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Introducing Communication In Dis-Pomdps With Locality Of Interaction, Makoto TASAKI, Yuichi Yabu, Yuki Iwanari, Makoto Yokoo, Janusz Marecki, Pradeep Reddy VARAKANTHAM, Milind Tambe 2010 Kyushu University

Introducing Communication In Dis-Pomdps With Locality Of Interaction, Makoto Tasaki, Yuichi Yabu, Yuki Iwanari, Makoto Yokoo, Janusz Marecki, Pradeep Reddy Varakantham, Milind Tambe

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

The Networked Distributed POMDPs (ND-POMDPs) can model multiagent systems in uncertain domains and has begun to scale-up the number of agents. However, prior work in ND-POMDPs has failed to address communication. Without communication, the size of a local policy at each agent within the ND-POMDPs grows exponentially in the time horizon. To overcome this problem, we extend existing algorithms so that agents periodically communicate their observation and action histories with each other. After communication, agents can start from new synchronized belief state. Thus, we can avoid the exponential growth in the size of local policies at agents. Furthermore, we introduce ...


Lateral Vibration And Read/Write Head Servo Dynamics In Magnetic Tape Transport, M. R. Brake, Jonathan A. Wickert 2010 Carnegie Mellon University

Lateral Vibration And Read/Write Head Servo Dynamics In Magnetic Tape Transport, M. R. Brake, Jonathan A. Wickert

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Magnetic tape is a flexible mechanical structure having dimensions that areorders of magnitude different in its thickness, width, and length directions. In order to position the tape relative to the read/write head, guides constrain the tape's lateral motion, but even the modest forces that develop during guiding can cause wear and damage to the tape's edges. This paper presents antensioned axially-moving viscoelastic Euler–Bernoulli beam model used to simulate thentape's lateral dynamics, the guiding forces, and the position errornbetween the data tracks and the read/write head. Lateral vibration can be excited by disturbances in the ...


Superfast Phase-Shifting Method For 3-D Shape Measurement, Song Zhang, Daniel Van Der Welde, James H. Oliver 2010 Iowa State University

Superfast Phase-Shifting Method For 3-D Shape Measurement, Song Zhang, Daniel Van Der Welde, James H. Oliver

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Recently introduced DLP Discovery technology allows for tens of kHz binary image switching, which has great potential for superfast 3-D shape measurement. This paper presents a system that realizes 3-D shape measurement by using a DLP Discovery technology to switch binary structured patterns at very high frame rates. The sinusoidal fringe patterns are generated by properly defocusing the projector. Combining this approach with a phase-shifting method, we achieve an unprecedented rate for 3-D shape measurement: 667 Hz. This technology can be applied to numerous applications including medical science, biometrics, and entertainment.


Investigating An Optimal Decision Point For Probability Bounds Analysis Models When Used To Estimate Remedial Soil Volumes Under Uncertainty At Hazardous Waste Sites, Charles O. Dankwah 2010 Walden University

Investigating An Optimal Decision Point For Probability Bounds Analysis Models When Used To Estimate Remedial Soil Volumes Under Uncertainty At Hazardous Waste Sites, Charles O. Dankwah

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Hazardous waste site remediation cost estimation requires a good estimate of the contaminated soil volume. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) currently uses deterministic point values to estimate soil volumes but the literature suggests that probability bounds analysis (PBA) is the more accurate method to make estimates under uncertainty. The underlying statistical theory is that they are more accurate than deterministic estimates because probabilistic estimates account for data uncertainties. However, the literature does not address the problem of selecting an optimal decision point from the interval-valued PBA estimates. The purpose of this study was to identify the ...


Manual Handling Workload And Musculoskeletal Discomfort Among Warehouse Personnel, Terrance N. Knox 2010 Walden University

Manual Handling Workload And Musculoskeletal Discomfort Among Warehouse Personnel, Terrance N. Knox

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSD), specifically physical and muscular discomfort in the upper arm, lower arm, thigh, lower leg, wrist, shoulders, back, or neck, are among the most frequently reported workplace injuries in the United States. The dearth of knowledge about the types of workloads that may contribute to the development of WRMSD was the impetus of this research. The study aimed to identify antecedents of WRMSD among warehouse workers in order to reduce WRMSDs and increase productivity as expressed in a systems perspective on industrial health. The research questions examined the prevalence of specific WRMSDs, the relationship of high-risk tasks ...


Kentucky Traffic Collision Facts 2010 Report, Kentucky Transportation Center, Kentucky State Police 2010 University of Kentucky

Kentucky Traffic Collision Facts 2010 Report, Kentucky Transportation Center, Kentucky State Police

Kentucky Transportation Center Research Report

KENTUCKY’S TRAFFIC COLLISION FACTS report for 2010 is based on collision reports submitted to the Kentucky State Police Records Branch. As required by Kentucky Revised Statutes 189.635, “every law enforcement agency whose officers investigate a vehicle accident of which a report must be made...shall file a report of the accident...within ten days after investigation of the accident upon forms supplied by the bureau.” The stated purpose of this requirement is to utilize data on traffic collisions for such purposes as will improve the traffic safety program in the Commonwealth. Data contained in this report are based ...


Change Orders And Lessons Learned, Paul Goodrum, Timothy R. B. Taylor, William Lester, Alex McCoy, Mohammed M. Uddin, Yongwei Shan 2010 University of Kentucky

Change Orders And Lessons Learned, Paul Goodrum, Timothy R. B. Taylor, William Lester, Alex Mccoy, Mohammed M. Uddin, Yongwei Shan

Kentucky Transportation Center Research Report

Many times, change is necessary for the success of a project. “Change, defined as any event that results in a modification of the original scope, execution time, or cost of work, happens on most projects due to the uniqueness of each project and the limited resources of time and money available for planning” (Hanna, Camlic, Peterson,& Nordheim, 2002). While change orders are necessary to address unforeseen conditions and other unavoidable or unanticipated occurrences, they tend to negatively affect construction. In most public works, change orders are the main reason for construction delays and cost overruns (Wu, Hsieh, & Cheng, 2005). Change ...


Evaluation Of Rumble Stripes, Kenneth R. Agent 2010 University of Kentucky

Evaluation Of Rumble Stripes, Kenneth R. Agent

Kentucky Transportation Center Research Report

Lane departure has been shown to be a major cause of serious traffic crashes. Installing a rumble strip on the shoulders of two lane roads provide drivers with an audible warning that they are leaving their lane of travel. Painting the edge line on the rumble strip has the possible benefit of providing more wet, nighttime delineation through the portion of the edge line painted on the sloped portion of the groove. The objectives of this study were to: a) monitor the initial installations of rumble stripes and b) evaluate the results of rumble stripe installations.

Ten rural, two-lane road ...


Thermal Analog To Afm Force-Displacement Measurements For Nanoscale Interfacial Contact Resistance, Brian D. Iverson, John E. Blendell, Suresh V. Garimella 2010 Brigham Young University - Provo

Thermal Analog To Afm Force-Displacement Measurements For Nanoscale Interfacial Contact Resistance, Brian D. Iverson, John E. Blendell, Suresh V. Garimella

Faculty Publications

Thermal diffusion measurements on PMMA-coated Si substrates using heated AFM tips were performed to determine the contact resistance between an organic thin film and Si. The measurement methodology presented demonstrates how the thermal contrast signal obtained during a force-displacement ramp is used to quantify the resistance to heat transfer through an internal interface. The results also delineate the interrogation thickness beyond which thermal diffusion in the organic thin film is not affected appreciably by the underlying substrate.


Research In Technology Education, Philip A. Reed (Editor), James E. LaPorte (Editor) 2010 Old Dominion University

Research In Technology Education, Philip A. Reed (Editor), James E. Laporte (Editor)

STEMPS Faculty Books

Due to the laboratory-based nature of technology and engineering education programs, professionals in our field have often focused on the resources in our classrooms and laboratories and the instructional methodologies used to address specific concepts. Formal research into content and practice has often given way to “what seems right”. New curriculum is constantly being introduced (based on what is occurring in business and industry), yet the inclusion for those evolving concepts in courses and programs is typically not verified.

Hence, the importance of the 2010 CTTE yearbook and its focus on the dire need for an aggressive research agenda in ...


Hydrologic Variability And Change In The New England Region, Usa, Avirup Sen Gupta 2010 University of Maine - Main

Hydrologic Variability And Change In The New England Region, Usa, Avirup Sen Gupta

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Traditional water resources management aims to ensure the steady and reliable water supply for human uses and maximize the economic benefits by dampening natural flow variability. However, such management practices essentially changes the flow regime in many ways and ecological degradation is one of the obvious consequences of that. Natural functioning and productivity of the native species require enough water flow in the streams and lake levels with sufficient quality. Thus, to protect the natural ecosystem diversity, sustainable water allocation policies have been developed and employed by many societies around the world. "Chapter 587: In-stream Flow and Lake and Pond ...


Assessment Of Benthic Flux Of Dissolved Organic Carbon In Estuaries Using The Eddy Correlation Technique, Michael P. Swett 2010 University of Maine - Main

Assessment Of Benthic Flux Of Dissolved Organic Carbon In Estuaries Using The Eddy Correlation Technique, Michael P. Swett

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) is a water quality concern in estuarine environments, as DOC facilitates mobilization of metals and organics in sediments and leads to toxic disinfection byproducts during water treatment. Export of DOC from sediments can vary with changing environmental conditions, including wetland restoration and rising sea levels. Therefore, it is important to quantify flux of DOC across the sediment-water interface (SWI). Existing DOC flux measurement techniques, such as equilibrium dialysis, porewater extraction, and benthic chamber measurement, are intrusive to the sediment environment and underestimate flux by only capturing certain flux contributions. In this research, methods for estimating benthic ...


Multiscale Investigation Of Random Heterogenous Media In Materials And Earth Sciences, Andrew J. Goupee 2010 The University of Maine

Multiscale Investigation Of Random Heterogenous Media In Materials And Earth Sciences, Andrew J. Goupee

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is concerned with three major areas pertaining to the characterization and analysis of heterogeneous materials. The first is focused on the modeling of heterogeneous materials with random microstructure and understanding their thermomechanical properties as well as developing a methodology for the multiscale thermoelastic analysis of random heterogeneous materials. Realistic random microstructures are generated for computational analyses using random morphology description functions. The simulated microstructures closely resemble actual micrographs of random heterogeneous materials. The simulated random microstructures are characterized using statistical techniques and their homogenized material properties computed using the asymptotic expansion homogenization method. The failure response of random ...


An Analysis Of Factors That Influence The Success Of Women Engineering Leaders In Corporate America, Letha Joye Jepson 2010 Antioch University - PhD Program in Leadership and Change

An Analysis Of Factors That Influence The Success Of Women Engineering Leaders In Corporate America, Letha Joye Jepson

All Antioch University Dissertations & Theses

"One in 4 women entering the engineering profession leaves after age 30, while only 1 in 10 of their male counterparts does" (Perusek, 2008, p. 20). I was interested in analyzing the factors supporting women engineers’ leadership development and success. My particular focus was on women engineers in corporate environments—the personal characteristics needed for a successful career and the impacts of social support, career development, and the corporate culture on their career progression. The aspects of social support included the factors of family, friends, and significant others and the levels of supports during the woman’s career. The features ...


Challenges And Opportunities For Simulation Modelling Integrating Mine Haulage And Truck Shop Operations, Melinda Hodkiewicz, Steven Richardson, Richard Durham 2010 Edith Cowan University

Challenges And Opportunities For Simulation Modelling Integrating Mine Haulage And Truck Shop Operations, Melinda Hodkiewicz, Steven Richardson, Richard Durham

Research outputs pre 2011

Historically considerable work has been done to develop models that simulate truck haulage for both underground and open-pit operations. However, this work frequently simplifies or overlooks aspects such as the reliability of the trucks, priority setting and maintenance strategies in the truck shop, and resourcing of the repair facilities. This paper provides an overview of work in this area that is specific to the mining industry and also relevant work from other sectors that might inform how improvements can be made. The paper proposes some specific projects that will assist in identifying technical issues. Initially, it is important to understand ...


Design Of Functionally Graded Carbon Coatings Against Contact Damage, Rajnish K. Singh, Zhifeng Zhou, Lawrence Kwok Yan Li, Paul Munroe, Mark Hoffman, Zonghan Xie 2010 University of New South Wales

Design Of Functionally Graded Carbon Coatings Against Contact Damage, Rajnish K. Singh, Zhifeng Zhou, Lawrence Kwok Yan Li, Paul Munroe, Mark Hoffman, Zonghan Xie

Research outputs pre 2011

Three different functionally graded amorphous carbon (a-C) thin films were deposited on to aluminium substrates using a closed-field unbalanced magnetron sputtering ion plating method. The closed-field configuration prohibits the loss of secondary electrons and consequently enhances the plasma density significantly. The functional gradient of the a-C films was achieved by varying the bias voltage linearly during deposition. Three graded a-C systems possessing different variations in Young's modulus were deposited with the highest Young's modulus at the (i) top surface, (ii) interface or (iii) middle of the film. Of the three systems investigated, the one with the highest Young ...


Groove Shape-Dependent Absorption Enhancement Of 850 Nm Msm Photodetectors With Nano-Gratings, Narottam Das, Ayman Karar, Mikhail Vasiliev, Chee Leong Tan, Kamal Alameh, Yong Tak Lee 2010 Edith Cowan University

Groove Shape-Dependent Absorption Enhancement Of 850 Nm Msm Photodetectors With Nano-Gratings, Narottam Das, Ayman Karar, Mikhail Vasiliev, Chee Leong Tan, Kamal Alameh, Yong Tak Lee

Research outputs pre 2011

Finite difference time-domain (FDTD) analysis is used to investigate the light absorption enhancement factor dependence on the groove shape of the nano-gratings etched into the surfaces of metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector (MSM-PD) structures. By patterning the MSM-PDs with optimized nano-gratings a significant improvement in light absorption near the design wavelength is achieved through plasmon-assisted electric field concentration effects. Simulation results show about 50 times light absorption enhancement for 850 nm light due to improved optical signal propagation through the nano-gratings.


Absorption Enhancement Of Msm Photodetector Structure With A Plasmonic Double Grating Structure, Chee Leong Tan, Volodymyr V. Lysak, Narottam Das, Ayman Karar, Kamal Alameh, Yong Lee 2010 Edith Cowan University

Absorption Enhancement Of Msm Photodetector Structure With A Plasmonic Double Grating Structure, Chee Leong Tan, Volodymyr V. Lysak, Narottam Das, Ayman Karar, Kamal Alameh, Yong Lee

Research outputs pre 2011

We present finite difference time domain simulation to analyze the optical absorption enhancement of metal-semiconductor-metal photo detectors employing double plasmonic grating structures. Simulation results show that the combination of a subwavelength aperture and double nano-structured metal grating results in up to 25 times enhancement in optical absorption, in comparison to MSM photodetector structures employing only a subwavelength aperture. This improvement of the absorption enhancement is due to the coupling out function of the bottom grating structure which distributes the light to both side of the subwavelength aperture.


High-Performance Thin-Film Garnet Materials For Magneto-Optic And Nanophotonic Applications, Mikhail Vasiliev, Mohammad Nur E Alam, Viacheslav Kotov, Kamal Alameh 2010 Edith Cowan University

High-Performance Thin-Film Garnet Materials For Magneto-Optic And Nanophotonic Applications, Mikhail Vasiliev, Mohammad Nur E Alam, Viacheslav Kotov, Kamal Alameh

Research outputs pre 2011

Since the 1960's, Magneto-optic (MO) garnet materials have been studied extensively. These materials can possess world-record MO performance characteristics in terms of Faraday rotation and optical quality. Among the rear-earth-doped garnets, the Bi-substituted iron garnet is the best candidate for use as a functional material in different integrated-optics, imaging/image processing applications and also in forward-looking applications e.g. the design of metamaterials with non-reciprocal properties. We have established a set of technologies for fabricating ferrimagnetic garnet films of type (BiDy)3(FeGa)5O12 and also garnet-oxide nanocomposite (BiDy)3(FeGa)5O12 : Bi2O3 layers possessing record-high MO quality across ...


Design Of High-Sensitivity Plasmonics-Assisted Gaas Metal-Semiconductor-Metal Photodetectors, Ayman Karar, Narottam Das, Chee Leong Tan, Kamal Alameh, Yong Lee 2010 Edith Cowan University

Design Of High-Sensitivity Plasmonics-Assisted Gaas Metal-Semiconductor-Metal Photodetectors, Ayman Karar, Narottam Das, Chee Leong Tan, Kamal Alameh, Yong Lee

Research outputs pre 2011

In this paper, we use the finite difference timedomain (FDTD) method to optimize the light absorption of an ultrafast plasmonic GaAs metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector (MSM-PD) employing metal nano-gratings. The MSM-PD is optimized geometrically, leading to improved light absorption near the designed wavelength of GaAs through plasmon-assisted electric and magnetic field concentration through a subwavelength aperture. Simulation results show up to 10-times light absorption enhancement at 867 nm due to surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) propagation through the metal nano-grating, in comparison to conventional MSM-PD.


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