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Mechanical Engineering

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Copper

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Corrosion Mechanism Of Copper In Palm Biodiesel Feb 2013

Corrosion Mechanism Of Copper In Palm Biodiesel

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Biodiesel is a promising alternative fuel. However, it causes enhanced corrosion of automotive materials, especially of copper based components. In the present study, corrosion mechanism of copper was investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Compositional change of biodiesel due to the exposure of copper was also investigated. Corrosion patina on copper is found to be composed of Cu2O, CuO, Cu(OH)2 and CuCO3. Dissolved O2, H2O, CO2 and RCOO- radical in biodiesel seem to be the leading factors in enhancing the corrosiveness of biodiesel. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


Effects Of Reflow On The Interfacial Characteristics Between Zn Nanoparticles Containing Sn-3.8ag-0.7cu Solder And Copper Substrate Jan 2013

Effects Of Reflow On The Interfacial Characteristics Between Zn Nanoparticles Containing Sn-3.8ag-0.7cu Solder And Copper Substrate

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of zinc (Zn) nanoparticles on the interfacial intermetallic compounds (IMCs) between Sn-3.8Ag-0.7Cu (SAC) solder and Cu substrate during multiple reflow. Design/methodology/approach - The nanocomposite solders were prepared by manually mixing of SAC solder paste with varying amounts of Zn nanoparticles. The solder pastes were reflowed on a hotplate at 250 C for 45 s for up to six times. The actual Zn content after reflow was analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). The wetting behavior of the solders was characterized by analyzing the contact ...


Effects Of Reflow On The Interfacial Characteristics Between Zn Nanoparticles Containing Sn-3.8ag-0.7cu Solder And Copper Substrate Jan 2013

Effects Of Reflow On The Interfacial Characteristics Between Zn Nanoparticles Containing Sn-3.8ag-0.7cu Solder And Copper Substrate

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of zinc (Zn) nanoparticles on the interfacial intermetallic compounds (IMCs) between Sn-3.8Ag-0.7Cu (SAC) solder and Cu substrate during multiple reflow. Design/methodology/approach - The nanocomposite solders were prepared by manually mixing of SAC solder paste with varying amounts of Zn nanoparticles. The solder pastes were reflowed on a hotplate at 250 C for 45 s for up to six times. The actual Zn content after reflow was analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). The wetting behavior of the solders was characterized by analyzing the contact ...


Effects Of Reflow On The Interfacial Characteristics Between Zn Nanoparticles Containing Sn-3.8ag-0.7cu Solder And Copper Substrate Jan 2013

Effects Of Reflow On The Interfacial Characteristics Between Zn Nanoparticles Containing Sn-3.8ag-0.7cu Solder And Copper Substrate

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of zinc (Zn) nanoparticles on the interfacial intermetallic compounds (IMCs) between Sn-3.8Ag-0.7Cu (SAC) solder and Cu substrate during multiple reflow. Design/methodology/approach - The nanocomposite solders were prepared by manually mixing of SAC solder paste with varying amounts of Zn nanoparticles. The solder pastes were reflowed on a hotplate at 250 C for 45 s for up to six times. The actual Zn content after reflow was analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). The wetting behavior of the solders was characterized by analyzing the contact ...


Degradation Of Automotive Materials In Palm Biodiesel Apr 2012

Degradation Of Automotive Materials In Palm Biodiesel

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

As compared to petroleum diesel, biodiesel is more corrosive for automotive materials. Studies on the characterization of corrosion products of fuel exposed automotive materials are scarce. Automotive fuel system and engine components are made from different ferrous and non-ferrous materials. The present study aims to investigate the corrosion products of different types of automotive materials such as copper, brass, aluminum and cast iron upon exposure to diesel and palm biodiesel. Changes in fuel properties due to exposure of different materials were also examined. Degradation of metal surface was characterized by digital camera, SEM/EDS and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Fuel properties ...


Stability Of Molybdenum Nanoparticles In Sn-3.8ag-0.7cu Solder During Multiple Reflow And Their Influence On Interfacial Intermetallic Compounds Feb 2012

Stability Of Molybdenum Nanoparticles In Sn-3.8ag-0.7cu Solder During Multiple Reflow And Their Influence On Interfacial Intermetallic Compounds

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

This work investigates the effects of molybdenum nanoparticles on the growth of interfacial intermetallic compound between Sn-3.8Ag-0.7Cu solder and copper substrate during multiple reflow. Molybdenum nanoparticles were mixed with Sn-3.8Ag-0.7Cu solder paste by manual mixing. Solder samples were reflowed on a copper substrate in a 250 °C reflow oven up to six times. The molybdenum content of the bulk solder was determined by inductive coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry. It is found that upon the addition of molybdenum nanoparticles to Sn-3.8Ag-0.7Cu solder, the interfacial intermetallic compound thickness and scallop diameter decreases under all reflow conditions ...


Die Attach Properties Of Zn-Al-Mg-Ga Based High-Temperature Lead-Free Solder On Cu Lead-Frame Jan 2012

Die Attach Properties Of Zn-Al-Mg-Ga Based High-Temperature Lead-Free Solder On Cu Lead-Frame

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Addition Of Copper Particles Of Different Size To Sn-3.5ag Solder Dec 2011

Effects Of Addition Of Copper Particles Of Different Size To Sn-3.5ag Solder

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

No abstract provided.


Interfacial Reaction And Dissolution Behavior Of Cu Substrate In Molten Sn-3.8ag-0.7cu In The Presence Of Mo Nanoparticles Jan 2011

Interfacial Reaction And Dissolution Behavior Of Cu Substrate In Molten Sn-3.8ag-0.7cu In The Presence Of Mo Nanoparticles

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Purpose - In electronic packaging, when solid copper comes in contact with liquid solder alloy, the former dissolves and intermetallic compounds (IMCs) form at the solid-liquid interface. The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of the presence of molybdenum nanoparticles on the dissolution of copper and the formation of interfacial IMC. Design/methodology/approach - Cu wire having a diameter of 250 μm is immersed in liquid composite solders at 250° up to 15 min. Composite solder was prepared by adding various amount of Mo nanoparticles into the Sn-3.8Ag-0.7Cu (SAC) solder paste. The dissolution behavior of Cu ...


Understanding The Effects Of Addition Of Copper Nanoparticles To Sn-3.5 Ag Solder Jan 2011

Understanding The Effects Of Addition Of Copper Nanoparticles To Sn-3.5 Ag Solder

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to focus on the fabrication of SAC nanocomposites solder and discuss the effects of nanoCu addition on the structure and properties of resulted nanocomposite solder. Design/methodology/ approach - Ball milling is a nonequilibrium processing technique for producing composite metal particles with submicron homogeneity by the repeated cold welding and fracture of powder particles. This method is believed to offer good processablity, precise control over the solder composition, and produce more homogeneous mixture. Findings - It is found that the melting temperature, the wetting behaviour, and hardness are improved when the Cu nanoparticles are added ...


Comparative Corrosive Characteristics Of Petroleum Diesel And Palm Biodiesel For Automotive Materials Oct 2010

Comparative Corrosive Characteristics Of Petroleum Diesel And Palm Biodiesel For Automotive Materials

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Corrosive characteristics of biodiesel are important for long term durability of engine parts. The present study aims to compare the corrosion behavior of aluminum, copper and stainless steel in both petroleum diesel and palm biodiesel. Immersion tests in biodiesel (B100) and diesel (B0) were carried out at 80 °C for 1200 h. At the end of the test, corrosion characteristic was investigated by weight loss measurements and changes on the exposed metal surface. Surface morphology was examined by optical microscope and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM/EDS). Fuels were analyzed by using TAN analyzer, FTIR, GCMS ...


Corrosion Characteristics Of Copper And Leaded Bronze In Palm Biodiesel Mar 2010

Corrosion Characteristics Of Copper And Leaded Bronze In Palm Biodiesel

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Biodiesel has become more attractive as alternative fuel for automobiles because of its environmental benefits and the fact that it is made from renewable sources. However, corrosion of metals in biodiesel is one of the concerns related to biodiesel compatibility issues. This study aims to characterize the corrosion behavior of commercial pure copper and leaded bronze commonly encountered in the automotive fuel system in diesel engine. Static immersion tests in B0, B50 and B100 fuels were carried out at room temperature for 2640 h. Similar immersion tests in B0, B100 and B100 (oxidized) fuels were also conducted at 60 °C ...


Fretting Wear Of Metallic Multilayer Films Jan 2003

Fretting Wear Of Metallic Multilayer Films

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Fretting wear behaviour of electrodeposited Cu/Ni multilayer films with 10 and 5 nm thick sublayers has been investigated against a hardened steel ball as the counter body and compared with that of the constituents, Cu and Ni. The wear tests were carried out by using a ball-on-flat geometry at a translation frequency of 8 Hz and slip amplitude of 100 μm. Friction force was recorded on line during the tests. At the end of the tests, the wear scars were examined by laser surface profilometry, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis. It has been observed that the ...