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Three Mistakes About Interpretation, Paul Campos Nov 1993

Three Mistakes About Interpretation, Paul Campos

Michigan Law Review

The single most important word in modem constitutional theory is "interpretation." The single most confusing word in modem constitutional theory is "interpretation." What accounts for this unhappy state of affairs?

I will try to show that Barry Friedman's assertions, as well as others that are but rephrasings of the same basic ideas, are not the common sense truths that so many constitutional theorists assume them to be, but are instead the products of an extraordinarily confused and ultimately incoherent set of assumptions regarding the interpretation of language.


The Constitution, The Legislature, And Unfair Surprise: Toward A Reliance-Based Approach To The Contract Clause, Robert A. Graham Nov 1993

The Constitution, The Legislature, And Unfair Surprise: Toward A Reliance-Based Approach To The Contract Clause, Robert A. Graham

Michigan Law Review

This Note argues that the Court should return to a reliance-based approach to Contract Clause challenges, fashioned loosely along the same lines as the HRID. Although it does not advocate that the Court revivify the rules created by the early decisions, the Note proposes that the Court look to the private parties' expectations and, more specifically, to the reasonableness of those expectations in deciding the clause's applicability to a particular case. Part I provides a brief history of the Contract Clause and its development. This Part follows the clause from the Constitutional Convention through the 1980s to illustrate the ...


The Advocacy Of "Constitutional" Conduct, Marshall C. Derks Oct 1993

The Advocacy Of "Constitutional" Conduct, Marshall C. Derks

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Article Ii Revisionism, Cass R. Sunstein Oct 1993

Article Ii Revisionism, Cass R. Sunstein

Michigan Law Review

One of the most striking developments of the last decade has been the new use of Article II in public law adjudication. Article II is a prominent feature not only of cases involving the creation of federal institutions that are independent of the President, but also of new disputes involving reviewability, scope of review, and standing.

Professor Krent and Mr. Shenkman have performed a valuable service in spelling out the argument that Article II, rather than Article III, justifies constitutional limits on legislative grants of standing. Indeed, on several important matters, we are very much in agreement. In this brief ...


Of Citizen Suits And Citizen Sunstein, Harold J. Krent, Ethan G. Shenkman Jun 1993

Of Citizen Suits And Citizen Sunstein, Harold J. Krent, Ethan G. Shenkman

Michigan Law Review

After briefly summarizing Lujan and addressing Sunstein's critique, we explore the concept of accountability underlying the creation of a single executive in Article II. We then apply our theory of the unitary executive to several examples of broad grants of statutory standing, concluding that Congress can confer standing on private citizens only if it specifically articulates and individuates the interests whose violation gives rise to a cognizable case. Although we agree with Sunstein's view that broad grants of statutory standing do not necessarily trench upon constitutional values, we ultimately side with Justice Scalia in concluding that universal citizen ...


The Tribunal In Albania, John Paul Jones Apr 1993

The Tribunal In Albania, John Paul Jones

Law Faculty Publications

Professor Jones explains and critiques "The Organization of Justice and the Constitutional Court," the1992 amendments to Albania's provisional constitution that established the nation's post-revolution judicial system.


Revisiting Roe V. Wade: Substance And Process In The Abortion Debate, Margaret G. Farrell Apr 1993

Revisiting Roe V. Wade: Substance And Process In The Abortion Debate, Margaret G. Farrell

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Religious Values In Judicial Decision Making, Scott C. Idleman Apr 1993

The Role Of Religious Values In Judicial Decision Making, Scott C. Idleman

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Political Process As Final Solution, Charles M. Freeland Apr 1993

The Political Process As Final Solution, Charles M. Freeland

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Legal Developments: Ethics In Government Federal Advisory Committees, Foreign Conflicts Of Interest, The Constitution, And Dr. Franklin's Snuff Box, Gerald S. Schatz Mar 1993

Legal Developments: Ethics In Government Federal Advisory Committees, Foreign Conflicts Of Interest, The Constitution, And Dr. Franklin's Snuff Box, Gerald S. Schatz

University of the District of Columbia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Legislative Process And Commercial Law: Lessons From The Copyright Act Of 1976 And The Uniform Commercial Code, Harold R. Weinberg, William J. Woodward Jr. Feb 1993

Legislative Process And Commercial Law: Lessons From The Copyright Act Of 1976 And The Uniform Commercial Code, Harold R. Weinberg, William J. Woodward Jr.

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

Overlap and conflict are inevitable in any legal system in which a federal government and state governments both have authority to enact laws. In our federal system, the Constitution's Supremacy Clause identifies federal law as preeminent in case of conflict. When conflict develops and litigation is required to determine whether state or federal law controls the issue at hand, our system analyzes the problem using the term preemption as a basis for analysis.

This Article explores the federal legislative process that precedes judicial preemption decisions. By studying the legislative process for its sensitivity to preemption issues, possible ways to ...


Our Peculiar Security: The Written Constitution And Limited Government, Gary L. Mcdowell Jan 1993

Our Peculiar Security: The Written Constitution And Limited Government, Gary L. Mcdowell

Law Faculty Publications

The essays contained in this volume begin with the assumption that it is significant that ours is a written constitution. In this way, the collection is more at home with the political thought of Thomas Jefferson and John Marshall than with much of contemporary scholarship. For, like Marshall in Marbury v. Madison (1803), the authors here believe that a written constitution is one of the greatest improvements on political institutions.


Severability, John C. Nagle Jan 1993

Severability, John C. Nagle

Journal Articles

When a court holds a provision of a statute unconstitutional, a question remains regarding the validity of the remainder of the statute. The court may find that the unconstitutional provision may be severed from the statute and leave the remainder of the statute in effect. Alternatively, the court may hold that the unconstitutional provision cannot be severed and invalidate the entire statute.

This article argues that the jurisprudence surrounding the issue of severability is confusing and inconsistent. After explaining the concept of severability and its ramifications for statutes, I trace the development of the current judicial test for determining when ...


A Constitutional Conspiracy Unmasked: Why "No State" Does Not Mean "No State", Mark A. Graber Jan 1993

A Constitutional Conspiracy Unmasked: Why "No State" Does Not Mean "No State", Mark A. Graber

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Identifying, Protecting And Preserving Individual Rights: Traditional Federal Court Functions, Roger J. Miner '56 Jan 1993

Identifying, Protecting And Preserving Individual Rights: Traditional Federal Court Functions, Roger J. Miner '56

Constitutional Law

No abstract provided.


Constitutional Interpretation And Activist Fantasies, Raoul Berger Jan 1993

Constitutional Interpretation And Activist Fantasies, Raoul Berger

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Conservatism And The Rehnquist Court, David F. Forte Jan 1993

Conservatism And The Rehnquist Court, David F. Forte

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Now that the Supreme Court has been overwhelmingly staffed by appointees of Republican Presidents, we can ask: To what extent have they been faithful to the original version of the Constitution as articulated during its early years? How have they revivified the structural protections? How have they communicated an ethical sense of their own role in the structure? The answer, unfortunately, is that the record remains disappointing.


An Adequate Education For All Maryland's Children: Morally Right, Economically Necessary, And Constitutionally Required, Susan P. Leviton, Matthew H. Joseph Jan 1993

An Adequate Education For All Maryland's Children: Morally Right, Economically Necessary, And Constitutionally Required, Susan P. Leviton, Matthew H. Joseph

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Fencing Out Politically Unpopular Groups From The Normal Political Processes: The Equal Protection Concerns Of Colorado Amendment Two, Craig Cassin Burke Jan 1993

Fencing Out Politically Unpopular Groups From The Normal Political Processes: The Equal Protection Concerns Of Colorado Amendment Two, Craig Cassin Burke

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Negotiated Sovereignty: Intergovernmental Agreements With American Indian Tribes As Models For Expanding First Nations’ Self-Government, David H. Getches Jan 1993

Negotiated Sovereignty: Intergovernmental Agreements With American Indian Tribes As Models For Expanding First Nations’ Self-Government, David H. Getches

Articles

Constitutional issues related to First Nations sovereignty have dominated Aboriginal affairs in Canada for a considerable period. The constitutional entrenchment of Aboriginal self-government has, however, received a setback with the recent failure of the Charlottetown Accord in October of 1992. Nonetheless, day-to-day issues must be accommodated, even while this more fundamental constitutional question remains unresolved. This paper illustrates the American experience with negotiated intergovernmental agreements between tribes and individual states. These agreements have, for example, resolved jurisdictional disputes over taxation, solid waste disposal, and law enforcement between state governments and tribal authorities. The author suggests that these intergovernmental agreements in ...


The Aspirational Constitution, Robin West Jan 1993

The Aspirational Constitution, Robin West

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Firmly embedded in every theory of judicial decisionmaking lies an important set of assumptions about the way government is supposed to work. Sometimes these theories about government are made explicit. More often they are not. Moreover, deeply embedded in every theory of government is a theory of human nature. Although these assumptions about human nature generally remain latent within the larger theory, because they provide the underpinnings for our ideas about the way government is supposed to work, they drive our notions about judicial decisionmaking. For example, the theory of government reflected in the United States Constitution reveals what one ...


Search & Seizure Jan 1993

Search & Seizure

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Importance Of A Contextual Approach To Libel Law: The Impact Of Immuno Ag. V. Moor-Jankowski And Milkovich V. Lorain Journal Co., Margaret Chan Jan 1993

The Importance Of A Contextual Approach To Libel Law: The Impact Of Immuno Ag. V. Moor-Jankowski And Milkovich V. Lorain Journal Co., Margaret Chan

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Right To Confrontation Jan 1993

Right To Confrontation

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Right To Counsel Jan 1993

Right To Counsel

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Right To Be Present Jan 1993

Right To Be Present

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Rules & Regulations Jan 1993

Rules & Regulations

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Search & Seizure Jan 1993

Search & Seizure

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Search & Seizure Jan 1993

Search & Seizure

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Search & Seizure Jan 1993

Search & Seizure

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.