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Emotion

Psychology and Neuroscience Graduate Theses & Dissertations

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Affective And Neural Correlates Of Conflict Interactions Of Romantic Couples, Briana Lucia Robustelli Jan 2018

Affective And Neural Correlates Of Conflict Interactions Of Romantic Couples, Briana Lucia Robustelli

Psychology and Neuroscience Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Conflict interactions are almost universally experienced by romantic couples, are often emotionally rich, and are associated with many important mental and physical health outcomes. These factors make conflict interactions an excellent topic for investigation in studies of emotion and couples. The current study included 20 heterosexual romantic couples who had been in a relationship for at least 2 years. Each couple completed a video recorded conflict interaction task and both partners in each couple viewed their own interaction and the interaction of another couple in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanner. Partners then completed an emotion rating task where ...


Salience In Mere Exposure: Salience Makes Evaluations More Extreme And Accounts For Exposure Effects, Kellen Mrkva Jan 2018

Salience In Mere Exposure: Salience Makes Evaluations More Extreme And Accounts For Exposure Effects, Kellen Mrkva

Psychology and Neuroscience Graduate Theses & Dissertations

I propose and support a salience account of exposure effects suggesting that repeated exposure to stimuli influences evaluations and emotion by increasing salience, the relative quality of standing out in relation to other stimuli in the environment. From this idea that exposure increases salience, I derive the hypotheses that repeated exposure to stimuli will make evaluations more extreme and emotional reactions more intense (in addition to increasing liking as in previous mere exposure research; Montoya et al., 2017; Zajonc, 1968). In Experiments 1 and 2, I manipulate exposure, presenting some stimuli 9 times and other stimuli 3 times, 1 time ...


The Neural Embodiment Of Human Emotion, Marianne Cumella Reddan Jan 2016

The Neural Embodiment Of Human Emotion, Marianne Cumella Reddan

Psychology and Neuroscience Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Colloquially, we describe emotion as something we feel, but it remains unknown whether emotional experiences and bodily sensations share representational space in the human brain. Does the neural basis of emotion include activation in cortex specialized to represent bodily sensation and action? There is growing evidence that emotions are ‘embodied,’ or grounded in simulations of some modality, such as perception and action. However, a causal link between reports of bodily sensations and discrete emotional states has not been established. This investigation aims to bridge bodily sensations of emotion with its neural construction by analyzing the representational similarity between self-reported topographical ...


Depression And Cognitive Control In The Face Of Negative Information Or Stressors, Roselinde Henderson Kaiser Jan 2012

Depression And Cognitive Control In The Face Of Negative Information Or Stressors, Roselinde Henderson Kaiser

Psychology and Neuroscience Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Previous research has indicated that people with depression exhibit altered cognitive control functioning when confronted by negative information or stress. However, identifying the factors that drive such altered functioning, or how to protect the ability to implement cognitive control, remain topics of debate. The current thesis explores these themes: what is it about the content of salient, distracting stimuli that predicts altered cognitive control in depression, how is such interference manifested on the level of brain activation, and what protects cognitive control functioning in the face of such stimuli. Study 1 investigated the relationship between depression and brain activation in ...


From Mindless To Mindful Decision Making: Reflecting On Prescriptive Processes, Michaela Huber Jan 2010

From Mindless To Mindful Decision Making: Reflecting On Prescriptive Processes, Michaela Huber

Psychology and Neuroscience Graduate Theses & Dissertations

People frequently make judgments and decisions in ways that, in hindsight, they might prefer to have made differently. Their judgments and decisions may be strongly influenced by some attributes that people would prefer receive less weight (e.g. transient emotions, peripheral cues, and social influence), and people may neglect other attributes that they would prefer receive more weight (e.g. factual information, subjective experiences, and personal preference). The central claim in this dissertation is that asking people to reflect on prescriptive decision processes--how decisions should be made--elicits a psychological state of mindfulness where people are increasingly aware of and better ...