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Malicious Hardware & Its Effects On Industry, Gustavo Perez 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Malicious Hardware & Its Effects On Industry, Gustavo Perez

Computer Science and Computer Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

In recent years advancements have been made in computer hardware security to circumnavigate the threat of malicious hardware. Threats come in several forms during the development and overall life cycle of computer hardware and I aim to highlight those key points. I will illustrate the various ways in which attackers exploit flaws in a chip design, or how malicious parties take advantage of the many steps required to design and fabricate hardware. Due to these exploits, the industry and consumers have suffered damages in the form of financial loss, physical harm, breaches of personal data, and a multitude of other ...


Low Impact Development: Low-Maintenance Design To Encourage Residential Adoption Of Sustainable Systems, Haley Ellis 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Low Impact Development: Low-Maintenance Design To Encourage Residential Adoption Of Sustainable Systems, Haley Ellis

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Residential adoption of low-impact development (LID) technology can positively impact downstream watershed hydrology by reducing total volumetric discharge from the residential site. This reduction can provide economic, environmental, and social benefits for the residents as well as the community at large. Additionally, homeowners are often affected by stormwater related issues, like flooding or washout, that could be easily mitigated with a sustainably engineered LID structure or network. Engineering for sustainability often includes the blending of several objectives to provide greater overall benefit. This thesis compares the outflow characteristics of three low-maintenance residential LID design scenarios differing in rain garden soil ...


Thorium Dioxide Extraction From Monazite Ore, Jason Pan, Niall Phelan Terry, Katherine Glass, Eli Jenkins, Connor High 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Thorium Dioxide Extraction From Monazite Ore, Jason Pan, Niall Phelan Terry, Katherine Glass, Eli Jenkins, Connor High

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Evaluating The Thermal Conductivity Of Potting Materials Using The Hot-Wire Method, Yeny Hau Chen 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Evaluating The Thermal Conductivity Of Potting Materials Using The Hot-Wire Method, Yeny Hau Chen

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis is focused on the evaluation of the thermal conductivity of certain potting materials, in particular Aluminum Nitride (AlN), thermal putty, and silicone oil using the “hot-wire” method in order to allow volume reductions of inductors, and thus, increase the power density of converters. The main objective of this thesis is then to study the behavior of these specific materials intended for high-density power converters by mixing them with different proportions and placing the resulting compounds into a can for calculating their thermal conductivities, in order to evaluate the effects on the power density of inductor-based converters. One objective ...


Thermal Testing And Characterization Of Nanoparticles Synthesized For Biological Treatment, Tonie Butler 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Thermal Testing And Characterization Of Nanoparticles Synthesized For Biological Treatment, Tonie Butler

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The overall goal of this research project is to synthesize iron core, silica capped nanoparticles that, when they are exposed to a particular magnetic field, will react by increasing in temperature and emitting substantial thermal output. They will be injected into the human body for biological benefit by targeted thermal radiation. Once in the human body, ideally, they will be able to target a specific area, and then a magnetic field will be applied to induce thermal output through the process of hyperthermia. As the nanoparticles emit heat, they will mimic the natural bodily behavior seen by way of hyperthermia ...


Quantifying The Benefits Of A Collaborative Supply Chain Network Using A Discrete-Time Vehicle Routing Model, Matthew Walters 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Quantifying The Benefits Of A Collaborative Supply Chain Network Using A Discrete-Time Vehicle Routing Model, Matthew Walters

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The transportation industry contributed around one trillion dollars to the economy in 2016 accounting for 8.9% percent of the GDP. In 2017, it was responsible for 1.5 billion tons of CO2 emissions. With the American Trucking agency predicting a 35% growth in the trucking industry between 2016 and 2027, there are rising concerns about the impact the trucking industry will have on the economy and the environment. The trucking industry is also very inefficient with many trucks driving with empty loads or with less than full capacity loads. There is potential to save billions of dollars and ...


Performance And Economics Of Solar Inverters And Module Level Power Electronics In A 1 Mw Photovoltaic System, Maxwell Criswell 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Performance And Economics Of Solar Inverters And Module Level Power Electronics In A 1 Mw Photovoltaic System, Maxwell Criswell

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Photovoltaic solar panels convert sunlight to electricity in the form of direct current; therefore, a necessary component of every photovoltaic system is an inverter to convert the electricity to usable alternating current. There are various commercially available inverter technologies manufactured today such as microinverters, string inverters, and central inverters, as well as module level power electronic devices such as DC optimizers that are capable of improving system performance in string and central inverter systems. This thesis compares the performance and economics of five different inverter and module level power electronic systems through model simulation using Helioscope software. The five alternatives ...


Design And Fabrication Of A Microstrip Bandpass Filter In Ltcc, Allison Rucker 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Design And Fabrication Of A Microstrip Bandpass Filter In Ltcc, Allison Rucker

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The goal of the project was to design and fabricate a bandpass filter with a center frequency of 25GHz with a 2GHz bandwidth. The first step was to do the calculation to design a bandpass filter to meet these specifications along with the properties of the DupontTM GreenTapeTM 9K7. HFSS was then used to verify the results from the initial calculations. There was a significant error between the two results, so more tweaking was done to the calculations to get a better center frequency. After a final design was decided, the fabrication process started. Low-Temperature Co-Fired Ceramics (LLTC ...


Mitigation Of Odor And Gaseous Emissions From Swine Barn With Uv-A And Uv-C Photocatalysis, Myeongseong Lee, Jacek A. Koziel, Wyatt Murphy, William S. Jenks, Baitong Chen, Peiyang Li, Chumki Banik 2021 Iowa State University

Mitigation Of Odor And Gaseous Emissions From Swine Barn With Uv-A And Uv-C Photocatalysis, Myeongseong Lee, Jacek A. Koziel, Wyatt Murphy, William S. Jenks, Baitong Chen, Peiyang Li, Chumki Banik

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

UV-A (ca. 365 nm wavelength, a.k.a. ‘black light’) photocatalysis has been investigated to comprehensively mitigate odor and selected air pollutants in the livestock environment. This study was conducted to confirm the performance of UV-A photocatalysis on the swine farm. The objectives of this research were to (1) scale-up of the UV-A photocatalysis treatment, (2) evaluate the mitigation of odorous gases from swine slurry pit, (3) test different UV sources, (4) evaluate the effect of particulate matter (PM) and (5) conduct preliminary economic analyses. We tested UV-A photocatalysis at a mobile laboratory-scale capable of treating ~0.2–0.8 ...


Dynamic Task Allocation In Partially Defined Environments Using A* With Bounded Costs, James Hendrickson 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Dynamic Task Allocation In Partially Defined Environments Using A* With Bounded Costs, James Hendrickson

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

The sector of maritime robotics has seen a boom in operations in areas such as surveying and mapping, clean-up, inspections, search and rescue, law enforcement, and national defense. As this sector has continued to grow, there has been an increased need for single unmanned systems to be able to undertake more complex and greater numbers of tasks. As the maritime domain can be particularly difficult for autonomous vehicles to operate in due to the partially defined nature of the environment, it is crucial that a method exists which is capable of dynamically accomplishing tasks within this operational domain. By considering ...


Process Design And Optimization Of A Once-Through Dimethyl Ether Process Using Aveva Process Simulation, Jerrod Scott 2021 University of Mississippi

Process Design And Optimization Of A Once-Through Dimethyl Ether Process Using Aveva Process Simulation, Jerrod Scott

Honors Theses

The primary purpose of the project on which I wrote this thesis was to design an optimize a once-through dimethyl ether process utilizing a software called AVEVA Process Simulation. The process was initially modeled and optimized to minimize the EAOC of the distillation column. The result of that effort was an optimized column with six stages with the feed entering the column at stage six. It had a height of 3 m, diameter of 0.44 m, and an EAOC of $65,100. This optimized solution was submitted to a Toller. The Toller provided available equipment to model the plant ...


A Study Of Deep Reinforcement Learning In Autonomous Racing Using Deepracer Car, Mukesh Ghimire 2021 University of Mississippi

A Study Of Deep Reinforcement Learning In Autonomous Racing Using Deepracer Car, Mukesh Ghimire

Honors Theses

Reinforcement learning is thought to be a promising branch of machine learning that has the potential to help us develop an Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) machine. Among the machine learning algorithms, primarily, supervised, semi supervised, unsupervised and reinforcement learning, reinforcement learning is different in a sense that it explores the environment without prior knowledge, and determines the optimal action. This study attempts to understand the concept behind reinforcement learning, the mathematics behind it and see it in action by deploying the trained model in Amazon's DeepRacer car. DeepRacer, a 1/18th scaled autonomous car, is the agent which ...


Analyzing The Effects Of E-Hook Peptides On Kinesin-1, Ashton Ward Murrah, Baylee Hope Howard 2021 University of Mississippi

Analyzing The Effects Of E-Hook Peptides On Kinesin-1, Ashton Ward Murrah, Baylee Hope Howard

Honors Theses

Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. Cancerous growth is a result of oncogenes, or mutated genes that increase the rate of cell division in an uncontrolled manner. Cell division, which consists of mitosis and cytokinesis phases, is dependent upon the active movement of kinesin motor proteins along microtubules to rearrange the cytoskeleton for equitable distribution of genetic material to daughter cells. As kinesins are vital to this process, if we could prevent kinesin from binding to the microtubules, cell division would cease.

The goal of this study is to develop a method to prevent ...


Molecular Mechanisms Of Oxidative Stress On Molecular Motors, Addison Caspari-Linhardt 2021 University of Mississippi

Molecular Mechanisms Of Oxidative Stress On Molecular Motors, Addison Caspari-Linhardt

Honors Theses

Astronauts encounter many forms of ionizing radiation during space travel. Ionizing radiation has been seen to cause cancer, cataracts, radiation sickness, tissue damage, hereditary effects, and damage to the central nervous system. Ionizing radiation can damage DNA molecules through oxidation, as well as other vital proteins like molecular motors. Kinesin-1 is a molecular motor protein that essential to intracellular transport. Microtubules serve as the “roadway” for kinesin transport, where kinesin converts chemical energy from ATP hydrolysis into mechanochemical “steps” to move along the microtubules. Optical trapping has been used in previous research to measure single kinesin motor properties. We have ...


Evaluation Of Flared Approach Guardrail Transitions And Mash 2270p Ram Vehicle Model Improvements, Ryan F. Bickhaus 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Evaluation Of Flared Approach Guardrail Transitions And Mash 2270p Ram Vehicle Model Improvements, Ryan F. Bickhaus

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

The objective of this research study was to use computer simulation to identify the critical flare rate for flaring approach guardrail transitions (AGTs) away from the primary roadway. AGTs installed with a flared configuration result in a length of need (LON) reduction as well as an increase in the clear zone area in front of the barrier, which would reduce both installation cost and crash frequency. The research focused on the determination of the maximum allowable flare rate that could safely be utilized with 31-in. (787-mm) tall thrie-beam AGTs without concrete curbs that utilize the Midwest Guardrail System (MGS) upstream ...


Locating Drone Battery Supply Stations To Facilitate The Delivery Of Medical Supplies In Low And Middle-Income Countries, Madeline Suellentrop 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Locating Drone Battery Supply Stations To Facilitate The Delivery Of Medical Supplies In Low And Middle-Income Countries, Madeline Suellentrop

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the sub-Saharan region of Africa, the inability to perform emergency blood transfusions due to an inadequate blood supply has led to high fatality rates, especially among women and children. The prevalence of disease in this region limits the supply of local blood donations and, if blood is imported, then the region’s poor infrastructure inhibits fast distribution. There is a need for a technological update in the current process that overcomes the limitations of regional transportation, and drones present one promising solution for delivering small, lightweight items such as blood units. The current focus of this new delivery method ...


Improving Logistics Efficiency Through Collaborative Truck Routing, Patrick Dougherty 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Improving Logistics Efficiency Through Collaborative Truck Routing, Patrick Dougherty

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The logistics industry is among the world’s largest and most essential. Specifically, trucking is a massive component of the modern logistics system. In 2012, truck transportation carried 68% of all freight tonnage in the U.S. However, trucking currently faces significant problems with efficiency and sustainability. Of all miles driven by trucks yearly in the U.S., 25% are driven with empty loads and 36% are driven with underutilized loads. In addition to this economic inefficiency, the industry faces social and environmental challenges. Driver turnover rates are near 100%, and trucking accounts for a significant level of greenhouse gas ...


Optimizing Garbage Pick-Up In Wahoo, Ne, Andrew Pace 2021 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Optimizing Garbage Pick-Up In Wahoo, Ne, Andrew Pace

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

This project seeks to optimize the garbage pickup routes of Roadrunner Transportation in Wahoo, Nebraska using operations research and optimization tools. Currently, the company has no formal procedure for determining these routes. Roadrunner Transportation would like to expand their operation and to do so in the most efficient manner. To determine efficient routes, the Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem (CVRP) is applied, and a solution to this problem is obtained by implementing a simulated annealing heuristic algorithm. Results show that a total distance of approximately 70 miles can be obtained by this implementation using a small subset of the data provided ...


Effects Of Flow Path Factors In The Permeability Of Natural And Man-Made Granular Soils Using The Kozeny-Carman Equation, Robert Davies 2021 Utah State University

Effects Of Flow Path Factors In The Permeability Of Natural And Man-Made Granular Soils Using The Kozeny-Carman Equation, Robert Davies

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

The research presented in this paper serves to observe how the flow path factors relate to the void ratio, the effective diameter of a soil particle, and the permeability of a given sample assuming the behavior is consistent across natural and artificial soils. The basis of the comparison is the derived Kozeny-Carman Equation for permeability with focus on the factors Cs and Cl where Cs represents the shape of the flow path and Cl represents the length of the flow path that a single water molecule must travel through a soil sample. Permeameter tests were conducted ...


A Review Of Harmful Algal Bloom Prediction Models For Lakes And Reservoirs, Jade Snyder Echard 2021 Utah State University

A Review Of Harmful Algal Bloom Prediction Models For Lakes And Reservoirs, Jade Snyder Echard

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Anthropogenic activity has led to eutrophication in water bodies across the world. This eutrophication promotes blooms, cyanobacteria being among the most notorious bloom organisms. Cyanobacterial blooms (more commonly referred to as harmful algal blooms (HABs)) can devastate an ecosystem. Cyanobacteria are resilient microorganisms that have adapted to survive under a variety of conditions, often outcompeting other phytoplankton. Some species of cyanobacteria produce toxins that ward off predators. These toxins can negatively affect the health of the aquatic life, but also can impact animals and humans that drink or come in contact with these noxious waters. Although cyanotoxin’s effects on ...


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