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A Multi-Method Approach To Understand Latino Fathers’ Influence On Their Youths’ Health And Educational Outcomes, Jordan Alan Arellanes Jan 2019

A Multi-Method Approach To Understand Latino Fathers’ Influence On Their Youths’ Health And Educational Outcomes, Jordan Alan Arellanes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation describes different ways in which Latino fathers influence their youths’ health and educational outcomes. It contributes to the literature through a greater understanding of how Latino fathers influence the development of their youth while living in the United States by using both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. The term Latino is used over other nomenclature as this dissertation focuses on fathers who originate from Mexico and Central America. Two papers aim to incorporate the cultural ideologies of Latino fathers which are enacted through a positive relationship with their youth to decrease drug and alcohol use and increase involvement within ...


Calmer: Your Favorite Tools For Managing Anxiety, In One Convenient Location, Pamela Fokes Jan 2019

Calmer: Your Favorite Tools For Managing Anxiety, In One Convenient Location, Pamela Fokes

Creative Components

This application is a portable toolkit for aggregating and storing references to or reminders to use tools and techniques chosen by the individual that are helpful in managing anxiety, and the depression that often accompanies.

Users will be able to import and/or record his/her favorite tools, putting them on a mobile phone in a particular order for use in case of an “anxiety attack.” The users for this application are individuals with high anxiety, clinically determined or not, and have a set of tools they use to manage anxiety. These tools may take the form of experience with ...


Student-Athlete Development Life 4 Success Program, Ty Henry Jan 2019

Student-Athlete Development Life 4 Success Program, Ty Henry

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


The Non-Specificity Of Prosopagnosia: Can Prosopagnosics Distinguish Sheep?, Alexander Robert Toftness Jan 2019

The Non-Specificity Of Prosopagnosia: Can Prosopagnosics Distinguish Sheep?, Alexander Robert Toftness

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The impact that prosopagnosia (face-blindness) has on the human visual system has long been hypothesized with regard to the specifics of the impairment. The leading hypothesis in the literature, the face-specificity hypothesis, proposes that prosopagnosia is specific only to human faces. Other hypotheses have offered alternative explanations for what sorts of identification tasks might be affected by damage to the fusiform face area resulting in prosopagnosia, including the biological recognition, expert recognition, and subordinate-level recognition hypotheses. An additional hypothesis, the coordinate relations hypothesis, offers a compelling explanation for the underlying process disrupted by prosopagnosia: that the brain’s ability to ...


Does Racial Identity Explain The Buffering Impact Of Racial Socialization On Discrimination?, Nellie Moualeu Jan 2019

Does Racial Identity Explain The Buffering Impact Of Racial Socialization On Discrimination?, Nellie Moualeu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Two variables under the group identification construct have received the most attention in research as significant protective factors moderating the discrimination to distress link: racial identity and racial socialization (Lee & Ahn, 2013; Pascoe & Richman, 2009). These variables are assumed to be related to one another such that an individual’s racial identity is a result of their racial socialization (Katz, 2013). However, there exist surprisingly few studies aimed directly at explicating this relationship, and even less so exploring how this relationship impacts the discrimination to distress link. This study aimed to build upon past findings and fill this gap in the literature ...


Emotion Socialization And Psychological Distress: The Mediating Roles Of Emotion Recognition And Emotion Regulation, Madelyne Losby Jan 2019

Emotion Socialization And Psychological Distress: The Mediating Roles Of Emotion Recognition And Emotion Regulation, Madelyne Losby

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The strategies parents use when responding to their child’s emotions, particularly negative emotions such as anger, fear, and sadness, have been shown to be associated with distress later in life. In addition, both supportive and non-supportive strategies, have been correlated with emotional development, particularly emotion recognition and emotion regulation. These processes comprise emotional intelligence, which has been linked to psychological distress. Much of the research in this area has been done with children, predominantly preschoolers, and as such, research is needed with older populations, particularly emerging adults (ages 18 to 29), who are within a developmental period where psychological ...


The Saudi Arabian Bride Shopping Experience, Wijdan Tawfiq Jan 2019

The Saudi Arabian Bride Shopping Experience, Wijdan Tawfiq

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In Saudi Arabia, a wedding is a significant occasion requiring extensive preparation. However, researchers have not yet explored how bride-to-be consumption patterns might be shaped in a tradition-oriented culture like Saudi Arabia. Prior literature illustrates that planning a wedding in Western societies is a personal, deeply emotional experience in which tradition and cultural values are strongly emphasized (Carter & Duncan, 2017; Nelson & Deshpande, 2004; McEnally, 2002; Thomas & Peters, 2011). The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of Saudi brides-to-be as they prepared for the wedding process – including the multiple social events planned around their weddings as well as their new lives after ...


The Role Of Autobiographical Memory In Competence Need Satisfaction, Adrienne Austin Jan 2019

The Role Of Autobiographical Memory In Competence Need Satisfaction, Adrienne Austin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

According to previous work on autobiographical memory, reflecting on significant life episodes functions to support a positive self-concept (Bluck, Alea, Habermas, & Rubin, 2005; Conway, 1996; Fivush, 1998; McAdams, 1985) and facilitates emotion regulation (Bluck, 2003; Koole, 2009; Öner & Gülgöz, 2018; Wilson & Ross, 2003). As autobiographical memories have been linked with basic the psychological need for competence (Philippe, Koestner, Beaulieu-Pelletier, & Lecours, 2011; Sheldon, Elliot, Kim, & Kasser, 2001), the present project conducted three experiments to examine whether autobiographical memory can function to regulate competence need satisfaction.

Experiment 1 manipulated competence need satisfaction and tested whether reflecting on a competence-satisfying memory would be effective at improving competence need satisfaction for those who had it threatened. The results indicated that competence need satisfaction increased for individuals after they reflected on a time of competence success regardless of whether their need for competence had been threatened. Experiment 2 threatened competence need satisfaction for all participants and tested whether a need-relevant memory would be more effective at improving competence need satisfaction than a need-irrelevant memory. Additionally, Experiment 2 examined whether autobiographical memory would predict competence need satisfaction and in turn, affect, self-esteem and optimism. The results indicated that need-relevant memories were not necessary for improving need satisfaction; however, neutral memories did not contribute to need satisfaction and well-being to the same degree as competence-satisfying and relatedness-satisfying memories. Experiment 3 incorporated the same competence need satisfaction manipulation as Experiment 1, but gave participants an opportunity to choose the topic of a memory to report. The results indicated that participants were not more likely to select a competence-satisfying memory ...


The Effects Of Dopamine And Dopamine Precursor Medication On Impairments To High-Level Vision In Parkinson's Disease, Stephen Jon Anderson Jan 2019

The Effects Of Dopamine And Dopamine Precursor Medication On Impairments To High-Level Vision In Parkinson's Disease, Stephen Jon Anderson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this study was to examine how dopamine (DA) and dopaminergic medications affect the performance of high-level visual tasks in individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Various studies have reported that PD is associated with impairments on visual tasks known to depend on processing in the ventral visual pathway of the brain. Because most behavioral symptoms in PD arise from chronic dopamine deficiency, the author sought to investigate the role that DA played in cognitive vision. Accordingly, five complex visual tasks were chosen that were known to recruit processing from different constellations of brain areas, either in the ...


An Investigation Of Forgiveness In An Honor Culture, Vanessa A. Castillo Jan 2019

An Investigation Of Forgiveness In An Honor Culture, Vanessa A. Castillo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Latinx Americans are members of an honor culture because of their Mediterranean cultural heritage whereas northern European Americans are members of a dignity culture. Members of an honor culture feel the need to maintain a positive reputation especially when that reputation is threatened. When there is a reputation threat, members of an honor culture perceive confronting as more appropriate than withdrawing from the situation. What has not been examined is forgiveness in the context of a reputation threat. Forgiveness is not seen positively in cultures of honor because it is perceived as risky to one’s reputation. I proposed that ...


Effect Of Spatial And Non-Spatial Changes On Perceived Self-Location, Lucia Annaleigh Cherep Jan 2019

Effect Of Spatial And Non-Spatial Changes On Perceived Self-Location, Lucia Annaleigh Cherep

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Place cell activity is measured through single-cell recording in animals, though place-responsive cells and related properties have been identified in the human hippocampus. Human behavioral studies would strengthen these findings, especially given the challenge of conducting neuroscientific research on human place-responsive cells. The current study was based on the finding (Lenck-Santini et al., 2005) that rodent place cells partially remap after spatial environmental changes (rotating objects relative to enclosure) but are unaffected by non-spatial changes (object substitution). In two completed studies, human perceived self-location was evaluated in response to spatial and non-spatial changes in a virtual environment (VE). Participants studied ...


Victims As Aggressors: Does Victim-Bystander Status Influence Eyewitness Decision-Making In Showup Procedures?, Ryan Edward Ditchfield Jan 2019

Victims As Aggressors: Does Victim-Bystander Status Influence Eyewitness Decision-Making In Showup Procedures?, Ryan Edward Ditchfield

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Police rely on eyewitness identifications to solve crimes, but eyewitnesses can make mistakes. These mistakes in decision-making can have serious consequences for the criminal justice system. Eyewitnesses can erroneously identify an innocent suspect as the culprit, which could result in a wrongful conviction, or fail to identify a guilty suspect as the culprit, which could result in the culprit avoiding punishment. Drawing on Berkowitz’s (1989) frustration-aggression hypothesis, the current study tested whether eyewitnesses' status as either a victim or a bystander influenced their decision-making processes in a showup procedure after eliminating attention and encoding as possible mediators of the ...


Taking The Lab On The Road And Bringing The Road To The Lab: On Using Mixed-Methods And Virtual Reality To Study A Location-Based Task, Kofi Whitney Jan 2019

Taking The Lab On The Road And Bringing The Road To The Lab: On Using Mixed-Methods And Virtual Reality To Study A Location-Based Task, Kofi Whitney

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In earlier work, a lab and field study were employed to evaluate participants who used a digital map to complete a surveying task. The lab incorporated photos to simulate various scenarios within the task environment. It had a high degree of experimental control, strengths in quantitative data collection, and it could be easily replicated. Whereas the field study took place in the task’s natural setting (a neighborhood); it afforded participants to navigate the environment on foot, which allowed for more ecologically valid task outcomes and rich qualitative data collection. The strengths of the lab method were desired, but the ...


The Role Of Parental Stigma On Self-Stigma And Help-Seeking Intentions: Differences Between Asian, Asian American, And Caucasian American Populations, Spurty Surapaneni Jan 2018

The Role Of Parental Stigma On Self-Stigma And Help-Seeking Intentions: Differences Between Asian, Asian American, And Caucasian American Populations, Spurty Surapaneni

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The current study observed the relation between public stigma, self-stigma, student-perceived mother stigma, student-perceived father stigma, and help-seeking intentions for three ethnic groups: Asians, Asian Americans, and Caucasian Americans. A total of 804 (N = 319 Asians, N = 160 Asian Americans, and N =325 for Caucasian Americans) students at a large Midwestern university completed an online survey in fall 2016 and spring 2017. Data was analyzed using path analyses (MPlus 7.2) and hierarchical multiple regressions (SPSS 22). First, Vogel et al. (2007) stigma model (see Figure 1, 2) was a good fit for Asians, Asian Americans, and Caucasian Americans although ...


Undergraduate Research Training Environments: Impact On Research Self-Efficacy, Perceived Utility Of Research, And Willingness To Engage In Research Post-Graduation, Kaitlyn Burke Jan 2018

Undergraduate Research Training Environments: Impact On Research Self-Efficacy, Perceived Utility Of Research, And Willingness To Engage In Research Post-Graduation, Kaitlyn Burke

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Effective research training environments (RTEs) within graduate psychology degree

programs have been shown to increase students' level of research self-efficacy (RSE). Higher

levels of student RSE are likely associated with the greater perceptions of the utility of research

skills and a greater willingness to engage in research-based activities in later professional work.

Relations among the variables of RTEs, RSE, and continuing research-based activities have been

well established among graduate psychology students, but the effect of RTEs in undergraduate

psychology training has not yet been examined. The focus of students’ perceived utility of their

research skills post-graduation was a new addition ...


Intent To Engage In Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes: Impact Of An Intervention, Self-Efficacy Expectations, Outcome Expectations, And Locus Of Control, Kaitlyn Van Pay Jan 2018

Intent To Engage In Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes: Impact Of An Intervention, Self-Efficacy Expectations, Outcome Expectations, And Locus Of Control, Kaitlyn Van Pay

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Engagement in Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes (TLCs), such as time in nature, physical activity, nutrition, sleep, social interaction, religion/spirituality, stress management, and helping others, provides many mental health benefits (Walsh, 2011). Young adults could particularly benefit from the use of TLCs, as they are at greater risk of experiencing mental health concerns (APA, 2013). I devised an intervention to enhance TLC engagement in college students, and examined the impact this intervention (against a control intervention), had on self-efficacy expectations, outcome expectations, mental health locus of control, intent to increase TLC use, and TLC use at one-week follow-up. Participants were 459 ...


Dumb And Dumber: Stereotype Perceptions At The Intersection Of Race And Athletic Status, Caitlin Erdman Jan 2018

Dumb And Dumber: Stereotype Perceptions At The Intersection Of Race And Athletic Status, Caitlin Erdman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this study, lists of traits typically associated with several groups of students were created using empirically supported methods. Specifically, these traits were grouped into a taxonomy based on the extent to which they were classified as being stereotypical for Black student-athletes, White student-athletes, Black non-athlete students, White non-athlete students, Black individuals, White individuals, athletes, and non-athletes. The purpose behind this study was to create lists of stereotypes associated with the above categories to address the methodological limitations of measures used previous research in sport psychology stereotypes. Results obtained using intraclass correlation measures of interrater agreement, chi-square and contingency coefficient ...


Interpersonal Suicide Risk For Latino/A Americans: Investigating Thwarted Belongingness, Perceived Burdensomeness, And Cultural Factors Of Relevance, Kelsey E. Engel Jan 2018

Interpersonal Suicide Risk For Latino/A Americans: Investigating Thwarted Belongingness, Perceived Burdensomeness, And Cultural Factors Of Relevance, Kelsey E. Engel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There is evidence that different racial groups not only complete suicide at different rates, but conceptualize suicidal behavior differently (American Association of Suicidology [AAS], 2016; Brownson, Becker, Shadick, Jaggers, & Nitkin-Kaner, 2014; Maris, Berma, & Silverman, 2000; Shadick, Backus, & Babot, 2015). Evidence also exists indicating that key culture-based variables such as acculturation, enculturation, and acculturative stress are important variables to explore in research using Latino/a samples (Bernal, 1990; Del Pilar, 2009; Padilla & Lindholm, 1984), and may be related to the suicidal behavior of Latino/as (Fortuna, Perez, Canino, Sribney, & Alegria, 2007; Perez-Rodriguez, Baca-Garcia, Oquendo, Wang, Wall, et al., 2014), especially Latino/a college students (Gomez, Miranda, & Polanco, 2011; Hovey & King, 1996; Saldana, 1994; Walker, Wingate, Obasi, & Joiner, 2008).

The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS; Joiner, 2005; Van Orden, Cukrowicz, Witte, & Joiner, 2012; Van Orden, Witte, Gordon, Bender, & Joiner, 2008; Van Orden, Witte, Cukrowicz, Braithwaite, Selby, & Joiner, 2010), a recent theory in suicidology that has generated a significant amount of research, does not include culture-based factors within its model, and has not been shown to fit well when used to explain the suicidal behavior of racially diverse people (Davidson, Wingate, Slish, & Rasmussen, 2010; O’Keefe, Wingate, Tucker, Thoades-Kerswill, Slish, & Davidson, 2014; Wong, Koo, Tran, Chiu, & Mok, 2011; Garza & Pettit, 2010).

In my study, I tested and expanded upon IPTS, by applying Joiner ...


The Role Of Personality In Successful Aging, Yousun Baek Jan 2018

The Role Of Personality In Successful Aging, Yousun Baek

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the role of personality as a predictor of successful aging. Three studies are presented and discussed using the data from the Georgia Centenarian Study (Study 1 and 3) and the data from the Midlife in the United States study (Study 3). Study 1 suggested an alternative approach for measuring the Big Five personality domains, Digman’s (1997) two higher-order personality factors (i.e., Alpha and Beta), and found a positive association between personality and each component of successful aging (i.e., cognitive functioning, physical functioning, physical health, and social engagement). Study 2 ...


Can Multiple-Choice Testing Potentiate New Learning For Text Passages? A Meta-Cognitive Approach To Understanding The Forward Testing Effect, Sara Dawn Davis Jan 2018

Can Multiple-Choice Testing Potentiate New Learning For Text Passages? A Meta-Cognitive Approach To Understanding The Forward Testing Effect, Sara Dawn Davis

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A burgeoning area of research has begun to examine how retrieval practice can influence future learning that occurs after a test. In general, the extant literature has demonstrated a forward testing effect, in which prior testing enhances new learning. However, there is not a consensus as to the mechanism that leads to this phenomenon. In the present dissertation, I propose a metacognitive account, in which testing is purported to benefit subsequent learning by leading learners to better attend to and encode material. In particular, individuals who are tested gain valuable information about the nature and difficulty of upcoming tests, which ...


The Effect Of Perceived Authenticity Of Food Towards Experience And Place Attachment At The State Fair, Zahidah Ab Latif Jan 2018

The Effect Of Perceived Authenticity Of Food Towards Experience And Place Attachment At The State Fair, Zahidah Ab Latif

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The state fair is a significant event that represents a place, attracting numerous tourists (Nelson, 2009). State fairs offer a wide range of food and beverages that combine various ingredients and flavors. The authenticity and uniqueness of the food at the state fair are important elements that have the potential to motivate people to travel to a destination (Robinson & Clifford, 2012). While a number of studies have attempted to focus on different type of festivals (Roozbeh, Ng, & Boo, 2013), less attention has paid to the state fair and its visitors’ experiences and attachment. Furthermore, research has rarely investigated how food, particularly authentic food at the state fair is important in influencing visitors’ experiences that leads them to have emotionally bond to the destination. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine if the perceived authentic food will influence visitors’ experiences and place attachment in the state fair setting.

An online survey was used; 533 responses were analyzed using Mplus structural equation modeling. Results indicated that the initial model proposed in the study was partially supported where perceived authentic food significantly predicted experience and place attachment. In addition, a mediating effect was found in the ...


Training Reduces The Drawing Detriments Associated With Categorical Perception, Larissa F. Arnold Jan 2018

Training Reduces The Drawing Detriments Associated With Categorical Perception, Larissa F. Arnold

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Previous research suggests that categorical perception may interfere with a novice artist’s ability to accurately draw simple shapes. Specifically, when asked to draw two shapes of slightly different sizes, participants tend to exaggerate the categorical difference between the two and draw the small shape too small. Similarly, participants tend to draw oblique angles more oblique than they should be when they are close to perpendicular or overlapping. The current set of experiments investigated whether these categorical errors could predict participants’ drawing ability on a more complex drawing task. A simple linear regression revealed that categorical errors in angle could ...


Note-Taking And The Decision To Externalize Memory, Anna Slavina Jan 2018

Note-Taking And The Decision To Externalize Memory, Anna Slavina

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to examine the relationship between note-taking and learning, particularly as it relates to the use of technology in the classroom. Two laboratory studies explore how taking and saving notes on a computer impacts memory for facts and the folders where notes for those facts are stored. A qualitative study provided an updated look at how students think about note-taking and how technology affects their note-taking habits. Another laboratory study explored the difference in recall for facts and folders when notes were taken by hand on note-cards and saved in physical folders or on a ...


Belief Perseverance: The Staying Power Of Confession Evidence, Curt More Jan 2018

Belief Perseverance: The Staying Power Of Confession Evidence, Curt More

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research examined whether a criminal confession causes people to discount subsequently encountered exculpatory evidence. Participants (N = 238) read a crime report across two phases and judged a suspect's guilt after each phase. In phase 1, the crime report presented circumstantial evidence indicative of the suspect's guilt. In phase 2, exculpatory evidence indicative of the suspect's innocence was added. The crime report manipulated whether participants received confession evidence during phase 1 (confession–early) or phase 2 (confession–late). In addition, some participants publicly committed to their phase 1 guilt judgments prior to receiving the crime report in ...


Fathers In Home Visiting: An Examination Of Father Participation In Iowa Miechv, Neil Alan Rowe Jan 2018

Fathers In Home Visiting: An Examination Of Father Participation In Iowa Miechv, Neil Alan Rowe

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, father participation in early childhood home visits was examined using observational data from 50 Maternal Infant Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) home visits where a father figure was present for a visit with a mother receiving services and a target child two years old or younger. The sample included 34 different home visitors. Videos were coded using the HVOF-R and HOVRS A+ observational tools. Fathers were more present and available during home visits than previous research indicates (Holmberg & Olds, 2015; McBride & Peterson, 1997; Raikes, Summers & Roggman, 2005). A father-figure was present in 25.1% of the initial home visit videos with ...


Assessing Hospitality Industry Employee Perceptions Of Performance Appraisals, James M. Storey Jan 2018

Assessing Hospitality Industry Employee Perceptions Of Performance Appraisals, James M. Storey

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Performance appraisals are prevalent in all credible hospitality organizations today (Capelli, 2016). After an extensive review of the literature, it is apparent that there is a considerable disconnect between the execution of the performance appraisal and the outcomes that a practitioner would expect. With the use of the implicit person theory (IPT) and the five-factor model (FFM), this study pursued a view of how the personality disposition of a manager may affect how a performance appraisal is perceived by subordinates suggesting that innately some managers are better suited to conduct performance appraisals. The aim of this research was to assess ...


Rapport: A System Designed To Limit Digital Distraction Within Romantic Relationships, Alexandria Collins Jan 2018

Rapport: A System Designed To Limit Digital Distraction Within Romantic Relationships, Alexandria Collins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Technology continues to take a more prominent role within our relationships. Although the Internet allows for more connectivity, it also disconnects people from family and friends in face-to-face situations. As mobile digital technologies continue to advance, they create more and more opportunities for distraction and overuse. With an ever-growing market of smart devices with enhanced abilities, it's important that partners are aware of the implications of their use.

To develop a deeper understanding of how digital technology impacts romantic relationships, a digital survey and two data collection studies were administered. Vital information was collected to further develop an understanding ...


The Domain-Specific Risk-Taking Scale Lacks Convergence With Alternative Risk-Taking Propensity Measures, Michael Tynan Jan 2018

The Domain-Specific Risk-Taking Scale Lacks Convergence With Alternative Risk-Taking Propensity Measures, Michael Tynan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The domain-specific evaluative approach to risk-taking propensity allows people to differentiate situations in which they will approach risk-related decisions from situations in which they will avoid them. The Domain-Specific Risk-Taking Scale (DOSPERT) is the most widely used measure of such evaluations. The current study of the DOSPERT tests alternatives to the assumed five-domain structure, explores associations between the DOSPERT and alternative risk-taking measures, and tests the incremental validity of the DOSPERT in predicting both self-reported risky behavior and risky behavior in the lab. Analyses show that the DOSPERT would benefit from a six-factor structure rather than five factors, the DOSPERT ...


Developmental Variation In The Amygdala: Normative Pathways Across Puberty And Stress-Linked Deviations, Justin D. Russell Jan 2018

Developmental Variation In The Amygdala: Normative Pathways Across Puberty And Stress-Linked Deviations, Justin D. Russell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Psychologists and neuroscientists have long accepted that the brain changes in size and shape throughout the course of child development . These changes are by no means uniform – the underlying processes of myelination and pruning vary in pace across brain regions (Lenroot & Giedd, 2006). Conversely, trends in regional development are likely uniform across our species (Stiles & Jernigan, 2010). In fact, deviations from normative trends in neurodevelopment are thought to be a core factor underlying psychopathology across the lifespan (Giedd et al., 2008; Giedd & Rapoport, 2010). This assertion, however, presumes a well-defined reference for “normal” brain development – common trends in the growth of individual brain regions across the time course of child development. Yet, despite a decades-old call to inform the study of what is abnormal in psychology with knowledge of what is normal (Cicchetti, 1984), our collective knowledge of the typical ...


Prosocial Aggression: Validation Of A Behavioral Measure And Model, Christopher Lee Groves Jan 2018

Prosocial Aggression: Validation Of A Behavioral Measure And Model, Christopher Lee Groves

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Helpful and hurtful behavior are commonly viewed as antithetical, with little overlap and are commonly found to be negatively related (e.g., Anderson et al., 2010). Anecdotally, however, there are many instances of behaviors that can be generally considered as representative of both help and harm (CBS, 2015; Karimi, 2015). Such behaviors, which I refer to as Prosocial Aggression (PA), have received relatively little attention in the social psychological literature. Two factors are identified as potential sources of this inattention. First, there is no current theoretical framework integrates social psychological theories of prosocial and aggressive behavior. Second, practical limitations of ...