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Corrosion Mechanism Of Copper In Palm Biodiesel Feb 2013

Corrosion Mechanism Of Copper In Palm Biodiesel

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Biodiesel is a promising alternative fuel. However, it causes enhanced corrosion of automotive materials, especially of copper based components. In the present study, corrosion mechanism of copper was investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Compositional change of biodiesel due to the exposure of copper was also investigated. Corrosion patina on copper is found to be composed of Cu2O, CuO, Cu(OH)2 and CuCO3. Dissolved O2, H2O, CO2 and RCOO- radical in biodiesel seem to be the leading factors in enhancing the corrosiveness of biodiesel. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


The Wear Behavior Of Cross-Linked Uhmwpe Under Dry And Bovine Calf Serum-Lubricated Conditions Jan 2013

The Wear Behavior Of Cross-Linked Uhmwpe Under Dry And Bovine Calf Serum-Lubricated Conditions

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

The present study was performed to investigate the effects of gamma radiation on the wear behavior of unirradiated and irradiated ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) against Ti-6Al-4V under dry and lubricated conditions at different applied loads. The UHMWPE specimens were exposed directly to nominal doses of 0, 25, 40, 50, and 100 kGy. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis of the worn surface of UHMWPE and Ti-6Al-4V was performed to understand the mechanism of wear involved between the contact surfaces during wear testing. From the wear test results, there were significant differences between the wear of unirradiated UHMWPE and UHMWPE irradiated at 25 ...


The Wear Behavior Of Cross-Linked Uhmwpe Under Dry And Bovine Calf Serum-Lubricated Conditions Dec 2012

The Wear Behavior Of Cross-Linked Uhmwpe Under Dry And Bovine Calf Serum-Lubricated Conditions

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

The present study was performed to investigate the effects of gamma radiation on the wear behavior of unirradiated and irradiated ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) against Ti-6Al-4V under dry and lubricated conditions at different applied loads. The UHMWPE specimens were exposed directly to nominal doses of 0, 25, 40, 50, and 100 kGy. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis of the worn surface of UHMWPE and Ti-6Al-4V was performed to understand the mechanism of wear involved between the contact surfaces during wear testing. From the wear test results, there were significant differences between the wear of unirradiated UHMWPE and UHMWPE irradiated at 25 ...


Degradation Of Automotive Materials In Palm Biodiesel Apr 2012

Degradation Of Automotive Materials In Palm Biodiesel

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

As compared to petroleum diesel, biodiesel is more corrosive for automotive materials. Studies on the characterization of corrosion products of fuel exposed automotive materials are scarce. Automotive fuel system and engine components are made from different ferrous and non-ferrous materials. The present study aims to investigate the corrosion products of different types of automotive materials such as copper, brass, aluminum and cast iron upon exposure to diesel and palm biodiesel. Changes in fuel properties due to exposure of different materials were also examined. Degradation of metal surface was characterized by digital camera, SEM/EDS and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Fuel properties ...


Effects Of Addition Of Copper Particles Of Different Size To Sn-3.5ag Solder Dec 2011

Effects Of Addition Of Copper Particles Of Different Size To Sn-3.5ag Solder

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Different Corrosion Inhibitors On The Corrosion Of Cast Iron In Palm Biodiesel Nov 2011

Effect Of Different Corrosion Inhibitors On The Corrosion Of Cast Iron In Palm Biodiesel

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Biodiesel is currently in regular use as an alternative fuel over conventional petroleum diesel. However, corrosion of automotive materials is one of the concerns related to biodiesel compatibility issues. In addition, auto-oxidation of biodiesel can also enhance the corrosiveness of biodiesel. The present study aims to investigate inhibition effect of ethylenediamine (EDA), n-butylamine (nBA), tert-butylamine (TBA) against corrosion of cast iron. Static immersion tests in biodiesel in the presence (100 ppm) and absence of different corrosion inhibitors were carried out at room temperature for 1200 hours. At the end of the test, corrosion characteristic was investigated by weight loss measurements ...


Effect Of Different Corrosion Inhibitors On The Corrosion Of Cast Iron In Palm Biodiesel Nov 2011

Effect Of Different Corrosion Inhibitors On The Corrosion Of Cast Iron In Palm Biodiesel

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Biodiesel is currently in regular use as an alternative fuel over conventional petroleum diesel. However, corrosion of automotive materials is one of the concerns related to biodiesel compatibility issues. In addition, auto-oxidation of biodiesel can also enhance the corrosiveness of biodiesel. The present study aims to investigate inhibition effect of ethylenediamine (EDA), n-butylamine (nBA), tert-butylamine (TBA) against corrosion of cast iron. Static immersion tests in biodiesel in the presence (100 ppm) and absence of different corrosion inhibitors were carried out at room temperature for 1200 hours. At the end of the test, corrosion characteristic was investigated by weight loss measurements ...


Effect Of Temperature On The Corrosion Behavior Of Mild Steel Upon Exposure To Palm Biodiesel Apr 2011

Effect Of Temperature On The Corrosion Behavior Of Mild Steel Upon Exposure To Palm Biodiesel

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Recently biodiesel, as an alternative fuel is getting more significance to replace diesel fuel completely or partially. However, corrosion of automotive materials in biodiesel is a major concern as this can reduce engine life. This study aims to investigate the corrosion behavior of mild steel at three different temperatures such as room temperature, 50 and 80 °C. Static immersion tests in B0 (diesel), B50 (50% biodiesel in diesel), B100 (biodiesel) were carried out for 1200 h. At the end of the tests, corrosion characteristic was investigated by weight loss measurements and changes of the exposed metal surface. Fuels were analyzed ...


Interfacial Reactions Between Sn-3.5 Ag Solder And Ni-W Alloy Films Jan 2011

Interfacial Reactions Between Sn-3.5 Ag Solder And Ni-W Alloy Films

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Nickel based alloys are currently being investigated in an effort to develop stable barrier films between lead free solder and copper substrate. In this study, interfacial reactions between Ni-W alloy films and Sn-3.5 Ag solder have been investigated. Ni-W alloys films with tungsten content in the range of 5.0-18.0 at.% were prepared on copper substrate by electrodeposition in ammonia citrate bath. Solder joints were prepared on the Ni-W coated substrate at a reflow temperature of 250 °C. The solder joint interface was investigated by Cross-sectional scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and electron back scatter diffraction ...


Interfacial Reaction And Dissolution Behavior Of Cu Substrate In Molten Sn-3.8ag-0.7cu In The Presence Of Mo Nanoparticles Jan 2011

Interfacial Reaction And Dissolution Behavior Of Cu Substrate In Molten Sn-3.8ag-0.7cu In The Presence Of Mo Nanoparticles

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Purpose - In electronic packaging, when solid copper comes in contact with liquid solder alloy, the former dissolves and intermetallic compounds (IMCs) form at the solid-liquid interface. The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of the presence of molybdenum nanoparticles on the dissolution of copper and the formation of interfacial IMC. Design/methodology/approach - Cu wire having a diameter of 250 μm is immersed in liquid composite solders at 250° up to 15 min. Composite solder was prepared by adding various amount of Mo nanoparticles into the Sn-3.8Ag-0.7Cu (SAC) solder paste. The dissolution behavior of Cu ...


Failure Analysis Of Retrieved Uhmwpe Tibial Insert In Total Knee Replacement Dec 2010

Failure Analysis Of Retrieved Uhmwpe Tibial Insert In Total Knee Replacement

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

This study involves the failure analysis of an ultra high molecular polyethylene (UHMWPE) tibial insert from Apollo® Total Knee System, which was removed after 10. years of service from 70. years old female patient. The tibial insert was investigated by using a stereoscope, scanning electron microscope (SEM), infinite focus microscope (IFM) and energy disperse spectroscopy (EDS) to characterize the morphology and composition of the bearing surface. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier transform spectroscopy (FTIR) were employed to characterize the degradation and crystallinity of the component. Gel-permeation chromatography (GPC) was used to measure the polyethylene tibial insert molecular weight. Results ...


Comparative Corrosive Characteristics Of Petroleum Diesel And Palm Biodiesel For Automotive Materials Oct 2010

Comparative Corrosive Characteristics Of Petroleum Diesel And Palm Biodiesel For Automotive Materials

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Corrosive characteristics of biodiesel are important for long term durability of engine parts. The present study aims to compare the corrosion behavior of aluminum, copper and stainless steel in both petroleum diesel and palm biodiesel. Immersion tests in biodiesel (B100) and diesel (B0) were carried out at 80 °C for 1200 h. At the end of the test, corrosion characteristic was investigated by weight loss measurements and changes on the exposed metal surface. Surface morphology was examined by optical microscope and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM/EDS). Fuels were analyzed by using TAN analyzer, FTIR, GCMS ...


Compatibility Of Elastomers In Palm Biodiesel Oct 2010

Compatibility Of Elastomers In Palm Biodiesel

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

In recent time, environmental awareness and concern over the rapid exhaustion of fossil fuels have led to an increased popularity of biodiesel as an alternative fuel for automobiles. However, there are concerns over enhanced degradation of automotive materials in biodiesel. The present study aims to investigate the impact of palm biodiesel on the degradation behavior of elastomers such as nitrile rubber (NBR), polychloroprene, and fluoro-viton A. Static immersion tests in B0 (diesel), B10 (10% biodiesel in diesel), B100 (biodiesel) were carried out at room temperature (25 °C) and at 50 °C for 500 h. At the end of immersion test ...


Influence Of Ni Nanoparticle On The Morphology And Growth Of Interfacial Intermetallic Compounds Between Apr 2010

Influence Of Ni Nanoparticle On The Morphology And Growth Of Interfacial Intermetallic Compounds Between

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

TiO2 thin films were deposited on unheated and heated glass substrates at an elevated sputtering pressure of 3 Pa by radio frequency (RF) reactive magnetron sputtering. TiO2 films deposited at room temperature were annealed in air for 1 h at various temperatures ranging from 300 to 600 °C. The structural and optical properties of the thin films were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and ultraviolet-visible-near infrared (UV-VIS-NIR) spectrophotometry. XRD results show that as-grown and post-annealed TiO2 films have anatase crystal structure. Higher substrate and annealing temperatures result in a slight increase of crystallinity. TiO2 ...


Study Of The Wear Behaviour Of Al-4.5% Cu-3.4% Fe In Situ Composite: Effect Of Thermal And Mechanical Processing Feb 2007

Study Of The Wear Behaviour Of Al-4.5% Cu-3.4% Fe In Situ Composite: Effect Of Thermal And Mechanical Processing

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Al-Cu-based MMCs reinforced by Al-Fe intermetallics are investigated for their wear behaviour. The composite (Al-4.5 mass% Cu-3.4 mass% Fe) was produced by solidification processing where the Al-Fe-based intermetallic formed in situ in a matrix of mainly Al-Cu alloy. The effects of thermal and mechanical processing, viz., as-cast condition, solution treatment, aging and hot rolling on the wear behaviour of the composites were examined. The composites were characterized by optical microscopy, SEM, microhardness measurements and X-ray diffraction. The wear behaviour of the composites was studied in a pin-on-disc type wear apparatus. The as-cast in situ composite exhibited the highest ...


Tribo-Surface Characteristics Of Al-B4c And Al-Sic Composites Worn Under Different Contact Pressures Sep 2006

Tribo-Surface Characteristics Of Al-B4c And Al-Sic Composites Worn Under Different Contact Pressures

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Tribo-surface characteristics of two aluminium metal matrix composites (Al-MMC) of compositions Al-13 vol%B4C and Al-13 vol%SiC sliding against a commercial phenolic brake pad have been investigated under dry conditions. The wear tests were carried out using a pin-on-disc type apparatus at a linear speed of 1.62 m s-1 under contact pressures ranging from 0.75 to 3.00 MPa. The coefficient of friction was recorded on line. Wear rates were calculated from mass loss measurements. Scanning electron microscope equipped with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy was used to examine the tribo-surface. It is found that wear rate of ...


Chemical And Structural Nature Of Tribo-Surface Of Aluminium-Sic Composites At Nanometre And Micrometre Length Scales Jun 2006

Chemical And Structural Nature Of Tribo-Surface Of Aluminium-Sic Composites At Nanometre And Micrometre Length Scales

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

The worn surface of Al-SiC metal matrix composites (MMC) sliding against phenolic brake pad at a linear sliding speed of 1.62 m s-1 under contact pressures of 0.75-3.00 MPa in a pin-on-disc apparatus was investigated. XPS was used to extract information from the top few nanometres of the worn surface, while scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (SEM-EDX) provided information from within a few micrometres. Results reveal that the surface of Al-SiC undergoes significant chemical and physical changes during wear. The tribo-surface on Al-SiC is converted into a mixture that contains the constituents of Al-SiC ...


Velocity Effects On The Wear, Friction And Tribochemistry Of Aluminum Mmc Sliding Against Phenolic Brake Pad Jun 2004

Velocity Effects On The Wear, Friction And Tribochemistry Of Aluminum Mmc Sliding Against Phenolic Brake Pad

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Two aluminum metal matrix composites (MMC) reinforced with 13 vol.% of SiC or B4C particles were made by stir casting followed by hot extrusion. Effects of sliding velocity on the wear, friction and tribochemistry of the worn surfaces of both composites sliding against a commercial phenolic brake pad have been investigated under dry condition. The wear tests were carried out using a pin-on-disc type apparatus at two linear sliding speeds: 1.62 and 4.17 m s-1 under a constant contact pressure of 0.75 MPa for a sliding distance of 5832 m. The coefficient of friction was recorded and ...


Velocity Effects On The Wear, Friction And Tribochemistry Of Aluminum Mmc Sliding Against Phenolic Brake Pad May 2004

Velocity Effects On The Wear, Friction And Tribochemistry Of Aluminum Mmc Sliding Against Phenolic Brake Pad

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Two aluminum metal matrix composites (MMC) reinforced with 13 vol.% of SiC or B4C particles were made by stir casting followed by hot extrusion. Effects of sliding velocity on the wear, friction and tribochemistry of the worn surfaces of both composites sliding against a commercial phenolic brake pad have been investigated under dry condition. The wear tests were carried out using a pin-on-disc type apparatus at two linear sliding speeds: 1.62 and 4.17 m s-1 under a constant contact pressure of 0.75 MPa for a sliding distance of 5832 m. The coefficient of friction was recorded and ...


Microstructure And Interface Characteristics Of B4c, Sic And Al2o3 Reinforced Al Matrix Composites: A Comparative Study Dec 2003

Microstructure And Interface Characteristics Of B4c, Sic And Al2o3 Reinforced Al Matrix Composites: A Comparative Study

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Three aluminium metal matrix composites containing reinforcing particles of B4C, SiC and Al2O3 (0-20vol.%) were processed. The stir-casting manufacturing route followed by hot extrusion was utilized, being one of the cost-effective industrial methods. A clear interfacial reaction product/layer was found at Al-SiC interface for composites held for a relatively long processing time (>30 min). No reaction product was observed at Al-B4C and Al-Al2O3 interfaces at the resolution limit of the SEM used. On the other hand, two secondary phases (alumina and another phase containing aluminium, boron and carbon) were found in the aluminum matrix away from the interface in ...


Microstructure And Interface Characteristics Of B4c, Sic And Al2o3 Reinforced Al Matrix Composites: A Comparative Study Dec 2003

Microstructure And Interface Characteristics Of B4c, Sic And Al2o3 Reinforced Al Matrix Composites: A Comparative Study

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Three aluminium metal matrix composites containing reinforcing particles of B4C, SiC and Al2O3 (0-20vol.%) were processed. The stir-casting manufacturing route followed by hot extrusion was utilized, being one of the cost-effective industrial methods. A clear interfacial reaction product/layer was found at Al-SiC interface for composites held for a relatively long processing time (>30 min). No reaction product was observed at Al-B4C and Al-Al2O3 interfaces at the resolution limit of the SEM used. On the other hand, two secondary phases (alumina and another phase containing aluminium, boron and carbon) were found in the aluminum matrix away from the interface in ...


Wear Failure Of A Leaded Bronze Bearing: Correlation Between Plant Experience And Laboratory Wear Test Data Jun 2003

Wear Failure Of A Leaded Bronze Bearing: Correlation Between Plant Experience And Laboratory Wear Test Data

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

This paper describes an investigation on the failure of a large leaded bronze bearing that supports a nine-ton roller of a plastic calendering machine. At the end of the normal service life of a good bearing, which lasted for seven years, a new bearing was installed. However the new one failed catastrophically within a few days, generating a huge amount of metallic wear debris and causing pitting on the surface of the cast iron roller. Following the failure, samples were collected from both good and failed bearings. The samples were analyzed chemically and their microstructures examined. Both samples were subjected ...


Wear Failure Of A Leaded Bronze Bearing: Correlation Between Plant Experience And Laboratory Wear Test Data Jun 2003

Wear Failure Of A Leaded Bronze Bearing: Correlation Between Plant Experience And Laboratory Wear Test Data

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

This paper describes an investigation on the failure of a large leaded bronze bearing that supports a nine-ton roller of a plastic calendering machine. At the end of the normal service life of a good bearing, which lasted for seven years, a new bearing was installed. However the new one failed catastrophically within a few days, generating a huge amount of metallic wear debris and causing pitting on the surface of the cast iron roller. Following the failure, samples were collected from both good and failed bearings. The samples were analyzed chemically and their microstructures examined. Both samples were subjected ...


Wear Failure Of A Leaded Bronze Bearing: Correlation Between Plant Experience And Laboratory Wear Test Data Jun 2003

Wear Failure Of A Leaded Bronze Bearing: Correlation Between Plant Experience And Laboratory Wear Test Data

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

This paper describes an investigation on the failure of a large leaded bronze bearing that supports a nine-ton roller of a plastic calendering machine. At the end of the normal service life of a good bearing, which lasted for seven years, a new bearing was installed. However the new one failed catastrophically within a few days, generating a huge amount of metallic wear debris and causing pitting on the surface of the cast iron roller. Following the failure, samples were collected from both good and failed bearings. The samples were analyzed chemically and their microstructures examined. Both samples were subjected ...


On The Nature Of The Electrochemically Synthesized Hard Fe-0.96 Mass Pct C Alloy Film Dec 2002

On The Nature Of The Electrochemically Synthesized Hard Fe-0.96 Mass Pct C Alloy Film

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

A hard Fe-0.96 mass pet C alloy with a hardness value of 810 HV has been electrochemically synthesized from a ferrous sulfate bath containing a small amount of citric acid and L-ascorbic acid. The nature of the alloy has been investigated by a number of techniques, including X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Mössbauer spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and magnetic measurements. The decomposition behavior of the alloy is also studied and compared with that of thermally prepared martensite. It has been found that the electrochemically deposited Fe-C alloy exists ...


On The Nature Of The Electrochemically Synthesized Hard Fe-0.96 Mass Pct C Alloy Film Nov 2002

On The Nature Of The Electrochemically Synthesized Hard Fe-0.96 Mass Pct C Alloy Film

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

A hard Fe-0.96 mass pet C alloy with a hardness value of 810 HV has been electrochemically synthesized from a ferrous sulfate bath containing a small amount of citric acid and L-ascorbic acid. The nature of the alloy has been investigated by a number of techniques, including X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Mössbauer spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and magnetic measurements. The decomposition behavior of the alloy is also studied and compared with that of thermally prepared martensite. It has been found that the electrochemically deposited Fe-C alloy exists ...


Effect Of Mechanical Factors On Tribological Properties Of Palm Oil Methyl Ester Blended Lubricant Jan 2000

Effect Of Mechanical Factors On Tribological Properties Of Palm Oil Methyl Ester Blended Lubricant

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

The effects of mechanical factors viz. applied load and temperature on the tribological performance of 5% palm oil methyl ester (POME) blended lubricant were studied using a steel-cast iron pair. Wear and frictional measurements were made using a stationary steel ball and a reciprocating cast iron plate in a modified universal wear and friction testing machine. The test conditions were contact pressure, 400 MPa; mean contact velocity, 0.34 m/s; reciprocating stroke, 80 mm; loads, 100-1100 N (fixed temperature); and temperature, 40-140°C (fixed load). Wear scar surfaces were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to understand the wear ...