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Psychology

Theses/Dissertations

1995

George Fox University

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Gender Analysis Of The Spiritual Well-Being Scale, Karen J. Kellums Jan 1995

Gender Analysis Of The Spiritual Well-Being Scale, Karen J. Kellums

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

The purpose of this study was to determine if any of the twenty items on the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) show differential item functioning (DIF) between gender and item response. Archival data were obtained on two groups: (a) 331 members of the Christian Association for Psychological Studies (CAPS, USA), 197 males and 134 females, average age 44.5 years (Adams, 1993; Stratton, 1992); and (b) 392 incoming freshmen students at a liberal arts college in the Pacific Northwest, 148 males and 244 females, average age 18 years (Foster & LaForce, 1991). For each sample, partial correlations were computed for gender-related response differences (DIF) on each item with total SWBS score, Religious Well-Being Subscale (RWBS) score, and Existential Well-Being Subscale (EWBS) score held constant.

For these two populations, evidence was found for small effects (each item that showed significance accounted for less than two percent of the total variance) indicating DIF in six items [Item 6 (college population) and Item 18 (CAPS population) on the SWBS; Item 7 (college population) and Item 17 (CAPS population) on the RWBS ...