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Probe-Pulse Optimization For Nonresonant Suppression In Hybrid Fs/Ps Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering At High Temperature, Joseph D. Miller, Mikhail N. Slipchenko, Terrence R. Meyer Nov 2015

Probe-Pulse Optimization For Nonresonant Suppression In Hybrid Fs/Ps Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering At High Temperature, Joseph D. Miller, Mikhail N. Slipchenko, Terrence R. Meyer

Terrence R Meyer

Hybrid femtosecond/picosecond coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (fs/ps CARS) offers accurate thermometry at kHz rates for combustion diagnostics. In high-temperature flames, selection of probe-pulse characteristics is key to simultaneously optimizing signal-to-nonresonant-background ratio, signal strength, and spectral resolution. We demonstrate a simple method for enhancing signal-to-nonresonant-background ratio by using a narrowband Lorentzian filter to generate a time-asymmetric probe pulse with full-width-half-maximum (FWHM) pulse width of only 240 fs. This allows detection within just 310 fs after the Raman excitation for eliminating nonresonant background while retaining 45% of the resonant signal at 2000 K. The narrow linewidth is comparable to that ...


Particle Swarm Optimization Approach For Maximizing The Yield Of A Coal Preparation Plant, Vishal Gupta, Hussain Unjawala, Ajay Mohan Mahajan, Manoj Mohanty Apr 2015

Particle Swarm Optimization Approach For Maximizing The Yield Of A Coal Preparation Plant, Vishal Gupta, Hussain Unjawala, Ajay Mohan Mahajan, Manoj Mohanty

Dr. Ajay Mahajan

This paper presents the use of particle swarm optimization to maximize the clean coal yield of a coal preparation plant that typically has multiple cleaning circuits that produce the same product quality so that the blend of clean coal meets the targeted product quality contraints. Particle swarm is used for the yield optimization while satisfying multiple product quality restraints. The results show a 2.73% increase in the yield can be achieved leading to additional revenue of $5,460,000 per annum for a plant producing 10 million tons of clean coal per year without significantly adding to the implementation ...


Multiple-Objective Optimization In Precision Laser Cutting Of Different Thermoplastics Apr 2015

Multiple-Objective Optimization In Precision Laser Cutting Of Different Thermoplastics

Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya

Thermoplastics are increasingly being used in biomedical, automotive and electronics industries due to their excellent physical and chemical properties. Due to the localized and non-contact process, use of lasers for cutting could result in precise cut with small heat-affected zone (HAZ). Precision laser cutting involving various materials is important in high-volume manufacturing processes to minimize operational cost, error reduction and improve product quality. This study uses grey relational analysis to determine a single optimized set of cutting parameters for three different thermoplastics. The set of the optimized processing parameters is determined based on the highest relational grade and was found ...


Dimensional Synthesis Of Four Bar Mechanism Using Genetic Algorithm, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, S. S. Shete, S. A. Kulkarni Mar 2015

Dimensional Synthesis Of Four Bar Mechanism Using Genetic Algorithm, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, S. S. Shete, S. A. Kulkarni

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

The dimensional synthesis is done by using Genetic Algorithm to achieve a desired trajectory. Three problems are analyzed having different curvature. The program is authored in MATLAB® 2010a. The error is seen to be in the permissible prescribed limit. The prototyping of straight line trajectory analysis is also done in ADAMS®


Research On Optimization Of Plunge Centerless Grinding Process Using Genetic Algorithm And Response Surface Method, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Phan Bui Khoi, Do Duc Trung, Ngo Cuong, Nguyen Dinh Man Mar 2015

Research On Optimization Of Plunge Centerless Grinding Process Using Genetic Algorithm And Response Surface Method, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Phan Bui Khoi, Do Duc Trung, Ngo Cuong, Nguyen Dinh Man

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

This paper presents the research on optimization of plunge centerless grinding process when grind 20X – carbon infiltration steel (ГOCT standard - Russia) to achieve minimum of roundness error value. The input parameters are center height angle of the workpiece (  ), longitudinal grinding wheel dressing feed-rate ( Ssd ), plunge feed-rate ( k S ) and control wheel velocity ( dd v ). Using the result of 29 runs in Central Composite Design matrix to given the second order roundness error model. Genetic algorithm and Response surface method were used to focus on determination of optimum centerless grinding above parameters for minimization of roundness error for each methods.


Electrospinning Of Polymethyl Methacrylate Nanofibers: Optimization Of Processing Parameters Using The Taguchi Design Of Experiments Mar 2015

Electrospinning Of Polymethyl Methacrylate Nanofibers: Optimization Of Processing Parameters Using The Taguchi Design Of Experiments

Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya

The effects of polymer concentration and electrospinning parameters on the diameter of electrospun polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) fibers were experimentally investigated. It was also studied how the controlled factors would affect the output with the intention of finding the optimal electrospinning settings in order to obtain the smallest PMMA fiber diameter. Subsequently the solution feed rate, needle gauge diameter, supply voltage, polymer concentration and tip-to-collector distance were considered as the control factors. To achieve these aims, Taguchi's mixed-level parameter design (L-18) was employed for the experimental design. Optimal electrospinning conditions were determined using the signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio that was ...


Optimizing The Robot Arm Movement Time Using Virtual Reality Robotic Teaching System Feb 2015

Optimizing The Robot Arm Movement Time Using Virtual Reality Robotic Teaching System

Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya

Robots play an important role in performing operations such as welding, drilling and screwing parts in manufacturing. Optimizing the robot arm movement time between different points is an important task which will minimize the make-span and maximize the production rate. But robot programming is a complex task whereby the user needs to teach and control the robot in order to perform a desired action. In order to address the above problem, an integrated 3-dimensional (3D) simulation software and virtual reality (VR) system is developed to simplify and speed up tasks and therefore enhance the quality of manufacturing processes. This system ...


Effective Utilization Of Excess Energy In Standalone Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems For Improving Comfort Ability And Reducing Cost Of Energy: A Review And Analysis Feb 2015

Effective Utilization Of Excess Energy In Standalone Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems For Improving Comfort Ability And Reducing Cost Of Energy: A Review And Analysis

Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya

One of the features that characterize renewable energy sources is their variability and intermittency. Intermittency covers both the predictable and unpredictable variations of their power outputs and uncertainty in the power availability. To overcome the drawback of intermittency, special design considerations should be taken into account. These additional design considerations increases the overall cost of the renewable energy systems. Adding storage system and/or backup source to the renewable sources is one of the measures used to guarantee the continuity of power supply to the loads, and therefore improve the reliability of the renewable energy systems. The operation of renewable ...


Fuzzy Logic Based Model For Predicting Surface Roughness Of Machined Al-Si-Cu-Fe Die Casting Alloy Using Different Additives-Turning Jan 2015

Fuzzy Logic Based Model For Predicting Surface Roughness Of Machined Al-Si-Cu-Fe Die Casting Alloy Using Different Additives-Turning

Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya

This paper presents a fuzzy logic artificial intelligence technique for predicting the machining performance of Al-Si-Cu-Fe die casting alloy treated with different additives including strontium, bismuth and antimony to improve surface roughness. The Pareto-ANOVA optimization method was used to obtain the optimum parameter conditions for the machining process. Experiments were carried out using oblique dry CNC turning. The machining parameters of cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut were optimized according to surface roughness values. The results indicated that a cutting speed of 250 m/min, a feed rate of 0.05 mm/rev, and a depth of cut ...


Effect Of Alcohol-Gasoline Blends Optimization On Fuel Properties, Performance And Emissions Of A Si Engine Jan 2015

Effect Of Alcohol-Gasoline Blends Optimization On Fuel Properties, Performance And Emissions Of A Si Engine

Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya

This study, as an observation, put its utmost effort to emphasize on the development of various physicochemical properties using multiple alcohols (C-2 to C-6) at different ratios compared to that of the conventional ethanol gasoline blend. To optimize the properties of multiple alcohol-gasoline blends, properties of each fuel were measured first. An optimization tool of Microsoft Excel "Solver" was used for obtaining the optimum blend. Using optimizing tool, three optimum blend ratios were selected which possessed maximum heating value (MaxH), maximum research octane number (MaxR) and maximum petroleum displacement (MaxD). These blends were used for testing in a four cylinder ...


Optimizing Cutting Parameters In Inclined End Milling For Minimum Surface Residual Stress - Taguchi Approach Jan 2015

Optimizing Cutting Parameters In Inclined End Milling For Minimum Surface Residual Stress - Taguchi Approach

Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya

End milling is an important and common machining operation because of its versatility and capability to produce various profiles and curved surfaces. Inclined end milling possesses the capability to translate in all 3 axes but can perform the cutting operation in only 2 of the 3 axes at a time. This research work focuses on investigating the effect of machined surface inclination angle, axial depth of cut, spindle speed and feed rate for better surface integrity in inclined end milling process utilizing titanium coated carbide ball end mill. An optimization method known as Taguchi optimization was used in order to ...


Review Of Improvements In Wire Electrode Properties For Longer Working Time And Utilization In Wire Edm Machining Jan 2015

Review Of Improvements In Wire Electrode Properties For Longer Working Time And Utilization In Wire Edm Machining

Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya

Wire electrical discharge machining (WEDM) is an important technology, which demands high-speed cutting and high-precision machining to realize productivity and improved accuracy for manufacturing hard materials. WEDM has experienced explosive growth and complexity of equipment as well as rising demand for the basic process tool (the wire electrode). Greater taper angles, thicker workpieces, automatic wire threading, and long periods of unattended operation make the selection of the ideal wire a much more critical basis for achieving successful operation. This paper focuses on the evolution of EDM wire electrode technologies from using copper to the widely employed brass wire electrodes and ...


Investigating The Electrical Discharge Machining (Edm) Parameter Effects On Al-Mg2si Metal Matrix Composite (Mmc) For High Material Removal Rate (Mrr) And Less Ewr-Rsm Approach Jan 2015

Investigating The Electrical Discharge Machining (Edm) Parameter Effects On Al-Mg2si Metal Matrix Composite (Mmc) For High Material Removal Rate (Mrr) And Less Ewr-Rsm Approach

Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya

Al-Mg2Si composite is a new group of metalmatrix composites (MMCs). Electrical discharge machining (EDM) is a nonconventional machining process for machining electrically conductive materials regardless of hardness, strength and temperature resistance, complex shapes, fine surface finish/textures and accurate dimensions. A copper electrode and oil-based dielectric fluid mixed with aluminum powder were used. The polarity of electrode was positive. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to analyze EDM of this composite material. This research illustrates the effect of input variables (voltage, current, pulse ON time, and duty factor) on material removal rate (MRR), electrode wear ratio (EWR), and microstructure changes ...


A Three-Dimensional Inverse Finite Element Analysis Of The Heel Pad, Snehal Chokhandre, Jason P. Halloran, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, Ahmet Erdemir Dec 2013

A Three-Dimensional Inverse Finite Element Analysis Of The Heel Pad, Snehal Chokhandre, Jason P. Halloran, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, Ahmet Erdemir

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Quantification of plantar tissue behavior of the heel pad is essential in developing computational models for predictive analysis of preventive treatment options such as footwear for patients with diabetes. Simulation based studies in the past have generally adopted heel pad properties from the literature, in return using heel-specific geometry with material properties of a different heel. In exceptional cases, patient-specific material characterization was performed with simplified two-dimensional models, without further evaluation of a heel-specific response under different loading conditions. The aim of this study was to conduct an inverse finite element analysis of the heel in order to calculate heel-specific ...