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Flow Behavior In Radial Rotating Detonation Engines, Scott A. Boller Mar 2019

Flow Behavior In Radial Rotating Detonation Engines, Scott A. Boller

Theses and Dissertations

Recent progress has been made in demonstrating Radial Rotating Detonation Engine (RRDE) technology for use in a compact Auxiliary Power Unit with a rapid response time. Investigation of RRDEs also suggests an increase in stable operating range, which is hypothesized to be due to the additional degree of freedom in the radial direction which the detonation wave can propagate. This investigation seeks to determine if the detonation wave is in fact changing its radial location. High speed photography was used to capture chemiluminescence of the detonation wave within the channel to examine its radial location, which was found to vary ...


Examination Of Flow Dynamics And Passive Cooling In An Ultra Compact Combustor, Tylor C. Rathsack Mar 2019

Examination Of Flow Dynamics And Passive Cooling In An Ultra Compact Combustor, Tylor C. Rathsack

Theses and Dissertations

The Ultra Compact Combustor (UCC) promises to greatly reduce the size of a gas turbine engine’s combustor by altering the manner in which fuel is burnt. Differing from the common axial flow combustor, the UCC utilizes a rotating flow, coaxial to the engine’s primary axis, in an outboard circumferential cavity as the primary combustion zone. The present study investigates two key UCC facets required to further this combustor design. The first area of investigation is cooling of the Hybrid Guide Vane (HGV). This UCC specific hardware acts as a combustor center body that alters the exit flow angle ...


Adding Semi-Structured Automated Grid Generation And The Menter-Shear Stress Turbulence Transport Model For Internal Combustion Engine Simulations To Novel Fem Lanl Combustion Codes, Brad Montgomery Philipbar Jan 2019

Adding Semi-Structured Automated Grid Generation And The Menter-Shear Stress Turbulence Transport Model For Internal Combustion Engine Simulations To Novel Fem Lanl Combustion Codes, Brad Montgomery Philipbar

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

The addition of GridPro semi-structured, automated generation of grids for complex moving boundaries for combustion engine applications and the Menter Shear Stress Turbulent Transfer (SST) model are being developed by Los Alamos National Laboratory. The software is called Fast, Easy, Accurate, and Robust Continuum Engineering (FEARCE). In addition to improving the time and effort required to build complex grid geometry for turbulent reactive multi-phase flow in internal combustion engines, the SST turbulence model has been programmed into the Predictor Corrector Fractional-Step (PCS) Finite Element Method (FEM) for reactive flow and turbulent incompressible flow regime validation is performed. The Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes ...


Ignition And Extinction Behavior Of Fuels In A Microcombustor, Pawan Sharma Jan 2019

Ignition And Extinction Behavior Of Fuels In A Microcombustor, Pawan Sharma

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Conventional fuel testing device-CFR engine requires large quantities of fuels, which makes it unsuitable for research of small samples of fuels. This current study seeks to address this limitation by using an externally heated microcombustor as an alternative fuel testing device. Mainly three combustion behaviors have been observed inside a microcombustor: strong flames at higher flow rates, Flames with Repetitive Extinction and Ignition (FREI) at intermediate flow rates, and weak flames at marginal flow rates. In previous studies, weak combustion behavior has been proven suitable to study fuel properties from small samples of fuels. Microcombustor experiments typically rely on flame ...


Study Of Combustion Performance Of Al/Ptfe B/Ptfe And B/Al/Ptfe Composites, Liyun Feng Jan 2019

Study Of Combustion Performance Of Al/Ptfe B/Ptfe And B/Al/Ptfe Composites, Liyun Feng

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Metal particles like aluminum and boron are of great interest as additives to energetic materials due to their high gravimetric and volumetric heat of combustion. However, the ignition temperatures of metals are quite high and their burning rates which depend upon the surface area of the burning metal agglomerates are quite slow. The naturally formed oxide layer on the surface of metal particles can further inhibit their ignition and combustion by limiting fuel/oxidizer transport. The boron oxide layer on boron particles is of particular interest due to the strong diffusion barrier formed by its presence. However, the ignition temperature ...


High Injection Pressure Dme Ignition And Combustion Processes: Experiment And Simulation, Xiucheng Zhu Jan 2019

High Injection Pressure Dme Ignition And Combustion Processes: Experiment And Simulation, Xiucheng Zhu

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

With nearly smokeless combustion, Dimethyl Ether (DME) can be pressurized and used as a liquid fuel for compression-ignition (CI) combustion. However, due to its lower heating value and liquid density compared with diesel fuel, DME has a smaller energy content per unit volume. To obtain an equivalent energy content of diesel, approximately 1.86 times more quantity of DME is required. This can be addressed by a larger nozzle size or higher injection pressure. However, the effect of high injection pressure on DME spray combustion characteristics have not yet been well understood. In order to fill this gap, spray and ...