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Psychology

1965

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The Effect Of Instructions On Problem Solving Efficiency, Douglas Allen Webb Dec 1965

The Effect Of Instructions On Problem Solving Efficiency, Douglas Allen Webb

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of Authentic And Simulated Mmpi Profiles, Gaylis D. Brown Nov 1965

A Comparison Of Authentic And Simulated Mmpi Profiles, Gaylis D. Brown

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Ua35/11 Perspectives On Contemporary Man, Wku Honors Program Oct 1965

Ua35/11 Perspectives On Contemporary Man, Wku Honors Program

WKU Archives Records

Lectures delivered by WKU professors to the Freshman Colloquium in the fall of 1964. The Freshman Honors Colloquium is a special course open only to freshmen students whose test scores, on the battery of tests administered to all entering freshmen, fall in the upper 15% and who graduated in the top quarter of their high school graduating class. The book lists the participants in the colloquium.

Lectures:

  • Bailey, Donald. What is a Man, According to a Biologist?
  • Nash, Ronald. A Philosopher Looks at Man
  • Tachau, Charles. A Theologian Looks at Man
  • Watson, John. A Sociologist Looks at Man
  • Shedd, Charles ...


An Exploratory Study Of The Effect Of Aggressive Feelings And Their Relation To Humor Preference, J. Edward Chase Oct 1965

An Exploratory Study Of The Effect Of Aggressive Feelings And Their Relation To Humor Preference, J. Edward Chase

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Personality Differences Between Two Fundamental Religious Samples And A Sample Of The General Population, Ross O. Ward Sep 1965

Personality Differences Between Two Fundamental Religious Samples And A Sample Of The General Population, Ross O. Ward

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Sensory Interaction: Employing The Forced Choice Psychophysical Method To Study The Effect Auditory Stimulation Has On Visual Sensitivity, Reuben Kamper Sep 1965

Sensory Interaction: Employing The Forced Choice Psychophysical Method To Study The Effect Auditory Stimulation Has On Visual Sensitivity, Reuben Kamper

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Mmpi As A Predictor Of Success Among Seminary Students, Sue Webb Cardwell Aug 1965

The Mmpi As A Predictor Of Success Among Seminary Students, Sue Webb Cardwell

Graduate Thesis Collection

Purpose of the study. Since the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory is the psychological test that is most widely used in seminaries in the United States, it was the purpose of this study (1) to establish norms for Christian Theological Seminary that could be compared with general norms and with the norms of two other studies, those of United Presbyterian and Southern California School of Theology seminarians, to help answer the question of how clergymen differ from non-clergymen and whether special norms need to be taken into consideration in the interpretation of MMPI protocols with seminary students; and (2) to see ...


Manipulation Of The Magnitude Of Incentive Variable And Runway Performance, David Mason Wildasin Aug 1965

Manipulation Of The Magnitude Of Incentive Variable And Runway Performance, David Mason Wildasin

Masters Theses

The purpose of the present study was an attempt to replicate the findings of Wolfe and Kaplon (1941) using rats and somewhat more precise measurements of the dependent variables. Both the former study and Dyal's work indicate that specification of the amount of reward in terms of the weight of the food is insufficient. Specifically, the effect of presenting the same amount of food in one unit as against presenting it in five units was investigated.


The Effects Of Age At The Beginning Of Reading Instruction On Reading Achievement, Phyllis G. Wacker Aug 1965

The Effects Of Age At The Beginning Of Reading Instruction On Reading Achievement, Phyllis G. Wacker

Master's Theses

Hunt (1961) found that in lower socio-economio groups training provided by the child' s natural environment was often too haphazard for the efficient development of ideas of which he is capable. Limited experiences, or few "learning sets" may be the cause of lack of achievement. These questions led the experimenter, a year later, to undertake a study of these children after each had had two years of formal, in school, reading instruct ion, and to test the following hypotheses:

1. Four groups of children who had entered school at the same time, but at four different ages, would differ significantly ...


The Effects Of Chlorpromazine Hydrochloride Upon Temporally Spaced Responding, Stephen M. Bean Jul 1965

The Effects Of Chlorpromazine Hydrochloride Upon Temporally Spaced Responding, Stephen M. Bean

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Examiner Influence On The Holtzman Inkblot Technique, Robert G. Hamilton Jul 1965

Examiner Influence On The Holtzman Inkblot Technique, Robert G. Hamilton

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Interlist Similarities On Verbal Transfer In Paired-Associate Learning, Marylyn Morrell Jul 1965

The Effect Of Interlist Similarities On Verbal Transfer In Paired-Associate Learning, Marylyn Morrell

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Cognitive Dissonance In Task-Orientedgroups Under Intermittent And Continuous Success, Arthur Hiram Strock Ii Jun 1965

Cognitive Dissonance In Task-Orientedgroups Under Intermittent And Continuous Success, Arthur Hiram Strock Ii

Master's Theses

In a recent study by Burke (1961), the psychological effects of participation in task-oriented groups were studied. This study incorporated selected communication networks, the wheel, circle, and the all-channel, from a number of experimental arrangements that were conceived and developed by Bavelas (1950). Burke’s eighteen five-man groups were seated at a partitioned table containing slots in a center post through which written messages could be sent. This apparatus was similar in design to the table first used and described by Leavitt (1951). The groups worked on a task that required the members to find one symbol among five that ...


The Behavioral Effects Of Partial Reinforcement As A Function Of The Stimulus Similarity Of The Intertrial Interval, Dennis L. Mclaughlin Jun 1965

The Behavioral Effects Of Partial Reinforcement As A Function Of The Stimulus Similarity Of The Intertrial Interval, Dennis L. Mclaughlin

Master's Theses

Although Pavlov (1927) and Skinner (1938) had published articles dealing with the effects of less than 100% reinforcement upon acquisition and extinction, it was not until the Humphrey's investigation (1939) that partial reinforcement became an enigma for leaning theorists. Hull's theory came under the sharpest criticism because with a decrease in the number of reinforcement in acquisition there was not a corresponding decrease in habit strength as measured by resistance to extinction. Despite much criticism, Hull did not deet it necessary to consider the problem of partial reinforcement in his Principles of Behavior (1943). Humphreys, on the other ...


The Effects Of Physostigmine Sulfate On Inferential Learning In The Rat, Stephen Frederic Johnsen Jun 1965

The Effects Of Physostigmine Sulfate On Inferential Learning In The Rat, Stephen Frederic Johnsen

Student Work

The following study has arisen out of an interest in the recent work done on the chemistry of neural transmission. Since experimentation has indicated that certain chemicals affect some lower level learning performance of animals such as maze performance, this experiment is an attempt to find out whether the same effects hold for such a chemical on higher order learning processes, as indicated by Maier's three-table-test.


The Effect Of Changes In The Requirements Of Fixed Ratio Schedules On Post-Reinforcement Pauses And Rate Of Response, Mark Irving Felton Jun 1965

The Effect Of Changes In The Requirements Of Fixed Ratio Schedules On Post-Reinforcement Pauses And Rate Of Response, Mark Irving Felton

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


A Study Of The Relationship Of The Verb-Adjective Ratio In Linguistic Construction To Induced Stress, Bruce A. Schurman Jun 1965

A Study Of The Relationship Of The Verb-Adjective Ratio In Linguistic Construction To Induced Stress, Bruce A. Schurman

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Test-Retest Performance Of 427 Institutionalized Mentally Retarded Individuals On The 1937 Revision Of The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, David C. Ihrig May 1965

The Test-Retest Performance Of 427 Institutionalized Mentally Retarded Individuals On The 1937 Revision Of The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, David C. Ihrig

Student Work

Rothstein (1962, pp. 582, 583) in summarizing some of the findings which were issued at the 1960 meeting of the White House Conference on Children and Youth stated:

That there are 5,000,000 retarded individuals of all ages in America ....That 95 out of 100,000 citizens in the United States are receiving care in residential institutions for the mentally retarded....That, of the number of retarded individuals admitted to state institutions for the first time, 85 percent are under 20 years of age ... The proportion of institutionalized educable retarded individuals is dropping, hut the proportion of institutionalized children ...


Acquisition And Extinction Of An Avoidance Response By Mildly Retarded Girls, Enrique E. Corte May 1965

Acquisition And Extinction Of An Avoidance Response By Mildly Retarded Girls, Enrique E. Corte

Electronic Thesis Collection

This study investigated the effects of some of the variables operating on the acquisition and extinction of avoidance behavior by mildly retarded adolescent girls. The subjects observed were 20 patients of Parsons State Hospital and Training Center. All the subjects were 15 years of age or older and none of them had reached her twenty-first birthday at the time that the experiment was run. They had adaptive behavior levels of I, II or III.

The subjects were randomly assigned to one of two replications and to one of two experimental conditions (extinction and control). All the subjects were brought into ...


Suggestibility Of Placebo Reactors And Non-Reactors In The Autokinetic Situation, Lee Glenn Mason May 1965

Suggestibility Of Placebo Reactors And Non-Reactors In The Autokinetic Situation, Lee Glenn Mason

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The phenomenon of not relying solely up on one's own judgment and of distorting one's perception toward a perceived social norm has been observed to take place with a rather large percentage of subjects participating in a number of research projects. Both Asch and Sherif have done extensive work showing this distortion of perception when an individual is placed in a group setting and finds himself in a contradictory position between his own perception and that of the other group members.

The question arises as to whether or not acceptance of suggestion is a personality trait characteristic of ...


The Programmed Text As An Aid To Teaching Spelling In Junior High School, Gordon Howard Nicholls May 1965

The Programmed Text As An Aid To Teaching Spelling In Junior High School, Gordon Howard Nicholls

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Organized education, historically, has been slow to commit itself to any sort of intensive examination of how learning can be both analyzed and substantially improved. But today Komoski (1960) tells us that we are looking beyond the traditional approaches to teaching. If a newly developed method is shown to be more effective than the techniques which have traditionally been employed, it is carefully considered for incorporation into the current education program.

Programmed instruction is just such an example of a recently developed teaching method which claims it will contribute much to education. It dates back to Pressey's report (1926 ...


A Comparison Of The Academic Achievement And Social Adjustment Of Mentally Retarded Students, C. Thomas Musgrave May 1965

A Comparison Of The Academic Achievement And Social Adjustment Of Mentally Retarded Students, C. Thomas Musgrave

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to compare the academic achievement and social adjustment of mentally retarded students who have had five years of special education with mentally retarded students who have had no special education. This comparison was made to determine if there is a significant difference between the two groups.

The present study was not undertaken to defend or attack special education classes. The study was designed to determine to what extent academic and social differences existed between the two groups. It is hoped the results of this study can be used in planning programs for the educable ...


Factors Related To First Year College Success In A Selected Group Of Scholarship Recipients, Laverl C. Giles May 1965

Factors Related To First Year College Success In A Selected Group Of Scholarship Recipients, Laverl C. Giles

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The idea of a scholarship program is almost as old as the oldest institution of higher learning. The universality of such a program is almost completely comprehensive throughout the world. Although the purpose of scholarship programs has varied as much as each of the institutions varies, in most of the situations the programs have been well acclaimed. The success of these programs in terms of the student has often been tested or at least scrutinized. This type of study has been attempted several times. However, both Harris and Endler, in reviewing the literature from 1931 to 1959, report that there ...


Informational And Teaching Effects On Changes In Prejudice Of College Students, Nolan E. Ashman May 1965

Informational And Teaching Effects On Changes In Prejudice Of College Students, Nolan E. Ashman

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

An attempt was made in the present research to investigate the effects of informational source, instructional differences, environment in the college, and awareness of ethnic and religious attitudes as the result of the administration of the test instrument.

Subjects used in the study were drawn from courses in general psychology and basic orientation courses in engineering. All subjects were presented with a revision of the Bogardus Social Distance Scale following the fall quarter of instruction (1960-61 academic year). All but a control group taken from one psychology section received the same scale at the beginning of the instructional period.

Since ...


The Self-Concept And Failure In The Junior High School, Milton C. Madsen May 1965

The Self-Concept And Failure In The Junior High School, Milton C. Madsen

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

From the observations of counselors and teachers within our school district there seem to be these indications: (a) That many failing students are experiencing personal adjustment problems due to a faulty self concept and that they tend to behave in terms of how they perceive themselves, or according to the role forced on them by others. So if they have been labeled as a failing student this is the role they perceive for themselves and they tend to behave in terms of the role they perceive for themselves. (b) Non-promoted students who have been retained seem to have a lower ...


The Verbal-Quantitative Differential As An Indicator Of Personality Maladjustment, Robert W. Spencer May 1965

The Verbal-Quantitative Differential As An Indicator Of Personality Maladjustment, Robert W. Spencer

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Counseling centers at many universities are constantly trying to improve their value to the universities by identifying the students who have problems, and by making known to students the services that are available. Since many counseling centers are in direct contact with large numbers of students during the admissions testing program, it would seem that data gathered at this time should be carefully examined for clues that would aid a student in making a healthy and profitable adjustment to his university environment.

It has been observed by some counselors that students who seek counseling often have a wide difference between ...


Motivation And Its Effects On Auditory Detection Thresholds, Gregory Peter Thomas Mar 1965

Motivation And Its Effects On Auditory Detection Thresholds, Gregory Peter Thomas

All Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is to determine the relative influence of reward and punishment upon auditory detection threshold.


Some Probabilistic Models Of Simple Choice And Ranking, Anthony Marley Jan 1965

Some Probabilistic Models Of Simple Choice And Ranking, Anthony Marley

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

"Of the major areas into which experimental psychology has been traditionally partitioned, motivation is the least well understood and systematized. This is true whether we consider theory, experimental paradigms or experimental re­sults. Moreover, of the various notions usually considered to be primarily motivational, preference is the only one that mathematical psychologists have attempted to analyze with any care: there are almost no satisfactory formal theories concerning, for example, drive and incentive, and those that exist are best discussed as aspects of learning. So this chapter on mathematical theories of motivation is limited to a study of preference and the ...


Comparability Of Group And Individual Bender Reproductions Of Delinquents, Richard G. Doiron Jan 1965

Comparability Of Group And Individual Bender Reproductions Of Delinquents, Richard G. Doiron

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Emergent Leadership As A Function Of The Leaders Social Distance And The Task Situation, George Stephen Goldstein Jan 1965

Emergent Leadership As A Function Of The Leaders Social Distance And The Task Situation, George Stephen Goldstein

Master's Theses

The present study attempts to investigate the phenomena of social distance of the leader as a function of group effectiveness on different tasks. A number of hypotheses will be studied.