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Psychology

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Emotion

Undergraduate Honors Theses

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Behavioral Effects Of A Sleep Intervention In Preschoolers With Sleep Problems: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Zoe Parisian-Jeppesen Jan 2019

Behavioral Effects Of A Sleep Intervention In Preschoolers With Sleep Problems: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Zoe Parisian-Jeppesen

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Sleep has been recognized as an important determinant for healthy development in children, with well documented effects on, not only physical health, but also emotional development. The mechanisms and extent of these relationships have yet to be fully elucidated. Considering that sleep is a modifiable health risk factor with myriad compounding impacts across the lifespan, this area of research is of distinct importance in the sphere of public health. This preliminary study is unique in that it uses a randomized, controlled experimental paradigm to assess the relationship between healthy sleep and emotion processing in children. 12 children with sleep problems ...


Childhood Development: How The Fine And Performing Arts Enhance Neurological, Social, And Academic Traits, Katherine Rowe May 2018

Childhood Development: How The Fine And Performing Arts Enhance Neurological, Social, And Academic Traits, Katherine Rowe

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract

Childhood development has always been a major topic when studying psychology and biology. This makes sense because the brain develops from the time a child is conceived to the time that child has reached around the age of twenty-seven. Doctors, psychologists, and sociologists look at numerous things when studying childhood development. However, how common is it for researchers to study how the fine and performing arts affect childhood development? Sociologists tend to be extremely open and mindful of all aspects of things such as culture, sexuality, religion, and even age. By taking a sociological standpoint when studying the arts ...


Metaphor To Memory: Effects Of Spatiotemporal Metaphors On The Emotional Valence Of Autobiographical Memories, Jayne B. Williamson-Lee Jan 2018

Metaphor To Memory: Effects Of Spatiotemporal Metaphors On The Emotional Valence Of Autobiographical Memories, Jayne B. Williamson-Lee

Undergraduate Honors Theses

English speakers conceptualize the passing of time in one of two ways: as events in time moving toward them (the time-moving perspective) or as themselves moving through time (the ego-moving perspective). Previous studies suggest that these construals of time have corresponding emotional valences (positive and negative, respectively), which influence perceptions of emotional experiences. This study investigates whether spatiotemporal metaphors evoke valence-specific memories – specifically whether the ego-moving perspective evokes positive memories and the time-moving perspective negative memories. Participants read statements depicting events in motion and wrote about autobiographical memories. Memories recalled were evaluated as positive or negative by the researcher. Results ...


Attention Directs Emotion: Directed Attention Drives Emotional Intensity And Distinctiveness Of Facial Perception, Ashley Marie Schuett Jan 2016

Attention Directs Emotion: Directed Attention Drives Emotional Intensity And Distinctiveness Of Facial Perception, Ashley Marie Schuett

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Does attention affect how you feel about someone? Researchers have shown that there may be a relationship between attention and emotion. However, less research has been done to investigate the relationship between the level of attention and the impact on the perception of others. Given that, this study was conducted to test two hypotheses. First, that directing attention towards a face increases threat and decreases trustworthiness one feels towards that person. Second, that attention increases emotion because it increases distinctiveness. To test these hypotheses, 43 participants underwent a computer simulation and viewed six sets of slideshows that contained white and ...


Too Close For Comfort? Social Distance And Positive Emotion Perception In Bipolar I Disorder, Joseph William Fischer Jan 2015

Too Close For Comfort? Social Distance And Positive Emotion Perception In Bipolar I Disorder, Joseph William Fischer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic psychiatric disorder that is associated with heightened and persistent positive emotion (Gruber, 2011; Johnson, 2005). Yet we know less about how troubled emotion responding may translate into dynamic face-to-face interactions involving others, especially in contexts where automatic social regulation of personal distance from others is key to maintaining social boundaries. Using a novel distance paradigm adapted from prior work (Adolphs et al., 2009) participants with a history of bipolar I disorder (BD; n = 30) and healthy controls (CTL; n = 31) provided online measurements of social distance preferences in response to positive, negative and neutral ...


The Effects Of The Emotional State On An Observer In The Face In The Crowd Paradigm, Kale A. Hubert Jan 2015

The Effects Of The Emotional State On An Observer In The Face In The Crowd Paradigm, Kale A. Hubert

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The face in the crowd paradigm refers to a particular visual search task in which participants are asked to identify target facial expressions in a crowd of distractors. Previous research in this vein has suggested performance is enhanced for angry faces, an anger-superiority effect. There is however disagreement in many of these findings, and this disagreement may partly be explained by a failure to recognize the role of observer mood, response bias, and discrimination ability in the paradigm. The present study used a face in the crowd visual search task and assessed participant mood state using the Positive and Negative ...


Remembering That Neutral Feeling? Enhanced Memory For Neutral, But Not Positive Or Negative, Emotional Stimuli In Bipolar I Disorder, Gaia Cooper Jan 2015

Remembering That Neutral Feeling? Enhanced Memory For Neutral, But Not Positive Or Negative, Emotional Stimuli In Bipolar I Disorder, Gaia Cooper

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic psychiatric disorder that is associated with heightened and persistent positive emotion (Gruber, 2011; Johnson, 2005). Yet we know less about underlying cognitive processes that may influence these observed biases in emotionality. One promising approach is to examine cognitive processes, such as declarative memory, that may serve as an important window into understanding how individuals with BD remember emotion-laden stimuli. The current study presented standardized positive, negative and neutral emotion eliciting images to remitted BD I adults (n=26) and healthy controls (CTL; n=24) and measured accuracy in recall after a subsequent 60-minute delay ...