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Are Neural Responses Of University Students On The Broader Autism Phenotype Affected By Pain In Racial Ingroup And Outgroup Members?, Katarina M. Fleckenstein Dec 2016

Are Neural Responses Of University Students On The Broader Autism Phenotype Affected By Pain In Racial Ingroup And Outgroup Members?, Katarina M. Fleckenstein

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The current research aimed to examine whether the neural expression of empathy in response to the pain of racial ingroup and outgroup members might differ as a function of individuals’ autistic traits. In the current study, 40 neurotypical undergraduates completed a task in which they viewed a series of pictures of black and white hands in painful and non-painful situations while EEG was recorded to measure mu suppression, a neural measure of empathic processing. Participants also completed questionnaires that measured autistic traits, racial prejudice, and familiarity with racial outgroup members. Although there was a marginally significant interaction between autistic traits ...


The Effects Of Deception And Manipulation Of Motivation To Deceive On Event Related Potentials, Ethan C. Ashworth Dec 2016

The Effects Of Deception And Manipulation Of Motivation To Deceive On Event Related Potentials, Ethan C. Ashworth

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Correct Response Negativity (CRN) is an event-related potential component that is affected by the act of deception. However, there have been inconsistent findings on the effect of deception on the CRN. Suchotzki, et al. (2015) suggested that the design of the paradigm used to elicit the deceptive response is what controls the size of the CRN. Specifically, motivation to deceive changes the size of deception relative to telling the truth. This study attempted to follow up on suggestions made by Suchotzki et al. (2015) to investigate if extraneous motivation to lie does indeed invert the ratio of CRN in ...


The Role Of Parental Smoking On Children's Attentional Bias To And Evaluation Of Smoking-Related Cues, Sarah Volz May 2016

The Role Of Parental Smoking On Children's Attentional Bias To And Evaluation Of Smoking-Related Cues, Sarah Volz

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The goal of the current study was to examine whether exposure to parental smoking affects implicit cognitive mechanisms that may contribute to smoking initiation in children. To achieve this aim, the current study used a dot probe task to measure attentional bias and the Affect Misattribution Procedure (AMP) to measure evaluation of smoking-related cues in 8-12 year-old children. In addition, a modified Smoking Consequences Questionnaire (SCQ) was used to assess smoking outcome expectancies to determine if outcome expectancies related to these implicit measures. Results revealed that children of smokers (n = 67) showed an attentional bias away from smoking-related cues ...


Coming Home: Challenges Related To Reentry And Recidivism For Previously Incarcerated New Mothers, Sarah Ross Perry May 2016

Coming Home: Challenges Related To Reentry And Recidivism For Previously Incarcerated New Mothers, Sarah Ross Perry

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores the intersection of motherhood, recidivism, and the reentry process for recently incarcerated new mothers. Women were recruited from the Healthy Beginnings Project, a program that works with pregnant, incarcerated women from correctional institutions in the Williamsburg area to provide perinatal education and support. Completed intake and postpartum surveys (n=103) were analyzed for quantitative data on the incremental ability of maternal, psychological, and contextual stressors to predict new mothers' likelihood to recidivate. 34.3% (n=34) of the new mothers recidivated when the child was one to twelve months old. None of the summed stressor variables were ...


Unpacking The Psychosocial Effects Of Institutional Racism, Ebony A. Lambert May 2016

Unpacking The Psychosocial Effects Of Institutional Racism, Ebony A. Lambert

Undergraduate Honors Theses

My project investigated the effects of institutional racism on Black students at the College of William and Mary. I interviewed twenty Black William and Mary students and analyzed existing data from the Stand Up and Be Counted survey created by Dr. Anne Charity Hudley and Dr. Cheryl Dickter between June 2015 and April 2016. The purpose of this study centered on evaluating the extent to which exposure to institutional racism at the college affects the psychological, social, and academic realities of Black students who walk the college’s campus today. I also explored the relationship between institutional racism, stereotype threat ...


Evaluating The Effectiveness Of The Four-Step Assessment Model In Structural Family Therapy, Edmund Maxwell Lichter May 2016

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of The Four-Step Assessment Model In Structural Family Therapy, Edmund Maxwell Lichter

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The study examined the effectiveness of the four step model of structural family therapy developed by Minuchin, Nichols, and Lee (2007). It also examined the role of empathy in the therapy process, as well as sex differences. Seven therapy recordings were used, which were obtained from the archives of the Minuchin Center for the Family. Three undergraduate raters rated how the adult clients responded in regards to each of the four steps. Two undergraduate raters and an expert structural family therapist rated the therapists on their implementation of the four step model, and their empathy towards each adult client. Results ...


Bittersweet Recollection: An Ecological Study Of Nostalgia, Justin Leroy Thibault May 2016

Bittersweet Recollection: An Ecological Study Of Nostalgia, Justin Leroy Thibault

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Nostalgia has recently grown as a popular subject of study. Much of the research on it, however, has not been conducted in a naturalistic way. The current experiments use a diary study to analyze aspects of nostalgia in a natural setting, including its emotional timeline and self-relevance. Results found that nostalgia can behave like an involuntary memory and indeed has an emotional curve. Results support previous research showing that nostalgia is most often positive and most often involves missing others. Some results also suggest that nostalgia may be relevant to one’s self-identity. Success of this diary study model illustrates ...


Fed Up: Do Diet Violations Affect Implicit And Explicit Wanting And Liking In Restrained Eaters?, Gabrielle Brett Mecca May 2016

Fed Up: Do Diet Violations Affect Implicit And Explicit Wanting And Liking In Restrained Eaters?, Gabrielle Brett Mecca

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Dietary restraint is defined as a tendency to consciously restrict or control food intake. When restrained eaters consume a “forbidden food,” or a preload, they experience a diet violation that often is followed by overeating. The goals of this study were to examine whether the perception of a diet violation influences restrained eaters’ implicit and explicit liking and wanting – and whether their liking and wanting of food stimuli is related to subsequent eating patterns. We recruited female participants (n = 135) who were asked to consume a high calorie milkshake (a preload). Half of the participants were told that the preload ...


Breastfeeding Initiation Among Women Who Have Experience With Incarceration, Natalie R. Libster May 2016

Breastfeeding Initiation Among Women Who Have Experience With Incarceration, Natalie R. Libster

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The psychological effects of breastfeeding may be especially beneficial to incarcerated mothers, who are an at-risk population. The current study examines factors impacting breastfeeding initiation among a sample of women who have experience with incarceration. In the first study, 117 incarcerated pregnant women participated in the William and Mary Healthy Beginnings Project, a research and intervention program that works with local correctional facilities to improve the birth outcomes of pregnant inmates. Results reveal that factors associated with incarceration, such as delivering in jail, longer duration of incarceration during pregnancy, and being shackled during delivery, significantly impacted decisions not to initiate ...


The Effect Of Diversity Ideology On The Perception Of Political Candidates Varying By Race, Karyne Nichelle Williams May 2016

The Effect Of Diversity Ideology On The Perception Of Political Candidates Varying By Race, Karyne Nichelle Williams

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Previous research on person perception has examined how stereotypes can affect people’s judgments of outgroup members. Research has also shown that ideology is related to prejudice and judgments about outgroups. In the current study, we examine how judgments of outgroup members are affected by a colorblind ideology versus a multicultural ideology. In Study 1, we had a national sample of participants recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk (n = 107) rate a fictional Black and White candidate on judgments related to political qualities and personal traits and complete explicit attitude measures. Results indicated that colorblind attitudes led to more negative political ...


Comparing The Utilization Of The Peds And Psc-17 Screeners In A Pediatric Primary Care Clinic, Halie L. Dyer May 2016

Comparing The Utilization Of The Peds And Psc-17 Screeners In A Pediatric Primary Care Clinic, Halie L. Dyer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Behavioral problems exhibited in early childhood can predict continued behavioral difficulties into adolescence and adulthood and can result in poor social functioning and health outcomes. Early identification of these concerns is necessary in order to connect families with appropriate interventions that thwart a negative trajectory. In pediatric offices, developmental screeners and pediatric surveillance are efficient and reliable methods of assessing behavioral concerns, which can help to quickly connect families with services. This study examines two methods of screening for behavioral concerns and the impact on on-site behavioral health referrals for children 4 and 5 years of age at a local ...


Arrest Or Hospitalization? An Examination Of The Relationship Between Psychiatric Symptoms, Traumatic Childhood Experiences, And Socio-Ecological Factors In Forensic Mental Health System Responses To Offender Behavior, Stephanie Mersch, Jill D. Stinson, Megan Quinn May 2016

Arrest Or Hospitalization? An Examination Of The Relationship Between Psychiatric Symptoms, Traumatic Childhood Experiences, And Socio-Ecological Factors In Forensic Mental Health System Responses To Offender Behavior, Stephanie Mersch, Jill D. Stinson, Megan Quinn

Undergraduate Honors Theses

It has been well documented that Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) lead to unfavorable outcomes in later life, especially with regard to health and psychological outcomes. Recent research has demonstrated the impact of early childhood adversity on the onset of aggression and illegal behavior. However, often those with mental illness diagnoses with comorbid behavioral problems exhibit trajectories that include both arrest and hospitalization. While some are arrested for their criminal behavior, others are hospitalized. This begs the question: are those with mental illness and behavioral problems more likely to be arrested, or hospitalized, for their early behavioral problems? In the current ...


The Effects Of Antipsychotic Treatment Upon Nicotine Associative Reward In A Neonatal Quinpirole Model Of Schizophrenia, Adam Ray Denton May 2016

The Effects Of Antipsychotic Treatment Upon Nicotine Associative Reward In A Neonatal Quinpirole Model Of Schizophrenia, Adam Ray Denton

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Research has revealed that schizophrenics are significantly more likely to smoke cigarettes than the general population, and consume nicotine products at a much more prevalent rate. Further exacerbating this issue, it has been previously demonstrated in clinical populations that the type of antipsychotic treatment administered (typical versus atypical) may result in either an increase or a decrease of already heightened smoking behavior within the schizophrenic population. With these clinical issues in mind, the present study sought to examine the effects of antipsychotic treatment upon the associative reward of nicotine within the neonatal quinpirole model of schizophrenia. We found that treatment ...


Sexual Health Education's Role In Predicting Safer Sex Practices, G. Christopher Sterling-Murphy Apr 2016

Sexual Health Education's Role In Predicting Safer Sex Practices, G. Christopher Sterling-Murphy

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


Exploring Predictors Of Canadian Attitudes Toward Syrian Refugees And How They Should Be Helped, Erica J. Partridge Apr 2016

Exploring Predictors Of Canadian Attitudes Toward Syrian Refugees And How They Should Be Helped, Erica J. Partridge

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


Examining Emotion Regulation Levels In Perpetrators Of In-Person And Cyber Dating Abuse, Michelle Thibert Apr 2016

Examining Emotion Regulation Levels In Perpetrators Of In-Person And Cyber Dating Abuse, Michelle Thibert

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Working Memory Capacity In Math Performance, Brenda Osei-Boadi Apr 2016

The Role Of Working Memory Capacity In Math Performance, Brenda Osei-Boadi

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


Vicarious Trauma: Effects On Visual Language Interpreters Professional Quality Of Life, Brad Daly Apr 2016

Vicarious Trauma: Effects On Visual Language Interpreters Professional Quality Of Life, Brad Daly

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Corticosterone On Neuronal Migration In Zebra Finches, John Nowak Apr 2016

The Effects Of Corticosterone On Neuronal Migration In Zebra Finches, John Nowak

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Empathy On Vicarious Trauma In The Visual Language Interpreter, Julia Kilpatrick Apr 2016

The Effects Of Empathy On Vicarious Trauma In The Visual Language Interpreter, Julia Kilpatrick

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


Countering Correspondence Bias: Critical Thought Induction In Viewers Of Narrative Advertisements, Kendra Hardy Apr 2016

Countering Correspondence Bias: Critical Thought Induction In Viewers Of Narrative Advertisements, Kendra Hardy

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


Examining Change In Elementary Aged Students’ Self-Regulation For Learning, Kelsey Losenno Apr 2016

Examining Change In Elementary Aged Students’ Self-Regulation For Learning, Kelsey Losenno

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Gender Typing And Body Image On Life Satisfaction, Nicole Zomer Apr 2016

The Effect Of Gender Typing And Body Image On Life Satisfaction, Nicole Zomer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


Reducing Children’S False Identification Rates In Lineup Procedures, Nicole Skikavich Apr 2016

Reducing Children’S False Identification Rates In Lineup Procedures, Nicole Skikavich

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


Communication Technology Use And Perceptions In Romantic Relationships: The Role Of Attachment, Nicole Off Apr 2016

Communication Technology Use And Perceptions In Romantic Relationships: The Role Of Attachment, Nicole Off

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Vicarious Trauma On Life Satisfaction In Visual Language Interpreters, Marissa Hall Apr 2016

The Effects Of Vicarious Trauma On Life Satisfaction In Visual Language Interpreters, Marissa Hall

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


Surrendering To The Vine Of The Soul: Ayahuasca Shamanism As A Logotherapy, Maria Paula Rayo Gomez Apr 2016

Surrendering To The Vine Of The Soul: Ayahuasca Shamanism As A Logotherapy, Maria Paula Rayo Gomez

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


Understanding The Holistic Impacts Of Hospice Care On Individuals Who Access Their Services, Vanessa Eva Marie Eyre Apr 2016

Understanding The Holistic Impacts Of Hospice Care On Individuals Who Access Their Services, Vanessa Eva Marie Eyre

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Counterfactual Thinking On Exercise Intentions And Behaviour, Taylor Verberne Apr 2016

The Effects Of Counterfactual Thinking On Exercise Intentions And Behaviour, Taylor Verberne

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


Elementary School Students’ Self-Regulated Learning And Features Of Classroom Contexts, Taylor Johnston Apr 2016

Elementary School Students’ Self-Regulated Learning And Features Of Classroom Contexts, Taylor Johnston

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.