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Evidence For Differentiation Of Arousal And Activation In Normal Adults, Mohammad Vaezmousavi, R. J. Barry, Jacqueline Rushby, Adam Clarke Jan 2007

Evidence For Differentiation Of Arousal And Activation In Normal Adults, Mohammad Vaezmousavi, R. J. Barry, Jacqueline Rushby, Adam Clarke

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

"Arousal" at a particular time has been defined as the energetic stateat that moment, reflected in electrodermal activity and measured by skin conductance level. In contrast, task related "activation" has been defined as the change in arousal from a resting baseline to the task situation. The present study, replicating some aspects of a previous investigation of these ideas in children, aimed to further explore whether the separation of "arousal" and "activation" was useful in describing state effects on the phasic Orienting Response (OR) and behavioral performance. A continuous performance task (CPT) was used with normal adults. It was found that ...


Effects Of Fatigue On Patellar Tendon Loading During The Landing Phases Of A Stop-Jump Movement, Suzi Edwards, Bridget J. Munro, Jil Cook, Craig Purdam, Julie R. Steele Jan 2007

Effects Of Fatigue On Patellar Tendon Loading During The Landing Phases Of A Stop-Jump Movement, Suzi Edwards, Bridget J. Munro, Jil Cook, Craig Purdam, Julie R. Steele

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Therefore, the purpose of this study was to establish whether there were any significant differences in the patellar tendon forces generated by athletes during the landing phases of a stop-jump (SJ) movement before and after fatigue induced by repetitive SSC exercises. Eighteen soccer and basketball players performed a SJ movement before and after a fatigue protocol. During each SJ trial, three-dimensional kinematic, kinetic and electromyographic data for each subject’s lower limbs were recorded. When fatigued, athletes significantly (p < 0.05) reduced their patellar tendon forces during the SJ movement by reducing knee and hip flexion. Whether “stiff limb” landings reduces the risk of developing patellar tendinopathy by decreasing patellar tendon loading during jumping requires further investigation.


'Kylie Tennant: A Life, By Jane Grant', Anne Collett Jan 2007

'Kylie Tennant: A Life, By Jane Grant', Anne Collett

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Book review of:

Jane Grant. Kylie Tennant: a Life. An Australian Life Series. Canberra: National Library of Australia, 2006, 156pp. ISBN: 064227617X (pb) AU $24.95


A Taxonomy For Homework Used By Mental Health Case Managers When Working With Individuals Diagnosed With Severe Mental Illness, Peter Kelly, Frank P. Deane, Robert King, Nikolaos Kazantzis, Trevor P. Crowe Jan 2007

A Taxonomy For Homework Used By Mental Health Case Managers When Working With Individuals Diagnosed With Severe Mental Illness, Peter Kelly, Frank P. Deane, Robert King, Nikolaos Kazantzis, Trevor P. Crowe

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

A survey was completed by 122 case managers describing the types of homework assignments commonly used with individuals diagnosed with severe mental illness (SMI). Homework types were categorized using a 12-item homework description taxonomy and in relation to the 22 domains of the Camberwell Assessment of Need (CAN). Case managers predominately reported using behaviourally based homework tasks such as scheduling activities and the development of personal hygiene skills. Homework focused on CAN areas of need in relation to Company, Psychological Distress, Psychotic Symptoms and Daytime Activities. The applications of the taxonomy for both researchers and case managers are discussed.


The Hollow-Face Illusion: Object Specific Knowledge, General Assumptions Or Properties Of The Stimulus, Harold C. Hill, Alan Johnston Jan 2007

The Hollow-Face Illusion: Object Specific Knowledge, General Assumptions Or Properties Of The Stimulus, Harold C. Hill, Alan Johnston

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The hollow-face illusion, in which a mask appears as a convex face, is a powerful example of binocular depth inversion occurring with a real object under a wide range of viewing conditions. Explanations of the illusion are reviewed and six experiments reported. In experiment 1 the detrimental effect of figural inversion, evidence for the importance of familiarity, was found for other oriented objects. The inversion effect held for masks lit from the side (experiment 2). The illusion was stronger for a mask rotated by 90° lit from its forehead than from its chin, suggesting that familiar patterns of shading enhance ...


The Hollow Face Illusion In Infancy, E Nakato, Harold C. Hill, Y Otsuka, S Kanazawa, M Yamaguchi Jan 2007

The Hollow Face Illusion In Infancy, E Nakato, Harold C. Hill, Y Otsuka, S Kanazawa, M Yamaguchi

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at The 30th European Conference on Visual Perception, 27-31 August 2007, Arezzo, Italy


An Application Of A Psychometric Personality Type Inventory To Improve Team Development And Performance, Terence J. Froggatt, Nathan J. Bibby Jan 2007

An Application Of A Psychometric Personality Type Inventory To Improve Team Development And Performance, Terence J. Froggatt, Nathan J. Bibby

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The issue of individual type preferences and how they relate to learning and human resource management are explored. Team learning, knowledge transfer, characteristics of leadership and trust and trusting in the context of team development and performance, are analyzed through the use of the Myers Briggs Type Indicator. The research is conducted with a semi professional Australian Rules football team. The team consists of a culturally diverse group. Predominantly, Australian men between the ages of 18 and 35 years. The men are university educated, trades professionals or blue collar workers, who volunteered to complete the Myers Briggs Type Indicator with ...


A Review Of Consumer Involvement In Evaluations Of Case Management: Consistency With A Recovery Paradigm, Sarah L. Marshall, Trevor P. Crowe, Lindsay G. Oades, Frank F. Deane, David J. Kavanagh Jan 2007

A Review Of Consumer Involvement In Evaluations Of Case Management: Consistency With A Recovery Paradigm, Sarah L. Marshall, Trevor P. Crowe, Lindsay G. Oades, Frank F. Deane, David J. Kavanagh

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This Open Forum examines research on case management that draws on consumer perspectives. It clarifies the extent of consumer involvement and whether evaluations were informed by recovery perspectives. Searches of three databases revealed 13 studies that sought to investigate consumer perspectives. Only one study asked consumers about experiences of recovery. Most evaluations did not adequately assess consumers' views, and active consumer participation in research was rare. Supporting an individual's recovery requires commitment to a recovery paradigm that incorporates traditional symptom reduction and improved functioning, with broader recovery principles, and a shift in focus from illness to well-being. It also ...


Developing A Tool To Measure 'Magnetism' In Australian Nursing Environments, Joanne T. Joyce-Mccoach, Patrick A. Crookes Jan 2007

Developing A Tool To Measure 'Magnetism' In Australian Nursing Environments, Joanne T. Joyce-Mccoach, Patrick A. Crookes

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The magnet hospital concept, developed in the United States of America (USA) in the early eighties, identified characteristics successful in attracting and retaining nursing staff. The nursing profession in Australia is currently focused on issues of recruitment and retention; therefore it is relevant and timely to consider the significance of the magnet concept to Australian health facilities. The project was undertaken in two stages: one using focus groups to revise the tool for use in Australia; and a second, using a questionnaire to test the reliability, validity and usability, of this revised tool, in a sample of Australian hospitals. The ...


Child Birth: Don't Forget The Fathers, Moira Williamson Jan 2007

Child Birth: Don't Forget The Fathers, Moira Williamson

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Fathers are often forgotten when a new baby comes into a family. But men face many challenges in the early months of fatherhood as they come to terms with their new or expanded role. And they need more support. UOW Senior Lecturer and Master of Science (Midwifery) Co-ordinator Moira Williamson and colleagues Professor Carol McVeigh from Massey University (NZ) and Mercy Baafi, Midwifery Manager (Education) at Wollongong Hospital, researched the impact of parenthood with 128 new fathers. MOIRA WILLIAMSON prepared this Opinion column, based on their research.


An Investigation Into The Potential Barriers Associated With Warfarin Prescribing In An Elderly Population Residing In Illawarra Based Aged Care Facilities, Judy Mullan Jan 2007

An Investigation Into The Potential Barriers Associated With Warfarin Prescribing In An Elderly Population Residing In Illawarra Based Aged Care Facilities, Judy Mullan

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Warfarin Prescribing: • Systems varied - faxed warfarin-specific chart - faxed warfarin orders - phone calls from GPs - phone call from RN to GP’s secretary dose recorded on chart with a ‘post-it’ note • Common problems - faxes (misplaced or not received) - ? current orders • “If there was a standard package for dealing with nursing homes then we would go along with that and just get used to it” (GP)


An Investigation Into The Potential Barriers Associated With Warfarin Prescribing In An Elderly Population Residing In Illawarra-Based Aged Care Facilities, Judy Mullan, Margaret L. Jordan Jan 2007

An Investigation Into The Potential Barriers Associated With Warfarin Prescribing In An Elderly Population Residing In Illawarra-Based Aged Care Facilities, Judy Mullan, Margaret L. Jordan

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Warfarin Prescribing: • Systems varied - faxed warfarin-specific chart - faxed warfarin orders - phone calls from GPs - phone call from RN to GP’s secretary dose recorded on chart with a ‘post-it’ note • Common problems - faxes (misplaced or not received) - ? current orders • “If there was a standard package for dealing with nursing homes then we would go along with that and just get used to it” (GP)


A Pilot Study On The Impact Of Occupational Therapy Home Programming For Young Children With Cerebral Palsy, Iona Novak, Anne Cusick, Kevin Lowe Jan 2007

A Pilot Study On The Impact Of Occupational Therapy Home Programming For Young Children With Cerebral Palsy, Iona Novak, Anne Cusick, Kevin Lowe

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Occupational therapy home programs are a common approach used to provide interventions for children with cerebral palsy, but there is little evidence to demonstrate the effectiveness of such programs. This singlegroup pretest–posttest design pilot study evaluated the impact of an occupational therapy home program implemented with 20 children who had spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy (ages 2–7 years, mean 3.8). We measured impact using Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS), the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI), and the Quality of Upper Extremity Skills Test (QUEST). We measured participation amount through a parent self-report log. Significant changes following intervention occured ...


Effects Of Splinting On Wrist Contracture After Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Natasha A. Lannin, Anne Cusick, Annie Mccluskey, Robert D. Herbert Jan 2007

Effects Of Splinting On Wrist Contracture After Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Natasha A. Lannin, Anne Cusick, Annie Mccluskey, Robert D. Herbert

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background and Purpose—Splints are commonly applied to the wrist and hand to prevent and treat contracture after stroke. However, there have been few randomized trials of this intervention. We sought to determine whether wearing a hand splint, which positions the wrist in either a neutral or an extended position, reduces wrist contracture in adults with hemiplegia after stroke. Methods—Sixty-three adults who had experienced a stroke within the preceding 8 weeks participated. They were randomized to either a control group (routine therapy) or 1 of 2 intervention groups (routine therapy plus splint in either a neutral or an extended ...


Children's Television Sub-Standards: A Call For Significant Amendments, Bridget P. Kelly, Josephine Chau Jan 2007

Children's Television Sub-Standards: A Call For Significant Amendments, Bridget P. Kelly, Josephine Chau

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Australia has one of the highest levels of food advertising on television in the developed world, with most advertisements being for foods that are high in fat, sugar, and/or salt. Evidence from international reviews suggests that television food advertising has an independent effect on children's food preferences and purchasing requests. While the size of this effect is indeterminate, and the evidence base is correlational and therefore inadequate for making causal inferences, there is a highly plausible link between television food advertising and overweight and obesity. It is important to examine whether current regulations protect Australian children from excessive ...


Plasminogen Binding And Activation At The Breast Cancer Cell Surface: The Integral Role Of Urokinase Activity, Gillian E. Stillfried, Darren Saunders, Marie Ranson Jan 2007

Plasminogen Binding And Activation At The Breast Cancer Cell Surface: The Integral Role Of Urokinase Activity, Gillian E. Stillfried, Darren Saunders, Marie Ranson

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

INTRODUCTION: The regulation of extracellular proteolytic activity via the plasminogen activation system is complex, involving numerous activators, inhibitors and receptors. Previous studies on monocytic and colon cell lines suggest that plasmin pre treatment can increase plasminogen binding, allowing the active enzyme to generate binding sites for its precursor. Other studies have shown the importance of pre formed receptors such as annexin II heterotetramer. However, few studies have utilised techniques which exclusively characterise cell surface events and these mechanisms have not been investigated at the breast cancer cell surface. METHODS: We have studied plasminogen binding to MCF 7 in which uPAR ...


Patient And Professional Accuracy Of Recalled Treatment Decisions In Out-Patient Consultations, Timothy C. Skinner, Katharine D. Barnard, Susan Cradock, Tracey Parkin Jan 2007

Patient And Professional Accuracy Of Recalled Treatment Decisions In Out-Patient Consultations, Timothy C. Skinner, Katharine D. Barnard, Susan Cradock, Tracey Parkin

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Aims  To test the assumption that professional recall of consultation decisions is valid and more accurate than patient recall of consultation decisions.

Methods  One hundred and thirty-four consultations between diabetes specialist nurses and diabetes specialist dietitians in an adult out-patient diabetes service were audiotaped. Patients and professionals were asked to recall the treatment decisions made immediately after the consultation. Patient participants were also asked to complete the Health Care Climate Questionnaire (HCC). Recalled decisions, by patient and professional participants, were then compared with those extracted from the audio tapes, and with each other.

Results  The mean duration of consultations was ...


Depression And Quality Of Life In Cancer Survivors: Is There A Relationship With Physical Activity?, Nancy Humpel, Donald Iverson Jan 2007

Depression And Quality Of Life In Cancer Survivors: Is There A Relationship With Physical Activity?, Nancy Humpel, Donald Iverson

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background Evidence is growing on the benefit of physical activity to improve well-being following a cancer diagnosis. This study examined changes in physical activity from pre to post diagnosis and explored this relationship with quality of life and depression. Methods Participants were recruited by posters and by letter of invitation. The questionnaire was completed by 59 prostate and 32 breast cancer survivors. Results Physical activity decreased by 72 minutes per week from pre to post diagnosis, although 20.9% reported having increased activity post diagnosis. Over 30% were considered depressed. Breast cancer participants who increased physical activity post diagnosis reported ...


Continuing Stability Of Center Differences In Pediatric Diabetes Care: Do Advances In Diabetes Treatment Improve Outcome?, Carine E. De Beaufort, Peter G. F. Swift, Timothy C. Skinner, - Hvidoere Study Group On Childhood Diabetes Jan 2007

Continuing Stability Of Center Differences In Pediatric Diabetes Care: Do Advances In Diabetes Treatment Improve Outcome?, Carine E. De Beaufort, Peter G. F. Swift, Timothy C. Skinner, - Hvidoere Study Group On Childhood Diabetes

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective: To reevaluate the persistence and stability of previously observed differences between pediatric diabetes centers and to investigate the influence of demography, language communication problems, and changes in insulin regimens on metabolic outcome, hypoglycemia, and ketoacidosis.

Research Design and Methods: This was an observational cross-sectional international study in 21 centers, with clinical data obtained from all participants and A1C levels assayed in one central laboratory. All individuals with diabetes aged 11–18 years (49.4% female), with duration of diabetes of at least 1 year, were invited to participate. Fourteen of the centers participated in previous Hvidoere Studies, allowing direct ...


The Paradoxical Food Buying Behaviour Of Parents: Insights From The Uk And Australia, Gary I. Noble, Sandra C. Jones, Danielle Mcvie, Laura Mcdermott, Martine Stead Jan 2007

The Paradoxical Food Buying Behaviour Of Parents: Insights From The Uk And Australia, Gary I. Noble, Sandra C. Jones, Danielle Mcvie, Laura Mcdermott, Martine Stead

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

AbstractPurpose - This article aims to explore the apparent paradox between the nutritional knowledge ofparents of pre-school children and their actual food purchase and preparation behaviour.Design/methodology/approach - Two separate qualitative data collection exercises wereconducted, an exploratory focus group study in the UK and a projective technique study in Australia.Findings - The UK study found that, despite believing that vegetables were good for children'shealth, mothers also perceived that it was extremely difficult to encourage children to eat them. Theresults of Australian study suggest that the purchase of unhealthy "treats" or "bribes" is explainedthrough the concept of "expediency" whereas what ...


Intranasal Administration Of A Parg Inhibitor Profoundly Decreases Ischemic Brain Injury, Guangwei Wei, Dongmin Wang, Huafei Lu, Sophie Parmentier, Qing Wang, S. Scott Panter, William H. Frey Ii, Weihai Ying Jan 2007

Intranasal Administration Of A Parg Inhibitor Profoundly Decreases Ischemic Brain Injury, Guangwei Wei, Dongmin Wang, Huafei Lu, Sophie Parmentier, Qing Wang, S. Scott Panter, William H. Frey Ii, Weihai Ying

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Cumulative evidence has indicated a critical role of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 activation in ischemic brain damage. Poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase (PARG) is a key enzyme in poly(ADP-ribose) catabolism. Our previous studies showed that PARG inhibitors, gallotannin (GT) and nobotanin B, can profoundly decrease oxidative cell death in vitro. Here, we tested the hypothesis that intranasal delivery of GT can decrease ischemic brain damage by inhibiting PARG. Intranasal delivery of GT within 5 hours after the onset of focal brain ischemia markedly decreased the infarct formation and neurological deficits of rats. The GT administration also increased poly(ADP-ribose) in the ischemic ...


Testing The Validity Of The Recovery Assessment Scale Using An Australian Sample, Mandy Mcnaught, Peter Caputi, Lindsay G. Oades, Frank P. Deane Jan 2007

Testing The Validity Of The Recovery Assessment Scale Using An Australian Sample, Mandy Mcnaught, Peter Caputi, Lindsay G. Oades, Frank P. Deane

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective: Mental health services in Australia are increasingly becoming recovery orientated. However, there are varying meanings for recovery and few measures that specifically target recovery outcomes. The current study aimed to assess the construct and concurrent validity of a patient self-report measure, the Recovery Assessment Scale (RAS).

Method: Participants were 168 individuals with severe and persistent psychiatric disability who were participants in the Australian Integrated Mental Health Initiative (AIMhi) project. They completed self-report recovery and other mental health measures and their case workers completed the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out to ...


Personality And Religious Values Among Adolescents: A Three-Wave Longitudinal Analysis., Patrick C. Heaven, Joseph V. Ciarrochi Jan 2007

Personality And Religious Values Among Adolescents: A Three-Wave Longitudinal Analysis., Patrick C. Heaven, Joseph V. Ciarrochi

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Using three waves of data, we assessed the relationships between endorsement of religious values, some of the major personality dimensions, and social and emotional well-being amongst teenagers. Participants were 784 high school students at Time 1 (382 manles and 394 females; 8 did not indicate their gender) and 563 provided data at each of Time 1, Time 2 and Time 3.


Non-Advertising Alcohol Promotions In Licensed Premises: Does The Code Of Practice Ensure Responsible Promotion Of Alcohol?, Sandra C. Jones, Melissa Lynch Jan 2007

Non-Advertising Alcohol Promotions In Licensed Premises: Does The Code Of Practice Ensure Responsible Promotion Of Alcohol?, Sandra C. Jones, Melissa Lynch

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Introduction and Aims. Binge drinking is a major public health issue in Australia, particularly among young people. There has been a considerable focus on alcohol advertising, among both researchers and policy makers, resulting in efforts to bring about some level of regulation of unacceptable advertising practices. However - despite the existence of a Code of Practice for Responsible Promotion of Liquor Products which provides 'a framework of practices which are considered acceptable and reasonable' for licensed premises - there are few, if any, data on the nature and extent of promotions which could arguably fall under either 'acceptable' or 'unacceptable' practices. Design ...


A Pilot Study Investigating Of The Nature Of Point-Of-Sale Alcohol Promotions In Bottle Shops In A Large Australian Regional City, Sandra C. Jones, Melissa Lynch Jan 2007

A Pilot Study Investigating Of The Nature Of Point-Of-Sale Alcohol Promotions In Bottle Shops In A Large Australian Regional City, Sandra C. Jones, Melissa Lynch

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective: The promotion of alcohol by retailers and media can contribute to a culture of excessive alcohol consumption, but the effect of non-advertising alcohol promotions has largely been neglected. This study sought to gather initial data on this important area.Method: An observational study of alcohol point-of-sale promotions in the Wollongong CBD area, conducted in July-August 2005.Results: We identified 17 different promotions in three categories: gift with purchase; competitions; and buy some, get some free.Conclusions: Given previous research demonstrating the relationship between increased alcohol consumption and both ownership of alcohol-related merchandise and reduced per unit price, it appears ...


Qualitative Study Into Quality Of Life Issues Surrounding Insulin Pump Use In Type 1 Diabetes, Katharine D. Barnard, Timothy Chas Skinner Jan 2007

Qualitative Study Into Quality Of Life Issues Surrounding Insulin Pump Use In Type 1 Diabetes, Katharine D. Barnard, Timothy Chas Skinner

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Currently, there is a need for qualitative research about how insulin pump therapy changes quality of life, which is significant to people with type 1 diabetes. This study aimed to elicit the experiences of current insulin pump users in order to discover the therapy's benefits, downsides and effect on their quality of life. A qualitative approach was taken in order to reveal subjective experiences. This research will inform future research and assist with policy and guideline development by health care providers about pump therapy.

Participants were briefly interviewed by telephone about their experiences of living with an insulin pump ...


Two High-Amylose Maize Starches With Different Amounts Of Resistant Starch Vary In Their Effects On Fermentation, Tissue And Digesta Mass Accretion, And Bacterial Populations In The Large Bowel Of Pigs, Anthony R. Bird, Michelle Vuaran, Ian L. Brown, David L. Topping Jan 2007

Two High-Amylose Maize Starches With Different Amounts Of Resistant Starch Vary In Their Effects On Fermentation, Tissue And Digesta Mass Accretion, And Bacterial Populations In The Large Bowel Of Pigs, Anthony R. Bird, Michelle Vuaran, Ian L. Brown, David L. Topping

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Four groups of young pigs (n 6) were fed a diet containing 50 % maize starch as either a highly digestible waxy starch (control; 0 % amylose) or one of three resistant starch (RS) diets, namely a high-amylose maize starch (HAMS; 85 % amylose), this starch subjected to hydrothermal treatment (HTHAMS; 85 % amylose), or a blend of HAMS and HTHAMS included in equal amounts, for 21 d. Food intake and live weight at the end of the study were similar among the four groups. Ileal starch digestibility was lower in pigs fed the three RS diets but was greater for HAMS (88 %) than ...


Counterfactual Thinking In Response To Hypothetical Breast Cancer Scenarios: A Pilot Study, Amy Y. Chan, Sandra C. Jones, Karen T. Rich Jan 2007

Counterfactual Thinking In Response To Hypothetical Breast Cancer Scenarios: A Pilot Study, Amy Y. Chan, Sandra C. Jones, Karen T. Rich

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This paper examined womens counterfactualthoughts in response to hypothetical scenarios aboutearly versus late breast cancer diagnoses.Womenaged 50 and over (N=29) read hypotheticalscenarios about the experience of fictitious womenof mammography screening age and completedcounterfactual statements from the protagonistsperspective.In two scenarios, the protagonist failedto attend mammography screening regularly andwas diagnosed with advanced breast cancer; thethird scenario depicted a woman who hadmammograms biennially and received an early-stagebreast cancer diagnosis.Consistent with pastliterature on counterfactual thinking, participantsgenerated exclusively upward counterfactuals fromthe two late-diagnosis scenarios, and predominantlydownward counterfactuals from the early-diagnosisscenario.Furthermore, participants primarilyfocussed on what the protagonist could personallyhave done differently ...


Vertical Display Oscillation Effects On Forward Vection And Simulator Sickness, Stephen A. Palmisano, Andrea Bubka, Frederick Bonato, John Folder Jan 2007

Vertical Display Oscillation Effects On Forward Vection And Simulator Sickness, Stephen A. Palmisano, Andrea Bubka, Frederick Bonato, John Folder

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: The current study investigated the effects that vertical display oscillation had on the development of both vection and simulator sickness. Methods: Sixteen subjects were exposed to optic flow displays, which simulated either: (i) constant velocity forward self-motion (pure radial flow); or (ii) combined constant velocity forward and vertically oscillating self-motion (radial flow with vertical oscillation at one of three frequencies: 1.8, 3.7 or 7.4 Hz). During each 10-min display exposure, subjects rated the strength of their vection and 8 symptoms listed on the Subjective Symptoms of Motion Sickness (SSMS) scale at 2-min intervals. Subjects also completed ...


Educational Acculturation And Academic Integrity: Outcomes Of An Intervention Subject For International Post-Graduate Students In Public Health, Julie M. Shaw, Paul J. Moore, Senthilkumar Gandhidasan Jan 2007

Educational Acculturation And Academic Integrity: Outcomes Of An Intervention Subject For International Post-Graduate Students In Public Health, Julie M. Shaw, Paul J. Moore, Senthilkumar Gandhidasan

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This paper discusses a case study of a subject developed and implemented in a post-graduate public health program at the University of Wollongong that aims to foster the development of student academic integrity and related skills as students are introduced to a new educational culture. The subject adopts a formative, task-based approach where written and oral pedagogic tasks focus on various components of a final written assessment task. The subject was collaboratively developed by faculty and learning development staff and, in addition to the subject co-ordinator, its implementation is supported by library and learning development staff, as well as a ...