency of biofilters to remove MRSA from the exhaust air of a swine building. Two types of biofilter media (hardwood chips and western red cedar shredded bark) were evaluated. Efficiency was ...


Perceptions Of Agricultural College Students On The Relationship Between Quality And Safety In Agricultural Work Environments, Sai K. Ramaswamy, Gretchen A. Mosher Jan 2015

Perceptions Of Agricultural College Students On The Relationship Between Quality And Safety In Agricultural Work Environments, Sai K. Ramaswamy, Gretchen A. Mosher

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Agriculture is a high-hazard industry that employs a large number of young workers below the age of 25. Recent studies have documented a strong positive correlation between quality management in agriculture and occupational safety as perceived by agricultural workers. Younger workers have been found to be at higher risk for occupational injuries and fatalities in agriculture. Furthermore, college students in agriculture have minimal exposure to safety and quality management principles in their coursework and thus may not be aware that the two concepts are associated. Little research has studied how young workers perceive the relationship between safety and quality and ...


Mrsa Transmission Between Pigs And Veterinarians. A Model Of Occupational Risk., E. De Faveri, P. Fossati, I. Castellani, V. Sala Jan 2015

Mrsa Transmission Between Pigs And Veterinarians. A Model Of Occupational Risk., E. De Faveri, P. Fossati, I. Castellani, V. Sala

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

The populations of MRSA are classified in relation to their origin, differentiating S. aureus Healthcare- Acquired (HA), Community-Acquired (CA) and Livestock-Acquired (LA ). For LA-MRSA livestock animals have an important epidemiological role. This has raised the suspicion that the intensive husbandry may be, for the frequency and intensity of use of antibacterial treatments, an elective field of clonal selection of antibiotic resistance. The presence of LA- MRSA in pig production is sure in many countries and the pig is considered a reservoir for transmission to humans and other animals. In fact, farmers and production workers have a higher rate of colonization ...


Characterization Of Staphylococcus Aureus Colonization In Swine Veterinarians: An 18-Month Longitudinal Study, J. Sun, M. Young, P. Davies Jan 2015

Characterization Of Staphylococcus Aureus Colonization In Swine Veterinarians: An 18-Month Longitudinal Study, J. Sun, M. Young, P. Davies

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

Research over 10 years has established the high risk of occupational exposure to MRSA in people working with pigs. However the nature of nasal colonization with livestock associated MRSA (LA-MRSA) and its health implications remain poorly understood. Multiple studies confirmed that detection rates in pigs, farm workers and veterinarians were higher than in people without animal exposure, but elevated risk of infection in these groups has not been clearly shown. We conducted a longitudinal study for 18 months to describe patterns of S.aureus (SA) colonization and infection in swine veterinarians. Overall, the monthly prevalence of SA and MRSA from ...


An Investigation Of Quality Climate And Its Association With Implementation Of Quality Management System, Sai K. Ramaswamy, Gretchen A. Mosher Nov 2014

An Investigation Of Quality Climate And Its Association With Implementation Of Quality Management System, Sai K. Ramaswamy, Gretchen A. Mosher

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Quality management and continuous improvement are paramount for businesses to survive and thrive in today’s competitive landscape (Goetsch & Davis, 2003; Abdullah et al., 2009). One effective approach to operationalize quality processes and continuous improvement goals is a formalized quality management system (Khanna et al., 2010; Mosher et al., 2013). Quality management systems are embodiments of the organization’s policies, procedures, plans, resources, processes and delegation of responsibility and authority designed to achieve customer satisfaction within the boundaries of organizational objectives (Goetsch & Davis, 2003). While these systems are being used extensively across many industries, the ideas are relatively new to the bulk commodity handling and processing industries (Hurburgh & Lawrence, 2003). Although factors such as globalization and legislation have been external drivers for the adoption of quality management systems in these industries, internal benefits have also been noted as a result of these systems (Laux, 2007; Laux & Hurburgh, 2010).


Use Of Risk Mapping Tools To Identify Hazards In Bulk Material Handling, Saxon J. Ryan, Gretchen A. Mosher Nov 2014

Use Of Risk Mapping Tools To Identify Hazards In Bulk Material Handling, Saxon J. Ryan, Gretchen A. Mosher

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The identification, assessment, and mitigation of risk in complex systems are challenging tasks. Risk analysis is often used in complex systems to reduce the probability of negative events occurring in such systems, and to enhance the decisions made under uncertain conditions (Clemons & Simmons, 1998). The conventional risk analysis framework includes three sub-components: assessment of risk, management of risk, and communication of risk (Codex, 2007). Mapping the risk analysis process within a specific system allows for the identification of the most high-stakes hazards, allowing an efficient application of management and mitigation activities (Clemons & Simmons, 1998; Stamatelatos et al., 2002).


Pre-Professional Perceptions Of Safety And Quality Concerns In Agricultural Work Environments, Sai Kumar Ramaswamy Jan 2014

Pre-Professional Perceptions Of Safety And Quality Concerns In Agricultural Work Environments, Sai Kumar Ramaswamy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Pre-professionals in the field of agriculture will play a vital role in the application and implementation of quality and safety policies in agricultural work environments. Yet, no comprehensive study has been completed to understand these pre-professionals' perceptions of quality and safety and how these two factors interact in the agricultural workplace. This study built on the work of Mosher et al. (2012), which measured the interactions between employees' perceptions of safety and quality in an agricultural work environment. To understand how pre-professionals perceive the link between quality and safety, undergraduate students enrolled in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences ...


Motivating Foodservice Employees To Follow Safe Food Handling Practices: Perspectives From A Multigenerational Workforce, Susan W. Arendt, Kevin R. Roberts, Catherine Strohbehn, Paola Paez, Jason Ellis, Janell R. Meyer Jan 2014

Motivating Foodservice Employees To Follow Safe Food Handling Practices: Perspectives From A Multigenerational Workforce, Susan W. Arendt, Kevin R. Roberts, Catherine Strohbehn, Paola Paez, Jason Ellis, Janell R. Meyer

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Hospitality managers deal with a very diverse workforce, employing workers from up to four different generations, which poses a challenge for managers as they attempt to train and motivate employees. Food safety is of particular concern in foodservice organizations. This study assessed the generational differences related to foodservice employees’ perceptions of their supervisors’ roles in food safety and how supervisors could improve their effectiveness. A mixed methods approach (survey and focus groups) was used. Qualitative data analysis revealed four themes: consistency, training, managers’ behaviors, and employees’ behaviors. Based on these, best practices are suggested for motivating a multigenerational workforce.


Safety And Health In On-Farm Biomass Production And Processing, Douglas H. Schlaufer, Aaron M. Yoder, Dennis J. Murphy, Charles V. Schwab, Abraham F. Dehart Jan 2014

Safety And Health In On-Farm Biomass Production And Processing, Douglas H. Schlaufer, Aaron M. Yoder, Dennis J. Murphy, Charles V. Schwab, Abraham F. Dehart

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

There is significant interest in biomass production ranging from government agencies to the private sector, both inside and outside of the traditional production agricultural setting. This interest has led to an increase in the development and production of biomass crops. Much of this effort has focused on specific segments of the process, and more specifically on the mechanics of these individual segments. From a review of the scientific literature, it is seen that little effort has been put into identifying, classifying, and preventing safety hazards in on-farm biomass production systems. This article describes the current status of the knowledge pertaining ...