Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Digital Commons Network

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

PDF

Mechanical Engineering

Selected Works

2015

Institution
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 329

Full-Text Articles in Entire DC Network

Numerical-Analytical Assessment On Solar Chimney Power Plant, Nima Fathi, Seyed Sobhan Aleyasin, Peter Vorobieff Dec 2015

Numerical-Analytical Assessment On Solar Chimney Power Plant, Nima Fathi, Seyed Sobhan Aleyasin, Peter Vorobieff

Nima Fathi

This study considers an appropriate expression to estimate the output power of solar chimney power plant systems (SCPPS). Recently several mathematical models of a solar chimney power plant were derived, studied for a variety of boundary conditions, and compared against CFD calculations. An important concern for modeling SCPPS is about the accuracy of the derived pressure drop and output power equation. To elucidate the matter, axisymmetric CFD analysis was performed to model the solar chimney power plant and calculate the output power for different available solar irradiation. Both analytical and numerical results were compared against the available experimental data from ...


U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply For A Bioenergy And Bioproducts Industry, Robert D. Perlack, Laurence M. Eaton, Anthony F. Turhollow Jr., Matt H. Langholtz, Craig C. Brandt, Mark E. Downing, Robin L. Graham, Lynn L. Wright, Jacob M. Kavkewitz, Anna M. Shamey, Richard G. Nelson, Bryce J. Stokes, William L. Rooney, David J. Muth Jr., J. Richard Hess, Jared M. Abodeely, Chad Hellwinckel, Danial De La Torre Ugarte, Daniel C. Yoder, James P. Lyon, Timothy G. Rials, Timothy A. Volk, Thomas S. Buchholz, Lawrence P. Abrahamson, Robert P. Anex, Thomas B. Voigt, William Berguson, Don E. Riemenschneider, Douglas Karlen, Jane M. F. Johnson, Robert B. Mitchell, Kenneth P. Vogel, Edward P. Richard Jr., John Tatarko, Larry E. Wagner, Kenneth E. Skog, Patricia K. Lebow, Dennis P. Dykstra, Marilyn A. Buford, Patrick D. Miles, D. Andrew Scott, James H. Perdue, Robert B. Rummer, Jamie Barbour, John A. Stanturf, David B. Mckeever, Ronald S. Zalesny Jr., Edmund A. Gee, P. Daniel Cassidy, David Lightle Dec 2015

U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply For A Bioenergy And Bioproducts Industry, Robert D. Perlack, Laurence M. Eaton, Anthony F. Turhollow Jr., Matt H. Langholtz, Craig C. Brandt, Mark E. Downing, Robin L. Graham, Lynn L. Wright, Jacob M. Kavkewitz, Anna M. Shamey, Richard G. Nelson, Bryce J. Stokes, William L. Rooney, David J. Muth Jr., J. Richard Hess, Jared M. Abodeely, Chad Hellwinckel, Danial De La Torre Ugarte, Daniel C. Yoder, James P. Lyon, Timothy G. Rials, Timothy A. Volk, Thomas S. Buchholz, Lawrence P. Abrahamson, Robert P. Anex, Thomas B. Voigt, William Berguson, Don E. Riemenschneider, Douglas Karlen, Jane M. F. Johnson, Robert B. Mitchell, Kenneth P. Vogel, Edward P. Richard Jr., John Tatarko, Larry E. Wagner, Kenneth E. Skog, Patricia K. Lebow, Dennis P. Dykstra, Marilyn A. Buford, Patrick D. Miles, D. Andrew Scott, James H. Perdue, Robert B. Rummer, Jamie Barbour, John A. Stanturf, David B. Mckeever, Ronald S. Zalesny Jr., Edmund A. Gee, P. Daniel Cassidy, David Lightle

Douglas L Karlen

The Report, Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply (generally referred to as the Billion-Ton Study or 2005 BTS), was an estimate of “potential” biomass within the contiguous United States based on numerous assumptions about current and future inventory and production capacity, availability, and technology. In the 2005 BTS, a strategic analysis was undertaken to determine if U.S. agriculture and forest resources have the capability to potentially produce at least one billion dry tons of biomass annually, in a sustainable manner—enough to displace approximately 30% of the country ...


Probing The Roles Of Polymeric Separators In Lithium-Ion Battery Capacity Fade At Elevated Temperatures, Jianchao Chen, Yongda Yan, Tao Sun, Yue Qi, Xiaodong Li Dec 2015

Probing The Roles Of Polymeric Separators In Lithium-Ion Battery Capacity Fade At Elevated Temperatures, Jianchao Chen, Yongda Yan, Tao Sun, Yue Qi, Xiaodong Li

Xiaodong Li

The high temperature mechanical property of separators is very important for safety of lithium-ion batteries. However, the mechanical integrity of polymeric separators in lithium-ion batteries at elevated temperatures is still not well characterized. In this paper, the temperature dependent micro-scale morphology change of PP (polypropylene)-PE (polyethylene)-PP sandwiched separators (Celgard 2325) was studied by in-situ high temperature surface imaging using an atomic force microscope (AFM) coupled with power spectral density (PSD) analysis and digital image correlation (DIC) technique. Both PSD and DIC analysis results show that the PP phase significantly closes its pores by means of dilation of the ...


Probing The Roles Of Polymeric Separators In Lithium-Ion Battery Capacity Fade At Elevated Temperatures, Jianchao Chen, Yongda Yan, Tao Sun, Yue Qi, Xiaodong Li Dec 2015

Probing The Roles Of Polymeric Separators In Lithium-Ion Battery Capacity Fade At Elevated Temperatures, Jianchao Chen, Yongda Yan, Tao Sun, Yue Qi, Xiaodong Li

Xiaodong Li

The high temperature mechanical property of separators is very important for safety of lithium-ion batteries. However, the mechanical integrity of polymeric separators in lithium-ion batteries at elevated temperatures is still not well characterized. In this paper, the temperature dependent micro-scale morphology change of PP (polypropylene)-PE (polyethylene)-PP sandwiched separators (Celgard 2325) was studied by in-situ high temperature surface imaging using an atomic force microscope (AFM) coupled with power spectral density (PSD) analysis and digital image correlation (DIC) technique. Both PSD and DIC analysis results show that the PP phase significantly closes its pores by means of dilation of the ...


A Platinum Nanowire Network As A Highly Effective Current Collector For Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Hanping Ding, Xingjian Xue Dec 2015

A Platinum Nanowire Network As A Highly Effective Current Collector For Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Hanping Ding, Xingjian Xue

Xingjian "Chris" Xue

We report the fabrication and evaluation of a platinum nanowire network as a highly efficient current collector for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). The ink of carbon-black supported platinum nanoparticles was sprayed onto the cathode. After firing, the carbon black was oxidized and disappeared as carbon dioxide gas while the platinum nanoparticles connect with one another, forming a tree-branch-like nanowire network. The diameters of the nanowires range from 100 nm to 400 nm. Compared to a conventional platinum paste current collector, the polarization resistance of the PrBaCo2O5+δ (PBCO) cathode with a nanowire current collector was reduced ...


A Platinum Nanowire Network As A Highly Effective Current Collector For Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Hanping Ding, Xingjian Xue Dec 2015

A Platinum Nanowire Network As A Highly Effective Current Collector For Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Hanping Ding, Xingjian Xue

Xingjian "Chris" Xue

We report the fabrication and evaluation of a platinum nanowire network as a highly efficient current collector for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). The ink of carbon-black supported platinum nanoparticles was sprayed onto the cathode. After firing, the carbon black was oxidized and disappeared as carbon dioxide gas while the platinum nanoparticles connect with one another, forming a tree-branch-like nanowire network. The diameters of the nanowires range from 100 nm to 400 nm. Compared to a conventional platinum paste current collector, the polarization resistance of the PrBaCo2O5+δ (PBCO) cathode with a nanowire current collector was reduced by 44% at ...


Tilting Mechanism For A Four Wheeler, Dr V Balambica, Er Vishwa Deepak Dec 2015

Tilting Mechanism For A Four Wheeler, Dr V Balambica, Er Vishwa Deepak

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Here in this paper a tilting mechanism is carried out for a normal fuel run track car to give it the flexibility of a motor cycle. This feature enables the car to tilt in to the curve while negotiating it. Our analysis shows that to increase the maximum curve at speed by more than 50%. The method we have used is a simple mechanical tilting system controlled by a simple DC stepper motor which is controlled electronically. This tilting mechanism if successful should dramatically increase the maximum speed in curves. This should also provide the advantages of increased passenger comfort ...


Application Of Design Failure Modes And Effect Analysis (Dfmea) To Vertical Roller Mill Gearbox, Gaurav J. Pawar 1 ,, Soumendu J. Mukhopadhyay 2 Dec 2015

Application Of Design Failure Modes And Effect Analysis (Dfmea) To Vertical Roller Mill Gearbox, Gaurav J. Pawar 1 ,, Soumendu J. Mukhopadhyay 2

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Design FMEA is structured method of identifying potential failure modes and providing corrective actions before first production run occurs. This paper aims to provide probable causes of failure, levels of effects of failure and corrective actions to be taken in the design phase for BevelPlanetary Vertical Roller Mill Gearbox.


Effectiveness Of Group Kickboxing As A Means To Improve Gait And Balance In Individuals With Ms, Kurt Jackson, Kimberly Edginton Bigelow, Christina Cooper, Harold L. Merriman Nov 2015

Effectiveness Of Group Kickboxing As A Means To Improve Gait And Balance In Individuals With Ms, Kurt Jackson, Kimberly Edginton Bigelow, Christina Cooper, Harold L. Merriman

Harold L. Merriman

In recent years, there has been a particular emphasis on identifying and delivering appropriate therapeutic interventions that address the significant balance and gait impairments that affect individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). Group interventions implemented in community settings have been especially of interest, including tai chi classes. Recently, the authors conducted a preliminary study to examine whether group kick-boxing, which requires more vigorous movements, might be a feasible intervention. Initial findings showed promise and led the authors to pursue a more rigorous follow-up study, with the objective of determining whether a 5-week group kickboxing class improved clinical measures of balance and ...


Narrow-Linewidth Megahertz-Repetition-Rate Optical Parametric Oscillator For High-Speed Flow And Combustion Diagnostics, Naibo Jiang, Walter R. Lempert, Gary L. Switzer, Terrence R. Meyer, James R. Gord Nov 2015

Narrow-Linewidth Megahertz-Repetition-Rate Optical Parametric Oscillator For High-Speed Flow And Combustion Diagnostics, Naibo Jiang, Walter R. Lempert, Gary L. Switzer, Terrence R. Meyer, James R. Gord

Terrence R Meyer

We demonstrate the ability to generate ultra-high-frequency sequences of broadly wavelength-tunable, high-intensity laser pulses using a custom-built optical parametric oscillator pumped by the thirdharmonic output of a "burst-mode" Nd:YAG laser. Burst sequences consisting of 6-10 pulses separated in time by 6-10 Îs are obtained, with average total conversion efficiency from the 355 nm pump to the near-IR signal and idler wavelengths of 33%. Typical individual pulse output energy for the signal and idler beams is in the range of 4-6 mJ, limited by the available pump energy. Line narrowing is demonstrated by means of injection seeding the idler wave ...


Interference-Free Gas-Phase Thermometry At Elevated Pressure Using Hybrid Femtosecond/Picosecond Rotational Coherent Anti- Stokes Raman Scattering, Joseph D. Miller, Chloe Elizabeth Dedic, Sukesh Roy, James R. Gord, Terrence R. Meyer Nov 2015

Interference-Free Gas-Phase Thermometry At Elevated Pressure Using Hybrid Femtosecond/Picosecond Rotational Coherent Anti- Stokes Raman Scattering, Joseph D. Miller, Chloe Elizabeth Dedic, Sukesh Roy, James R. Gord, Terrence R. Meyer

Terrence R Meyer

Rotational-level-dependent dephasing rates and nonresonant background can lead to significant uncertainties in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) thermometry under high-pressure, lowtemperature conditions if the gas composition is unknown. Hybrid femtosecond/picosecond rotational CARS is employed to minimize or eliminate the influence of collisions and nonresonant background for accurate, frequency-domain thermometry at elevated pressure. The ability to ignore these interferences and achieve thermometric errors of <5% is demonstrated for N2 and O2 at pressures up to 15 atm. Beyond 15 atm, the effects of collisions cannot be ignored but can be minimized using a short probe delay (~6.5 ps) after ...


Comparison Of Line-Peak And Line-Scanning Excitation In Two-Color Laser-Induced-Fluorescence Thermometry Of Oh, Stanislav Kostka, Sukesh Roy, Patrick J. Lakusta, Terrence R. Meyer, Michael W. Renfro, James R. Gord, Richard Branam Nov 2015

Comparison Of Line-Peak And Line-Scanning Excitation In Two-Color Laser-Induced-Fluorescence Thermometry Of Oh, Stanislav Kostka, Sukesh Roy, Patrick J. Lakusta, Terrence R. Meyer, Michael W. Renfro, James R. Gord, Richard Branam

Terrence R Meyer

Two-line laser-induced-fluorescence (LIF) thermometry is commonly employed to generate instantaneous planar maps of temperature in unsteady flames. The use of line scanning to extract the ratio of integrated intensities is less common because it precludes instantaneous measurements. Recent advances in the energy output of high-speed, ultraviolet, optical parameter oscillators have made possible the rapid scanning of molecular rovibrational transitions and, hence, the potential to extract information on gas-phase temperatures. In the current study, two-line OH LIF thermometry is performed in a wellcalibrated reacting flow for the purpose of comparing the relative accuracy of various line-pair selections from the literature and ...


Laser Applications To Chemical, Security, And Environmental Analysis: Introduction To The Feature Issue, Terrence R. Meyer, Volker Ebert, Wolfgang Schade Nov 2015

Laser Applications To Chemical, Security, And Environmental Analysis: Introduction To The Feature Issue, Terrence R. Meyer, Volker Ebert, Wolfgang Schade

Terrence R Meyer

This Applied Optics feature issue on Laser Applications to Chemical, Security, and Environmental Analysis (LACSEA) highlights topics and papers presented at the LACSEA 2010 Twelfth Topical Meeting sponsored by the Optical Society of America.


Mhz-Rate Nitric Oxide Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence Imaging In A Mach 10 Hypersonic Wind Tunnel, Naibo Jiang, Matthew Webster, Walter R. Lempert, Joseph D. Miller, Terrence R. Meyer, Christopher B. Ivey, Paul M. Danehy Nov 2015

Mhz-Rate Nitric Oxide Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence Imaging In A Mach 10 Hypersonic Wind Tunnel, Naibo Jiang, Matthew Webster, Walter R. Lempert, Joseph D. Miller, Terrence R. Meyer, Christopher B. Ivey, Paul M. Danehy

Terrence R Meyer

Nitric oxide planar laser-induced fluorescence (NO PLIF) imaging at repetition rates as high as 1 MHz is demonstrated in the NASA Langley 31 in. Mach 10 hypersonic wind tunnel. Approximately 200 timecorrelated image sequences of between 10 and 20 individual frames were obtained over eight days of wind tunnel testing spanning two entries in March and September of 2009. The image sequences presented were obtained from the boundary layer of a 20° flat plate model, in which transition was induced using a variety of different shaped protuberances, including a cylinder and a triangle. The high-speed image sequences captured a variety ...


Simultaneous High-Speed Measurement Of Temperature And Lifetime-Corrected Oh Laserinduced Fluorescence In Unsteady Flames, Terrence R. Meyer, Galen B. King, Matthew Glusenkamp, James R. Gord Nov 2015

Simultaneous High-Speed Measurement Of Temperature And Lifetime-Corrected Oh Laserinduced Fluorescence In Unsteady Flames, Terrence R. Meyer, Galen B. King, Matthew Glusenkamp, James R. Gord

Terrence R Meyer

A means of performing simultaneous, high-speed measurements of temperature and OH lifetime-corrected laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) for tracking unsteady flames has been developed and demonstrated. The system uses the frequency-doubled and frequency-tripled output beams of an 80 MHz mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser to achieve ultrashort laser pulses (order 2 ps) for Rayleigh-scattering thermometry at 460 nm and lifetime-corrected OH LIF at 306.5 nm, respectively. Simultaneous, high-speed measurements of temperature and OH number density enable studies of flame chemistry, heat release, and flame extinction in unsteady, strained flames where the local fluorescence-quenching environment is unknown.


Hybrid Femtosecond/Picosecond Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering For High-Speed Gas-Phase Thermometry, Joseph D. Miller, Mikhail N. Slipchenko, Terrence R. Meyer, Hans U. Stauffer, James R. Goird Nov 2015

Hybrid Femtosecond/Picosecond Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering For High-Speed Gas-Phase Thermometry, Joseph D. Miller, Mikhail N. Slipchenko, Terrence R. Meyer, Hans U. Stauffer, James R. Goird

Terrence R Meyer

We demonstrate hybrid femtosecond/picosecond (fs/ps) coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering for high-speed thermometry in unsteady high-temperature flames, including successful comparisons with a time- and frequencyresolved theoretical model. After excitation of the N2 vibrational manifold with 100 fs broadband pump and Stokes beams, the Raman coherence is probed using a frequency-narrowed 2:5 ps probe beam that is time delayed to suppress the nonresonant background by 2 orders of magnitude. Experimental spectra were obtained at 500 Hz in steady and pulsed H2–air flames and exhibit a temperature precision of 2.2% and an accuracy of 3.3% up to ...


Probe-Pulse Optimization For Nonresonant Suppression In Hybrid Fs/Ps Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering At High Temperature, Joseph D. Miller, Mikhail N. Slipchenko, Terrence R. Meyer Nov 2015

Probe-Pulse Optimization For Nonresonant Suppression In Hybrid Fs/Ps Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering At High Temperature, Joseph D. Miller, Mikhail N. Slipchenko, Terrence R. Meyer

Terrence R Meyer

Hybrid femtosecond/picosecond coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (fs/ps CARS) offers accurate thermometry at kHz rates for combustion diagnostics. In high-temperature flames, selection of probe-pulse characteristics is key to simultaneously optimizing signal-to-nonresonant-background ratio, signal strength, and spectral resolution. We demonstrate a simple method for enhancing signal-to-nonresonant-background ratio by using a narrowband Lorentzian filter to generate a time-asymmetric probe pulse with full-width-half-maximum (FWHM) pulse width of only 240 fs. This allows detection within just 310 fs after the Raman excitation for eliminating nonresonant background while retaining 45% of the resonant signal at 2000 K. The narrow linewidth is comparable to that ...


Single-Shot Gas-Phase Thermometry Using Purerotational Hybrid Femtosecond/Picosecond Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering, Joseph D. Miller, Sukesh Roy, Mikhail N. Slipchenko, James R. Gord, Terrence R. Meyer Nov 2015

Single-Shot Gas-Phase Thermometry Using Purerotational Hybrid Femtosecond/Picosecond Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering, Joseph D. Miller, Sukesh Roy, Mikhail N. Slipchenko, James R. Gord, Terrence R. Meyer

Terrence R Meyer

High-repetition-rate, single-laser-shot measurements are important for the investigation of unsteady flows where temperature and species concentrations can vary significantly. Here, we demonstrate singleshot, pure-rotational, hybrid femtosecond/picosecond coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (fs/ps RCARS) thermometry based on a kHz-rate fs laser source. Interferences that can affect nanosecond (ns) and ps CARS, such as nonresonant background and collisional dephasing, are eliminated by selecting an appropriate time delay between the 100-fs pump/Stokes pulses and the pulse-shaped 8.4-ps probe. A time- and frequency-domain theoretical model is introduced to account for rotational-level dependent collisional dephasing and indicates that the optimal probe-pulse time ...


Fast-Framing Ballistic Imaging Of Velocity In An Aerated Spray, David Sedarsky, James Gord, Campbell Carter, Terrence R. Meyer, Mark Linne Nov 2015

Fast-Framing Ballistic Imaging Of Velocity In An Aerated Spray, David Sedarsky, James Gord, Campbell Carter, Terrence R. Meyer, Mark Linne

Terrence R Meyer

We describe further development of ballistic imaging adapted for the liquid core of an atomizing spray. To fully understand spray breakup dynamics, one must measure the velocity and acceleration vectors that describe the forces active in primary breakup. This information is inaccessible to most optical diagnostics, as the signal is occluded by strong scattering in the medium. Ballistic imaging mitigates this scattering noise, resolving clean shadowgram-type images of structures within the dense spray region. We demonstrate that velocity data can be extracted from ballistic images of a spray relevant to fuel-injection applications, by implementing a simple, targeted correlation method for ...


Quantitative Time-Averaged Gas And Liquid Distributions Using X-Ray Fluorescence And Radiography In Atomizing Sprays, Christopher D. Radke, J. Patrick Mcmanamen, Alan L. Kastengren, Benjamin R. Halls, Terrence R. Meyer Nov 2015

Quantitative Time-Averaged Gas And Liquid Distributions Using X-Ray Fluorescence And Radiography In Atomizing Sprays, Christopher D. Radke, J. Patrick Mcmanamen, Alan L. Kastengren, Benjamin R. Halls, Terrence R. Meyer

Terrence R Meyer

A method for quantitative measurements of gas and liquid distributions is demonstrated using simultaneous x-ray fluorescence and radiography of both phases in an atomizing coaxial spray. Synchrotron radiation at 10.1 keV from the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory is used for x-ray fluorescence of argon gas and two tracer elements seeded into the liquid stream. Simultaneous time-resolved x-ray radiography combined with timeaveraged dual-tracer fluorescence measurements enabled corrections for reabsorption of x-ray fluorescence photons for accurate, line-of-sight averaged measurements of the distribution of the gas and liquid phases originating from the atomizing nozzle.


100-Ps-Pulse-Duration, 100-J Burst-Mode Laser For Khz–Mhz Flow Diagnostics, Sukesh Roy, Joseph D. Miller, Mikhail N. Slipchenko, Paul S. Hsu, Jason G. Mance, Terrence R. Meyer, James R. Gord Nov 2015

100-Ps-Pulse-Duration, 100-J Burst-Mode Laser For Khz–Mhz Flow Diagnostics, Sukesh Roy, Joseph D. Miller, Mikhail N. Slipchenko, Paul S. Hsu, Jason G. Mance, Terrence R. Meyer, James R. Gord

Terrence R Meyer

A high-speed, master-oscillator power-amplifier burst-mode laser with ∼100 ps pulse duration is demonstrated with output energy up to 110 J per burst at 1064 nm and second-harmonic conversion efficiency up to 67% in a KD*P crystal. The output energy is distributed across 100 to 10,000 sequential laser pulses, with 10 kHz to 1 MHz repetition rate, respectively, over 10 ms burst duration. The performance of the 100 ps burst-mode laser is evaluated and been found to compare favorably with that of a similar design that employs a conventional ∼8 ns pulse duration. The nearly transform-limited spectral bandwidth of ...


Femtosecond Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering Measurement Of Gas Temperatures From Frequency-Spread Dephasing Of The Raman Coherence, Robert P. Lucht, Sukesh Roy, Terrence R. Meyer, James R. Gord Nov 2015

Femtosecond Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering Measurement Of Gas Temperatures From Frequency-Spread Dephasing Of The Raman Coherence, Robert P. Lucht, Sukesh Roy, Terrence R. Meyer, James R. Gord

Terrence R Meyer

Gas-phase temperatures and concentrations are measured from the magnitude and decay of the initial Raman coherence in femtosecond coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS). A time-delayed probe beam is scattered from the Raman polarization induced by pump and Stokes beams to generate CARS signal; the dephasing rate of this initial coherence is determined by the temperature-sensitive frequency spread of the Raman transitions. Temperature is measured from the CARS signal decrease with increasing probe delay. Concentration is found from the ratio of the CARS and nonresonant background signals. Collision rates do not affect the determination of these quantities.


Effects Of Repetitive Pulsing On Multi-Khz Planar Laser-Induced Incandescence Imaging In Laminar And Turbulent Flames, James Bennett Michael, Prabhakar Venkateswaran, Christopher R. Shaddix, Terrence R. Meyer Nov 2015

Effects Of Repetitive Pulsing On Multi-Khz Planar Laser-Induced Incandescence Imaging In Laminar And Turbulent Flames, James Bennett Michael, Prabhakar Venkateswaran, Christopher R. Shaddix, Terrence R. Meyer

Terrence R Meyer

Planar laser-induced incandescence (LII) imaging is reported at repetition rates up to 100 kHz using a burst-mode laser system to enable studies of soot formation dynamics in highly turbulent flames. To quantify the accuracy and uncertainty of relative soot volume fraction measurements, the temporal evolution of the LII field in laminar and turbulent flames is examined at various laser operating conditions. Under high-speed repetitive probing, it is found that LII signals are sensitive to changes in soot physical characteristics when operating at high laser fluences within the soot vaporization regime. For these laser conditions, strong planar LII signals are observed ...


Dual-Pump Vibrational/Rotational Femtosecond/ Picosecond Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering Temperature And Species Measurements, Chloe Elizabeth Dedic, Joseph D. Miller, Terrence R. Meyer Nov 2015

Dual-Pump Vibrational/Rotational Femtosecond/ Picosecond Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering Temperature And Species Measurements, Chloe Elizabeth Dedic, Joseph D. Miller, Terrence R. Meyer

Terrence R Meyer

A method for simultaneous ro-vibrational and pure-rotational hybrid femtosecond/picosecond coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (fs/ps CARS) is presented for multi-species detection and improved temperature sensitivity from room temperature to flame conditions. N2∕CH4 vibrational and N2∕O2∕H2 rotational Raman coherences are excited simultaneously using fs pump pulses at 660 and 798 nm, respectively, and a common fs Stokes pulse at 798 nm. A fourth narrowband 798 nm ps pulse probes all coherence states at a time delay that minimizes nonresonant background and the effects of collisions. The transition strength is concentration dependent, while the distribution among observed transitions ...


Micro-Optical Initiation Of Nanoenergetic Materials Using A Temporally Tailored Variable-Pulse-Width Laser, Mikhail N. Slipchenko, Clint E. Moody, Joseph D. Miller, Sukesh Roy, James R. Gord, Terrence R. Meyer Nov 2015

Micro-Optical Initiation Of Nanoenergetic Materials Using A Temporally Tailored Variable-Pulse-Width Laser, Mikhail N. Slipchenko, Clint E. Moody, Joseph D. Miller, Sukesh Roy, James R. Gord, Terrence R. Meyer

Terrence R Meyer

Nanoenergetic materials can provide a significant enhancement in the rate of energy release as compared with microscale materials. The energy-release rate is strongly dependent not only on the primary particle size but also on the level of agglomeration, which is of particular interest for the inclusion of nanoenergetics in practical systems where agglomeration is desired or difficult to avoid. Unlike studies of nanoparticles or nanometer-size aggregates, which can be conducted with ultrafast or nanosecond lasers assuming uniform heating, microscale aggregates of nanoparticles are more sensitive to the thermophysical time scale of the heating process. To allow control over the rate ...


Quantitative Measurement Of Binary Liquid Distributions Using Multiple-Tracer X-Ray Fluorescence And Radiography, Benjamin R. Halls, Terrence R. Meyer, Alan L. Kastengren Nov 2015

Quantitative Measurement Of Binary Liquid Distributions Using Multiple-Tracer X-Ray Fluorescence And Radiography, Benjamin R. Halls, Terrence R. Meyer, Alan L. Kastengren

Terrence R Meyer

The complex geometry and large index-of-refraction gradients that occur near the point of impingement of binary liquid jets present a challenging environment for optical interrogation. A simultaneous quadruple-tracer x-ray fluorescence and line-of-sight radiography technique is proposed as a means of distinguishing and quantifying individual liquid component distributions prior to, during, and after jet impact. Two different pairs of fluorescence tracers are seeded into each liquid stream to maximize their attenuation ratio for reabsorption correction and differentiation of the two fluids during mixing. This approach for instantaneous correction of xray fluorescence reabsorption is compared with a more time-intensive approach of using ...


100 Khz Thousand-Frame Burst-Mode Planar Imaging In Turbulent Flames, James B. Michael, Prabhakar Venkateswaran, Joseph D. Miller, Mikhail N. Slipchenko, James R. Gord, Sukesh Roy, Terrence R. Meyer Nov 2015

100 Khz Thousand-Frame Burst-Mode Planar Imaging In Turbulent Flames, James B. Michael, Prabhakar Venkateswaran, Joseph D. Miller, Mikhail N. Slipchenko, James R. Gord, Sukesh Roy, Terrence R. Meyer

Terrence R Meyer

High-repetition-rate, burst-mode lasers can achieve higher energies per pulse compared with continuously pulsed systems, but the relatively few number of laser pulses in each burst has limited the temporal dynamic range of measurements in unsteady flames. A fivefold increase in the range of timescales that can be resolved by burst-mode laser-based imaging systems is reported in this work by extending a hybrid diode- and flashlamp-pumped Nd:YAGbased amplifier system to nearly 1000 pulses at 100 kHz during a 10 ms burst. This enables an unprecedented burstmode temporal dynamic range to capture turbulent fluctuations from 0.1 to 50 kHz in ...


Spatially And Temporally Resolved Temperature And Shock-Speed Measurements Behind A Laser-Induced Blast Wave Of Energetic Nanoparticles, Sukesh Roy, Naibo Jiang, Han U. Stauffer, Jacob B. Schmidt, Waruna D. Kulatilaka, Terrence R. Meyer, Christopher E. Bunker, James R. Gord Nov 2015

Spatially And Temporally Resolved Temperature And Shock-Speed Measurements Behind A Laser-Induced Blast Wave Of Energetic Nanoparticles, Sukesh Roy, Naibo Jiang, Han U. Stauffer, Jacob B. Schmidt, Waruna D. Kulatilaka, Terrence R. Meyer, Christopher E. Bunker, James R. Gord

Terrence R Meyer

Spatially and temporally resolved temperature measurements behind an expanding blast wave are made using picosecond (ps) N2 coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) following laser flash heating of mixtures containing aluminum nanoparticles embedded in ammonium-nitrate oxidant. Production-front ps-CARS temperatures as high as 3600 ± 180 K-obtained for 50-nm-diameter commercially produced aluminum-nanoparticle samples-are observed. Time-resolved shadowgraph images of the evolving blast waves are also obtained to determine the shock-wave position and corresponding velocity. These results are compared with near-field blast-wave theory to extract relative rates of energy release for various particle diameters and passivating-layer compositions.


Process Parameters And Foaming Agents Used In Manufacturing Of Aluminium Metallic Foams: A Review, Sri Ram Vikas K.,, N. Raghu Ram,, Ch. Kishore Reddy,, V.V. Sridhara Raju Nov 2015

Process Parameters And Foaming Agents Used In Manufacturing Of Aluminium Metallic Foams: A Review, Sri Ram Vikas K.,, N. Raghu Ram,, Ch. Kishore Reddy,, V.V. Sridhara Raju

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Porous metals and metallic foams are composite materials in which one phase is gaseous and another phase is solid metal. The mechanical behavior of these materials depends mainly on the mechanical properties of the solid metallic phase, the structural configuration of the solid and the density of the composite ρc, relative to the density of the solid phase ρs. The primary distinction between a porous metal and metallic foam is the relative density, metal gas composites with a relative density (ρc/ρs) above 0.3 are generally considered porous materials, while those with a relative density below 0.3 are ...


Experimentally Study The Effects Of Fins Height And Width H\W Ratio To The Fin Thermal Performance By Natural Convections, Hazim A.M. Al-Jewaree, Osama A.M. Alhamil Nov 2015

Experimentally Study The Effects Of Fins Height And Width H\W Ratio To The Fin Thermal Performance By Natural Convections, Hazim A.M. Al-Jewaree, Osama A.M. Alhamil

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

The industry revolution in thermal engineering started with fixed the extended surface area named a fin. Therefore, a lot off research work done in this field to enhance the performance of heat transfer . All, previous work reach to that any increase of heat transfer coefficient and the fin surface area will increase the heat transfer rate by natural convection. The research work summarized in this paper presents an experimental investigation on the effect of fin heights –width (H/w) ratios on the fin performance using rectangular plate type fins. The steady-state natural convection heat transfer from vertical rectangular fins extending ...