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Using Performance-Management To Improve The Academic Success Of High-Risk College Students, Valerie L. Jager Dec 1984

Using Performance-Management To Improve The Academic Success Of High-Risk College Students, Valerie L. Jager

Master's Theses

This study evaluated the effectiveness of a performance management program designed to improve the academic success of high-risk college students; students who had been previously dismissed from the university and had grade point averages (GPA) below 2.0 (on a 4.0- point scale). Twenty-two of these high-risk students were required to enroll in a one-credit hour performance-management course. They met weekly with a student staff member and prepared a contract, which specified their goals for the upcoming week and evaluated the past weeks' accomplishments. The students were also required to graph their daily accomplishments and spend ten hours per ...


Effects Of The Center For The Self-Management Of Academic Performance On High Risk Students, Connie J. Wittkopp Dec 1984

Effects Of The Center For The Self-Management Of Academic Performance On High Risk Students, Connie J. Wittkopp

Master's Theses

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a behavioral package designed to help keep high risk students in school. Thirty-four undergraduate students on academic probation were referred to the Center for the Self-Management of Academic Performance by the College of Arts and Sciences. These students were divided into two groups: an experimental group which consisted of 21 students and a control group which consisted of 13 students. Members of the experimental group were exposed to a treatment package which included behavioral contracting, lectures, and mandatory attendance at a study center; members of the control group ...


The Effects Of A Structured Study-Support Program On The Academic Performance Of Minority College Freshmen In A General Psychology Course, Mark Andrew Jackson Dec 1984

The Effects Of A Structured Study-Support Program On The Academic Performance Of Minority College Freshmen In A General Psychology Course, Mark Andrew Jackson

Master's Theses

This study analyzed the effectiveness of a structured study support course on the academic performance of minority college freshmen in a general psychology course. The study-support course required the participants to study the weekly quiz material in specified increments throughout the entire week. These participants received significantly higher grades than those who did not.

In addition, the weekly quiz scores of the participants during the treatment phase were significantly higher than their quiz scores prior to the beginning of the study-support course. Students who did not participate in the study-support course showed no significant difference in weekly quiz performance during ...


A Performance Audit Of A Graduate Training Program, Maria Emma Garcia Dec 1984

A Performance Audit Of A Graduate Training Program, Maria Emma Garcia

Master's Theses

The present study consists of a performance audit of a graduate training program. The performance audit is an engineering model created by Gilbert (1978) to design, analyze, and evaluate organizations. This performance audit was applied to the Behavioral Systems Analysis Program (BSAP), a graduate training program of the Psychology Department at Western Michigan University. The mission of BSAP consists of training behavioral systems analysts to effectively create or improve systems that benefit humanity.

This study had two objectives: first, the identification of the areas of BSAP with greatest potential for improvement and the identification causes of their deficiencies; second, to ...


Psychometric Characteristics Of The Behavioral Observation Scale, Gregg Allen Bolt Aug 1984

Psychometric Characteristics Of The Behavioral Observation Scale, Gregg Allen Bolt

Master's Theses

Self-, peer-, and supervisor ratings were obtained on 52 psychiatric aides using a Behavioral Observation Scale (BOS). Self ratings showed less leniency error than peer- and supervisor ratings. Halo error could not be assessed due to a negative correlation between means and variences. A multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) analysis supported the presence of strong rater bias and significant convergent validity but not discriminant validity. The results of the analyses demonstrated that the ratings obtained from a BOS were not psychometrically superior to other appraisal formats. Questions were raised as to the adequacy of a five point scale, data transformation, and rating scales.


Prescriptive Contracting: Utilization Of Self-Monitoring And Contracting In A Study Improvement Program, Raymond L. Boettger Aug 1984

Prescriptive Contracting: Utilization Of Self-Monitoring And Contracting In A Study Improvement Program, Raymond L. Boettger

Master's Theses

Several factors in program design and concurrent research of study programs for academically at-risk students have been noted in reviewing the literature. Two of the most effective techniques are self-monitoring and contracting. While many of the programs based on these procedures have shown significant increases in rates of study behavior, few have reported actual academic gains. Those that have predominately used simple difference of means tests to show significance. A major drawback to many of the study improvement programs is that they require additional expense to be implemented and maintained.

Prescriptive Contracting in an Individualized Guided Study center was designed ...


Use Of Contingency Contracting For The Generalization Of Social Skills Of Emotionally Impaired Students, Michelle M. Kapp Aug 1984

Use Of Contingency Contracting For The Generalization Of Social Skills Of Emotionally Impaired Students, Michelle M. Kapp

Master's Theses

The present study investigated the effects of contingency or behavioral contracting on the generalization of emitting polite words. Generalization as a result of social skills training was compared to generalization as a result of contracting. The subjects were three elementary students identified as emotionally impaired. The experimental design was a combination reversal and multiple baseline across subjects. The results of the study supported the hypothesis that contracting would be more effective than the social skills training in initiating generalization of emitting polite words. It was suggested that additional research be conducted to investigate the long term effects of contracting on ...


The Effects Of Given Versus Self-Derived Rules On Children's Performance Of A Complex Discrimination Task, Susan F. Roy Aug 1984

The Effects Of Given Versus Self-Derived Rules On Children's Performance Of A Complex Discrimination Task, Susan F. Roy

Master's Theses

Two groups of preschool children were studied in a discretetrial concept formation task involving identification of stimulus cards which shared a common feature (e.g., picture a color, or a facial expression). During training, one group (rule-given) was given a verbal description which delineated the aspect of the stimulus card that should control responding. The second (self-derived rule) group was exposed to the same cards, without a rule (verbal description) being given. Members of each group were reinforced for correct responses (i.e., identifying which of two pictures had the relevant stimulus property), and accuracy of description was recorded for ...


The Use Of Performance Data To Monitor And Support The Reorganization Of An Educational System, Ellen Spall Thompson Aug 1984

The Use Of Performance Data To Monitor And Support The Reorganization Of An Educational System, Ellen Spall Thompson

Master's Theses

The goal of this study was to determine the performance effects on staff and students following the reorganization of a special education facility. The organizational plan was based on the development of teaching teams where students were grouped together according to exit curricular goals. Four interventions were completed in order to assess the overall outcome of the reorganization project. At the student level, the rate of learning was monitored in order to determine whether the implementation of teams affected educational objective acquisition . At the team level, meeting agendas were surveyed to find out what effect they had on student learning ...


Psychological Needs Of The Elderly : Community, Religious Affiliated Institutions, And Public Institutions, Sharon Bonaventura Apr 1984

Psychological Needs Of The Elderly : Community, Religious Affiliated Institutions, And Public Institutions, Sharon Bonaventura

Master's Theses

Although research has shown that psychological needs change as a person ages, available data on the relationship of psychological needs and types of residential institutions for the elderly are limited. The purpose of this study was to explore the possible connection between a particular residential environment and the elderly's psychological needs. Forty-five elderly females ages 62 through 89, participated in this study. Subjects were chosen from one of three residential groups, community, religious affiliated institutions, and public institutions. All subjects were asked to complete the Edwards Personal Preference Schedule. In addition, demographic data were collected on each subject. Results ...


Feature-Value Effect, Nedra N. Zerbel Apr 1984

Feature-Value Effect, Nedra N. Zerbel

Master's Theses

Feature-value effect concerns the asymmetry obtained in the discrimination learning of pigeons and young children, based on the presence (feature-positive) versus the absence (feature-negative) of a single distinctive feature. Subjects master the discrimination problem when the distinctive feature appears on the positively-reinforced (S+) display but not necessarily when the distinctive feature appears on the non-reinforced (S-) display. This thesis replicates and examines the first (three) extensions of traditionally experimental research to human preschool populations. Six 3-5 year old children attending the Child Development Center preschool served as subjects in the experiment. The feature-positive discrimination training conditions consisted of the presentation ...


The Effects Of Quantitative Information Content On Selection Strategies In A Complex Concept Formation Design, Tony B. Croke Apr 1984

The Effects Of Quantitative Information Content On Selection Strategies In A Complex Concept Formation Design, Tony B. Croke

Master's Theses

Thirty adult undergraduates and graduate students were placed in one of three quantitative information content groups. The Ss received either High, Medium or Low Information Content (IC) in a concept formation paradigm designed to study the types of problem solving strategies used by Ss under varying amounts of information content. High IC Ss produced the optimal strategy— focusing— sooner and more often than Medium or Low IC Ss. Medium IC Ss did better than low IC Ss. High IC Ss increased their use of focusing over trials, while Medium and Low IC Ss only used focusing intermittently. Medium and Low ...


The Oral Self-Administration Of Nicotine In Two Groups Of Rats, Jay D. Hansor Apr 1984

The Oral Self-Administration Of Nicotine In Two Groups Of Rats, Jay D. Hansor

Master's Theses

Six, adult male, Spraque-Dawley rats served as subjects in this experiment which examined whether they would self-administer a 32 microgram per milliliter or a 64- microgram per milliliter (32 ug/ml and 64 ug/ml) nicotine tartrate solution when presented concurrently with distilled water. Subjects in Group I had access to a 32 ug/ml nicotine solution and Group II subjects had access to a 64 ug/ml nicotine solution during both phases. During Phase II an "AB" reversal was implemented to ascertain whether the subjects had a side preference or if they preferred to injest nicotine. It was found ...


The Training Of A Few Response Forms Under Multiple Controlling Variables, Mary-Ann Wiermanski Apr 1984

The Training Of A Few Response Forms Under Multiple Controlling Variables, Mary-Ann Wiermanski

Master's Theses

This study investigated the acquisition of a few response forms under different controlling variables using both a topography based language (TB) (i.e., signing) and a stimulus selection based language (SSB) (i.e., touching symbols) with three language deficient developmentally disabled individuals. The subjects were taught to name, to ask for, and to touch keys that opened boxes that contained some form of reinforcement. Most of the keys' names were trained across more than one set of controlling variables per session. Before training began for a given key under a new condition, a transfer test was conducted, investigating the possibility ...


A Program To Teach Multiple Verbal Relations Involving A Small Number Of Response Forms, Kimberly Lou Richter Apr 1984

A Program To Teach Multiple Verbal Relations Involving A Small Number Of Response Forms, Kimberly Lou Richter

Master's Theses

As a consequence of reviewing the results of non-behavioral and behavioral approaches to language training for the language deficient, further development of an alternative approach seemed warranted. This study attempted to develop a procedure for training a functional verbal repertoire involving a new language system which consisted of originally meaningless words and symbols. Young "normal" children participated as a first step in developing this procedure. Two preschoolers were taught a few verbal responses, each controlled by several different variables. A new verbal response was then taught under the control of a few variables. Transfer of the new verbal responses under ...


Interview Training For College Students: A Behavioral Approach Versus A Self-Help Approach, Toni Yvette Woolfork Apr 1984

Interview Training For College Students: A Behavioral Approach Versus A Self-Help Approach, Toni Yvette Woolfork

Master's Theses

This study was designed to train college students to interview effectively for a job. Ten upper-level students were randomly assigned to an experimental group or a control group. The experimental group participated in a 16-hour training program consisting of modeling coaching, behavior rehearsal, peer and trainer feedback and instructional training. The techniques were used to train students to interview effectively, using the appropriate verbal behavior and nonverbal behavior. The control group's training consisted of a videotape and reading materials. There were significant differences between groups on the verbal behavior, but not on the nonverbal behaviors.


Social Skills In Vivo: An Experimental And Theoretical Analysis, Stephen Earl Eversole Apr 1984

Social Skills In Vivo: An Experimental And Theoretical Analysis, Stephen Earl Eversole

Master's Theses

A multiple baseline across behaviors was employed to demonstrate generalization effects across settings. A 14 year old shy female was presented with social skills treatment package to increase the rate of eye contacts, verbalizations and smile sin vivo. One of the intervention phases included role-playing of social situations with a peer. A second phase required the occurrence of desired responding while playing foosball-- the same activity which took place in vivo during generality data collection. A third intervention required interaction assignments to be completed in vivo. Results indicate inconclusive evidence of an increase due to the treatment package. A general ...


Life Experiences Influencing Attitudes Toward Personal Death, Kevin J. Franke Jan 1984

Life Experiences Influencing Attitudes Toward Personal Death, Kevin J. Franke

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Frequency Encoding: An Examination Of The Roles Of Age And Depression, Holly O. Houston Jan 1984

Frequency Encoding: An Examination Of The Roles Of Age And Depression, Holly O. Houston

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Testing The Efficacy Of A Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment For Impulsivity With Female Juvenile Delinquents, Dinaz Lynn Stafford Jan 1984

Testing The Efficacy Of A Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment For Impulsivity With Female Juvenile Delinquents, Dinaz Lynn Stafford

Master's Theses

This experiment was conducted in order to determine the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral treatment, involving self-instructions training for impulsivity, on female juvenile delinquents. An additional consideration was whether instructions educating subjects about the generalizability of self-instructions would lead to a decrease in impulsivity in a classroom situation. Thirty subjects were randomly assigned tp 3 groups - Group 1 being trained in self-instructions and receiving generalizing instructions, Group 2 being trained self-instruction alone, and Group 3 serving as the attentional control group. The Matching Familiar Figures test was admini­ stered before and after treatment sessions and the Impulsive Behavior Scale was rated by ...


The Effects Of Color Reversal On The Maze Performance Of Learning Disabled And Normal Children, Susan Ramsay Knaysi Jan 1984

The Effects Of Color Reversal On The Maze Performance Of Learning Disabled And Normal Children, Susan Ramsay Knaysi

Master's Theses

Recent studies examining the performance of braininjured children (specifically, cerebral palsied children) reported improvement of perceptual-motor abilities on graphic tests with figure-ground reversals (Uhlin & Dickinson, 1970; May, 1978). A pilot study was done to ascertain whether this facilitative effect of color manipulation would be demonstrated with hyperactive children also classified as perceptually impaired. A significant difference in performance was found between the white background/black figure manipulation and the black background/white figure manipulation by age (5-10 year olds). Normal children did not demonstrate this facilitative effect. It was postulated that this effect would generalize to learning disabled children. In the present ...


New Faculty Offices: An Evaluation, Laurie Anderson Jan 1984

New Faculty Offices: An Evaluation, Laurie Anderson

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Catholic Men's And Women's Discriminations Between Morality And Convention, Jean Marie Bradt Jan 1984

Catholic Men's And Women's Discriminations Between Morality And Convention, Jean Marie Bradt

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Adolescent Liberals' And Conservatives' Visions Of Morality, Charles M. Shelton Jan 1984

Adolescent Liberals' And Conservatives' Visions Of Morality, Charles M. Shelton

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Personality And Emotional Factors In Learning Disabled Children, Richard M. Volden Jan 1984

Personality And Emotional Factors In Learning Disabled Children, Richard M. Volden

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Perceived Training Needs Of Basic And Applied Social Psychology Graduate Students, Monica M. Kuchera Jan 1984

Perceived Training Needs Of Basic And Applied Social Psychology Graduate Students, Monica M. Kuchera

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Language Production By Normals Under Conditions Of Personalized Distraction, Penelope Thrasher Jan 1984

Language Production By Normals Under Conditions Of Personalized Distraction, Penelope Thrasher

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Intimacy Motive And Its Relationship To Interpersonal Perception In The Dating Couple, Rogelio Rodriguez Jan 1984

The Intimacy Motive And Its Relationship To Interpersonal Perception In The Dating Couple, Rogelio Rodriguez

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Wisc-R Performance In A Clinical Population Classified As Overcontrolled And Undercontrolled, Mary M. Gonzalez Jan 1984

Wisc-R Performance In A Clinical Population Classified As Overcontrolled And Undercontrolled, Mary M. Gonzalez

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


A Signal Detection Theory Analysis Of Several Psychophysical Procedures Used In Lateralization Tasks, Joseph N. Baumann Jan 1984

A Signal Detection Theory Analysis Of Several Psychophysical Procedures Used In Lateralization Tasks, Joseph N. Baumann

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.