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Public Health

1995

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Type-Specific Immunity In Hiv-1 Vertically Infected Infants, Cheryl A. Pikora Dec 1995

Type-Specific Immunity In Hiv-1 Vertically Infected Infants, Cheryl A. Pikora

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

High frequencies of CTL recognizing laboratory strains of HIV-1 are present in HIV-1 infected adults as early as preseroconversion. The presence of HIV-1 specific CTL during primary infection has been correlated with better control of early viremia and a more delayed onset of CD4 lymphocyte loss. Previous experiments in our laboratory have demonstrated that, unlike HIV-1 infected adults, the majority of vertically infected infants lack CTL which recognize laboratory strains of HIV-1 within the first year of life. ADCC antibody responses against laboratory strains of HIV-1 env gene products are also delayed until at least two years of age. As ...


Ua66/14/4 Kentucky Partnership Newsletter, Vol. Ii, No. 9, Kentucky Partnership For Farm Family Health & Safety Dec 1995

Ua66/14/4 Kentucky Partnership Newsletter, Vol. Ii, No. 9, Kentucky Partnership For Farm Family Health & Safety

University Organizations

Newsletter created by and about the Kentucky Partnership for Farm Family Health & Safety.


Roles Of Oxygen And Photoinduced Acidification In The Light-Dependent Antiviral Activity Of Hypocrellin A, Michael J. Fehr, S. L. Carpenter, Yvonne Wannemuehler, Jacob W. Petrich Dec 1995

Roles Of Oxygen And Photoinduced Acidification In The Light-Dependent Antiviral Activity Of Hypocrellin A, Michael J. Fehr, S. L. Carpenter, Yvonne Wannemuehler, Jacob W. Petrich

Chemistry Publications

Hypocrellin A displays photoinduced antiviral activity, in particular against the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), as does its counterpart, hypericin. Although hypocrellin A, like hypericin, executes an excited-state intramolecular proton transfer, it differs from hypericin in two important ways. Unlike hypericin, hypocrellin A absolutely requires oxygen for its antiviral activity. Also, whereas we have previously demonstrated that hypericin functions as a light-induced proton source, we do not observe that hypocrellin A acidifies its surrounding medium in the presence of light. These results are discussed in the context of the ground- and excited-state photophysics of hypericin and its mechanisms of photoinduced virucidal ...


Logger Killed When Log Rolls Off Truck At Sawmill, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Nov 1995

Logger Killed When Log Rolls Off Truck At Sawmill, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

A 63-year-old male logger was struck by a log that rolled off a loaded truck at a sawmill. The victim was working with his two nephews that day and they were preparing to unload the logs from their two trucks. The logs were stacked at least twice as high as the standards on the sides of the flatbed trailers. As one nephew began to unchain the logs from his truck, the victim walked up to the truck, out of view of his nephew. When the chains were released, a log at the top of the load rolled off and struck ...


Log Rolls Off Truck During Unloading And Strikes Logger, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Nov 1995

Log Rolls Off Truck During Unloading And Strikes Logger, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

A 52-year-old male logger was killed when he was struck by a log rolling off of his truck during the unloading process. The victim was a self-employed logger who had at least 25 years of experience. He was using the family-owned truck to haul a load of logs to the mill. The vertical stakes on the flatbed truck were approximately three feet high with the logs stacked another 3-4 feet above the stakes. He arrived at the mill at approximately 9am and began the unloading procedure. One of the chains that secured the load of logs was in two pieces ...


Host Restriction Phenotypes Of Salmonella Typhi And Salmonella Gallinarum, Lisa Pascopella, Bärbel Raupach, Nafisa Ghori, Denise Monack, Stanley Falkow, P. L. C. Small Nov 1995

Host Restriction Phenotypes Of Salmonella Typhi And Salmonella Gallinarum, Lisa Pascopella, Bärbel Raupach, Nafisa Ghori, Denise Monack, Stanley Falkow, P. L. C. Small

Public and Community Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Salmonella typhi and Salmonella gallinarum phenotypes correlated with mouse host restriction have been identified by using in vitro and in vivo systems. S. typhi is capable of entering the murine intestinal epithelium via M cells, as is Salmonella typhimurium, which causes systemic infection in the mouse. But, unlike S. typhimurium, S. typhi does not destroy the epithelium and is cleared from the Peyer’s patches soon after M-cell entry. S. gallinarum appears to be incapable of entering the murine Peyer’s patch epithelium. Our in vitro evidence suggests that S. gallinarum is taken up in murine phagocytic cells by a ...


Stress And Stress Management: A Photonovel, M. Susan Jones, The Kentucky Partnership For Farm Family Health & Safety, Kay Carr, Deborah Williams Nov 1995

Stress And Stress Management: A Photonovel, M. Susan Jones, The Kentucky Partnership For Farm Family Health & Safety, Kay Carr, Deborah Williams

Nursing Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Farm Worker Killed In Tractor Rollover On Public Roadway, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Oct 1995

Farm Worker Killed In Tractor Rollover On Public Roadway, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

A 21-year-old farm worker was killed in a tractor rollover incident. The victim was driving a tractor on a secondary public road, pulling an unloaded 18-foot flatbed trailer, when he lost control. After the tractor wheels went off the right side of the road, the victim overcorrected, which caused the vehicle to become unbalanced; he was thrown from the tractor as it overturned into a ditch. It was not equipped with an appropriate rollover protective structure (ROPS) or a seatbelt. The unit, which included a canopy, had been installed to provide shade on summer days and cover in occasional downpours ...


Welder Is Crushed By An Unmanned Pipelayer, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Oct 1995

Welder Is Crushed By An Unmanned Pipelayer, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Other

A 34-year-old male welder was killed after being runover by an unmanned pipelayer. The victim worked for a pipelaying construction company as a contracted welder. On the day of the incident the victim, a welder's helper, and an equipment operator drove to the work site together to begin the day's activities. Access for the worksite was via a single lane temporary road winding up the mountainside through a mixed hardwood forest. The 1/2 mile dirt road carved its way up the hillside; on the left was the bank, on the right was a steep drop off. As ...


Logger Killed By Falling Snag [95ky078], Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Oct 1995

Logger Killed By Falling Snag [95ky078], Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

A 22-year-old logger was killed after being struck on the head by a falling snag (dead standing tree). The victim was working with one co-worker, who was selectively cutting trees which were approximately 22 inches in diameter. Standing approximately three feet from the tree being cut, the victim was not wearing a hard hat. The cut tree broke a snag about 35 feet up, causing the snag to fall and strike the victim on the head. The co-worker (tree feller) shouted to the victim, but he was unable to move away in time to avoid being hit. FACE investigators concluded ...


Logger Killed In Endloader Rollover, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Oct 1995

Logger Killed In Endloader Rollover, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

A 41-year-old self-employed logger was killed when the endloader he was driving down a steep mountain road rolled over. Recent rainfall had made the dirt road wet and muddy. Tire marks left in the mud indicated that as the vehicle began to slide downhill, it hit the right embankment, causing it to veer to the left side of the road and roll over several times before coming to rest at the bottom of the dropoff on its left side. The victim was ejected from the vehicle and was found lying facedown about halfway between the edge of the roadway and ...


Safety Around Grain Bins: A Photonovel, M. Susan Jones, The Kentucky Partnership For Farm Family Health & Safety Oct 1995

Safety Around Grain Bins: A Photonovel, M. Susan Jones, The Kentucky Partnership For Farm Family Health & Safety

Nursing Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Proper Lifting: A Photonovel, Deborah Williams, M. Susan Jones, The Kentucky Partnership For Farm Family Health And Safety Oct 1995

Proper Lifting: A Photonovel, Deborah Williams, M. Susan Jones, The Kentucky Partnership For Farm Family Health And Safety

Nursing Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


News On Tap (Autumn 1995), Eve Cimmel, The Aids Project Oct 1995

News On Tap (Autumn 1995), Eve Cimmel, The Aids Project

News on Tap

No abstract provided.


Affective Reactions, Social Support And Willingness To Self-Disclose To Hiv Seropositive Individuals: Impact Of Sexual Orientation And Responsibility For The Infection, Susan Paige Sherburne Oct 1995

Affective Reactions, Social Support And Willingness To Self-Disclose To Hiv Seropositive Individuals: Impact Of Sexual Orientation And Responsibility For The Infection, Susan Paige Sherburne

Psychology Theses & Dissertations

An attributional model of controllability suggests that perceptions of someone's controllability of an event lead to anger and rejection, whereas perceptions of uncontrollability lead to pity and helping. This study examined the impact of an HIV victim's sexual orientation and "responsibility" for infection on subjects' affective responses, self-disclosure to the person, social support, and liking and trust for the person. Subjects received messages from their "partner" (a confederate) stating that he had just learned he was HIV positive. The message either stated that he was heterosexual or homosexual, and that he had either only one partner or many ...


Farmer Crushed In Hay Baler, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Sep 1995

Farmer Crushed In Hay Baler, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

A 32-year-old farmer was killed when he was crushed in a hay baler. The victim was operating a tractor, towing a round baler in an open field with gradually sloping terrain. Although the victim had been doing farm work since he was young and had experience operating square balers, his experience with this particular round baler was limited. The victim was found caught in the baler headfirst up to his waist. There were no witnesses to the incident. The victim was pronounced dead at the scene. In order to prevent similar incidents, the KY FACE investigators concluded that:

  • PTO's ...


Safe Farm: The Worker Protection Standard: Rules To Improve Pesticide Safety, Wendy Wintersteen, Joyce Hornstein, Laura J. Miller Sep 1995

Safe Farm: The Worker Protection Standard: Rules To Improve Pesticide Safety, Wendy Wintersteen, Joyce Hornstein, Laura J. Miller

Agriculture and Environment Extension Publications

Learn how the Environmental Protection Agency's Worker Protection Standard applies to farmers.


Fish Tissue Contamination In Maine Lakes : Data Report, Jeanne Difranco, Linda Bacon, Barry Mower, David Courtemanch Sep 1995

Fish Tissue Contamination In Maine Lakes : Data Report, Jeanne Difranco, Linda Bacon, Barry Mower, David Courtemanch

Maine Collection

Fish Tissue Contamination in Maine Lakes : Data Report

by Jeanne DiFranco, Linda Bacon, Barry Mower and David Courtemanch

Regional Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (REMAP)

State of Maine Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Land and Water Quality, Division of Environmental Assessment, State House Station 17, Augusta, Maine 04333 (September 1995).

Contents: List of Figures and Tables / I. Introduction / II. Goals and Objectives / III. Experimental Design / IV. Methods / V. Data / VI. Quality Assurance-Quality Control / Appendices A-H



Colloquium - Gender, Law And Health Care: New Perspectives For Teaching And Scholarship: The Role Of Gender In Law And Health Care, Karen H. Rothenberg Sep 1995

Colloquium - Gender, Law And Health Care: New Perspectives For Teaching And Scholarship: The Role Of Gender In Law And Health Care, Karen H. Rothenberg

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Farmer Is Run Over By Disc After Falling From Tractor, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Aug 1995

Farmer Is Run Over By Disc After Falling From Tractor, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

Because access to the scene and inspection of the equipment were not possible in this case, a partial inspection was done. Conclusions cannot be drawn from the evidence collected.

A 68-year-old farmer died when he fell from his tractor into the path of an attached disc. The victim had begun discing a tobacco field about 3:00 p.m., minutes after his wife and son left for second-shift work at a factory. After completing one field, he proceeded to a second field to complete the afternoon's work. The second field was across a small galley. As the victim drove ...


Farmer Killed In Tractor Rollover [95ky039], Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Aug 1995

Farmer Killed In Tractor Rollover [95ky039], Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

A 66-year-old male farmer was killed in a tractor rollover incident. The victim was discing a small tobacco plot near his home when he lost control of his tractor. It went over an embankment, rolled one-half turn and landed on the victim before rolling further down the embankment. It was not equipped with a rollover protective structure (ROPS) or a seatbelt; its brakes were inoperable. The victim was pronounced dead at the scene by the county coroner. In order to prevent similar incidents, the KY FACE investigator concluded that:

  • tractors should be retrofitted with Roll Over Protective Structures and seatbelts ...


Farmer Killed After Tractor Overturns Into Creek Bed, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Aug 1995

Farmer Killed After Tractor Overturns Into Creek Bed, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

A 47-year-old farmer/chemical analyst was killed when his tractor overturned into a muddy creek bed. The victim was checking a fence line on his property, which in that area has a rough, uneven terrain and on that day was very wet from a thunderstorm the previous night. He was going up an incline when his tractor slid backwards in the mud; the back tire slipped over the edge of a steep embankment and the tractor rolled over into the creek bed, pinning him face down in the mud. The tractor was not equipped with a Roll Over Protective Structure ...


Farmer Run Over After Falling From Tractor, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Aug 1995

Farmer Run Over After Falling From Tractor, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

A 54-year-old male farmer was killed in a tractor runover incident. The victim was on his way to his tobacco field when he lost control of his tractor. After it left the road, he fell and was run over by the right rear tire and possibly the edge of the attached plow. The three-year-old tractor was equipped with a seatbelt, but it was not fastened. The victim was pronounced dead at the scene by the county coroner. In order to prevent similar incidents, the KY FACE investigator concluded that:

  • Tractor operators should always wear seatbelts;
  • Tractor operators should pay close ...


Managing Household Hazardous Waste Or Making A Choice To Do Something Without Going Broke, Maine State Planning Office Aug 1995

Managing Household Hazardous Waste Or Making A Choice To Do Something Without Going Broke, Maine State Planning Office

Maine Collection

Managing Household Hazardous Waste Or Making a Choice to Do Something Without Going Broke

State of Maine, State Planning Office, Augusta, Maine

Androscoggin Valley Council of Governments, Auburn, Maine

August 1995.

Contents: Acknowledgements / Abbreviations / Introduction / I. History of Household Hazardous Waste in Maine / II. How-To Guide for Towns / Appendixes / Bibliography


Farm-Tractor-Related Fatalities -- Kentucky, 1994, T. W. Struttmann, Carl Spurlock, Susan H. Pollack, E. Moon-Hampton, Steven R. Browning, Robert Mcknight, Reginald Finger Jul 1995

Farm-Tractor-Related Fatalities -- Kentucky, 1994, T. W. Struttmann, Carl Spurlock, Susan H. Pollack, E. Moon-Hampton, Steven R. Browning, Robert Mcknight, Reginald Finger

Kentucky Injury Prevention and Research Center Faculty Publications

Fatalities associated with farm tractors are the most common cause of work-related death in the U.S. agricultural industry (1). To characterize farm-tractor-related fatalities in Kentucky, the Kentucky Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (KY FACE) Project studied all fatal farm injuries occurring among persons in that state during 1994, the initial year of operation for FACE in Kentucky. This report summarizes the results of that study.


Update - July 1995, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics Jul 1995

Update - July 1995, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics

Update

In this issue:

-- Gender Discrimination in the Medical Community

[ Responses to the American Medical Association of the Use of Anencephalic Neonates as Organ Donors ]
-- Maintain the "Dead Donor Rule"
-- Stairway to Hell
-- Let Parents Choose
-- Revisiting the Issues


Effect Of A No-Smoking Policy Aboard A U. S. Navy Aircraft Carrier, Suzanne L. Hurtado, Scott A. Shappell Jul 1995

Effect Of A No-Smoking Policy Aboard A U. S. Navy Aircraft Carrier, Suzanne L. Hurtado, Scott A. Shappell

Publications

The purpose of this study was to assess the impact if a no-smoking policy aboard the Atlantic Fleet carrier USS THEODORE ROOSEVELT (CVN-71) on the crew's smoking behavior and exposure to ETS, as well as crew attitudes regarding smoking policy. All crew members aboard ship were asked to participate in a baseline and post-intervention survey.


The Relationship Between Risk For Drug Abuse And Meaning In Life, Paul Turner Jul 1995

The Relationship Between Risk For Drug Abuse And Meaning In Life, Paul Turner

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Drug abuse continues to be one of the most significant problems in the United States today. Attempts to understand drug abuse have produced numerous multidimensional prevention and treatment models. These models have resulted in the identification of psychological, social and biological risk factors related to drug abuse. In this study, the risk for drug abuse was assessed in 311 college students. A questionnaire was developed to measure risk. The questionnaire assessed risk for abuse predicted by the following factors: academic performance, coping and psychological health, religiosity, family and peer drug use, and the individual's past and current drug use ...


Effect Of A No-Smoking Policy Aboard A U.S. Navy Aircraft Crrier, Suzanne L. Hurtado, Scott A. Shappell Jun 1995

Effect Of A No-Smoking Policy Aboard A U.S. Navy Aircraft Crrier, Suzanne L. Hurtado, Scott A. Shappell

Scott Shappell

Because of the negative health consequences of tobacco use and growing evidence of the health risks associated with environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), restrictive smoking policies have become widespread among many organizations and environments. The Commander Naval Air Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet established a no-smoking environment within all U.S. Atlantic Fleet facilities, including aircraft carriers. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a no-smoking policy about USS THEODORE ROOSEVELT on the crew's smoking behavior and exposure to ETS, as well as crew attitudes regarding smoking policy.


Retiree Dies In Tractor Rollover, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Jun 1995

Retiree Dies In Tractor Rollover, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

A 63-year-old retired bus driver was pinned underneath a rear tractor tire after it overturned while he was bush hogging. The 37-year-old tricycle tractor, not equipped with a ROPS or a seatbelt, had a bush hog attached. On the morning of the incident, the operator and his brother were mowing a portion of a pasture. At about 9:30 am, the victim started mowing at the bottom of a steep slope, and then progressed toward the top of the ridge. In order to make turns he had to circle around three dogwood trees at the top of the ridge. His ...