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Psychology

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Memory

University of Iowa

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

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The Effect Of Recent Experience On Template Formation During Categorical Visual Search, Kenneth Eduardo Granillo-Velasquez Jan 2018

The Effect Of Recent Experience On Template Formation During Categorical Visual Search, Kenneth Eduardo Granillo-Velasquez

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

Previous studies have shown that while searching for categorical objects (e.g. cars, clothing, fruits, etc.), we utilize a template as a reference to aid in our detection and identification of our target object. Even more, other research has proposed the capacity of this template to accommodate or modify based on the exemplars presented for that categorical group. In addition, they have shown the capacity of these same exemplars to broaden or further specify the template used during these searches. However, these findings do not consider the effect that recent exemplars have on existing templates. In the following experiment, we ...


The Effects Of Music On Short-Term And Long-Term Memory, Alexandria Miller Jan 2017

The Effects Of Music On Short-Term And Long-Term Memory, Alexandria Miller

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

Recent research has suggested that there could be a benefit for learning verbal information with songs rather than spoken word; also, retrieval practices have been well documented as a beneficial learning strategy. The interaction between the two, however, has not been investigated. In this project, undergraduate students were assigned to one of four groups and listened to several complex sentences. Two groups had sentences that were spoken (Speech-Restudy, and Speech-Retrieval) and two had sentences that were sung (Song-Restudy, and Song-Retrieval). The restudy groups listened to the sentences four times, whereas the retrieval groups listened to the sentences twice, and then ...