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Recognition And Recall Memory As A Function Of Intentional And Incidental Learning Of An Eyewitness Account, Jill L. Ricke Nov 1981

Recognition And Recall Memory As A Function Of Intentional And Incidental Learning Of An Eyewitness Account, Jill L. Ricke

Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between recognition and recall memory as a function of intentional and incidental learning of a eyewitness event. A total of 188 college students participated in the experiment with 47 students in each of four conditions. The two learning conditions were produced by giving either intentional or incidental learning instructions while the two memory conditions, either recognition or recall, were defined on the basis of one of two forms of the retention questionnaire. All subjects viewed two groups of slides; the first group depicted a wallet of paired-associate nonsense syllables. The ...


Subject Bias In Managerial Evaluation, Don Marie Persing Sep 1981

Subject Bias In Managerial Evaluation, Don Marie Persing

Master's Theses

The following research considered the influence of the sex of the manager being evaluated, the age, managerial level, educational level and sex of the subject upon the evaluation of management behavior. A five-page questionnaire presenting four examples of managerial behavior for evaluation was administered to 45 male and 133 female managers of a large corporation. Although it was hypothesized that the independent variables would account for the variance in the scores, the multivariate analyses of variance indicated that the research did not produce significant results. Results were discussed in terms of managerial training and implications for future research.


Locus Of Control, Sex, Personal Adjustment And Vascular Stress Response, Kevin Timothy Larkin May 1981

Locus Of Control, Sex, Personal Adjustment And Vascular Stress Response, Kevin Timothy Larkin

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Reality Orientation : Is It The Answer To Old Age "Senility"?, Kay W. Hardy Apr 1981

Reality Orientation : Is It The Answer To Old Age "Senility"?, Kay W. Hardy

Honors Theses

The only way that an outsider can appreciate the inner turmoil of a confused older person in a nursing home is to imagine a short scene. Think of the lonely old woman who sits alone day after day in the same chair waiting for her husband to come pick her up so that she can go home. At first glance, nothing seems unusual, but in probing deeper into this woman's personality, one finds that her husband has been dead for fifteen years, and furthermore, she does not have any conception of where she is, what city she is in ...


Rotc Vs Non-Rotc Students: Demographic, Attitudes, Behavior, And Personality Differences, Mark A. Pieffer Apr 1981

Rotc Vs Non-Rotc Students: Demographic, Attitudes, Behavior, And Personality Differences, Mark A. Pieffer

Master's Theses

This study looked at similarities and differences between those students who take ROTC at the college level and those who do not. Two hundred sixteen male students at the University of Richmond who had taken the Omnibus Personality Inventory as a freshmen completed a 26-item questionnaire concerning their family economic levels, homes, and past and present school situations. One hundred of the students were past or present ROTC students, while the remainder students have never taken a ROTC course at the college level. A contingency analysis was run on the questionnaire answers and it was found that ROTC students earn ...


The Evaluation Of Social Programs, Susan L. Hitchcock Apr 1981

The Evaluation Of Social Programs, Susan L. Hitchcock

Honors Theses

In the uncertain economy of today, there is one thing that we all can be sure of, that prices will increase. It is almost inevitable that everything will be effected by inflation: from food to gas to home heating oil. The very quality of the lives that we lead may be altered by the path that the economy of the United States is taking. The recently elected President, Ronald Reagan, has taken as his main task the stabilization of inflation. The improvement of the economy and the balancing of the federal government's budget. In order to meet these goals ...


Decoding Differences On The Verbal And Nonverbal Channels Among "A" And "B" Therapist Types, Katherine M. Hudgins Jan 1981

Decoding Differences On The Verbal And Nonverbal Channels Among "A" And "B" Therapist Types, Katherine M. Hudgins

Master's Theses

The original designation of therapists into "A" and "B" types was made by Whitehorn and Betz (1954) on the basis of success with schizophrenic and neurotic patients. Subsequent studies have yielded mixed results concerning this therapist-patient interaction. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the apparent differences in interpersonal styles between "A" and "B" therapist types could be linked to decoding preferences on the visual, audio and linguistic channels of communication. Specifically, it was predicted that the "A" therapist type would decode more accurately on the visual channel, while the "B" therapist type would decode more accurately on ...


The Influence Of The Perceived Emotions Anger And Fear On Leadership Ratings, Helen M. Mcfalls Jan 1981

The Influence Of The Perceived Emotions Anger And Fear On Leadership Ratings, Helen M. Mcfalls

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Cognitive Impulsivity Of Children : Its Handicap And Treatment, Godwin Koon Tat Lau Jan 1981

Cognitive Impulsivity Of Children : Its Handicap And Treatment, Godwin Koon Tat Lau

Honors Theses

A number of studies have found the relationship between cognitive impulsivity and impulsive behavior among children. There also exists a fair amount of evidence to indicate that an impulsive cognitive style exerts a handicapping influence in the educational process.


The Effects Of Sex-Role Identity On The Perception Of Work Situations, Tamra J. Hall Jan 1981

The Effects Of Sex-Role Identity On The Perception Of Work Situations, Tamra J. Hall

Honors Theses

The present study investigated the effects of an individual's sex-role orientation on the perception of work situations. It was hypothesized that sex-typed individuals would rate the feelings of an actor performing a sex-atypical task as experiencing more feelings of uncomfortableness than an actor performing a sex-typical task. Androgynous individuals, on the other hand, were not predicted to display any descrepancies between their ratings of sex-typical and sex-atypical behavior. Results did not yeild support for this hypothesis. Perhaps the most significant finding was the abberant rating pattern of feminine females who conisitenly rated female actors in sex-typical settings in a ...


The Treatments Of Child Abuse, Susan D. Haske Jan 1981

The Treatments Of Child Abuse, Susan D. Haske

Honors Theses

Child abuse is a major problem in our society today. It is the major killer of children in the Untied States. (Kalman, 1977) There are many different estimates of the rate of occurrence, and no one knows for sure how prevalent it is. The major problem with making estimates of incidence is that so many cases are never reported. Only 20-50% of the cases are reported. (Kempe, 1978)

There are three types of child abuse. (Roth, 1975) One type is situational. This type is in response to an overwhelming stress. It usually happens one time, and is the easiest to ...


The Type A Coronary-Prone Personality : A Coping Mechanism For Situational Control, Elizabeth Bennett Jan 1981

The Type A Coronary-Prone Personality : A Coping Mechanism For Situational Control, Elizabeth Bennett

Honors Theses

What is the factor that relates coronary heart disease and other cardiovascular problems to societal advancement and increased occupational demands? This paper will examine this question by first reviewing the studies done by Meyer Friedman and R.H. Rosenman which have provided evidence to suggest that there is a link between stressful situations and coronary heart disease, and which led to the development of the personality type A which is coronary prone. The physiological effects that stress may produce and the ways in which this may lead to coronary heart disease will be discussed. Also examined will be the proposal ...


Relationship Enhancement : A Study In Four Parts, Brett W. Oakley Jan 1981

Relationship Enhancement : A Study In Four Parts, Brett W. Oakley

Honors Theses

The concept of empathic communication evolved from a family therapy model originated by Bernard C. Gurney, Jr. called Relationship Enhancement. The major premise to this model is that if families can be taught to listen and speak to each other empathically, then the family itself could resolve their own interpersonal problems without reliance on a professional (Gurney, 1977).


Impulsive Cognitive Style And Self-Reported Anger Arousal In Emotionally Disturbed Children, Godwin Koon-Tat Lau Jan 1981

Impulsive Cognitive Style And Self-Reported Anger Arousal In Emotionally Disturbed Children, Godwin Koon-Tat Lau

Honors Theses

A total of thirty-one emotionally disturbed children participated in the study to test whether impulsive children have higher anger arousal as a response to provocation than the reflective children. Twenty-two children were classified as impulsive (n=11) or reflective (n=11) on the basis of their error and latency scores on the Matching Familiar Figures Test (MFFT). The two groups of children were compared on their self-reported anger arousal in response to conflict situations (Children's Inventory of Anger). Impulsives and reflectives did not differ significantly on their self-reported anger arousal on the total Children's Inventory of Anger score ...


A Demographic Profile Of The 1980 Clients Of The Family Crisis Center, Susan Lee Hitchcock Jan 1981

A Demographic Profile Of The 1980 Clients Of The Family Crisis Center, Susan Lee Hitchcock

Honors Theses

"Parents in stress" is the target population of the Family Center. This program is run by Family and Children's Service of Richmond and serves an area which includes the Richmond, Henrico, Chesterfield and Hanover communities, Professionals as well as volunteers who work under the supervision of said professionals as family counselors, comprise the program staff of the Family Crisis Center.