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Constitutional Law

Selected Works

Mark Graber

Brown v. Board of Education

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The Price Of Fame: Brown As Celebrity, Mark A. Graber Apr 2009

The Price Of Fame: Brown As Celebrity, Mark A. Graber

Mark Graber

This essay examines the history of Brown I, Brown II, and Bolling in the Supreme Court of the United States. Enduring precedents, the analysis suggests, go through three stages. In the first stage, they fight for survival. This describes Brown during the first decade after that decision was handed down. No Supreme Court Justice asserted, “Brown should be overruled,” but many citations to Brown came in the context of political efforts to reverse or marginalize that decision. In the second stage, precedents fight for extension. This describes Brown in the later Warren and Burger years. Civil rights activists insisted that ...