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Examination Of Community Mental Health Services For Persons With Serious Mental Illness: A Descriptive Study Of 31 Counties In Michigan, Pamela C. Werner Dec 1992

Examination Of Community Mental Health Services For Persons With Serious Mental Illness: A Descriptive Study Of 31 Counties In Michigan, Pamela C. Werner

Master's Theses

Thirty-one out of 55 Community Mental Health Boards participated in a survey conducted by the Alliance for the Mentally Ill of Michigan. This study examined a number of variables in the questionnaire using a product-moment correlational analysis.

Results indicated that family and consumer input is modestly correlated with comprehensive service delivery and staff/consumer education and training. Budget and the active number of mentally ill cases had a low correlation with comprehensive service delivery and staff/consumer education and training. Interagency collaboration was modestly correlated with program evaluation, and comprehensive services available to consumers. Weaknesses were noted in the management ...


An Arbitrary Matching Training Supplement To The Avc Discrimination Test, Charles P. Butler Dec 1992

An Arbitrary Matching Training Supplement To The Avc Discrimination Test, Charles P. Butler

Master's Theses

Kerr, Meyerson and Flora (1977) devised a series of small learning tasks that could be used to assess developmentally disabled individuals on the typical tasks to be performed in a school setting or sheltered workshop and required only very simple equipment. Davine (1990) suggested that there may be transitional skills between AVC levels IV and V not found by Kerr et al. Davine looked at four experimental steps designed to test this notion. The results of this study were inconclusive. Wilson (1991) tested the same notion by devising a series of non identity matching tasks which were generally found to ...


Relations Among Perspective Taking, Egocentrism, And Self-Esteem In Late Adolescents, Kimberly D. Leister Aug 1992

Relations Among Perspective Taking, Egocentrism, And Self-Esteem In Late Adolescents, Kimberly D. Leister

Master's Theses

This study examined the relations among perspective taking, egocentrism, and self-esteem in a sample of 113 undergraduate college students. Self-report measures of the the three constructs were used. Subjects in different levels of perspective taking did not differ significantly from one another in either egocentrism or self-esteem. Pearson correlations revealed that egocentrism was not related to self-esteem in level 2 perspective takers, but that these two constructs were negatively related in 3 perspective takers. Additionally, when subjects were in level 2 perspective taking, feedback did not alter their perceptions of themselves. However, when in level 3, feedback did affect subjects ...


Time As A Shared Resource : The Effects Of Depression And Behavior Verifiability On Perceptions Of Temporal Investment, Jody Lynn Jones Aug 1992

Time As A Shared Resource : The Effects Of Depression And Behavior Verifiability On Perceptions Of Temporal Investment, Jody Lynn Jones

Master's Theses

People have a tendency to view themselves in a more favorable light than they do others, a phenomenon termed the egocentric bias (Messick, Bloom, Boldizar, & Samuelson, 1985). Past research has shown that people are more likely to display the bias in situations that are "nonverifiable", meaning that there is no way to accurately measure the dimension on which judgments are made (Allison, Messick, & Goethals, 1989). Two experiments tested the hypothesis that only nondepressed individuals in a nonverifiable situation would show the egocentric bias, whereas non depressed subjects in the verifiable condition and depressed subjects in both conditions would not show ...


The Effect Of Public Posting And Supervisor Recognition On Treatment Team Performance In A Mental Health Institution, Susan Mencarelli Aug 1992

The Effect Of Public Posting And Supervisor Recognition On Treatment Team Performance In A Mental Health Institution, Susan Mencarelli

Master's Theses

This study compared the effects of public posting and supervisor recognition on the performance of professional staff in a mental health institution. Eleven indicators of successful performance in the writing of patient treatment plans were established after an analysis of existing standards. Seven treatment teams comprised the subjects of the study and included psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, nurses, activity therapists, and residential care aides. Group performance data were used. The measurement and scoring systems which were developed proved to be highly reliable.

Neither form of performance feedback resulted in consistent improvement in performance on any of the eleven indicators. This ...


The Effects Of Public-Posted Feedback On The Use Of A Photocopy Machine By Faculty In An Academic Department, Shijing Hu Aug 1992

The Effects Of Public-Posted Feedback On The Use Of A Photocopy Machine By Faculty In An Academic Department, Shijing Hu

Master's Theses

This study assessed the effects of a public-posting intervention on photocopy machine use by faculty members in an academic department. Public posting included posting of a chart that displayed number of copies made each week by individual faculty members along with the average cumulative rate of copying for previous weeks for each person. The intervention was applied in an A-B-A reversal design where data were collected prior to the intervention under usual conditions (A), during public posting (B), and after the public posting intervention was removed and usual conditions were restored (A). The results indicated that: (1) number of copies ...


Mdma And Memory: The Acute And Chronic Effects Of Mdma In Pigeons Performing Under A Delayed-Matching-To-Sample Procedure, Mark Lesage Aug 1992

Mdma And Memory: The Acute And Chronic Effects Of Mdma In Pigeons Performing Under A Delayed-Matching-To-Sample Procedure, Mark Lesage

Master's Theses

The physiological effects of (+) 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) have been studied extensively. The behavioral effects of MDMA, however, have not been examined in detail. In an attempt to gain further information about its behavioral effects, the acute and chronic effects of MDMA were examined in pigeons responding under a delayed-matching-to-sample procedure with 0-, 3-, and 6-s delays. In the absence of drug, accuracy (percentage o f correct responses) was inversely related to delay length. When administered pre-chronically, MDMA (0.32 to 5.6 mg/kg) decreased accuracy and response rates at higher doses. Tolerance developed following chronic exposure to 3.2 ...


The Differential Effects Of Performance Monitoring And Performance Contingent Consequences In A Laboratory Setting, Julie A. Glasser Jun 1992

The Differential Effects Of Performance Monitoring And Performance Contingent Consequences In A Laboratory Setting, Julie A. Glasser

Master's Theses

A simulated work task, consisting of paper and pencil quality control inspection, was used to examine the effects of performance monitoring and performance-contingent feedback on the quality and quantity of work produced. Six subjects were exposed to two treatment conditions. During monitoring only, a supervisor checked performance by asking subjects about their progress. During performance-contingent feedback, a supervisor informed subjects of the number of correct inspections completed on a sample page and summarized the quality of their work in a brief statement. Performance was measured in terms of error detection accuracy (errors missed and false error detections) and rate of ...


Eating Disorders, The Imposter Phenomenon, And Achievement In A Nonclinical Population, Anne Marie Ross Jordan Apr 1992

Eating Disorders, The Imposter Phenomenon, And Achievement In A Nonclinical Population, Anne Marie Ross Jordan

Master's Theses

The Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), the Work and Family orientation Questionnaire (WOFO), and the Impostor Phenomenon (IP) Scale were compared to determine whether these tests measure similar phenomena in women in a nonclinical population. Each test was subjected to factor analysis to explore existing factor structures. The combined scales of the three tests were factor analyzed, and four factors emerged. The EDI scales loaded on two factors (Symptomology and Immaturity), and the IP Scale loaded on both of these factors. The WOFO loaded on two separate factors (Achievement and Personal Unconcern), with the Perfectionism and Interpersonal Distrust scales of the ...


Relationships Among Gender, Gender Role Individualized Trust, And Self-Disclosure, John D. Foubert Apr 1992

Relationships Among Gender, Gender Role Individualized Trust, And Self-Disclosure, John D. Foubert

Master's Theses

Self-disclosure, the process of revealing personal information to other people, was examined in relation to gender, gender role and individualized trust. Undergraduate subjects (N = 293) completed the Jourard Self-Disclosure Scale (Jourard, 1971b), the Individualized Trust Scales (Wheeless & Grotz, 1977), the Bem Sex Role Inventory (Bem, 1974), and a demographic questionnaire. Significant interactions emerged between gender and individualized trust (p < .01), gender and gender role (p < .05), and individualized trust and gender role (p = .01). An androgynous gender role was shown to lead to higher rates of self-disclosure in the high trust condition but not in the low trust condition. Although masculine males and masculine females did not disclose differently, feminine females disclosed markedly more than feminine males. The relationship between individualized trust and gender role revealed an increase in self-disclosure common to androgynous individuals is restricted to those who are high trusting.


A Survey Of Computer Use In Occupational Therapy Fieldwork Sites, Martha E. Parks Apr 1992

A Survey Of Computer Use In Occupational Therapy Fieldwork Sites, Martha E. Parks

Master's Theses

Eighty-three Western Michigan University occupational therapy fieldwork sites were surveyed to determine: (a) extent of computer use, (b) diagnostic categories with which computers are used, (c) extent of computer knowledge of registered occupational therapists (OTRs), and (d) adequacy of computer knowledge of fieldwork students. Forty-seven (56.6%) of the 83 surveys were returned. OTRs at 36 (76.6%) of the 47 sites currently use computers. Word processing is the most common way in which these OTRs use computers. The most common clinical use of computers is perceptual/motor assessment and treatment, while the most common research use of computers is ...


Hands-On Versus Verbal Occupation: Effects On Free Recall In Brain-Injured Adults, Aaron M. Eakman Apr 1992

Hands-On Versus Verbal Occupation: Effects On Free Recall In Brain-Injured Adults, Aaron M. Eakman

Master's Theses

This study compared the effects of hands-on occupation versus verbal occupation in terms of free recall performance in brain-injured adults. Thirty males who had sustained a closed head injury with Rancho Los Amigos (Malkmus & Stenderup, 1974) cognitive levels of either VI, VII, or VIII were selected from nine midwestern brain injury rehabilitation facilities and randomly assigned to either the hands-on or verbal condition. After all subjects received preliminary verbal instructions for a food preparation occupation, verbal subjects again received the verbal information while the hands-on subjects prepared the food item. Subjects were then asked to recall the occupation's steps ...


A Behavioral Overview Of Self-Control, Shannon Kay Swick Apr 1992

A Behavioral Overview Of Self-Control, Shannon Kay Swick

Master's Theses

The present paper is a review of behavioral self-control literature with self-control defined as the choice of a larger, more delayed reinforcer over a smaller, less delayed reinforcer. The paper includes a self-control experiment in which the subjects were adolescent males labelled Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. The results show higher levels of self-control than those generally seen in similar subject populations. Self-control literature in behavioral psychology is examined and explanations for varying results are discussed.


Letter Recognition By Mentally Retarded Adults: Improving Performance Through Differential Outcomes, Paul R. Malanga Apr 1992

Letter Recognition By Mentally Retarded Adults: Improving Performance Through Differential Outcomes, Paul R. Malanga

Master's Theses

Four mentally retarded adults were taught to recognize (i.e., discriminate) finger spelling letters when presented as members of unchanging pairs (e.g., A and E, G and H). Correct responses were followed by food or verbal praise. On average, terminal accuracy was significantly greater when a correct response to a given letter was consistently followed by a particular outcome (e.g., food followed correct responses to A and praise followed correct responses to E) than when nondifferential outcomes were arranged (e.g., food followed 50% of all correct responses and praise followed the remaining 50%, regardless of whether the ...


Preventive Dental Care- Instruction And Contingency Management In The Acquisition And Maintenance Of Oral Hygiene Skills, Sandra K. Kallstrom Apr 1992

Preventive Dental Care- Instruction And Contingency Management In The Acquisition And Maintenance Of Oral Hygiene Skills, Sandra K. Kallstrom

Master's Theses

Inadequate oral hygiene is one of the largest problems facing the dental profession to date. It is estimated that 98% of individuals suffer from dental problems associated with neglect. The objective of this study was to develop effective techniques which aided in the acquisition and maintenance of oral hygiene skills. This study compared the effects of instruction and demonstration with contingency management on plaque percentage scores. A between-subjects design was used with one control and three experimental groups. The results indicated that, oral hygiene instruction and demonstration appear to be ineffective in reducing plaque scores. Significant plaque reductions where found ...


Leaders Of The Future : Differentiating Leaders Among High School Seniors, Richard S. Mohn Jr. Mar 1992

Leaders Of The Future : Differentiating Leaders Among High School Seniors, Richard S. Mohn Jr.

Master's Theses

The present study investigated high school leadership at two independent high schools using a peer nomination technique. Seniors nominate classmates who best fit each of 20 items indexing attributes of business world leaders. The seniors also nominated students they liked most and liked least. The leadership attributes were conceptualized to fit into four constructs: Other oriented, Inner oriented, Situationally oriented, and Derailment characteristics. The like most and like least items were used for measuring social impact and social preference and for classifying students into the sociometric groups of popular, controversial, rejected, neglected, and average. Test-retest correlations at a one month ...


Religiosity, Faith Development And Reaction To Negative Life Events, Julie Oxenberg Jan 1992

Religiosity, Faith Development And Reaction To Negative Life Events, Julie Oxenberg

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Television In The Formation Of Firearm Attitudes, Kyle A. Weeks Jan 1992

The Role Of Television In The Formation Of Firearm Attitudes, Kyle A. Weeks

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Mood On Memory And Learning : A Logical Learning Theory Approach, Mary L. Wandrei Jan 1992

The Effects Of Mood On Memory And Learning : A Logical Learning Theory Approach, Mary L. Wandrei

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Ecological Validity Approach To The Study Of Stress And Stress Appraisal Of Latino Children, Layla P. Suleiman Gonzalez Jan 1992

Ecological Validity Approach To The Study Of Stress And Stress Appraisal Of Latino Children, Layla P. Suleiman Gonzalez

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Young Adult Offspring Of Substance Abusers: Is Adjustment Related To Mental Health Of Parents Or Exposure To Abuse/Neglect?, Margit Cox Henderson Jan 1992

Young Adult Offspring Of Substance Abusers: Is Adjustment Related To Mental Health Of Parents Or Exposure To Abuse/Neglect?, Margit Cox Henderson

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Message-Framing On Psychological Control With Respect To Breast Self-Exam Performance, Deborah Karen Dilworth Jan 1992

The Effects Of Message-Framing On Psychological Control With Respect To Breast Self-Exam Performance, Deborah Karen Dilworth

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Factors Related To Religious Conversion In The Roman Catholic Church: Stressful Life Events, Faith, And Paternal Relationships, Kevin W. Miller Jan 1992

Factors Related To Religious Conversion In The Roman Catholic Church: Stressful Life Events, Faith, And Paternal Relationships, Kevin W. Miller

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Construct Validity Of Two Measures Of Jungian Typology: The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator And The Singer Loomis Inventory Of Personality, Anne M. Bradley Jan 1992

Construct Validity Of Two Measures Of Jungian Typology: The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator And The Singer Loomis Inventory Of Personality, Anne M. Bradley

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Type Of Evaluation And Task On Individual And Group Brainstorming Performance, Jerry Gerasimoss Vasilias Jan 1992

The Effects Of Type Of Evaluation And Task On Individual And Group Brainstorming Performance, Jerry Gerasimoss Vasilias

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Oppositional Meaning In Learning Personality Styles And Difficult Words, Jonathan Daniel Thomas Jan 1992

The Effects Of Oppositional Meaning In Learning Personality Styles And Difficult Words, Jonathan Daniel Thomas

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Use Of Shyness As A Self-Handicapping Device As A Function Of Attitudes Toward Shyness, Anna M. Heiberger Jan 1992

Use Of Shyness As A Self-Handicapping Device As A Function Of Attitudes Toward Shyness, Anna M. Heiberger

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Activity Programming At Nursing Homes, Suzanne Marie Farrell Jan 1992

Evaluation Of Activity Programming At Nursing Homes, Suzanne Marie Farrell

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Association Of Adolescent Substance Use And The Daily Experience Of Parents And Peers, John Philbin Jan 1992

The Association Of Adolescent Substance Use And The Daily Experience Of Parents And Peers, John Philbin

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Finding A Self In The Connections: Calvinist Theology And Female Psychology, Sherrie Rubingh Lowly Jan 1992

Finding A Self In The Connections: Calvinist Theology And Female Psychology, Sherrie Rubingh Lowly

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.