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Mechanical Engineering

2019

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Impact Of Implementing A Dedicated Outdoor Air System In Parallel With A Multi-Zone Variable-Air Volume System On Energy Consumption, Thermal Comfort, And Life Cycle Cost, Khaled Alghamdi Jan 2019

Impact Of Implementing A Dedicated Outdoor Air System In Parallel With A Multi-Zone Variable-Air Volume System On Energy Consumption, Thermal Comfort, And Life Cycle Cost, Khaled Alghamdi

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning systems (HVAC) consume more than 40% of energy in commercial buildings, according to the Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey in 2012. Therefore, efforts to reduce HVAC energy consumption would be significant in coping with energy-related issues. In that context and in order to enhance the indoor air quality without compromising for energy consumption, the concept of Dedicated Outdoor Air systems (DOAS) emerged.

The literature shows that the integration of DOAS with other HVAC systems has been studied widely, yet the impact of integrating DOAS in parallel with multi-zone Variable-Air Volume systems (multi-zone VAV) for an application ...


Side-To-Side Comparison Of Total Shoulder Arthroplasty And Intact Function In Individuals, Sarah Rose Walden Jan 2019

Side-To-Side Comparison Of Total Shoulder Arthroplasty And Intact Function In Individuals, Sarah Rose Walden

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Total Shoulder Arthroplasty (TSA) is a surgery which replaces the shoulder joint, or the interface between the humerus and the scapula glenoid. To test TSA success, most prior research compares patients with TSA to healthy controls. However, the shoulder anthropometry, motion, and musculature of individuals varies widely across the population making it important to assess TSA performance in individuals. The overall goal of this study is to determine if patients with one of two TSA implant designs on one side achieve the same range of motion as their intact side, and if so to find if they compensate using increased ...


Applied Deep Learning In Orthopaedics, William Stewart Burton Ii Jan 2019

Applied Deep Learning In Orthopaedics, William Stewart Burton Ii

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The reemergence of deep learning in recent years has led to its successful application in a wide variety of fields. As a subfield of machine learning, deep learning offers an array of powerful algorithms for data-driven applications. Orthopaedics stands to benefit from the potential of deep learning for advancements in the field. This thesis investigated applications of deep learning for the field of orthopaedics through the development of three distinct projects.

First, algorithms were developed for the automatic segmentation of the structures in the knee from MRI. The resulting algorithms can be used to accurately segment full MRI scans in ...


Measurement Of Liquid Core Length Of A Coaxial Two-Fluid Spray, Danyu Li, Julie K. Bothell, Timothy B. Morgan, Theodore J. Heindel, Nathanael Machicoane, Alberto Aliseda, Alan L. Kastengren Jan 2019

Measurement Of Liquid Core Length Of A Coaxial Two-Fluid Spray, Danyu Li, Julie K. Bothell, Timothy B. Morgan, Theodore J. Heindel, Nathanael Machicoane, Alberto Aliseda, Alan L. Kastengren

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Shadowgraphs, tube-source X-ray radiographs, and synchrotron X-ray radiographs from a coaxial two-fluid spray are analyzed to measure the liquid core length of the spray. Two flow conditions: Rel = 1,100, Reg = 21,300, We = 40, and Rel = 1,100, Reg = 46,700, We = 196 are investigated. The standard deviation of the fluctuating intensity values are calculated and analyzed to estimate the liquid core length. Additionally, the largest connected domain is used to find an instantaneous breakup position of the spray. The results show that the high standard deviation region is related to the ligament development region, and the instantaneous position ...


Determining The Region Of Origin Of Blood Spatter Patterns Considering Fluid Dynamics, Statistical Uncertainties, Daniel Attinger, Patrick M. Comiskey, Alexander L. Yarin, Kris De Brabanter Jan 2019

Determining The Region Of Origin Of Blood Spatter Patterns Considering Fluid Dynamics, Statistical Uncertainties, Daniel Attinger, Patrick M. Comiskey, Alexander L. Yarin, Kris De Brabanter

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Trajectory reconstruction in bloodstain pattern analysis is currently performed by assuming that blood drop trajectories are straight along directions provided by stain inspection. Recently, several attempts have been made at reconstructing ballistic trajectories backwards, considering the effects of gravity and drag forces. Here, we propose a method to reconstruct the region of origin of impact blood spatter patterns that considers fluid dynamics and statistical uncertainties. The fluid dynamics relies on defining for each stain a range of physically possible trajectories, based on known physics of how drops deform, both in flight and upon slanted impact. Statistical uncertainties are estimated and ...


Design, Development, And Testing Of A Miniature Fixture For Uniaxial Compression Of Ceramics Coupled With In-Situ Raman Spectrometer, Ryan Jordan Jan 2019

Design, Development, And Testing Of A Miniature Fixture For Uniaxial Compression Of Ceramics Coupled With In-Situ Raman Spectrometer, Ryan Jordan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is about the design, development and integration of an in-situ compression stage which interfaces through the Leica optical microscope coupled with a Renishaw InVia micro-Raman spectrometer. This combined compression stage and Raman system will enable structural characterization of ceramics and ceramic composites. The in-situ compression stage incorporates a 440C stainless steel structural components, 6061 aluminum frame, a NEMA 23 stepper motor. Two load screws that allow to apply compressive loads up to 14,137 N, with negligible off axis loading, achieving target stresses of 500 MPa for samples of up to 6.00 mm in diameter. The system ...


Detection Of Ddh In Infants And Children Using Audible Acoustics, Tanvir Hassan Jan 2019

Detection Of Ddh In Infants And Children Using Audible Acoustics, Tanvir Hassan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Detection of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in infants and children is important as it leads to permanent hip instability. Current methods for detecting DDH, such as ultrasound and x-rays, are relatively expensive and need qualified medical personnel to administer the test. Furthermore, x-ray ionizing radiation can have potential harmful effects. In the current study, an acoustic non-invasive and simple approach was investigated for detection of DDH. Different benchtop simplified models and pig models were constructed and tested. Models were stimulated with band-limited white acoustic noise (10-2500 Hz) and the response of the models was measured. The power spectrum ...


Enhanced Quantum Dots Spontaneous Emission With Metamaterial Perfect Absorbers, Wei Wang, Xiaodong Yang, Ting S. Luk, Jie Gao Jan 2019

Enhanced Quantum Dots Spontaneous Emission With Metamaterial Perfect Absorbers, Wei Wang, Xiaodong Yang, Ting S. Luk, Jie Gao

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Metamaterial perfect absorbers (PAs) made of a hexagonal array of holes on Ag-SiO 2 -Ag thin films have been realized and utilized to enhance the spontaneous emission rate and photoluminescence intensity of CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) spin-coated on the absorber top surface. Perfect absorption of incoming light occurs at the wavelength where the impedance is matched to that of the free space. When QDs strongly excite both the electric and magnetic resonances at this perfect absorption wavelength, a significant Purcell effect on the spontaneous emission process and enhanced radiative outcoupling of photoluminescence intensity are expected. For perfect absorbers with ...


An Integrated Framework For Solid Modeling And Structural Analysis Of Layered Composites With Defects, Onur Rauf Bingol, Bryan Schiefelbein, Robert J. Grandin, Stephen D. Holland, Adarsh Krishnamurthy Jan 2019

An Integrated Framework For Solid Modeling And Structural Analysis Of Layered Composites With Defects, Onur Rauf Bingol, Bryan Schiefelbein, Robert J. Grandin, Stephen D. Holland, Adarsh Krishnamurthy

Center for Nondestructive Evaluation Publications

Laminated fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites are widely used in aerospace and automotive industries due to their combined properties of high strength and low weight. However, owing to their complex structure, it is difficult to assess the impact of manufacturing defects and service damage on their residual life. Non-destructive evaluation (NDE) of composites using ultrasonic testing (UT) can identify the presence of defects. However, manually incorporating the damage in a CAD model of a multi-layered composite structure and evaluating its structural integrity is a tedious process. We have developed an automated framework to create a layered 3D CAD model of a ...


Simulation Of Droplet Impacting A Square Solid Obstacle In Microchannel With Different Wettability By Using High Density Ratio Pseudopotential Multiplerelaxation- Time (Mrt) Lattice Boltzmann Method (Lbm), Wandong Zhao, Ying Zhang, Wenqiang Shang, Ben Xu, Shuisheng Jiang Jan 2019

Simulation Of Droplet Impacting A Square Solid Obstacle In Microchannel With Different Wettability By Using High Density Ratio Pseudopotential Multiplerelaxation- Time (Mrt) Lattice Boltzmann Method (Lbm), Wandong Zhao, Ying Zhang, Wenqiang Shang, Ben Xu, Shuisheng Jiang

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

In this paper, a pseudopotential high density ratio (DR) lattice Boltzmann Model was developed by incorporating multi-relaxation-time (MRT) collision matrix, large DR external force term, surface tension adjustment external force term and solid-liquid pseudopotential force. It was found that the improved model can precisely capture the two-phase interface at high DR. Besides, the effects of initial Reynolds number, Weber number, solid wall contact angle (CA), ratio of obstacle size to droplet diameter ( 1 χ ), ratio of channel width to droplet diameter ( 2 χ ) on the deformation and breakup of droplet when impacting on a square obstacle were investigated. The results ...


Power Wheelchair Canopy, Mohamed F. Battah, Joshua D. Brown, Dujuan J. Mcclendon, Gavin M. Francisco Jan 2019

Power Wheelchair Canopy, Mohamed F. Battah, Joshua D. Brown, Dujuan J. Mcclendon, Gavin M. Francisco

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Some power wheelchair users can not drive and independently hold an umbrella at the time because they do not have much upper body strength. Therefore, users are unprotected from the rain and are getting soaking wet. One of the members of this group is in a wheelchair and faces this problem. He has previously searched for something to protect him from rain, but could not found something he could independently use. What users need is a powered umbrella that attaches to their power wheelchair. There is no such umbrella available in the market. In this project, the solution to this ...


Recumbent Bicycle Balancing Aid, James Hager Jan 2019

Recumbent Bicycle Balancing Aid, James Hager

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

For our senior design project, our team will be consulting to create a balancing aid system intended for the recumbent bicycle shown below in Figure 1. The owner of the bicycle is Robert Henderson, a former United States Navy sailor from Northeast Ohio who picked up biking and skiing while he was stationed in Maine in the late 80’s. While there, he took to the mountains on the rugged terrain and brought this passion of biking back home to share with his wife, Johanna once he completed his service to his country. Biking became an integral part of the ...


Space Dynamics Laboratory Payload Challenge: Autonomous Water Sampling Uav, Thomas Wheeler, Zachary Williams, Joseph Stack Jan 2019

Space Dynamics Laboratory Payload Challenge: Autonomous Water Sampling Uav, Thomas Wheeler, Zachary Williams, Joseph Stack

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The following report has been completed over the course of the Fall 2018 and Spring 2019 semesters at The University of Akron by Joseph P. Stack (Aerospace Systems Engineering), Thomas J. Wheeler (Mechanical Engineering) and Zachary M. Williams (Mechanical Engineering). The purpose of this project was to create a payload system for the Akronauts Rocket Design Team to use at the Intercollegiate Rocket Engineering Competition (IREC) Spaceport America Cup. The Competition as a challenge that is sponsored by Space Dynamics Laboratory specifically regarding payload systems. The challenge in very open-ended and allows student to identify their own scientific experiment and ...


Exoskeleton Leg Brace, Aaron Indermuhle, Magomed Kasumov, Cevat Bagcioglu, Lucas Battaglia Jan 2019

Exoskeleton Leg Brace, Aaron Indermuhle, Magomed Kasumov, Cevat Bagcioglu, Lucas Battaglia

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This report details the design process of a lower limb exoskeleton leg brace for elderly people with walking disabilities or others with disabilities that limit mobility. While there are other similar products on the market, the general design can be improved and these improvements have been implemented into the design presented within. Among these improvements are progress in efficiency, weight, user comfort, and cost. The results of the study are the design of a novel leg brace that improves on existing designs in each of these areas.

Our design solution incorporates the use of a single leg brace with no ...


Ua66/9/2 Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Engineering Publications, Wku Archives Jan 2019

Ua66/9/2 Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Engineering Publications, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Publications created by and about the Engineering department.


Near-Field Electrospinning Of A Polymer/Bioactive Glass Composite To Fabricate 3d Biomimetic Structures, Krishna C. R. Kolan, Jie Li, Sonya Roberts, Julie A. Semon, Jonghyun Park, D. E. Day, Ming-Chuan Leu Jan 2019

Near-Field Electrospinning Of A Polymer/Bioactive Glass Composite To Fabricate 3d Biomimetic Structures, Krishna C. R. Kolan, Jie Li, Sonya Roberts, Julie A. Semon, Jonghyun Park, D. E. Day, Ming-Chuan Leu

Biological Sciences Faculty Research & Creative Works

Bioactive glasses have recently gained attention in tissue engineering and three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting because of their ability to enhance angiogenesis. Some challenges for developing biological tissues with bioactive glasses include incorporation of glass particles and achieving a 3D architecture mimicking natural tissues. In this study, we investigate the fabrication of scaffolds with a polymer/bioactive glass composite using near-field electrospinning (NFES). An overall controlled 3D scaffold with pores, containing random fibers, is created and aimed to provide superior cell proliferation. Highly angiogenic borate bioactive glass (13-93B3) in 20 wt.% is added to polycaprolactone (PCL) to fabricate scaffolds using the NFES ...


Coupling Numerical Analysis Of Vibration And Thermal Buckling Of An Automotive Brake Disc, Joseph-Shaahu Shaahu Jan 2019

Coupling Numerical Analysis Of Vibration And Thermal Buckling Of An Automotive Brake Disc, Joseph-Shaahu Shaahu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

An engaged brake system generates high temperature gradients in the brake rotor and brake pads. This high temperature gradient in turn induces thermal buckling. During high speed rotation, vibration is likely to occur in the system. In terms of a brake disc vibration will occur when there is a misalignment of the brake disc or thermoelastic instability (hot spot) forms on the brake rotor. Coupled and uncoupled problems of thermal buckling and vibration of a brake disc are analyzed and presented using finite element analysis in this paper. Thermal buckling depends on the direction of the high temperature gradient. Having ...


Reduction Of Nox Emissions In A Single Cylinder Diesel Engine Using Sncr With In-Cylinder Injection Of Aqueous Urea, Anthony Timpanaro Jan 2019

Reduction Of Nox Emissions In A Single Cylinder Diesel Engine Using Sncr With In-Cylinder Injection Of Aqueous Urea, Anthony Timpanaro

UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The subject of this study is the effect of in-cylinder selective non-catalytic reduction (SNCR) of NOx emissions in diesel exhaust gas by means of direct injection of aqueous urea ((NH2)2CO) into the combustion chamber. A single cylinder diesel test engine was modified to accept an electronically controlled secondary common rail injection system to deliver the aqueous urea directly into the cylinder during engine operation.

Direct in-cylinder injection was chosen in order to ensure precise delivery of the reducing agent without the risk of any premature reactions taking place. Unlike direct in-cylinder injection of neat water, aqueous ...


Landing-Gear Impact Response: A Non-Linear Finite Element Approach, Tuan H. Tran Jan 2019

Landing-Gear Impact Response: A Non-Linear Finite Element Approach, Tuan H. Tran

UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The primary objective of this research is to formulate a methodology of assessing the maximum impact loading condition that will incur onto an aircraft’s landing gear system via Finite Element Analysis (FEA) and appropriately determining its corresponding structural and impact responses to minimize potential design failures during hard landing (abnormal impact) and shock absorption testing. Both static and dynamic loading condition were closely analyzed, compared, and derived through the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) airworthiness regulations and empirical testing data.

In this research, a nonlinear transient dynamic analysis is developed and established via NASTRAN advanced nonlinear finite element model ...


Developing A Testing Instrument To Evaluate The Performance Of 3d-Printed Body-Powered Prosthetic Hands, Araz Al-Dawoodi Jan 2019

Developing A Testing Instrument To Evaluate The Performance Of 3d-Printed Body-Powered Prosthetic Hands, Araz Al-Dawoodi

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

A 3D printed prosthetic hand is an open source technology that became a good substitution for many products in the market. For many reasons, Low-cost, easy made / easy build. As an open source product, 3D printed prosthetic designs are available to anyone around the world, a good option for young children because they need to have a new prosthetic more frequent until they reach the adulthood age. Most families cannot pay a thousand dollars technology. From the research, it found that that there are not enough studies cover the open source wrist body-powered prosthetic. Other studies covered products used by ...


Study Of American Wood Pellet Stove Emissions, Sergio Gamarra Jan 2019

Study Of American Wood Pellet Stove Emissions, Sergio Gamarra

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

Problem: The EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) had not specified emissions performance standards for pellet burning stoves. Instead they were lumped in with cordwood burning stoves. IRETI’s decision to pursue this baseline study was guided by Minnesota’s concurrent “2025 Energy Action Plan” and the EPA’s pellet stove testing method development. Wood pellet fuel, a renewable resource, and the technology developed to utilize it for residential heating should be further studied to examine how together they both stand up to newly developed EPA emissions testing methods. This will establish a benchmark for testing American technology, thus guiding IRETI’s ...


Mechanical Design Automation: A Case Study On Plastic Extrusion Die Tooling, Allen Prasad Varghese Jan 2019

Mechanical Design Automation: A Case Study On Plastic Extrusion Die Tooling, Allen Prasad Varghese

Theses

The Skills Gap in Mechanical Engineering (ME) Design has been widening with the increasing number of baby boomers retiring (Silver Tsunami) and the lack of a new generation to acquire, practice and perfect their knowledge base. This growing problem has been addressed with several initiatives focused on attracting and retaining young talent; however, these types of initiatives may not be timely for this new group to be trained by an established Subject Matter Expert (SME) group. Automated Engineering Design provides a potential pathway to address not only the Skills Gap but also the transfer of information from SMEs to a ...


Employing 2-D Cfd & Lrb Model Around Trees To Improve Vawt Placement, David Chukwuebuka Bassey Jan 2019

Employing 2-D Cfd & Lrb Model Around Trees To Improve Vawt Placement, David Chukwuebuka Bassey

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

In the placement of vertical axis wind turbines, trees are a constant presence in the vicinity. They are found to grow at different height and shape configurations. And in areas such as the Minnesota State University, Mankato (MNSU) campus, they serve as blockage to airflow; limiting the efficiency of installed turbines. This work sets the precedent for the validation of vegetative numerical models created for the Xcel Energy Research Development Fund (RDF) project.

Using two-dimensional (2-D) numerical simulations of porous cylinders placed in a rectangular medium of air, insight into the flow profile and distribution in the leeward side of ...


Flow Fields Past Grain Bins As It Relates To Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Placement Optimization, Jon Richter Jan 2019

Flow Fields Past Grain Bins As It Relates To Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Placement Optimization, Jon Richter

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

This thesis studies the 3D flow field of grain bins as it relates to Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT) placement. Numerical CFD simulations using ANSYS FLUENT were created and validated with the Minnesota State University, Mankato water channel. It was found that the best speed-up regions were on the outer most sides of the models, closest to the walls of the water channel. The model that is furthest upwind in the group has the best speed-up velocity. As the models become closer together, an asymmetric flow field develops. VAWT placement between the models for any case researched is not recommended ...


Structural Relaxation Of Porous Glasses Due To Internal Stresses And Deformation Under Tensile Loading At Constant Pressure, Nikolai V. Priezjev, Maxim A. Makeev Jan 2019

Structural Relaxation Of Porous Glasses Due To Internal Stresses And Deformation Under Tensile Loading At Constant Pressure, Nikolai V. Priezjev, Maxim A. Makeev

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The time evolution of the pore size distributions and mechanical properties of amorphous solids at constant pressure is studied using molecular dynamics simulations. The porous glasses were initially prepared at constant volume conditions via a rapid thermal quench from the liquid state to the glassy region and allowing for simultaneous phase separation and material solidification. We found that at constant pressure and low temperature, the porous network becomes more compact and the glassy systems relocate to progressively lower levels of the potential energy. Although the elastic modulus and the average glass density both increase with the waiting time, their dependence ...


Spatiotemporal Analysis Of Nonaffine Displacements In Disorderedsolids Sheared Across The Yielding Point, Nikolai V. Priezjev Jan 2019

Spatiotemporal Analysis Of Nonaffine Displacements In Disorderedsolids Sheared Across The Yielding Point, Nikolai V. Priezjev

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The time evolution and spatial correlations of nonaffine displacements in deformed amorphous solids are investigated using molecular dynamics simulations. The three-dimensional model glass is represented via the binary mixture, which is slowly annealed well below the glass transition temperature and then sheared at a constant strain rate. It is shown that with increasing strain,the typical size of clusters of atoms with large nonaffine displacements increases, and these clusters remain spatially homogeneously distributed, until the yielding point when mobile atoms become localized within a system-spanning shear band. Furthermore, the yielding transition is associated with an abrupt change in the spatial ...


Thermal Performance Of An Evacuated Tube Heat Pipe Solar Water Heating System In Cold Season, Abdellah Sharifian, Mehdi Khiadani, Ataollah Nosrati Jan 2019

Thermal Performance Of An Evacuated Tube Heat Pipe Solar Water Heating System In Cold Season, Abdellah Sharifian, Mehdi Khiadani, Ataollah Nosrati

ECU Publications Post 2013

This study evaluates the performance of a heat pipe solar water heating system to meet a real residential hot water consumption pattern theoretically and experimentally under non-ideal climatic conditions during a cold day in Perth, Western Australia. A mathematical model was developed and used to calculate the optimum number of glass tubes of the heat pipe solar collector. Based on the obtained data, an experimental rig with 25 glass tubes was designed, built, and tested as the temperature changes after 25 tubes reached the insignificant value of 0.6%. The results showed that hot water extraction had significant impact on ...


Time-Dependent Reliability Methodologies With Saddlepoint Approximation, Zhangli Hu Jan 2019

Time-Dependent Reliability Methodologies With Saddlepoint Approximation, Zhangli Hu

Doctoral Dissertations

"Engineers always encounter time-dependent uncertainties that ubiquitously exist, such as the random deterioration of material properties and time-variant loads. Therefore the reliability of engineering systems becomes time-dependent. It is crucial to predict the time-dependent reliability in the design stage, given possible catastrophic consequences of a failure. Although extensive research has been conducted on reliability analysis, estimating the reliability accurately and efficiently is still challenging. The objective of this work is to develop accurate and efficient reliability methodologies for engineering design. The basic idea is the integration of traditional reliability methods with saddlepoint approximation (SPA), which can accurately approximate the tail ...


Reliability Analysis For Systems With Outsourced Components, Zhengwei Hu Jan 2019

Reliability Analysis For Systems With Outsourced Components, Zhengwei Hu

Doctoral Dissertations

"The current business model for many industrial firms is to function as system integrators, depending on numerous outsourced components from outside component suppliers. This practice has resulted in tremendous cost savings; it makes system reliability analysis, however, more challenging due to the limited component information available to system designers. The component information is often proprietary to component suppliers. Motivated by the need of system reliability prediction with outsourced components, this work aims to explore feasible ways to accurately predict the system reliability during the system design stage. Four methods are proposed. The first method reconstructs component reliability functions using limited ...


Freeform Extrusion Fabrication Of Advanced Ceramics And Ceramic-Based Composites, Wenbin Li Jan 2019

Freeform Extrusion Fabrication Of Advanced Ceramics And Ceramic-Based Composites, Wenbin Li

Doctoral Dissertations

"Ceramic On-Demand Extrusion (CODE) is a recently developed freeform extrusion fabrication process for producing dense ceramic components from single and multiple constituents. In this process, aqueous paste of ceramic particles with a very low binder content ( < 1 vol%) is extruded through a moving nozzle to print each layer sequentially. Once one layer is printed, it is surrounded by oil to prevent undesirable water evaporation from the perimeters of the part. The oil level is regulated just below the topmost layer of the part being fabricated. Infrared radiation is then applied to uniformly and partially dry the top layer so that the yield stress of the paste increases to avoid part deformation. By repeating the above steps, the part is printed in a layer-wise fashion, followed by post-processing. Paste extrusion precision of different extrusion mechanisms was compared and analyzed, with an auger extruder determined to be the most suitable paste extruder for the CODE system. A novel fabrication system was developed based on a motion gantry, auger extruders, and peripheral devices. Sample specimens were then produced from 3 mol% yttria stabilized zirconia using this fabrication system, and their properties, including density, flexural strength, Young's modulus, Weibull modulus, fracture toughness, and hardness were measured. The results indicated that superior mechanical properties were achieved by the CODE process among all the additive manufacturing processes. Further development was made on the CODE process to fabricate ceramic components that have external/internal features such as overhangs by using fugitive support material. Finally, ceramic composites with functionally graded materials (FGMs) were fabricated by the CODE process using a dynamic mixing device"--Abstract, page iv.