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Mechanical Engineering

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Wear of materials

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The Wear Behavior Of Cross-Linked Uhmwpe Under Dry And Bovine Calf Serum-Lubricated Conditions Jan 2013

The Wear Behavior Of Cross-Linked Uhmwpe Under Dry And Bovine Calf Serum-Lubricated Conditions

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

The present study was performed to investigate the effects of gamma radiation on the wear behavior of unirradiated and irradiated ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) against Ti-6Al-4V under dry and lubricated conditions at different applied loads. The UHMWPE specimens were exposed directly to nominal doses of 0, 25, 40, 50, and 100 kGy. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis of the worn surface of UHMWPE and Ti-6Al-4V was performed to understand the mechanism of wear involved between the contact surfaces during wear testing. From the wear test results, there were significant differences between the wear of unirradiated UHMWPE and UHMWPE irradiated at 25 ...


The Wear Behavior Of Cross-Linked Uhmwpe Under Dry And Bovine Calf Serum-Lubricated Conditions Dec 2012

The Wear Behavior Of Cross-Linked Uhmwpe Under Dry And Bovine Calf Serum-Lubricated Conditions

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

The present study was performed to investigate the effects of gamma radiation on the wear behavior of unirradiated and irradiated ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) against Ti-6Al-4V under dry and lubricated conditions at different applied loads. The UHMWPE specimens were exposed directly to nominal doses of 0, 25, 40, 50, and 100 kGy. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis of the worn surface of UHMWPE and Ti-6Al-4V was performed to understand the mechanism of wear involved between the contact surfaces during wear testing. From the wear test results, there were significant differences between the wear of unirradiated UHMWPE and UHMWPE irradiated at 25 ...


Friction And Wear Characteristics Of Electrodeposited Nanocrystalline Nickel-Tungsten Alloy Films Jan 2008

Friction And Wear Characteristics Of Electrodeposited Nanocrystalline Nickel-Tungsten Alloy Films

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Electrodeposited nanocrystalline nickel-tungsten alloys are being investigated as an attractive alternative to electrodeposited nickel for applications involving fabrication of micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS). Ni-W alloys are also being considered as an environmentally friendly alternative to hard chrome plating in some cases. In applications involving sliding contacts such as in micro-gears in MEMS, mould inserts, etc., tribological properties of Ni-W alloys would be of relevance. In this work, the sliding friction and wear characteristics of Ni-W alloys with different tungsten contents were investigated and compared with that of nickel film deposited from sulphamate bath commonly used in microfabrication. For wear ...


Study Of The Wear Behaviour Of Al-4.5% Cu-3.4% Fe In Situ Composite: Effect Of Thermal And Mechanical Processing Feb 2007

Study Of The Wear Behaviour Of Al-4.5% Cu-3.4% Fe In Situ Composite: Effect Of Thermal And Mechanical Processing

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Al-Cu-based MMCs reinforced by Al-Fe intermetallics are investigated for their wear behaviour. The composite (Al-4.5 mass% Cu-3.4 mass% Fe) was produced by solidification processing where the Al-Fe-based intermetallic formed in situ in a matrix of mainly Al-Cu alloy. The effects of thermal and mechanical processing, viz., as-cast condition, solution treatment, aging and hot rolling on the wear behaviour of the composites were examined. The composites were characterized by optical microscopy, SEM, microhardness measurements and X-ray diffraction. The wear behaviour of the composites was studied in a pin-on-disc type wear apparatus. The as-cast in situ composite exhibited the highest ...


Tribo-Surface Characteristics Of Al-B4c And Al-Sic Composites Worn Under Different Contact Pressures Sep 2006

Tribo-Surface Characteristics Of Al-B4c And Al-Sic Composites Worn Under Different Contact Pressures

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Tribo-surface characteristics of two aluminium metal matrix composites (Al-MMC) of compositions Al-13 vol%B4C and Al-13 vol%SiC sliding against a commercial phenolic brake pad have been investigated under dry conditions. The wear tests were carried out using a pin-on-disc type apparatus at a linear speed of 1.62 m s-1 under contact pressures ranging from 0.75 to 3.00 MPa. The coefficient of friction was recorded on line. Wear rates were calculated from mass loss measurements. Scanning electron microscope equipped with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy was used to examine the tribo-surface. It is found that wear rate of ...


Chemical And Structural Nature Of Tribo-Surface Of Aluminium-Sic Composites At Nanometre And Micrometre Length Scales Jun 2006

Chemical And Structural Nature Of Tribo-Surface Of Aluminium-Sic Composites At Nanometre And Micrometre Length Scales

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

The worn surface of Al-SiC metal matrix composites (MMC) sliding against phenolic brake pad at a linear sliding speed of 1.62 m s-1 under contact pressures of 0.75-3.00 MPa in a pin-on-disc apparatus was investigated. XPS was used to extract information from the top few nanometres of the worn surface, while scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (SEM-EDX) provided information from within a few micrometres. Results reveal that the surface of Al-SiC undergoes significant chemical and physical changes during wear. The tribo-surface on Al-SiC is converted into a mixture that contains the constituents of Al-SiC ...


Velocity Effects On The Wear, Friction And Tribochemistry Of Aluminum Mmc Sliding Against Phenolic Brake Pad Jun 2004

Velocity Effects On The Wear, Friction And Tribochemistry Of Aluminum Mmc Sliding Against Phenolic Brake Pad

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Two aluminum metal matrix composites (MMC) reinforced with 13 vol.% of SiC or B4C particles were made by stir casting followed by hot extrusion. Effects of sliding velocity on the wear, friction and tribochemistry of the worn surfaces of both composites sliding against a commercial phenolic brake pad have been investigated under dry condition. The wear tests were carried out using a pin-on-disc type apparatus at two linear sliding speeds: 1.62 and 4.17 m s-1 under a constant contact pressure of 0.75 MPa for a sliding distance of 5832 m. The coefficient of friction was recorded and ...


Velocity Effects On The Wear, Friction And Tribochemistry Of Aluminum Mmc Sliding Against Phenolic Brake Pad May 2004

Velocity Effects On The Wear, Friction And Tribochemistry Of Aluminum Mmc Sliding Against Phenolic Brake Pad

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Two aluminum metal matrix composites (MMC) reinforced with 13 vol.% of SiC or B4C particles were made by stir casting followed by hot extrusion. Effects of sliding velocity on the wear, friction and tribochemistry of the worn surfaces of both composites sliding against a commercial phenolic brake pad have been investigated under dry condition. The wear tests were carried out using a pin-on-disc type apparatus at two linear sliding speeds: 1.62 and 4.17 m s-1 under a constant contact pressure of 0.75 MPa for a sliding distance of 5832 m. The coefficient of friction was recorded and ...


Wear Failure Of A Leaded Bronze Bearing: Correlation Between Plant Experience And Laboratory Wear Test Data Jun 2003

Wear Failure Of A Leaded Bronze Bearing: Correlation Between Plant Experience And Laboratory Wear Test Data

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

This paper describes an investigation on the failure of a large leaded bronze bearing that supports a nine-ton roller of a plastic calendering machine. At the end of the normal service life of a good bearing, which lasted for seven years, a new bearing was installed. However the new one failed catastrophically within a few days, generating a huge amount of metallic wear debris and causing pitting on the surface of the cast iron roller. Following the failure, samples were collected from both good and failed bearings. The samples were analyzed chemically and their microstructures examined. Both samples were subjected ...


Wear Failure Of A Leaded Bronze Bearing: Correlation Between Plant Experience And Laboratory Wear Test Data Jun 2003

Wear Failure Of A Leaded Bronze Bearing: Correlation Between Plant Experience And Laboratory Wear Test Data

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

This paper describes an investigation on the failure of a large leaded bronze bearing that supports a nine-ton roller of a plastic calendering machine. At the end of the normal service life of a good bearing, which lasted for seven years, a new bearing was installed. However the new one failed catastrophically within a few days, generating a huge amount of metallic wear debris and causing pitting on the surface of the cast iron roller. Following the failure, samples were collected from both good and failed bearings. The samples were analyzed chemically and their microstructures examined. Both samples were subjected ...


Wear Failure Of A Leaded Bronze Bearing: Correlation Between Plant Experience And Laboratory Wear Test Data Jun 2003

Wear Failure Of A Leaded Bronze Bearing: Correlation Between Plant Experience And Laboratory Wear Test Data

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

This paper describes an investigation on the failure of a large leaded bronze bearing that supports a nine-ton roller of a plastic calendering machine. At the end of the normal service life of a good bearing, which lasted for seven years, a new bearing was installed. However the new one failed catastrophically within a few days, generating a huge amount of metallic wear debris and causing pitting on the surface of the cast iron roller. Following the failure, samples were collected from both good and failed bearings. The samples were analyzed chemically and their microstructures examined. Both samples were subjected ...


Response Of Ti-6al-4v And Ti-24al-11nb Alloys To Dry Sliding Wear Against Hardened Steel Jun 2002

Response Of Ti-6al-4v And Ti-24al-11nb Alloys To Dry Sliding Wear Against Hardened Steel

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Titanium alloys have been of great interest in recent years because of their very attractive combination of high strength, low density and corrosion resistance. Application of these alloys in areas where wear resistance is also of importance calls for thorough investigations of their tribological properties. In this work, Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-24Al-11Nb alloys were subjected to dry sliding wear against hardened-steel counter bodies and their tribological response was investigated. A pin-on-disc type apparatus was used with a normal load of 15-45N and sliding speed of 1.88 ms -1. In the steady state, it was demonstrated that Ti-24Al-11Nb had a substantially ...


Effect Of Mechanical Factors On Tribological Properties Of Palm Oil Methyl Ester Blended Lubricant Jan 2000

Effect Of Mechanical Factors On Tribological Properties Of Palm Oil Methyl Ester Blended Lubricant

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

The effects of mechanical factors viz. applied load and temperature on the tribological performance of 5% palm oil methyl ester (POME) blended lubricant were studied using a steel-cast iron pair. Wear and frictional measurements were made using a stationary steel ball and a reciprocating cast iron plate in a modified universal wear and friction testing machine. The test conditions were contact pressure, 400 MPa; mean contact velocity, 0.34 m/s; reciprocating stroke, 80 mm; loads, 100-1100 N (fixed temperature); and temperature, 40-140°C (fixed load). Wear scar surfaces were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to understand the wear ...


A Comparative Wear Study On Heat-Treated Aluminium-Lithium Alloy And Pure Aluminium Jan 1999

A Comparative Wear Study On Heat-Treated Aluminium-Lithium Alloy And Pure Aluminium

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Wear behaviour of solution-treated and aged aluminium-lithium alloy (2.5% Li, 2% Cu, 1% Mg and 0.15% Zr) was compared with that of pure aluminium. Wear tests were carried out in ambient air in a pin-on-disc type apparatus under dry sliding conditions using hardened steel disc as the counterbody. A normal load of 10 N and a linear speed of 0.98 m s-1 were used during the tests. Microscopic investigation, microhardness measurement on the subsurface of wear scars on pins, X-ray diffraction study and morphological examination of wear debris were done to elucidate wear mechanism. It has been ...


Study Of The Wear Behaviour Of Al-4.5% Cu-3.4% Fe In Situ Composite: Effect Of Thermal And Mechanical Processing Aug 1995

Study Of The Wear Behaviour Of Al-4.5% Cu-3.4% Fe In Situ Composite: Effect Of Thermal And Mechanical Processing

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Wear behaviour of as-cast and heat-treated spheroidal graphite (SG) cast iron has been studied under dry sliding conditions using a pin-on-disc type apparatus. Wear tests were carried out at a linear sliding speed of 0.88 m s -1, under a constant load of 1.5 kg. All tests were performed in ambient air at room temperature. Extent of wear damage and wear mechanisms were investigated by means of weight loss measurement, optical microscopy, microhardness measurement and X-ray diffractometry on wear debris. The wear rate measured after 9500 m of sliding is found to be about three times higher in ...