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Constitutional Law

Selected Works

First Amendment

Ira P. Robbins

Publication Year

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What Is The Meaning Of Like: The First Amendment Implications Of Social-Media Expression, Ira P. Robbins Dec 2012

What Is The Meaning Of Like: The First Amendment Implications Of Social-Media Expression, Ira P. Robbins

Ira P. Robbins

Everywhere the Internet goes, new legal problems are sure to follow. As social media expands and infiltrates our daily lives, society must grapple with how to extend the law to modern situations. This problem becomes increasingly pressing as more and more of our social interactions take place online. For example, Facebook has become a colossal gathering place for friends, families, co-workers, frenemies, and others to disseminate their ideas and share information. Sometimes Facebook replaces old institutions; other times it augments them. Where once a neighbor would show allegiance to a political candidate by staking a sign on the front lawn ...


Digitus Impudicus: The Middle Finger And The Law, Ira P. Robbins Mar 2008

Digitus Impudicus: The Middle Finger And The Law, Ira P. Robbins

Ira P. Robbins

The middle finger is one of the most commonly used insulting gestures in the United States. The finger, which is used to convey a wide range of emotions, is visible on streets and highways, in schools, shopping malls, and sporting events, in courts and execution chambers, in advertisements and on magazine covers, and even on the hallowed floor of the United States Senate. Despite its ubiquity, however, as a number of recent cases demonstrate, those who use the middle finger in public run the risk of being stopped, arrested, prosecuted, fined, and even incarcerated under disorderly conduct or breach of ...