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The Interaction Effect Of Spirituality And Negative Life Experiences On Depression, Hollis V. Burkhart Jul 2006

The Interaction Effect Of Spirituality And Negative Life Experiences On Depression, Hollis V. Burkhart

Master's Theses, Dissertations, Graduate Research and Major Papers Overview

Investigates the healing/ameliorating effect of one's spiritual beliefs and practices in moderating depression when faced with negative life experiences. Beck's Depression Inventory II, Piedmont's ASPIRES, and Sarason's Life Experiences Survey were the instruments administered to 51 adult patients at two pastoral counseling centers over a four month period. Findings indicate significant inverse correlations between spirituality and depression and a moderating effect of spirituality on depression when negative life experiences are included.


Medical Model Influence In Counseling And Psychotherapy: Counseling Psychology Training Directors' Views, Dallas R. Jensen Jun 2006

Medical Model Influence In Counseling And Psychotherapy: Counseling Psychology Training Directors' Views, Dallas R. Jensen

Theses and Dissertations

The practice of counseling and psychotherapy is influenced by a number of ideologies, models, and paradigms. Among these, the medical model's influence is particularly salient. The ideology of the medical field pervades the theory, research, and practice of psychology and its influence deserves close examination. The few studies in this area that have been conducted are descriptive and basic in nature. The present study aimed to contribute richness and depth to conversations about medical model influence. By interviewing Counseling Psychology training directors and applying a qualitative analysis, this study provided the following themes that characterize views of the medical ...


Exploring The Role Of Visual Selective Attention In Synesthesia , Amy L. Ramos Jan 2006

Exploring The Role Of Visual Selective Attention In Synesthesia , Amy L. Ramos

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Individuals with grapheme-color synesthesia perceive colors, called concurrents, when processing alphanumeric stimuli. Concurrents may arise from cross activation between cortical language and color processing areas. Two experiments used an attentional blink (AB) paradigm to test whether production of concurrents is an automatic or attention-demanding process. Two experiments used a visual-short-term-memory paradigm to test whether working memory (WM) representations of concurrents are capacity demanding. When target color was incongruent with concurrent color but color did not define targets, a synesthete (S1) showed delayed AB recovery compared to controls. When color defined targets and target color was congruent with concurrent color, the ...


How Children's Programs At Churches Promote Resilience And How They Can Be Enhanced, Dawn Blanton Jan 2006

How Children's Programs At Churches Promote Resilience And How They Can Be Enhanced, Dawn Blanton

Senior Honors Theses & Projects

Sunday School teachers, their students, administrators and clergy in three Protestant churches were interviewed to discover the degree to which the cognitive, emotional, and material aspects which promote resilience in youths (Laursen & Birmingham, 2003) were incorporated into their programs. The results suggested that churches do possess attributes that promote healthy cognitive and emotional development in children. In addition, every church provided for the material needs of the children in their church and community. Thus, churches are important community resources for at-risk children that can help promote resiliency. Recommendations are made for improvement of the programs. More generally, a model to ...


Is It Competitiveness Or Violent Content?: The Effects Of Violent Sports Video Games On Aggression , Nicholas Lee Carnagey Jan 2006

Is It Competitiveness Or Violent Content?: The Effects Of Violent Sports Video Games On Aggression , Nicholas Lee Carnagey

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Past experimental research has shown that violent video game exposure can increase aggression-related variables compared to nonviolent video game exposure. Currently, there are two competing hypotheses to interpret these findings. The violent-content hypothesis states that violent video games increases aggression because the violent content increases the accessibility of aggression-related knowledge structures. The competition-only hypothesis states that violent video games typically have a high level of competition compared to nonviolent video games. According to this hypothesis, the heightened level of competition increases aggression. One way to test these hypotheses is to expose participants to violent and nonviolent video games matched on ...


A Test Of The Coordinate Relations Hypothesis: Is Prosopagnosia A Consequence Of Damage To The Coordinate Recognition System? , Glenn Eric Casner Jan 2006

A Test Of The Coordinate Relations Hypothesis: Is Prosopagnosia A Consequence Of Damage To The Coordinate Recognition System? , Glenn Eric Casner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The coordinate relations hypothesis theorizes that the recognition system that mediates most basic-level object recognition is a structural description that represents shape using categorical relations whereas the recognition system that mediates face recognition represents shape via a coordinate relations representation. According to the coordinate relations hypothesis, the factor determining which visual recognition system mediates a given recognition task is the computational demands of the task. According to the coordinate relations hypothesis, if the visual recognition task requires distinctions to be made among stimuli that share the same structural description, then the task will be performed by the face recognition system ...


Using Counterfactuals To Assess Eyewitnesses' Abilities To Estimate The Effects Of External Influences On Their Lineup Identifications , Steve Douglas Charman Jan 2006

Using Counterfactuals To Assess Eyewitnesses' Abilities To Estimate The Effects Of External Influences On Their Lineup Identifications , Steve Douglas Charman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Eyewitnesses are often asked in real-world cases whether their responses to a lineup were affected by various external influences, but their ability to answer these types of questions accurately is unknown. Two experiments used a new paradigm to examine eyewitnesses' abilities to estimate the influence of lineup manipulations. Eyewitnesses were administered either confirming post-identification feedback or no post-identification feedback (Experiment 1, n = 103), or a cautionary pre-lineup instruction or no cautionary pre-lineup instruction (Experiment 2, n = 114). Eyewitnesses then gave actual responses (retrospective confidence, view, and attention measures in Experiment 1; identification decision in Experiment 2) as well as counterfactual ...


Using An Implicit Association Test To Examine The Effects Of Violent Video Games On The Values We Place On Others , Ryan Luke Tapscott Jan 2006

Using An Implicit Association Test To Examine The Effects Of Violent Video Games On The Values We Place On Others , Ryan Luke Tapscott

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The effect of exposure to violent video games on automatic devaluations of others was investigated in a sample of 337 undergraduate students. Contrary to our prediction, participants who played a violent video game did not automatically associate others with devaluation on an Implicit Association Test more than did participants who played a nonviolent game. Additionally, playing a violent game did not lead participants to automatically associate themselves more with worth than participants who played a non-violent game. However, males automatically associated themselves with worth more after playing a violent game, while females automatically associated themselves more with worth after playing ...


Semantic Priming And Health Risk: A Dual-Process Approach , Rachel Ann Reimer Jan 2006

Semantic Priming And Health Risk: A Dual-Process Approach , Rachel Ann Reimer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Dual process theories propose that people possess two information processing systems (rational vs. experiential). The present study used two semantic priming techniques to influence health risk decisions via the two processing systems. Baseline measures of sexual attitudes (erotophobia), and willingness and intentions to engage in risky sexual, alcohol, and drug use behaviors were collected from 183 college males. Participants were then subliminally or supraliminally primed with the concept of sex while performing a lexical decision task. Changes in willingness and intentions were examined. Results yielded no clear pattern of priming effects on health risk decisions, although there was evidence that ...


Caregiver Relations Among African American Children: A Before And After Picture Of Changes In Caregiver , Danielle Jacqueline Hill Jan 2006

Caregiver Relations Among African American Children: A Before And After Picture Of Changes In Caregiver , Danielle Jacqueline Hill

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the event of family breakdown, removing the child from the home is one of the most common forms of state intervention, and is one of the primary interventions provided when a parent experiences severe problems related to caring for their children. This investigation examined predictors and consequences of the transition from one primary caregiver to another among African American youth. The sample consisted of African American children being raised by various members of their families including biological parents, relatives, and non-relatives. Respondents were participants in a large-scale study of African American children and their families, the Family and Community ...


Self-Silencing As A Mediator And Moderator Of Adult Attachment And Disordered Eating Attitudes , Shannon Kellim Young Jan 2006

Self-Silencing As A Mediator And Moderator Of Adult Attachment And Disordered Eating Attitudes , Shannon Kellim Young

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study examined the mediating and moderating roles of self-silencing between adult attachment (anxiety and avoidance) and disordered eating attitudes. Participants were 221 female college students from a large Midwestern university. Survey data was analyzed using hierarchical multiple regression and the bootstrap procedure for testing the significance of indirect effects. For the mediation, the results indicated that self-silencing fully mediated the relation between attachment avoidance and disordered eating attitudes. Moreover, self-silencing partially mediated the relation between attachment anxiety and disordered eating attitudes. Specifically, the results showed significant positive relations between adult attachment (anxiety and avoidance) and self-silencing as well ...


The Roles Of Awareness And Encoding Effectiveness In Repetition Blindness , Mary Lynn Still Jan 2006

The Roles Of Awareness And Encoding Effectiveness In Repetition Blindness , Mary Lynn Still

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Three experiments examined the necessity of awareness in producing the repetition blindness (RB) effect. This was done by using a novel procedure in which three orthographically similar items appeared in the RSVP stream (e.g., mine, mile, file). On these trials participants would often be unaware of the second similar item, so report of the third similar item served as an index of how often RB occurs when participants are unaware of the second similar item. Results give no indication that RB can occur without awareness of the preceding similar item. Additional comparisons revealed that RB late in the RSVP ...


D' Is Not Appropriate For Contrasting Yes-No And Forced-Choice Recognition , Moses Michael Langley Jan 2006

D' Is Not Appropriate For Contrasting Yes-No And Forced-Choice Recognition , Moses Michael Langley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The equal-variance signal detection (EVSD) model predicts superiority of two-alternative forced-choice (2AFC) detection over yes-no (YN) detection by a factor of √2. To make balanced comparisons between detection in these tasks, the equation for calculating 2AFC detection involves a division by √2. While the detection literature confirms this prediction (Wickelgren, 1968), the prediction sometimes fails when the model is extended to discrimination tasks (Creelman & Macmillan, 1979). Nevertheless, this model has been widely used in recent years to contrast discrimination in YN and 2AFC tasks. Three experiments tested the √2 prediction under conditions that previous research suggests are theoretically ideal for the use of EVSD in discrimination measurement; the √2 prediction failed across all three experiments. The present results challenge previous assertions that the EVSD model may be appropriate for discrimination under the present circumstances. The implications of these findings for the study of ...


The Effects Of Participative Safety And Support For Innovation On Group Creativity, Toshio Murase Jan 2006

The Effects Of Participative Safety And Support For Innovation On Group Creativity, Toshio Murase

Theses Digitization Project

This study examined the effects of Participative Safety (PS) and Support for Innovation (SI) on team creativity. It has been proposed that PS helps develop teamwork processes where members feel comfortable expressing and exchanging their ideas freely and SI makes a team perceive that creativity is valued. The study hypothesized that groups trained on PS score higher on creativity, feel less anxiety, have more cohesiveness, and have higher satisfaction than groups without PS training. The study also hypothesized that groups in the SI condition score higher on originality than groups in the non-SI condition. These climate conditions were created by ...


Perceptions Of Job Satisfaction Of K-8 Superintendents In (Dfg I & J) Bergen County, New Jersey Public School Districts, C. Lauren Schoen Jan 2006

Perceptions Of Job Satisfaction Of K-8 Superintendents In (Dfg I & J) Bergen County, New Jersey Public School Districts, C. Lauren Schoen

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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The Developmental Trajectory Of Male Adolescent Alcohol Use, Alicia L. Poleshuk Jan 2006

The Developmental Trajectory Of Male Adolescent Alcohol Use, Alicia L. Poleshuk

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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A Phenomenological Exploration Of Intermarriages Between Men Of European/U.S./Australian Heritage And Batswana Women Of African Heritage, Nomagugu Sethlhare-Oagile Jan 2006

A Phenomenological Exploration Of Intermarriages Between Men Of European/U.S./Australian Heritage And Batswana Women Of African Heritage, Nomagugu Sethlhare-Oagile

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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A Study Of Perceived Job Satisfaction Among Middle School And High School Principals In Specific Dfg Groupings In Hunterdon And Somerset Counties In New Jersey, Beth A. Bournias Jan 2006

A Study Of Perceived Job Satisfaction Among Middle School And High School Principals In Specific Dfg Groupings In Hunterdon And Somerset Counties In New Jersey, Beth A. Bournias

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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The Relationship Between Parenting Stress And Family Cohesion In Non-Abusing Parents Of Sexually Traumatized Children, Danielle Marie Bronk Jan 2006

The Relationship Between Parenting Stress And Family Cohesion In Non-Abusing Parents Of Sexually Traumatized Children, Danielle Marie Bronk

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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Emotional Intelligence And Leadership Emergence, Gilma Yannet Anderson Jan 2006

Emotional Intelligence And Leadership Emergence, Gilma Yannet Anderson

Theses Digitization Project

The study looked at how emotional intelligence helps leaders meet the needs of their team. In order to be successful, teams need to exist in an environment that is burn-out preventative and fosters creativity. It was hypothesized that leaders would help meet these needs by creating an unthreatening work environment. Data was gathered from 391 individuals working in existing self-managed work teams in private and public sectors. The hypothesized model was tested using a multilevel analysis approach of structural equation modeling. Results indicated that a leader's emotional intelligence predicts a non-threatening work environment for both between and within teams ...