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Demo Alleviate: Demonstrating Artificial Intelligence Enabled Virtual Assistance For Telehealth: The Mental Health Case, Kaushik Roy, Vedant Khandelwal, Raxit Goswami, Nathan Dolbir, Jinendra Malekar, Amit Sheth 2023 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Demo Alleviate: Demonstrating Artificial Intelligence Enabled Virtual Assistance For Telehealth: The Mental Health Case, Kaushik Roy, Vedant Khandelwal, Raxit Goswami, Nathan Dolbir, Jinendra Malekar, Amit Sheth

Publications

After the pandemic, artificial intelligence (AI) powered support for mental health care has become increasingly important. The breadth and complexity of significant challenges required to provide adequate care involve: (a) Personalized patient understanding, (b) Safety-constrained and medically validated chatbot patient interactions, and (c) Support for continued feedback-based refinements in design using chatbot-patient interactions. We propose Alleviate, a chatbot designed to assist patients suffering from mental health challenges with personalized care and assist clinicians with understanding their patients better. Alleviate draws from an array of publicly available clinically valid mental-health texts and databases, allowing Alleviate to make medically sound and informed …


A Computational Model Of Trust Based On Dynamic Interaction In The Stack Overflow Community, Patrick O’Neill 2023 Technological University Dublin

A Computational Model Of Trust Based On Dynamic Interaction In The Stack Overflow Community, Patrick O’Neill

Dissertations

A member’s reputation in an online community is a quantified representation of their trustworthiness within the community. Reputation is calculated using rules-based algorithms which are primarily tied to the upvotes or downvotes a member receives on posts. The main drawback of this form of reputation calculation is the inability to consider dynamic factors such as a member’s activity (or inactivity) within the community. The research involves the construction of dynamic mathematical models to calculate reputation and then determine to what extent these results compare with rules-based models. This research begins with exploratory research of the existing corpus of knowledge. Constructive …


Ierl: Interpretable Ensemble Representation Learning - Combining Crowdsourced Knowledge And Distributed Semantic Representations, Yuxin Zi, Kaushik Roy, Vignesh Narayanan, Manas Gaur, Amit Sheth 2023 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Ierl: Interpretable Ensemble Representation Learning - Combining Crowdsourced Knowledge And Distributed Semantic Representations, Yuxin Zi, Kaushik Roy, Vignesh Narayanan, Manas Gaur, Amit Sheth

Publications

Large Language Models (LLMs) encode meanings of words in the form of distributed semantics. Distributed semantics capture common statistical patterns among language tokens (words, phrases, and sentences) from large amounts of data. LLMs perform exceedingly well across General Language Understanding Evaluation (GLUE) tasks designed to test a model’s understanding of the meanings of the input tokens. However, recent studies have shown that LLMs tend to generate unintended, inconsistent, or wrong texts as outputs when processing inputs that were seen rarely during training, or inputs that are associated with diverse contexts (e.g., well-known hallucination phenomenon in language generation tasks). Crowdsourced and …


Cooperative Deep Q -Learning Framework For Environments Providing Image Feedback, Krishnan Raghavan, Vignesh Narayanan, Sarangapani Jagannathan 2023 Argonne National Laboratory

Cooperative Deep Q -Learning Framework For Environments Providing Image Feedback, Krishnan Raghavan, Vignesh Narayanan, Sarangapani Jagannathan

Publications

In this article, we address two key challenges in deep reinforcement learning (DRL) setting, sample inefficiency, and slow learning, with a dual-neural network (NN)-driven learning approach. In the proposed approach, we use two deep NNs with independent initialization to robustly approximate the action-value function in the presence of image inputs. In particular, we develop a temporal difference (TD) error-driven learning (EDL) approach, where we introduce a set of linear transformations of the TD error to directly update the parameters of each layer in the deep NN. We demonstrate theoretically that the cost minimized by the EDL regime is an approximation …


An Exponential Cone Programming Approach For Managing Electric Vehicle Charging, Li CHEN, Long HE, Yangfang (Helen) ZHOU 2023 National University of Singapore

An Exponential Cone Programming Approach For Managing Electric Vehicle Charging, Li Chen, Long He, Yangfang (Helen) Zhou

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

To support the rapid growth in global electric vehicle adoption, public charging of electric vehicles is crucial. We study the problem of an electric vehicle charging service provider, which faces (1) stochastic arrival of customers with distinctive arrival and departure times, and energy requirements as well as (2) a total electricity cost including demand charges, costs related to the highest per-period electricity used in a finite horizon. We formulate its problem of scheduling vehicle charging to minimize the expected total cost as a stochastic program (SP). As this SP is large-scale, we solve it using exponential cone program (ECP) approximations. …


Ultra-High Field Mri Methods For Precise Anatomical And Spectroscopic Measurements In The Brain And Application To Neurological And Neuropsychiatric Diseases, Judy Alper 2023 CUNY City College

Ultra-High Field Mri Methods For Precise Anatomical And Spectroscopic Measurements In The Brain And Application To Neurological And Neuropsychiatric Diseases, Judy Alper

Dissertations and Theses

Neurological and neuropsychiatric diseases and disorders are a major burden on society, impairing the health and functioning of millions of people every year. There is a need to define the biological bases of these diseases and identify potential biomarkers to improve diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment efficacy across multiple diseases.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a noninvasive imaging technique which facilitates detection of brain lesions and visualization of the brain overall. However, limitations in contrast and resolution at clinical field strengths may hinder investigation of the underlying biological mechanisms of these diseases. Ultra-high field MRI scanners, such as those at 7-Tesla, …


Deep Learning-Based Classification Of Chaotic Systems Over Phase Portraits, SEZGİN KAÇAR, SÜLEYMAN UZUN, BURAK ARICIOĞLU 2023 TÜBİTAK

Deep Learning-Based Classification Of Chaotic Systems Over Phase Portraits, Sezgi̇n Kaçar, Süleyman Uzun, Burak Aricioğlu

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

This study performed a deep learning-based classification of chaotic systems over their phase portraits. To the best of the authors' knowledge, such classification studies over phase portraits have not been conducted in the literature. To that end, a dataset consisting of the phase portraits of the most known two chaotic systems, namely Lorenz and Chen, is generated for different values of the parameters, initial conditions, step size, and time length. Then, a classification with high accuracy is carried out employing transfer learning methods. The transfer learning methods used in the study are SqueezeNet, VGG-19, AlexNet, ResNet50, ResNet101, DenseNet201, ShuffleNet, and …


An Adaptive Image Restoration Algorithm Based On Hybrid Total Variation Regularization, CONG THANG PHAM, THI THU THAO TRAN, HUNG VI DANG, HOAI PHUONG DANG 2023 TÜBİTAK

An Adaptive Image Restoration Algorithm Based On Hybrid Total Variation Regularization, Cong Thang Pham, Thi Thu Thao Tran, Hung Vi Dang, Hoai Phuong Dang

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

In imaging systems, the mixed Poisson-Gaussian noise (MPGN) model can accurately describe the noise present. Total variation (TV) regularization-based methods have been widely utilized for Poisson-Gaussian removal with edge-preserving. However, TV regularization sometimes causes staircase artifacts with piecewise constants. To overcome this issue, we propose a new model in which the regularization term is represented by a combination of total variation and high-order total variation. We study the existence and uniqueness of the minimizer for the considered model. Numerically, the minimization problem can be efficiently solved by the alternating minimization method. Furthermore, we give rigorous convergence analyses of our algorithm. …


A Type-2 Fuzzy Rule-Based Model For Diagnosis Of Covid-19, İHSAN ŞAHİN, ERHAN AKDOĞAN, MEHMET EMİN AKTAN 2023 TÜBİTAK

A Type-2 Fuzzy Rule-Based Model For Diagnosis Of Covid-19, İhsan Şahi̇n, Erhan Akdoğan, Mehmet Emi̇n Aktan

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

In this study, a type-2 fuzzy logic-based decision support system comprising clinical examination and blood test results that health professionals can use in addition to existing methods in the diagnosis of COVID-19 has been developed. The developed system consists of three fuzzy units. The first fuzzy unit produces COVID-19 positivity as a percentage according to the respiratory rate, loss of smell, and body temperature values, and the second fuzzy unit according to the C-reactive protein, lymphocyte, and D-dimer values obtained as a result of the blood tests. In the third fuzzy unit, the COVID-19 positivity risks according to the clinical …


Early Diagnosis Of Pancreatic Cancer By Machine Learning Methods Using Urine Biomarker Combinations, İREM ACER, FIRAT ORHAN BULUCU, SEMRA İÇER, FATMA LATİFOĞLU 2023 TÜBİTAK

Early Diagnosis Of Pancreatic Cancer By Machine Learning Methods Using Urine Biomarker Combinations, İrem Acer, Firat Orhan Bulucu, Semra İçer, Fatma Lati̇foğlu

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

The most common type of pancreatic cancer is pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), which accounts for the vast majority of pancreatic cancers. The five-year survival rate for PDAC due to late diagnosis is 9%. Early diagnosed PDAC patients survive longer than patients diagnosed at a more advanced stage. Biomarkers can play an essential role in the early detection of PDAC to assist the health professional. Machine learning and deep learning methods are used with biomarkers obtained in recent studies for diagnostic purposes. In order to increase the survival rates of PDAC patients, early diagnosis of the disease with a noninvasive test …


Binary Text Classification Using Genetic Programming With Crossover-Based Oversampling For Imbalanced Datasets, MONA ALJERO, NAZİFE DİMİLİLER 2023 TÜBİTAK

Binary Text Classification Using Genetic Programming With Crossover-Based Oversampling For Imbalanced Datasets, Mona Aljero, Nazi̇fe Di̇mi̇li̇ler

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

It is well known that classifiers trained using imbalanced datasets usually have a bias toward the majority class. In this context, classification models can present a high classification performance overall and for the majority class, even when the performance for the minority class is significantly lower. This paper presents a genetic programming (GP) model with a crossover-based oversampling technique for oversampling the imbalanced dataset for binary text classification. The aim of this study is to apply an oversampling technique to solve the imbalanced issue and improve the performance of the GP model that employed the proposed technique. The proposed technique …


An Effective Hilbert-Huang Transform-Based Approach For Dynamic Eccentricity Fault Diagnosis In Double-Rotor Double-Sided Stator Structure Axial Flux Permanent Magnet Generator Under Various Load And Speed Conditions, MAKAN TORABI, YOUSEF ALINEJAD BEROMI 2023 TÜBİTAK

An Effective Hilbert-Huang Transform-Based Approach For Dynamic Eccentricity Fault Diagnosis In Double-Rotor Double-Sided Stator Structure Axial Flux Permanent Magnet Generator Under Various Load And Speed Conditions, Makan Torabi, Yousef Alinejad Beromi

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Eccentricity fault in double-sided axial flux permanent magnet generator is very difficult to be detected as the fault generated variations in terminal electrical parameters are very weak and chaotic, especially at the initial stages of the fault occurrence. In addition, one of the most important problems in any fault diagnosis approach is the investigation of load and speed variation on the proposed indices. To overcome the aforementioned difficulty and problems, this paper adopts a novelty detection algorithm based on Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT) which is a time-frequency signal analysis approach based on empirical mode decomposition and the Hilbert transform. It is …


The Effects Of The Dielectric Substrate Thickness And The Loss Tangent On The Absorption Spectrum: A Comprehensive Study Considering The Resonance Type, The Ground Plane Coupling, And The Characterization Setup, UMUT KÖSE, EVREN EKMEKÇİ 2023 TÜBİTAK

The Effects Of The Dielectric Substrate Thickness And The Loss Tangent On The Absorption Spectrum: A Comprehensive Study Considering The Resonance Type, The Ground Plane Coupling, And The Characterization Setup, Umut Köse, Evren Ekmekçi̇

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

In this study, the effects of dielectric substrate thickness and the dielectric loss tangent on the absorption spectrum are investigated parametrically in S-band. The study has been conducted on two different absorber topologies, one is closed ring resonator (CRR) and the other is composed of a split ring resonator (SRR), to observe the effects on both LC - and dipole-type resonances. The studies on the substrate thickness have been performed both numerically and experimentally, whereas the studies on the dielectric loss tangent have been performed numerically. The results agree with the literature such that the substrate thickness has significant effects …


Two New Mathematical Models For Two Level Electricity Network Design With Distributed Generation, BURÇİN ÇAKIR ERDENER, BERNA DENGİZ, ZÜLAL GÜNGÖR, İMDAT KARA 2023 TÜBİTAK

Two New Mathematical Models For Two Level Electricity Network Design With Distributed Generation, Burçi̇n Çakir Erdener, Berna Dengi̇z, Zülal Güngör, İmdat Kara

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

In the new millennium, traditional electrical power systems have undergone a significant change driven by a set of requirements arising from evolving and changing technology. Thus, fundamental changes have occurred in the way electrical energy is produced, transmitted, and distributed. This situation has revealed the need to expand existing networks or to establish new networks. The available literature revealed that particular attention to the latter one is still limited due to the complexity of the power system. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the body of literature that tries to address the gap at overall design of …


Transmission Network Planning For Realistic Egyptian Systems Via Encircling Prey Based Algorithms, ABDULLAH M. SHAHEEN, RAGAB ELSEHIEMY, MOHAMMED KHARRICH, SALAH KAMEL 2023 TÜBİTAK

Transmission Network Planning For Realistic Egyptian Systems Via Encircling Prey Based Algorithms, Abdullah M. Shaheen, Ragab Elsehiemy, Mohammed Kharrich, Salah Kamel

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Transmission network planning problem (TNPP) is one of the pertinent issues of the planning activities in power systems. It aims to optimally pick out the routs, types, and number of the new installed lines to confront the expected future loading conditions. In this line, this study proposes a new economic model to the TNPP. The aim of the model is to find the optimal transmission routes at least investment and operating costs. Three recent algorithms called grey wolf optimization algorithm (GWOA), spotted hyena optimization algorithm (SHOA) and whale optimization algorithm (WOA) are developed to solve the TNPP. The concept of …


Basismap: Sequence-Based Similarity Search For Geomagnetic Positioning, TEVFİK KADIOĞLU, BURCU ERKMEN 2023 TÜBİTAK

Basismap: Sequence-Based Similarity Search For Geomagnetic Positioning, Tevfi̇k Kadioğlu, Burcu Erkmen

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Indoor localization has become a popular topic with the development of location-based services (LBS) and indoor navigation systems. Beside these circumstances indoor positioning has been the focus of attention for researchers as the most important component of these applications. Many signals are used as distinguishable features for indoor positioning. RF-based Wi-Fi and BLE systems are the most popular ones and these have been preferred because of their high distinguishable feature. The use of geomagnetism, a natural signal found all over the world, has also been of interest to many researchers. Geomagnetic signals being distorted in the indoor area due to …


Lvq Treatment For Zero-Shot Learning, FIRAT İSMAİLOĞLU 2023 TÜBİTAK

Lvq Treatment For Zero-Shot Learning, Firat İsmai̇loğlu

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

In image classification, there are no labeled training instances for some classes, which are therefore called unseen classes or test classes. To classify these classes, zero-shot learning (ZSL) was developed, which typically attempts to learn a mapping from the (visual) feature space to the semantic space in which the classes are represented by a list of semantically meaningful attributes. However, the fact that this mapping is learned without using instances of the test classes affects the performance of ZSL, which is known as the domain shift problem. In this study, we propose to apply the learning vector quantization (LVQ) algorithm …


Variational Autoencoder-Based Anomaly Detection In Time Series Data For Inventory Record Inaccuracy, HALİL ARĞUN, SADETTİN EMRE ALPTEKİN 2023 TÜBİTAK

Variational Autoencoder-Based Anomaly Detection In Time Series Data For Inventory Record Inaccuracy, Hali̇l Arğun, Sadetti̇n Emre Alpteki̇n

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Retail companies monitor inventory stock levels regularly and manage them based on forecasted sales to sustain their market position. Inventory accuracy, defined as the difference between the warehouse stock records and the actual inventory, is critical for preventing stockouts and shortages. The root causes of inventory inaccuracy are the employee or customer theft, product damage or spoilage, and wrong shipments. In this paper, we aim at detecting inaccurate stocks of one of Turkey's largest supermarket chain using the variational autoencoder (VAE), which is an unsupervised learning method. Based on the findings, we showed that VAE is able to model the …


A New Approach To Linear Displacement Measurements Based On Hall Effect Sensors, İSMAİL YARİÇİ, YAVUZ ÖZTÜRK 2023 TÜBİTAK

A New Approach To Linear Displacement Measurements Based On Hall Effect Sensors, İsmai̇l Yari̇çi̇, Yavuz Öztürk

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Since displacement is a vital variable to be considered in many industrial applications, displacement sensing devices have been extensively studied both theoretically and experimentally. There have been also many studies on Hall effect-based displacement measurement, but for many systems linearity still remains a problem. This paper discusses different approaches to calculate the magnetic field due to a cylindrical permanent magnet and proposes a new setup geometry with 2-Hall effect sensors and a permanent magnet between them to overcome the linearity problems. Furthermore, theoretical and experimental studies of the discussed displacement sensor were presented by focusing on the linear range and …


A Robust Model For Spot Virtual Machine Bidding In The Cloud Market Using Information Gap Decision Theory (Igdt), Mona NAGHDEHFOROUSHHA, Mehdi DEHGHAN TAKHT FOOLADI, MOHAMMED HOSSEIN REZVANI, Mohammad Mehdi GILANIAN SADEGHI 2023 TÜBİTAK

A Robust Model For Spot Virtual Machine Bidding In The Cloud Market Using Information Gap Decision Theory (Igdt), Mona Naghdehforoushha, Mehdi Dehghan Takht Fooladi, Mohammed Hossein Rezvani, Mohammad Mehdi Gilanian Sadeghi

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

The spot market is one of the most common cloud markets where cloud providers, such as Amazon EC2, rent their surplus computing resources at lower prices in the form of spot virtual machines (SVMs). In this market, which is often managed through an auction mechanism, users seek optimal bidding strategies for renting SVMs to minimize cost and risk. Uncertainty in the price of SVMs and their low availability/reliability is a challenging issue to bid on the user side. In this paper, we present a robust model for minimizing the cost of executing tasks by considering the uncertainty of the price …


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