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Manufacturing Self-Assembled Coatings Of Micro- And Nano-Particles By Controlled Evaporation Of Drops And Thin Films, Junfeng Xiao, Rajneesh Bhardwaj, Daniel Attinger Apr 2011

Manufacturing Self-Assembled Coatings Of Micro- And Nano-Particles By Controlled Evaporation Of Drops And Thin Films, Junfeng Xiao, Rajneesh Bhardwaj, Daniel Attinger

Daniel Attinger

The engineered deposition of self-assembled coatings of micro- and nano-particles on solid surfaces has applications in photonic crystals, optoelectronic devices, sensors, waveguides and antireflective coatings. Besides lithographic, etching or vapor deposition methods, these coatings can be self-assembled on small (


Do Surfaces With Mixed Hydrophilic And Hydrophobic Areas Enhance Pool Boiling?, Amy Rachel Betz, Jie Xu, Huihe Qiu, Daniel Attinger Oct 2010

Do Surfaces With Mixed Hydrophilic And Hydrophobic Areas Enhance Pool Boiling?, Amy Rachel Betz, Jie Xu, Huihe Qiu, Daniel Attinger

Daniel Attinger

We demonstrate that smooth and flat surfaces combining hydrophilic and hydrophobicpatterns improve pool boiling performance. Compared to a hydrophilicsurface with 7° wetting angle, the measured critical heat flux and heat transfer coefficients of the enhanced surfaces are, up to respectively, 65% and 100% higher. Different networks combining hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions are characterized. While all tested networks enhance the heat transfer coefficient, large enhancements of critical heat flux are typically found for hydrophilic networks featuring hydrophobic islands. Hydrophilic networks indeed are shown to prevent the formation of an insulating vapor layer.


Use Of A Porous Membrane For Gas Bubble Removal In Microfluidic Channels: Physical Mechanisms And Design Criteria, Jie Xu, Regis Vaillant, Daniel Attinger Oct 2010

Use Of A Porous Membrane For Gas Bubble Removal In Microfluidic Channels: Physical Mechanisms And Design Criteria, Jie Xu, Regis Vaillant, Daniel Attinger

Daniel Attinger

We demonstrate and explain a simple and efficient way to remove gas bubbles from liquid-filled microchannels, by integrating a hydrophobic porous membrane on top of the microchannel. A prototype chip is manufactured in hard, transparent polymer with the ability to completely filter gas plugs out of a segmented flow at rates up to 7.4 μl/s/mm2 of membrane area. The device involves a bubble generation section and a gas removal section. In the bubble generation section, a T-junction is used to generate a train of gas plugs into a water stream. These gas plugs are then transported toward ...


Can Segmented Flow Enhance Heat Transfer In Microchannel Heat Sinks?, Amy Rachel Betz, Daniel Attinger Sep 2010

Can Segmented Flow Enhance Heat Transfer In Microchannel Heat Sinks?, Amy Rachel Betz, Daniel Attinger

Daniel Attinger

Liquid cooling is an efficient way to remove heat fluxes with magnitudes up to 10,000 W/cm2. One limitation of current single-phase microchannel heat sinks is the relatively low Nusselt number, due to laminar flow. In this work, we experimentally investigate how to enhance the Nusselt number with the introduction of segmented flow. The segmented flow pattern was created by the periodic injection of air bubbles through a T-junction into water-filled channels. We designed a polycarbonate heat sink consisting of an array of seven parallel microchannels each with a square cross-section 500 μm wide. We show that segmented flow ...


Interfacial Temperature Measurements, High-Speed Visualization And Finite-Element Simulations Of Droplet Impact And Evaporation On A Solid Surface, Rajneesh Bhardwaj, Jon P. Longtin, Daniel Attinger Sep 2010

Interfacial Temperature Measurements, High-Speed Visualization And Finite-Element Simulations Of Droplet Impact And Evaporation On A Solid Surface, Rajneesh Bhardwaj, Jon P. Longtin, Daniel Attinger

Daniel Attinger

The objective of this work is to investigate the coupling of fluid dynamics, heat transfer and mass transfer during the impact and evaporation of droplets on a heated solid substrate. A laser-based thermoreflectance method is used to measure the temperature at the solid–liquid interface, with a time and space resolution of 100 μs and 20 μm, respectively. Isopropanol droplets with micro- and nanoliter volumes are considered. A finite-element model is used to simulate the transient fluid dynamics and heat transfer during the droplet deposition process, considering the dynamics of wetting as well as Laplace and Marangoni stresses on the ...


Self-Assembly Of Colloidal Particles From Evaporating Droplets: Role Of Dlvo Interactions And Proposition Of A Phase Diagram, Rajneesh Bhardwaj, Xiaohua Fang, Ponisseril Somasundaran, Daniel Attinger Mar 2010

Self-Assembly Of Colloidal Particles From Evaporating Droplets: Role Of Dlvo Interactions And Proposition Of A Phase Diagram, Rajneesh Bhardwaj, Xiaohua Fang, Ponisseril Somasundaran, Daniel Attinger

Daniel Attinger

The shape of deposits obtained from drying drops containing colloidal particles matters for technologies such as inkjet printing, microelectronics, and bioassay manufacturing. In this work, the formation of deposits during the drying of nanoliter drops containing colloidal particles is investigated experimentally with microscopy and profilometry, and theoretically with an in-house finite-element code. The system studied involves aqueous drops containing titania nanoparticles evaporating on a glass substrate. Deposit shapes from spotted drops at different pH values are measured using a laser profilometer. Our results show that the pH of the solution influences the dried deposit pattern, which can be ring-like or ...


Pattern Formation During The Evaporation Of A Colloidal Nanoliter Drop: A Numerical And Experimental Study, Rajneesh Bhardwaj, Xiaohua Fang, Daniel Attinger Jul 2009

Pattern Formation During The Evaporation Of A Colloidal Nanoliter Drop: A Numerical And Experimental Study, Rajneesh Bhardwaj, Xiaohua Fang, Daniel Attinger

Daniel Attinger

An efficient way to precisely pattern particles on solid surfaces is to dispense and evaporate colloidal drops, as for bioassays. The dried deposits often exhibit complex structures exemplified by the coffee ring pattern, where most particles have accumulated at the periphery of the deposit. In this work, the formation of deposits during the drying of nanoliter colloidal drops on a flat substrate is investigated numerically and experimentally. A finite-element numerical model is developed that solves the Navier–Stokes, heat and mass transport equations in a Lagrangian framework. The diffusion of vapor in the atmosphere is solved numerically, providing an exact ...


A Bubble-Powered Micro-Rotor: Conception, Manufacturing, Assembly And Characterization, Jonathan Kao, Xiaolin Wang, John Warren, Jie Xu, Daniel Attinger Dec 2007

A Bubble-Powered Micro-Rotor: Conception, Manufacturing, Assembly And Characterization, Jonathan Kao, Xiaolin Wang, John Warren, Jie Xu, Daniel Attinger

Daniel Attinger

A steady fluid flow, called microstreaming, can be generated in the vicinity of a micro-bubble excited by ultrasound. In this paper, we use this phenomenon to assemble and power a microfabricated rotor at rotation speeds as high as 625 rpm. The extractible power is estimated to be of the order of a few femtowatts. A first series of experiments with uncontrolled rotor shapes is presented, demonstrating the possibility of this novel actuation scheme. A second series of experiments with 65 µm rotors micromanufactured in SU-8 resin is then presented. Variables controlling the rotation speed and rotor stability are investigated, such ...


Acoustic Excitation Of Superharmonic Capillary Waves On A Meniscus In A Planar Microgeometry, Jie Xu, Daniel Attinger Oct 2007

Acoustic Excitation Of Superharmonic Capillary Waves On A Meniscus In A Planar Microgeometry, Jie Xu, Daniel Attinger

Daniel Attinger

The effects of ultrasound on the dynamics of an air-water meniscus in a planar microgeometry are investigated experimentally. The sonicated meniscus exhibits harmonic traveling waves or standing waves, the latter corresponding to a higher ultrasound level. Standing capillary waves with subharmonic and superharmonic frequencies are also observed, and are explained in the framework of parametric resonance theory, using the Mathieu equation.


Control And Ultrasonic Actuation Of A Gas–Liquid Interface In A Microfluidic Chip, Jie Xu, Daniel Attinger Mar 2007

Control And Ultrasonic Actuation Of A Gas–Liquid Interface In A Microfluidic Chip, Jie Xu, Daniel Attinger

Daniel Attinger

This paper describes the design and manufacturing of a microfluidic chip, allowing for the actuation of a gas–liquid interface and of the neighboring fluid. The first way to control the interface motion is to apply a pressure difference across it. In this case, the efficiency of three different micro-geometries at anchoring the interface is compared. Also, the critical pressures needed to move the interface are measured and compared to a theoretical result. The second way to control the interface motion is by ultrasonic excitation. When the excitation is weak, the interface exhibits traveling waves, which follow a dispersion equation ...


Melting And Resolidification Of A Substrate Caused By Molten Microdroplet Impact, Daniel Attinger, D. Poulikakos Mar 2001

Melting And Resolidification Of A Substrate Caused By Molten Microdroplet Impact, Daniel Attinger, D. Poulikakos

Daniel Attinger

This paper describes the main features and results of a numerical investigation of molten microdroplet impact and solidification on a colder flat substrate of the same material that melts due to the energy input from the impacting molten material. The numerical model is based on the axisymmetric Lagrangian Finite-Element formulation of the Navier–Stokes, energy and material transport equations. The model accounts for a host of complex thermofluidic phenomena, exemplified by surface tension effects and heat transfer with solidification in a severely deforming domain. The dependence of the molten volume on time is determined and discussed. The influence of the ...


An Experimental Study Of Molten Microdroplet Surface Deposition And Solidification: Transient Behavior And Wetting Angle Dynamics, Daniel Attinger, Z. Zhao, D. Poulikakos Apr 2000

An Experimental Study Of Molten Microdroplet Surface Deposition And Solidification: Transient Behavior And Wetting Angle Dynamics, Daniel Attinger, Z. Zhao, D. Poulikakos

Daniel Attinger

The basic problem of the impact and solidification of molten droplets on a substrate is of central importance to a host of processes. An important and novel such process in the area of micromanufacturing is solder jetting where microscopic solder droplets are dispensed for the attachment of microelectronic components. Despite the recent appearance of a few numerical studies focusing on the complex transient aspects of this process, no analogous experimental results have been reported to date to the best of our knowledge. Such a study is reported in this paper. Eutectic solder (63Sn37Pb) was melted to a preset superheat and ...