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The Influence Of Family Functioning On Social Competence, Social Support, And Mental Health Among College Students, Sean Newhart Jan 2019

The Influence Of Family Functioning On Social Competence, Social Support, And Mental Health Among College Students, Sean Newhart

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

There are a multitude of factors that influence college students’ mental health. Among such factors, there is little research on the influence of family functioning, social competence, and social support on the mental health of college students. This quantitative research study examined the relationships among the identified variables utilizing structural equation modeling. Results indicate that although there are relationships between each variable, the a priori theoretical model established by the researcher did not fit the data well. Implications for mental health practitioners and researchers are explored in light of the researcher’s findings.


Distress Tolerance Predicts Day-To-Day Emotion Regulation Behaviors, Maria Alexandra Larrazabal Carrillo Jan 2019

Distress Tolerance Predicts Day-To-Day Emotion Regulation Behaviors, Maria Alexandra Larrazabal Carrillo

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Distress tolerance (DT), or the ability to effectively withstand aversive internal experiences, is related to diverse physical and mental health benefits, including resilience to depression, anxiety, and substance misuse. DT might prevent health problems by promoting more adaptive and less maladaptive emotion regulation decisions in the face of stressful events. The present study—a pilot investigation that is the basis for a forthcoming study—tested this hypothesis by examining between- and within-person associations of DT with a repertoire of 12 common emotion regulation strategies. We recruited 25 high-anxiety university students to complete surveys of DT and emotion regulation efforts in ...


The Magnificent Seven: A Narrative Analysis Of Suppressed Discourses In Psychiatric Diagnoses, Clayton Vance Martin Aug 2018

The Magnificent Seven: A Narrative Analysis Of Suppressed Discourses In Psychiatric Diagnoses, Clayton Vance Martin

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study is a Narrative Analysis of the hidden strengths and positive qualities inherent to identified psychiatric diagnosis. Seven individuals were interviewed on two occasions and also corresponded with me via email and telephone. Analysis of individual narratives yielded common thematic elements and common plot points, these factors were further analyzed and contemplated in the light of their implications for the Counseling profession. an informed critique of the research design is presented, followed by implications and suggestions for future research.


The Effects Of Mating Strategy On Religiosity: Church Attendance As A Mating Strategy Component And The Role Of Religious Belief., Jacob Thomas Henicheck Jul 2018

The Effects Of Mating Strategy On Religiosity: Church Attendance As A Mating Strategy Component And The Role Of Religious Belief., Jacob Thomas Henicheck

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Contrary to traditional theories that religious morals influence sexual attitudes, recent research has found that controlling for sexual attitudes largely reduces associations between various moral views and religiosity. Based on these findings, the reproductive religiosity model was proposed in which being sexually restricted leads individuals to increase their religious involvement. However, the model a) does not account for religious belief and b) claims that sexual behavior mediates the effect of various variables on church attendance without employing a mediation model. to address these points, this study tests reproductive variables in a multiple regression to examine their ability to independently predict ...


Psychophysiology Of The Stress Response And The Hierarchical Structure Of Emotional Disorders, Molly Penrod Jun 2018

Psychophysiology Of The Stress Response And The Hierarchical Structure Of Emotional Disorders, Molly Penrod

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Physiological stress reactivity is closely linked to emotional disorders like depression and anxiety and is believed to play a causal role in their development. Similar patterns of exaggerated reactivity across a wide range of emotional disorders indicate that physiological hyperreactivity to stress may be a multifinal, or shared, risk factor for these disorders. However, current literature examines stress reactivity in only one or two disorders at a time and is based off categorical classification systems that assume mental disorders to be discrete entities. Recent research into the observed distribution of symptoms of mental illness contests this assumption and proposes that ...


The Serving Supervisor: Supervisor Servant Leadership As A Protective Factor For Counseling Residents’ Burnout And Secondary Traumatic Stress, Colleen Grunhaus Jan 2018

The Serving Supervisor: Supervisor Servant Leadership As A Protective Factor For Counseling Residents’ Burnout And Secondary Traumatic Stress, Colleen Grunhaus

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

According to Stamm (2010), variables in counselors’ work environment, personal environment, and client environment precipitate the development of compassion fatigue. Compassion fatigue, which comprises secondary traumatic stress and burnout, is an occupational hazard for counselors, and new counselors are especially vulnerable. A supervisory style that exhibits servant leadership traits may provide necessary support and counteract compassion fatigue symptoms for counseling residents. Servant leadership shares many philosophical assumptions of the counseling profession and addresses the administrative challenges many clinical supervisors face today (Evans, Wright, Murphy, & Maki, 2016). A sample of 241 counseling residents participated in the study and completed several instruments ...


Dissociating Alzheimer’S Disease From Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment Using Time-Frequency Based Eeg Neurometrics, Wendel Matthew Friedl Jan 2018

Dissociating Alzheimer’S Disease From Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment Using Time-Frequency Based Eeg Neurometrics, Wendel Matthew Friedl

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This work explores the utility of using magnitude (ERSP), phase angle (ITPC), and cross-frequency coupling (PAC) indices derived from electroencephalogram (EEG) recording using spectral decomposition as unique biomarkers of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), respectively. The experimental protocol was a visual oddball discrimination task conducted during a brief (approximately 20 minute) recording session. Participants were 60 older adults from an outpatient memory clinic diagnosed with either aMCI (n=29; M=73.0; SD=9.32) or AD (n=31; M=78.29; SD=8.28) according to NIA-AA criteria. Results indicate that ITPC values differ ...


Effects Of An Essentialism Manipulation On The Neural Processing Of Racial Minorities, Joellen Blass Jul 2017

Effects Of An Essentialism Manipulation On The Neural Processing Of Racial Minorities, Joellen Blass

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Racial minorities are increasingly growing in the United States and the racial category “multiracial” is one of the fastest growing racial minorities. Racial essentialism is the belief that race has an underlying property and is innate and biological. Many people with essentialist beliefs do not normally categorize individuals with a multiracial background as multiracial. The current study assessed how an essentialism manipulation affects the neural processing of minority race targets by White participants. Participants completed a categorization task and passive task looking at ambiguous and monoracial faces while connect to EEG. For the passive task, results revealed gradient by race ...


Computational Structure Of Evolved Forgiveness Systems., Thomas G. Mccauley Jun 2017

Computational Structure Of Evolved Forgiveness Systems., Thomas G. Mccauley

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Researchers have recently suggested that humans possess dedicated cognitive systems for forgiveness, which evolved to repair valuable cooperative relationships with transgressors and stave off harmful revenge behaviors. These putative systems are computational in nature, utilizing information pertaining to the relationship value, exploitation risk, and genetic relatedness of a transgressor in determining whether or not to employ forgiveness. While a few studies have provided empirical support for this conjecture, surprisingly little empirical research has been conducted to determine if forgiveness systems actually have such a computational structure. The aim of this thesis was to fill this gap in the literature by ...


The Effects Of Uncertainty On Cooperation: Using Bayesian Cognition And Entropy To Model Cooperative Heuristics, Amrita Lamba Jun 2017

The Effects Of Uncertainty On Cooperation: Using Bayesian Cognition And Entropy To Model Cooperative Heuristics, Amrita Lamba

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Cooperative heuristics have traditionally been researched through the lens of standard dual-process models of cognition and from the perspective of evolutionary psychology. Despite the popularity of these approaches, research on intuitive versus extensional processing falls short in its endeavor to methodologically quantify heuristic processing and to empirically validate existing theories of social evaluation. Furthermore, several conceptualizations of the term heuristic have been proposed in the social psychology literature, leading to a lack of consensus on how cooperative heuristics function. to address these issues, the current study proposes a novel method for quantifying heuristic cognition. We propose a Bayesian cognition model ...


Literary Theory Within A Cross-Classified Multilevel Framework: Personality Similarity Between Writers And Readers Predicts Reader Inspiration, William Charles Mcneal Belzak Jun 2017

Literary Theory Within A Cross-Classified Multilevel Framework: Personality Similarity Between Writers And Readers Predicts Reader Inspiration, William Charles Mcneal Belzak

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Literary theorists have pointed to a relationship between writer-reader personality similarity and better outcomes in the reader. Furthermore, there is empirical evidence indicating that personality similarity between two individuals leads to positive outcomes. We tested the hypothesis that personality similarity between writers and readers predicts greater inspiration in the reader. Our results supported this hypothesis. Profile similarity (i.e., similarity of Big Five trait profile) between writers and readers predicted greater reader inspiration. Single-trait similarity (i.e., similarity of single Big Five traits) between writers and readers predicted greater reader inspiration. These findings are noteworthy because we show that the ...


Distress Tolerance And Emotional Disorder Symptoms Among Racial/Ethnic Minorities, Casey Elizabeth Snyder Mar 2017

Distress Tolerance And Emotional Disorder Symptoms Among Racial/Ethnic Minorities, Casey Elizabeth Snyder

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

There is a wealth of research indicating that members of minority groups (e.g. according to race/ethnicity, religious beliefs, sexual orientation) are at risk of experiencing greater negative psychological outcomes than their majority counterparts. It is important to determine the underpinnings of these negative experiences in order to understand their etiology, as well as to determine the most effective course of treatment. Distress tolerance (DT) has been a focus of recent clinical research as it has been associated with a number of psychological disorders, including anxiety, depression, and substance misuse. Although it has been found to act as a ...


Understanding Self-Control, Motivation, & Attention In The Context Of Eating Behavior, Lisa Stephanie Goldberg Mar 2017

Understanding Self-Control, Motivation, & Attention In The Context Of Eating Behavior, Lisa Stephanie Goldberg

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Obesity and overweight continue to be a growing problem in the United States and abroad. Maintaining self-control in tempting food environments is necessary in order to avoid weight gain, yet is difficult for many individuals to achieve. In order to understand how self-control resources interact with motivation to affect selective attention to foods, 128 college student participants (42 males) varied in their controlled and autonomous motivation for healthy eating were randomly assigned to either an ego-depletion (n = 61) or control manipulation (n = 67). Implicit selective attention to food stimuli was subsequently assessed using a food flanker task that contained healthy ...


Adverse Childhood Experiences And Health Risk Behaviors Among College Students, Morgan Thompson Mar 2017

Adverse Childhood Experiences And Health Risk Behaviors Among College Students, Morgan Thompson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with social, emotional, and cognitive impairments resulting from disrupted neurodevelopment. These impairments manifest as health risk behaviors (HRBs) including tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, illicit drug use, and sexual risk behaviors. The current study assessed the relation between ACEs and HRBs by examining the cognitive abilities of 144 college students (M = 18.92 years; 56.3% female; 63.9% White; M = .078 ACEs). Participants completed an interview (parental incarceration, Criminogenic Cognitions Scale), surveys (Youth Risk Behavior Survey, ACE Questionnaire), delay discounting task, the Tower of Hanoi, and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test. Results revealed a graded ...


Neurometric Profiling Of Autism Spectrum Disorder Using The Brief Neurometric Battery: A Novel Eeg Based Task, Leigh Catherine Gayle Oct 2016

Neurometric Profiling Of Autism Spectrum Disorder Using The Brief Neurometric Battery: A Novel Eeg Based Task, Leigh Catherine Gayle

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Autism spectrum disorder is a pervasive developmental disorder characterized by heterogeneous deficits in social communication and interaction, as well as repetitive behaviors and restricted interests. Due to the dramatic increase in prevalence, a major theme in contemporary research has been the identification of biomarkers for ASD that can shed light on etiological factors, facilitate diagnosis and serve as markers for tracking the efficacy of behavioral and pharmacological treatments. Electroencephalography (EEG) metrics, such as event-related potentials (ERPs), resting state oscillatory activity (OA), and resting state complexity (multiscale entropy), are well-suited for the measurement of such biomarkers. Due to the complexity and ...


Investigating The Relationship Between Event-Related Potentials And Response Kinematics, Kenneth Juston Osborne Oct 2016

Investigating The Relationship Between Event-Related Potentials And Response Kinematics, Kenneth Juston Osborne

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Movement is one of the most important functions of our nervous system. Recent research has shown that cognitive and perceptual functions ranging from our perception of others’ emotions to the planning of goal-directed behaviors depends critically on brain areas once thought to be primarily motor in nature. Given the important role our motor system plays in understanding and interacting with the world around us, it is surprising that the majority of cognitive neuroscience research using electroencephalogram (EEG) has focused primarily on perception and cognition irrespective of its relationship(s) to the execution of movement. One possible explanation for this is ...


Testing The Unconscious Effect Of Visual Context Illusions, Evan Douglas Jones Jun 2016

Testing The Unconscious Effect Of Visual Context Illusions, Evan Douglas Jones

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study tested the effects of a visual context illusion when it was suppressed from the subjects conscious awareness. Using a mirror stereoscope and a particular form of binocular rivalry, subjects made estimations of size with and without awareness of the presence of the illusory elements. No differences were found, suggesting that effect of the illusion may require conscious awareness and perhaps is not a product of early visual processing. Keywords: Ebbinghaus, Consciousness, CFS, Illusion


Longitudinal Links Among Adolescent Friend Emotion Socialization, Emotion Regulation, And Internalizing Symptoms: The Role Of Gender, Kara Braunstein Jan 2016

Longitudinal Links Among Adolescent Friend Emotion Socialization, Emotion Regulation, And Internalizing Symptoms: The Role Of Gender, Kara Braunstein

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Emotion socialization is the process through which individuals learn acceptable forms of emotional expression within their particular social contexts. Although it is widely recognized that peers are a critical influence on adolescent development, most research on emotion socialization has examined parental influences on their children’s emotions (Zeman et al., 2013) with little attention paid to how friends socialize each other’s emotions. One form of emotion socialization occurs in the responses to emotional disclosures. Initial evidence indicates that specific friend emotion socialization responses to negative emotions are related to adolescents' own psychological functioning, concurrently and longitudinally (Klimes-Dougan et al ...


The Role Of Impulsivity In Dietary Restraint And Counter-Regulation, Wen Winnie Zhuang Jan 2016

The Role Of Impulsivity In Dietary Restraint And Counter-Regulation, Wen Winnie Zhuang

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Dietary restraint, or chronically controlling one's weight through diet, is a difficult pursuit. When faced with tempting foods, only a minority of restrained eaters manage to regulate their intake. Impulsivity, a multidimensional construct implicated in addictive behaviors, may be a factor that predicts regulation. The goals of the current study were twofold: firstly, we examined the effect of consuming a diet-violating preload on state impulsivity, and secondly, we examined how dietary restraint and changes in state impulsivity interact to influence subsequent overeating. In a laboratory study, female participants (n=146) with differing levels of dietary restraint provided measures of ...


Contact And Explicit And Implicit Bias Towards Latinos/As, Jasmine Maria Koech Jan 2016

Contact And Explicit And Implicit Bias Towards Latinos/As, Jasmine Maria Koech

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The positive effects of intergroup contact on prejudice reduction have been well established, with prior research demonstrating that real or imagined contact with outgroup members can reduce implicit and explicit racial bias (e.g., Pettigrew & Tropp, 2006; Turner, Crisp, & Lambert, 2007). The current research assessed non-Latinos’ to more closely examine the relationship between contact and explicit bias (Study 1) and implicit bias (Study 2) towards Latinos. Additionally, this work examined if imagining a contact scenario with a Latino stranger was sufficient in reducing bias compared to those imagining contact with a stranger of unspecified race/ethnicity and if this effect could be mediated by alleviation of each integrated threat theory classifications (realistic threat, symbolic threat, intergroup anxiety, and negative stereotypes; Stephan & Stephan, 1996). Study 1 results indicated that the individuals with more close, current contact with Latinos exhibited lower explicit bias towards this racial/ethnic group. Study 2 replicated Study 1’s finding that current, close contact predicted explicit bias to an extent, although Study 2 provided little evidence to support that current, close contact is a predictor of implicit bias (i.e ...


Bayesian Mind: Making Sense Of Probability-Based Decision Making Strategies, Kunjoon Byun Jan 2016

Bayesian Mind: Making Sense Of Probability-Based Decision Making Strategies, Kunjoon Byun

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Bayesian probability problems are notoriously difficult for people to solve accurately. Base rate neglect refers to the hypothesis that people ignore base rate information in preference for individuating information when making these probability judgments (Kahneman & Tversky, 1973). Correct answers to base rate neglect problems often require complex Bayesian calculations involving probability information embedded within realistic event descriptions. The past research emphasis on base rate neglect responses for such problems has overlooked the fact that responses can actually vary widely across participants and within participants from one problem to the next. The verbal protocol analyses of participants’ decision making processes found ...


Individual Differences In Social Cognitive Processes Between Neurotypical College Students High And Low In Autistic Traits, Catherine Irene Mitchell Jan 2016

Individual Differences In Social Cognitive Processes Between Neurotypical College Students High And Low In Autistic Traits, Catherine Irene Mitchell

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The autism spectrum may extend into the general population, as previous work has suggested that there is a normal distribution of subclinical autistic traits among neurotypical individuals. Individuals with high levels of autistic traits display interpersonal challenges that are qualitatively similar to those exhibited by individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). In ASD, social challenges may be mediated by differences in social cognition. The current study investigated to what extent social cognitive differences exist between individuals with high and low levels of subclinical autistic traits. Participants were 171 undergraduate students who scored high or low on the Autism Spectrum ...


Neurotransmitter Systems And Age Related Cognitive Decline: A Focus On Attention And Plasticity, Christine Teal Kozikowski Jan 2015

Neurotransmitter Systems And Age Related Cognitive Decline: A Focus On Attention And Plasticity, Christine Teal Kozikowski

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of A Brief Neurometric Battery For The Detection Of Neurocognitive Changes Associated With Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment And Probable Alzheimer's Disease, Emily Christine Cunningham Jan 2015

Evaluation Of A Brief Neurometric Battery For The Detection Of Neurocognitive Changes Associated With Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment And Probable Alzheimer's Disease, Emily Christine Cunningham

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Stressed, Pregnant, And Behind Bars, Caroline Malory Kelsey Jan 2015

Stressed, Pregnant, And Behind Bars, Caroline Malory Kelsey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Integration And Differentiation As Distinct Dimensions Of Personality, Victoria Claire Oleynick Jan 2015

Integration And Differentiation As Distinct Dimensions Of Personality, Victoria Claire Oleynick

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Confrontation Of Prejudice Towards Multiracials And Monoracials, Gandalf Nicolas Jan 2015

Confrontation Of Prejudice Towards Multiracials And Monoracials, Gandalf Nicolas

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Influence Of Emotional Stimuli On Working Memory In Schizotypy, Docia L. Demmin Jan 2015

Influence Of Emotional Stimuli On Working Memory In Schizotypy, Docia L. Demmin

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Neurocognitive Mechanisms Of Social Influence On Emotion, Emily Catherine Willroth Jan 2015

Neurocognitive Mechanisms Of Social Influence On Emotion, Emily Catherine Willroth

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Influences Of Science Fiction And Fantasy Fandom On Bias, Melissa Anne Gomez Jan 2015

Influences Of Science Fiction And Fantasy Fandom On Bias, Melissa Anne Gomez

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.