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Damage Resistance And Tolerance Of 3d Woven Composites, Justin T. Mcdermott Dec 2019

Damage Resistance And Tolerance Of 3d Woven Composites, Justin T. Mcdermott

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Composite materials have been adopted into primary aircraft structures by virtue of their great strength-to-weight and stiffness-to-weight ratios, fatigue insensitivity, and corrosion resistance. These characteristics are leveraged by aircraft designers to deliver improved fuel effciency and reduced scheduled maintenance burdens for their customers. These benefits have been impressively realized in the Boeing 787 and Airbus A350 XWB, with airframes utilizing about 50% composites by weight. Tempering these successes, however, are the inherent vulnerabilities of carbon-fiber reinforced composites. When compared to conventional metallic structure, composite laminates are more sensitive to stress concentrations at mechanical fastenings and damage due to low-velocity impact ...


Fluid Flow Analysis Of Diluted Evaporating American Whiskey Droplets., Martin J. Brown Vi Aug 2019

Fluid Flow Analysis Of Diluted Evaporating American Whiskey Droplets., Martin J. Brown Vi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The recent discovery of the unique structures, whiskey webs, formed when the evaporation of diluted American whiskey, has raised many questions as to the nature of the structures. Their formation process follows as such: (1) dilution of the whiskey to form nanoaggregates, (2) formation of a monolayer at the air-liquid interface, (3) chaotic ethanol evaporation caused monolayer collapse (via dynamic pressure), (4) bulk fluid evaporation caused monolayer collapse (via reduction of surface area), where the web-like structures reside on the surface, and finally, (5) web-like structures deposit on the substrate. The webs imaged via SEM had a striking resemblance to ...


All Season Heat Pipe System., Adrienne Marie Parsons Aug 2019

All Season Heat Pipe System., Adrienne Marie Parsons

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Our energy choices impact the earth’s natural systems and climate. As this becomes increasingly important, the need for decreasing our energy usage is essential. Conventional passive solar systems can significantly reduce the heating load. Similarly, passive ambient energy systems, such as ventilation and sky radiation, can reduce cooling loads. However, the integration of passive heating and cooling systems in the same building and the benefits of actively controlling these otherwise passive systems to maximize annual energy savings has largely been unexplored. This study first evaluates the building cooling capacity of sky radiation, which was previously identified to have the ...


Improving Flow-Induced Hemolysis Prediction Models., Mohammad Mohaghegh Faghih Aug 2019

Improving Flow-Induced Hemolysis Prediction Models., Mohammad Mohaghegh Faghih

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Partial or complete failure of red blood cell membrane, also known as hemolysis, is a persistent issue with almost all blood contacting devices. Many experimental and theoretical contributions over the last few decades have increased insight into the mechanisms of mechanical hemolysis in both laminar and turbulent flow regimes, with the ultimate goal of developing a comprehensive, mechanistic and universal hemolysis prediction model. My research is broadly divided into two sections: theoretical/analytical/Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analyses and experimental tests. The first part of my research revolved entirely around analyzing the simplest and most popular hemolysis model, commonly called ...


Mechanical Properties Of Brittle Ceramics: Case Study Of Boron Rich Ceramics And Acropora Cervicornis Coral Skeleton, Alejandro Carrasco-Pena May 2019

Mechanical Properties Of Brittle Ceramics: Case Study Of Boron Rich Ceramics And Acropora Cervicornis Coral Skeleton, Alejandro Carrasco-Pena

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Ceramics are ubiquitous in man-made and natural structures. Their mechanical properties highly depend on their composition, microstructure and level of defects in the bulk of the material, the latter affecting the integrity of the components; such is the case of boron-rich ceramics where large agglomerates create high stressed regions, or coral skeleton where porosity determines their strength against hydrodynamic forces present in the ocean tides. Therefore, studying the properties of ceramic materials using invasive and non-invasive methods helps in the understanding of the link between the properties and the performance of the structures. The aim of this research was to ...


Dynamic Behavior And Performance Of Different Types Of Multi-Effect Desalination Plants, Mohamed Abdelkareem May 2019

Dynamic Behavior And Performance Of Different Types Of Multi-Effect Desalination Plants, Mohamed Abdelkareem

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Water and energy are two of the most vital resources for the socio-economic development and sustenance of humanity on earth. Desalination of seawater has been practiced for some decades and is a well-established means of water supply. However, this process consumes large amounts of energy and the global energy supply is also faced with some challenges. In this research, multi-effect desalination (MED) has been selected due to lower cost, lower operating temperature and efficient in terms of primary energy and electricity consumption compared to other thermal desalination systems. The motivation for this research is to address thermo-economics and dynamic behavior ...


Variable Fluid Flow Regimes Alter Endothelial Adherens Junctions And Tight Junctions, Dilshan Ranadewa May 2019

Variable Fluid Flow Regimes Alter Endothelial Adherens Junctions And Tight Junctions, Dilshan Ranadewa

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Variable blood flow regimes influence a range of cellular properties ranging from cell orientation, shape, and permeability: all of which are dependent on endothelial cell-cell junctions. In fact, cell-cell junctions have shown to be an integral part of vascular homeostasis through the endothelium by allowing intercellular signaling and passage control through tight junctions (TJs), adherens junctions (AJs), and gap junctions (GJs). It was our objective to determine the structural response of both AJs and TJs under steady and oscillatory flow. Human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) were cultured in a parallel plate flow chamber and exposed to separate trails of ...


Vibration Reduction Of Mistuned Bladed Disks Via Piezoelectric-Based Resonance Frequency Detuning, Garrett Lopp May 2019

Vibration Reduction Of Mistuned Bladed Disks Via Piezoelectric-Based Resonance Frequency Detuning, Garrett Lopp

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Recent trends in turbomachinery blade technology have led to increased use of monolithically constructed bladed disks (blisks). Although offering a wealth of performance benefits, this construction removes the blade-attachment interface present in the conventional design, thus unintentionally removing a source of friction-based damping needed to counteract large vibrations during resonance passages. This issue is further exacerbated in the presence of blade mistuning that arises from small imperfections from otherwise identical blades and are unavoidable as they originate from manufacturing tolerances and operational wear over the lifespan of the engine. Mistuning is known to induce vibration localization with large vibration amplitudes ...


Lithium Molybdate-Sulfur Battery., Ruchira Ravinath Dharmasena May 2019

Lithium Molybdate-Sulfur Battery., Ruchira Ravinath Dharmasena

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Rechargeable energy storage systems play a vital role in today’s automobile industry with the emergence of electric vehicles (EVs). In order to meet the targets set by the department of energy (DOE), there is an immediate need of new battery chemistries with higher energy density than the current Li- ion technology. Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries have attracted enormous attention in the energy-storage, due to their high specific energy density of 2600 Wh kg-1 and operational voltage of 2.0 V. Despite the promising electrochemical characteristics, Li-S batteries suffer from serious technical challenges such as dissolution of polysulfides ...


A Study On Ultrasonic Energy Assisted Metal Processing : Its Correeltion With Microstructure And Properties, And Its Application To Additive Manufacturing., Anagh Deshpande May 2019

A Study On Ultrasonic Energy Assisted Metal Processing : Its Correeltion With Microstructure And Properties, And Its Application To Additive Manufacturing., Anagh Deshpande

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Additive manufacturing or 3d printing is the process of constructing a 3-dimensional object layer-by-layer. This additive approach to manufacturing has enabled fabrication of complex components directly from a computer model (or a CAD model). The process has now matured from its earlier version of being a rapid prototyping tool to a technology that can fabricate service-ready components. Development of low-cost polymer additive manufacturing printers enabled by open source Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) printers and printers of other technologies like SLA and binder jetting has made polymer additive manufacturing accessible and affordable. But the metal additive manufacturing technologies are still expensive ...


Numerical Investigation Of Coalescence-Induced Self-Propelled Behavior Of Droplets On Non-Wetting Surfaces And Wedged Surfaces., Yan Chen May 2019

Numerical Investigation Of Coalescence-Induced Self-Propelled Behavior Of Droplets On Non-Wetting Surfaces And Wedged Surfaces., Yan Chen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

When small drops coalesce on a superhydrophobic surface, the merged drop can jump away from the surface due to the surface energy released during the coalescence. This self-propelled behavior has been observed on various superhydrophobic surfaces and has potential applications in areas related to the heat and mass transfer, such as heat exchangers, anti-icing and anti-frost devices, thermal management and water harvesting. The jumping velocity model was obtained based on published experimental data and the balance of various energy terms described in previous studies. However, the self-propelled mechanism is still not fully understood. In this study, the self-propelled droplet phenomenon ...


Experimental Study On Transient Behavior Of Water And Nanofluid In Multiport Slab Minichannel Heat Exchangers, Shahram Fotowat Feb 2019

Experimental Study On Transient Behavior Of Water And Nanofluid In Multiport Slab Minichannel Heat Exchangers, Shahram Fotowat

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Heat exchangers are essential components of many systems and their use is extended to include various industrial, chemical, and automotive applications. A dynamic response study of a heat exchanger is essential for better representation of its design, selection, and analysis as it operates in conjunction with other process equipment. This study aims to experimentally investigate the transient performance of compact heat exchangers. A wide-range well prepared experimental setup is designed and assembled to examine the transient behavior of various types of cross-flow liquid to air heat exchangers. This set up is capable of stepping up or down the temperatures and ...


Fluid Flow Characteristics Of A Co-Flow Fluidic Slot Jet Thrust Augmentation Propulsion System, Brian Garrett Jan 2019

Fluid Flow Characteristics Of A Co-Flow Fluidic Slot Jet Thrust Augmentation Propulsion System, Brian Garrett

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The UAV industry is booming with investments in research and development on improving UAV systems in order to increase applications and reduce costs of the use of these machines. Current UAV machines are developed according to the quadcopter design which has a rotary propulsion system which provides the lift needed for the aerial vehicles. This design has some flaws; namely safety concerns and noise/vibration production both of which come from the rotary propulsion system. As such, a novel propulsion system using slip stream air passed through high performance slot jets is proposed and analysis of the fluid characteristics is ...


Modeling And Transient Simulation Of A Fully Integrated Multi-Pressure Heat Recovery Steam Generator Using Siemens T3000, Jonathan Mcconnell Jan 2019

Modeling And Transient Simulation Of A Fully Integrated Multi-Pressure Heat Recovery Steam Generator Using Siemens T3000, Jonathan Mcconnell

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The focus of this research is on the transient thermodynamic properties and dynamic behavior of a Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG). An HRSG is a crossflow heat exchanger designed for the extraction of energy from the hot exhaust gas of a traditional power plant through boiling induced phase change. Superheated steam is sent through a turbine to generate additional power, raising the overall efficiency of a power plant. The addition of renewable energies and the evolution of smart grids have brought forth a necessity to gain a comprehensive understanding of transient behavior within an HRSG in order to efficiently manage ...


Cavitation And Heat Transfer Over Micro Pin Fins, Arash Nayebzadeh Jan 2019

Cavitation And Heat Transfer Over Micro Pin Fins, Arash Nayebzadeh

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With the dramatic increase in the usage of compact yet more powerful electronic devices, advanced cooling technologies are required to maintain delicate electronic components below their maximum allowable temperatures and prevent them from failure. One solution is to use innovative pin finned heat sinks. This research is centered on the evaluation of hydrodynamic cavitation properties downstream pin fins and extended toward single-phase heat transfer enhancement of array of pin fins in microchannel. In this work, transparent micro-devices capable of local wall temperature measurements were micro fabricated and tested. Various experimental methods, numerical modeling and advanced data processing techniques are presented ...


A Study Of Several Applications Of Parallel Computing In The Sciences Using Petsc, Nicholas Stegmeier Jan 2019

A Study Of Several Applications Of Parallel Computing In The Sciences Using Petsc, Nicholas Stegmeier

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The importance of computing in the natural sciences continues to grow as scientists strive to analyze complex phenomena. The dynamics of turbulence, astrophysics simulations, and climate change are just a few examples where computing is critical. These problems are computationally intractable on all computing platforms except supercomputers, necessitating the continued development of efficient algorithms and methodologies in parallel computing. This thesis investigates the use of parallel computing and mathematical modeling in the natural sciences through several applications, namely computational fluid dynamics for impinging jets in mechanical engineering, simulation of biofilms in an aqueous environment in mathematical biology, and the solution ...


The Effects Of 3d Printing Parameters And Surface Treatments On Convective Heat Transfer Performance, Lucas N. Pereira Jan 2019

The Effects Of 3d Printing Parameters And Surface Treatments On Convective Heat Transfer Performance, Lucas N. Pereira

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Additive manufacturing technology and applications have quickly expanded in many industries over the last five years. As additive manufacturing is studied and refined, improvements in resolution and strength have helped propel further growth of the industry. This study focuses on an additive manufacturing technology called fused filament fabrication (FFF). FFF involves the extrusion and layer-by-layer deposition of a molten thermoplastic material to create the desired part. One potential new application of fused filament fabrication is the manufacture of heat exchangers and heat sinks. This study focuses on developing baseline experimental data related to convective heat transfer coefficients over surfaces of ...


Modeling And Study Of Thermal Effects On Battery Pack Using Phase Change Materials, Umang Selokar Jan 2019

Modeling And Study Of Thermal Effects On Battery Pack Using Phase Change Materials, Umang Selokar

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The scope of the current research is to reduce the temperature distribution area in Li-ion cell and the battery pack with respect to time in battery design, using CFD technology (Computational Fluid Dynamics) in ANSYS fluent. A 3D model was design in CAD software (CATIA) and analyzed in ANSYS fluent to study the thermal behavior of the designed battery pack. An analytical thermal model was generated to evaluate the heat generation rate passing throughout the battery pack. The battery pack were analyzed and simulated on two different designs. One battery design is modeled with and without insulation (superwool EST compression ...


Experimental And Numerical Investigation Of A Novel Adsorption Bed Design For Cooling Applications, Ramy H. Mohammed Jan 2019

Experimental And Numerical Investigation Of A Novel Adsorption Bed Design For Cooling Applications, Ramy H. Mohammed

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A global challenge is to develop environmentally friendly, affordable, compact and sustainable technologies to provide heating and cooling power. Adsorption cooling (AC) technology is one of the most promising ways to solve the environmental issues and cut down the energy consumption related to the traditional air conditioning and refrigeration systems. However, AC systems still suffer from poor heat and mass transfer inside the adsorption bed, which is the main obstacle to commercialization of adsorption cooling units. The main goal of this study is designing an efficient adsorption cooling cycle. In this research work, an in-depth scaling analysis of heat and ...


3d Printed Bioreactor With Optimized Stimulations For Ex-Vivo Bone Tissue Culture, Anirban Chakraborty Jan 2019

3d Printed Bioreactor With Optimized Stimulations For Ex-Vivo Bone Tissue Culture, Anirban Chakraborty

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Motivation: Long term tissue survivability ex-vivo can greatly facilitate research on the influence of external stimulus (loading, radiation, microgravity) on the tissue, including mechanisms of disease transmission and subsequent drug discoveries. Bioreactors (used to culture living tissue ex-vivo) can be a valuable tool to study cell activity during physiological processes by mimicking their in-vivo native 3D environment.
Objective Statement: We have developed a compact, 3D printed bioreactor equipped with both continuous flow-perfusion and dynamic mechanical-loading stimulations, capable of maintaining ex-vivo viability of swine cancellous bone cores over a long period. Qualitative study of the cultured cores (in terms of material ...


Piezoresistive Behavior Of Carbon Nanopaper Polymer Composites For Strain Sensing, Jayden Beyrooti Jan 2019

Piezoresistive Behavior Of Carbon Nanopaper Polymer Composites For Strain Sensing, Jayden Beyrooti

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Carbon nanopapers made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) or carbon nanofibers (CNFs), possess unique electrical, thermal and mechanical properties and when integrated with a polymer matrix, can become a multifunctional composite capable of strain sensing and heat actuation. Smart structures such as these can be used in many applications including deployable space structures, human motion detection, and structural health monitoring as flexible, sensitive and stable strain sensors in addition to providing electrical heat actuation for the shape memory effect in polymers. This study focuses on strain sensing capabilities by developing a numerical model to predict piezoresistive behavior. The piezoresistive effect is ...


Improving Turbine Performance: A Contribution To The Understanding Of Heat Transfer And Vortical Structures In Staggered Pin Fin Arrays, Marcel Otto Jan 2019

Improving Turbine Performance: A Contribution To The Understanding Of Heat Transfer And Vortical Structures In Staggered Pin Fin Arrays, Marcel Otto

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Through the comparison of flow structures, velocity contours, turbulence statistics, and additional flow quantities, the error sources of RANS are qualitatively described. The findings in this work will help gas turbine design engineers to tweak their turbulence models and give guidance on the interpretation of their results. The novelty is the application of the transient TLC method on this type of geometry as well as the near-wall PIV measurements. The advancements in additive manufacturing disrupt the classic turbine cooling development for casted airfoils. More and more complicated shapes and cooling schemes are possible. Nonetheless, a detailed physical understanding of fundamental ...


Numerical Investigation And Optimization Of Pin Fins In Micro Heat Sinks, Fuad Ismayilov Jan 2019

Numerical Investigation And Optimization Of Pin Fins In Micro Heat Sinks, Fuad Ismayilov

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Operating temperature in electronics applications is continuously increasing. Therefore, for the past few decades, high heat flux removing micro heat sinks are investigated in terms of heat transfer effectiveness. This study generally concentrates on improving the passive heat transfer techniques. Micro heat sinks used in experiments are fabricated using MEMS techniques. Resistance temperature detectors, RTDs, were used for temperature measurements. The experimental data was obtained for single and two phase flow regions; however, only single phase flow results were considered in numerical simulations. Numerical validations were performed on the micro heat sinks, including cylinder and hydrofoil shaped pin fins. Following ...


Development Of A Neural Network-Based Object Detection For Multirotor Target Tracking, Spencer Harwood Jan 2019

Development Of A Neural Network-Based Object Detection For Multirotor Target Tracking, Spencer Harwood

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have, for the past few decades, seen an increased popularity in industry and research centres. Despite this intense utilization by both markets there exists an active demand for the development of autonomous guidance, navigation, and control strategies. One need relates to the achievement of a high level of autonomy to identify and track a target object. An elective technique for this set of tasks is neural networks. In the development and study of these networks there is a distinct lack of substantive validation techniques to qualify network performances when implemented in a multirotor UAV. This thesis ...


Quantifying The Performance Of The Protodune Single Phase Neutrino Detector Using Computational Fluid Dynamics, Dillon Pedersen Jan 2019

Quantifying The Performance Of The Protodune Single Phase Neutrino Detector Using Computational Fluid Dynamics, Dillon Pedersen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this research is to provide scientifically-valid computationally generated data of the flow, thermal, and impurity data of the ProtoDUNE single phase detector. Results are compared and validated against an actual detector that is currently being utilized to collect temperature and impurity data. This research will investigate the flows inside these detection chambers using computational fluid dynamics to find approximate solutions to the governing equations of fluid mechanics. Impurity and flow data will allow researchers to determine if results collected are being obstructed by high levels of impurity. Novel approaches have been developed to strike a balance between ...


Hydrogen Fuel Cell Gasket Handling And Sorting With Machine Vision Integrated Dual Arm Robot, Devin C. Fowler Jan 2019

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Gasket Handling And Sorting With Machine Vision Integrated Dual Arm Robot, Devin C. Fowler

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Recently demonstrated robotic assembling technologies for fuel cell stacks used fuel cell components manually pre-arranged in stacks (presenters), all oriented in the same position. Identifying the original orientation of fuel cell components and loading them in stacks for a subsequent automated assembly process is a difficult, repetitive work cycle which if done manually, deceives the advantages offered by automated fabrication technologies of fuel cell components and by robotic assembly processes. We present an innovative robotic technology which enables the integration of automated fabrication processes of fuel cell components with robotic assembly of fuel cell stacks into a fully automated fuel ...


Vortex Induced Convective Heat Transfer Augmentation, Junguo Wang Jan 2019

Vortex Induced Convective Heat Transfer Augmentation, Junguo Wang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Delta winglet is an effective means to passively augment heat convection from a hot surface such as a solar panel. The effects of an inclination angle on the flow downstream of the winglet were studied. A delta winglet with an aspect ratio (c/h) of 2 and an attack angle of 30 degrees was mounted on a flat plate to scrutinize the role of its inclination angle (90° and 120°) on the flow downstream. The inclined winglet was placed in a wind tunnel, and the flow was measured by the hotwire. The experiment shows the 120-degree-inclination-angle delta winglet can generate ...


Shape Recovery Behavior Of Carbon Nanopaper Shape Memory Polymer Composite, Veli Bugra Ozdemir Jan 2019

Shape Recovery Behavior Of Carbon Nanopaper Shape Memory Polymer Composite, Veli Bugra Ozdemir

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis presents analytical, experimental and modeling studies of the shape recovery behavior of electrically activated Carbon Nanopaper (CNP) Shape Memory Polymer (SMP)composite. The composite structure studied consists of a CNP layer sandwiched by two SMP layers where the CNP layer acts as a flexible electrical heater when a voltage difference is applied. The behavior of CNP/SMP composite presents a coupled electrical - thermal - structural problem. The governing equations for the multiphysics behavior are derived. Derived parameters as a result of multiphysics analysis and effects of these parameters on the shape recovery behavior are investigated. The mechanical properties of ...


Investigation Of Flow Field Structures In A Rectangular Channel With A Pin Fin Array, Patrick Tran Jan 2019

Investigation Of Flow Field Structures In A Rectangular Channel With A Pin Fin Array, Patrick Tran

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Pin fin arrays are commonly found in heat exchangers, turbine blades, and electronic heat sinks. Fin arrays are extended surfaces that are used as turbulence promoters by inducing horseshoe vortex (HSV) and von Karman vortex (KV) structures. The horseshoe vortex are primarily studied in the leading edge of the blunt body, whereas the KV are formed in the trailing side. This study presents an experimental investigation of flow field structures and pressure loss on staggered pin fin array in the wake region, where KV are dominate. These flow structures increase the local levels turbulence and generate eddies that promote flow ...


Side-To-Side Comparison Of Total Shoulder Arthroplasty And Intact Function In Individuals, Sarah Rose Walden Jan 2019

Side-To-Side Comparison Of Total Shoulder Arthroplasty And Intact Function In Individuals, Sarah Rose Walden

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Total Shoulder Arthroplasty (TSA) is a surgery which replaces the shoulder joint, or the interface between the humerus and the scapula glenoid. To test TSA success, most prior research compares patients with TSA to healthy controls. However, the shoulder anthropometry, motion, and musculature of individuals varies widely across the population making it important to assess TSA performance in individuals. The overall goal of this study is to determine if patients with one of two TSA implant designs on one side achieve the same range of motion as their intact side, and if so to find if they compensate using increased ...