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Psychology

Theses/Dissertations

Emotion

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

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The Mediational Role Of Affect Regulation On The Relation Between Attachment And Alcohol Use In College Students, Dakota Joseph Kaiser Jan 2019

The Mediational Role Of Affect Regulation On The Relation Between Attachment And Alcohol Use In College Students, Dakota Joseph Kaiser

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Alcohol use is consistently ranked as one of the leading health risk behaviors globally and is a risk for which college students are particularly susceptible. Previous research has demonstrated a link between attachment style and alcohol use, and Hunter and Maunder (2016) have proposed a model surrounding the impact of attachment insecurities on disease risk and burden. Within their model, they indicate the link between insecure attachment and alcohol use is made through affect regulation difficulties, claiming that alcohol use serves as an external regulator for those with internal difficulties regulating affect, the latter which is itself associated with insecure ...


Emotion Socialization And Psychological Distress: The Mediating Roles Of Emotion Recognition And Emotion Regulation, Madelyne Losby Jan 2019

Emotion Socialization And Psychological Distress: The Mediating Roles Of Emotion Recognition And Emotion Regulation, Madelyne Losby

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The strategies parents use when responding to their child’s emotions, particularly negative emotions such as anger, fear, and sadness, have been shown to be associated with distress later in life. In addition, both supportive and non-supportive strategies, have been correlated with emotional development, particularly emotion recognition and emotion regulation. These processes comprise emotional intelligence, which has been linked to psychological distress. Much of the research in this area has been done with children, predominantly preschoolers, and as such, research is needed with older populations, particularly emerging adults (ages 18 to 29), who are within a developmental period where psychological ...


Depression And Choice Of Emotional Stimuli, Sunkyung Yoon Oct 2017

Depression And Choice Of Emotional Stimuli, Sunkyung Yoon

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Recent research argued that people with major depressive disorder (MDD) tend to prefer sad stimuli because they want to upregulate their sad feelings. This paper aims to examine investigate the choice of emotional stimuli among those who have MDD, compared to individuals without MDD (healthy controls, HC), and explore the reasons for their choice. Seventy six female university students (38 per group) completed three tasks: 1) In the replication music task, participants listened to happy, neutral, and sad music excerpts, chose the one they wanted to listen most, and reported the reasons of their choice. 2) The Emotional Stimuli Selection ...


Emotional Memory For Affective Words In Manifest And Prodromal Huntington’S Disease, Patricia Lynn Johnson Jul 2017

Emotional Memory For Affective Words In Manifest And Prodromal Huntington’S Disease, Patricia Lynn Johnson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Huntington’s disease (HD) patients have been found to have specific deficits in emotional processing, most consistently demonstrating impairment recognizing the emotion expressed on a static face. The purpose of this study was to examine emotional memory in HD, which has not yet been investigated, and its relationship with executive functioning, emotional facial recognition, and the disease progression in HD. An emotional memory task with pleasant, neural, and unpleasant words was administered to control (n=26), prodromal HD (n=26), and manifest HD (n=29) participants in addition to executive function measures, an apathy scale, and emotional facial recognition task ...


Psychophysiological Measures Of Mental Effort And Emotion Within User Research, Chase Rubin Meusel Jan 2017

Psychophysiological Measures Of Mental Effort And Emotion Within User Research, Chase Rubin Meusel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Psychophysiological measures have potential to aid the discipline of user research, but are currently under-utilized. Currently, across both academia and industry there is a need to increase the quality and quantity of feedback garnered from individuals during user tasks. Psychophysiological measures are beneficial in that they can collect data objectively, unobtrusively, and in real-time. The work put forth in this dissertation focuses on two separate contexts in which psychophysiological measures are used to increase the overall quality of user research data. The first context is described in Chapters 2 and 3, in which electrodermal activity (EDA) within a high fidelity ...


A Cross-Cultural Comparison Of Responses To True Accusations And The Role Of Honor Values, Ceren Gunsoy Jan 2016

A Cross-Cultural Comparison Of Responses To True Accusations And The Role Of Honor Values, Ceren Gunsoy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In honor cultures (e.g., Turkey, Southern US), self-worth depends on one’s own perception and on other people’s opinions about oneself, and reputation is very important. In dignity cultures (Northern US, Western Europe), self-worth mainly depends on the individual and cannot be taken away by others. In this work, I investigated how people from an honor culture, Turkey, and from a dignity culture, northern US, emotionally and behaviorally responded to two types of conflict: A true accusation of a transgression and negative performance feedback. Honor has three facets common to these two cultures: Social respect (being respectable in ...


Does Emotional Processing Mediate The Link Between Disordered Sleep And Depression?, Kimberly O'Leary Mar 2015

Does Emotional Processing Mediate The Link Between Disordered Sleep And Depression?, Kimberly O'Leary

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Disordered sleep is strongly linked to depression, but reasons for this are not well understood. One possibility is that this link is partially explained by deficits in the emotional processing system. This model is substantiated based on the strong link between sleep and emotions, as well as ties between affect and depression. Therefore, this study tested whether various emotional and non-emotional deficits mediated the link between poor sleep quality and depression. Two hundred undergraduate students were recruited via an online university system. Participants completed self-report scales of depression, sleep quality, emotion recognition, and affective response to pre-tested pleasant or unpleasant ...


The Harm Of Influence: When Exposure To Homosexuality Elicits Anger And Punishment Tendencies, Timothy Andrew Caswell Jan 2013

The Harm Of Influence: When Exposure To Homosexuality Elicits Anger And Punishment Tendencies, Timothy Andrew Caswell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the current project, I examined the distinct elicitors and behavioral outcomes of anti-gay anger and anti-gay disgust. The CAD triad hypothesis (Rozin, Lower, Imada, & Haidt, 1999) suggests that anger and disgust are elicited by distinct moral violations and cognitive appraisals. A plethora of research has documented the strong link between disgust and sexual prejudice, but very little attention has been given to the role of anger in sexual prejudice. The biocultural framework of stigmatization (Neuberg, Smith, & Asher, 2000) suggests that people who counter-socialize against prevailing social norms are stigmatized by others. If homosexual sexual behavior does not elicit anti-gay ...


Predator-Based Fear Conditioning: A Novel Approach To The Study Of The Neurobiology Of Memory, Joshua D. Halonen Jan 2012

Predator-Based Fear Conditioning: A Novel Approach To The Study Of The Neurobiology Of Memory, Joshua D. Halonen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This series of experiments developed novel paradigms involving the integration of conventional and ethologically relevant forms of reinforcement in the study of fear conditioning in rats. Experiment 1 compared the effects of foot shock, immobilization and predator exposure, alone and in combination, on the expression of conditioned fear memory and extinction. The combination of all 3 reinforcers produced a significantly stronger fear memory and greater resistance to extinction, compared to when each reinforcer was administered alone. Furthermore, whereas conditioning with foot shock, alone, resulted in rapid extinction of the fear memory, the combination of immobilization and cat exposure, or all ...


The Neural Correlates Of Emotion Regulation, Brandy Nicole Tiernan Jan 2012

The Neural Correlates Of Emotion Regulation, Brandy Nicole Tiernan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Antecedent-focused strategies of emotion regulation involve modifying thoughts shortly after an emotional stimulus is encountered. Cognitive reappraisal and distraction represent two forms of antecedent-focused emotion regulation. The current study used event-related brain potentials (ERPs) to examine whether

regulation interacts with the content of emotional information (Experiment 1), the neural correlates of these two forms of emotion regulation and their effectiveness in decreasing negative emotion (Experiment 2 and 3), the pattern of neural recruitment during regulation (Experiment 1, 2, and 3), and role of working memory and

metacognition in regulation (Experiment 3). In each experiment, individuals were asked to first view ...


Individual Differences In Video Game Experience: Cognitive Control, Affective Processing, And Visuospatial Processing, Kira Bailey Jan 2009

Individual Differences In Video Game Experience: Cognitive Control, Affective Processing, And Visuospatial Processing, Kira Bailey

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Independent groups of researchers have investigated video game effects on cognitive control (Mathews et al., 2005), affective processing (Kirsh & Mounts, 2007), and visuospatial processing (Green & Bavelier, 2003). However, no published research has studied all three domains in the same sample of gamers and non-gamers. In the current study nonviolent and violent gamers, and non-gamers performed two tasks tapping each of these three domains; the Stroop and N-back tasks for cognitive control, the picture rating and emotion search tasks for affective processing, and the enumeration and the visual short-term memory tasks for visuospatial processing. Consistent with past research (Bailey, West, & Anderson, 2009), there was a negative relationship between video game experience and proactive cognitive control that was more pronounced in the violent gamers than nonviolent gamers. There was a fundamental shift in the processing of violent and positive affective information in the violent gamers relative ...