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Psychology

University of Richmond

Sex role

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Fathers And Sons : The Relationships Among Orientations Of Sex Role, Sport And Winning, Leah Sigler Narro Jan 1988

Fathers And Sons : The Relationships Among Orientations Of Sex Role, Sport And Winning, Leah Sigler Narro

Master's Theses

The present study examines relationships among several cognitive orientations of sons and fathers as well as sons' participation in sport and perception of the influences of others in sport. The subjects, 80 boys enrolled in fifth through twelfth grades, and their fathers completed the Short Bem Sex Role Inventory (Bem, 1981), the Sport Value Orientation scale (McElroy, 1983), and the Orientation Toward Winning scale (Kidd & Woodman, 1975). The sons' perceptions of who influences them the most in sport, and the sons' participation in sport were also assessed. The results imply that fathers who have a strong Orientation Toward Winning have ...


The Effects Of Sex Typing, On The Perception Of Gender In Projected Animal Content, Steven J. Lash Jan 1986

The Effects Of Sex Typing, On The Perception Of Gender In Projected Animal Content, Steven J. Lash

Honors Theses

The present study replicates and extends Lash and Polyson's (1986) findings that a majority of mental images of commonly projected animals are gender associated. In the present study 91 subjects created mental images of the same animals and rated them on degree of masculinity-femininity and clarity on seven point Likert scales. The two studies were very consistent for feminine animals, but many of the masculine associated animals in the original study were found to be non-gender associated. With few exceptions the gender associations generalized across sex type as measured by the Personal Attributes Questionnaire, visualizing ability, and sex of ...


Interpersonal Consequences Of Expressing Concern About Nuclear War, Ann Angell Dew May 1985

Interpersonal Consequences Of Expressing Concern About Nuclear War, Ann Angell Dew

Master's Theses

The effects of sex role expectations within the context of the nuclear war issue were examined in this study. Sixty males and sixty females, ranging in age from 18 to 22 years, participated in this study. They were obtained from the introductory psychology courses at the University of Richmond. Each subject read a questionnaire, supposedly completed by another University of Richmond undergraduate, and answered two Likert-type questions measuring the degree to which the subject would like to meet and become friends with the target. The independent variables were sex of the target, sex of subject, and expression of concern about ...


The Effects Of Sex-Role Identity On The Perception Of Work Situations, Tamra J. Hall Jan 1981

The Effects Of Sex-Role Identity On The Perception Of Work Situations, Tamra J. Hall

Honors Theses

The present study investigated the effects of an individual's sex-role orientation on the perception of work situations. It was hypothesized that sex-typed individuals would rate the feelings of an actor performing a sex-atypical task as experiencing more feelings of uncomfortableness than an actor performing a sex-typical task. Androgynous individuals, on the other hand, were not predicted to display any descrepancies between their ratings of sex-typical and sex-atypical behavior. Results did not yeild support for this hypothesis. Perhaps the most significant finding was the abberant rating pattern of feminine females who conisitenly rated female actors in sex-typical settings in a ...


Masculinity, Femininity, & Androgyny : The Interaction Of College Students With Preschoolers, Jan Alexandra Jones May 1980

Masculinity, Femininity, & Androgyny : The Interaction Of College Students With Preschoolers, Jan Alexandra Jones

Master's Theses

The rel ationshi p between sex-typing and the interacti on of col l ege students with 2- to 4-year-ol d male and female children was examined. Seventy-one Introductory Psychol ogy students were admini stered the Bern Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI), which was scored in terms of the 7 factors introduced by Walker & Preston (1979). Small groups of 3 and 4 individuals were randomly selected to spend 20 minutes in the Child Development Lab, where they had the opportunity to interact with the children, to play with the toys, to observe, and to interĀ­ act with each other. The behavior of each ...


An Alternative Explanation For The Origin And Effects Of Sex Roles, Mary F. Chewning Jan 1980

An Alternative Explanation For The Origin And Effects Of Sex Roles, Mary F. Chewning

Honors Theses

Since the onset of the Women's Liberation movement in 1970, psychology literature has been flooded with studies investigating psychological sex differences, especially with regard to sex roles. This construct has been subdivided into the domains of masculine, feminine, androgynous, and undifferentiated, and persons classified under each of these categories have been examined in terms of how their "sex role'' influences their overt and covert behaviors. This ad hoc procedure for studying sex roles is useful in describing behaviors, one of psychology's professed goals. It may even prove valuable in striving toward the more ubiquitous goal of predicting behavior ...


Male/Female Conceptualization Differences In Children Of Single Fathers And Dual Parent Families, Patricia A. Riley Jan 1979

Male/Female Conceptualization Differences In Children Of Single Fathers And Dual Parent Families, Patricia A. Riley

Honors Theses

Fifteen single fathers and their children and fifteen presently married fathers and their children were Ss in this study to investigate differences in male/female conceptualizations between the children of the two different family structures as well as the influence of the fathers' self-reported sex-role on the children. The BEM Sex-Role Inventory was administered to the fathers and the Kagen Symbolic Conceptualization Test was given to the children. Analysis results indicate no sex-role differences among both groups of fathers. Children's responses were significant when 1) scores of children of married fathers and children of single fathers were compared on ...