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Application Of Multi-Scale Computational Techniques To Complex Materials Systems, Mujan N. Seif 2023 University of Kentucky

Application Of Multi-Scale Computational Techniques To Complex Materials Systems, Mujan N. Seif

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

The applications of computational materials science are ever-increasing, connecting fields far beyond traditional subfields in materials science. This dissertation demonstrates the broad scope of multi-scale computational techniques by investigating multiple unrelated complex material systems, namely scandate thermionic cathodes and the metallic foam component of micrometeoroid and orbital debris (MMOD) shielding. Sc-containing "scandate" cathodes have been widely reported to exhibit superior properties compared to previous thermionic cathodes; however, knowledge of their precise operating mechanism remains elusive. Here, quantum mechanical calculations were utilized to map the phase space of stable, highly-faceted and chemically-complex W nanoparticles, accounting for both finite temperature and chemical …


Machine Learning Predictions Of Electricity Capacity, Marcus Harris, Elizabeth Kirby, Ameeta Agrawal, Rhitabrat Pokharel, Francis Puyleart, Martin Zwick 2023 Portland State University

Machine Learning Predictions Of Electricity Capacity, Marcus Harris, Elizabeth Kirby, Ameeta Agrawal, Rhitabrat Pokharel, Francis Puyleart, Martin Zwick

Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

This research applies machine learning methods to build predictive models of Net Load Imbalance for the Resource Sufficiency Flexible Ramping Requirement in the Western Energy Imbalance Market. Several methods are used in this research, including Reconstructability Analysis, developed in the systems community, and more well-known methods such as Bayesian Networks, Support Vector Regression, and Neural Networks. The aims of the research are to identify predictive variables and obtain a new stand-alone model that improves prediction accuracy and reduces the INC (ability to increase generation) and DEC (ability to decrease generation) Resource Sufficiency Requirements for Western Energy Imbalance Market participants. This …


Prediction Of Blast-Induced Ground Vibrations: A Comparison Between Empirical And Artificial-Neural-Network Approaches, Luis F. Velasquez 2023 University of Kentucky

Prediction Of Blast-Induced Ground Vibrations: A Comparison Between Empirical And Artificial-Neural-Network Approaches, Luis F. Velasquez

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

Ground vibrations are a critical factor in the rock blasting process. The instantaneous load application exerted by the gas pressure during the detonation process acts on the blasthole walls creating dynamic stresses in the adjacent rock. This triggers different sorts of stress waves, mainly divided into two categories: body and surface waves. The first comprises the P and the S waves, while the second comprises Rayleigh waves. These waves spread concentrically starting at the blast location and move along the ground surface and its interior, being attenuated as they reach further distances.

In most cases, and accepting the hypothesis that …


Max Fit Event Management With Salesforce, AKSHAY DAGWAR 2023 California State University, San Bernardino

Max Fit Event Management With Salesforce, Akshay Dagwar

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

MAX FIT Gym is looking for an event management software program to help manage activities very efficiently, along with attendees and environmental statistics. The event management program is developed and deployed using the Salesforce platform. MAX FIT can efficiently create, edit, and remove events and send email alerts to clients. This task operated on opportunities captured under MAX FIT, including all clients, and prepared information in the Salesforce cloud. This also includes product inventory with various varieties of protein products, and business owners can also add more products to their inventory. In the event management program, the event addresses within …


Like You Search, Gipson Bachman 2023 Loyola Marymount University

Like You Search, Gipson Bachman

LMU/LLS Theses and Dissertations

As consumers continue to make their purchases solely online without visiting brick-and-mortar stores, they increasingly look for ways to “touch, feel and try on” products without actually doing so. We believe social media influencers provide a way to do this, with the influencers themselves acting as “stand-ins” for consumers in their place. Finding influencers that look like you in 2022 sounds like it would be easy, but it isn’t. Until now.

LIKE YOU aims to answer this gap in the market by creating a proprietary search engine that, through answering a few questions, recommends a list of influencers that can …


Stem Education And Retention For Black Women Using High-Impact Practices: Historically Black Colleges And Universities Vs. Predominantly White Liberal Arts Colleges, Annette Njei 2023 Claremont Colleges

Stem Education And Retention For Black Women Using High-Impact Practices: Historically Black Colleges And Universities Vs. Predominantly White Liberal Arts Colleges, Annette Njei

CMC Senior Theses

Black women are significantly underrepresented within the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). To address this, the Association of American Colleges & Universities crafted ten high-impact practices to increase student engagement and promote retention. This research paper examines how three specific high-impact practices (learning communities, mentoring, and undergraduate research experience) are utilized in STEM education.This research paper explores and compares the best high impact approaches that successfully teach and retain Black women within the various fields of STEM within the differing academic environments of historically Black colleges & universities ( HBCUs) and predominantly white liberal art colleges (PWLACs). …


Topologically Optimized Electrodes For Electroosmotic Actuation, Jianwen Sun, Jianyu Zhang, Ce Guan, Teng Zhou, Shizhi Qian, Yongbo Deng 2023 Old Dominion University

Topologically Optimized Electrodes For Electroosmotic Actuation, Jianwen Sun, Jianyu Zhang, Ce Guan, Teng Zhou, Shizhi Qian, Yongbo Deng

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

Electroosmosis is one of the most used actuation mechanisms for the microfluidics in the current active lab-on-chip devices. It is generated on the induced charged microchannel walls in contact with an electrolyte solution. Electrode distribution plays the key role on providing the external electric field for electroosmosis, and determines the performance of electroosmotic microfluidics. Therefore, this paper proposes a topology optimization approach for the electrodes of electroosmotic microfluidics, where the electrode layout on the microchannel wall can be determined to achieve designer desired microfluidic performance. This topology optimization is carried out by implementing the interpolation of electric insulation and electric …


Effect Of Sc On Recrystallization Resistance Of Aa7050, Keaton Schmidt 2023 Michigan Technological University

Effect Of Sc On Recrystallization Resistance Of Aa7050, Keaton Schmidt

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

The extrusion process involves high temperatures and strains that can result in undesirable microstructures, especially along the surface. Extruded alloys tend to exhibit surface recrystallization during heat treating at regions of higher strains, which can lead to reduced fatigue strength and corrosion resistance. By adding Sc to AA7050, nano-sized dispersoids are formed with Sc cores and Zr shells that restrict recrystallization more than the base alloy that only utilizes Zr. Billets with varying Sc content and a control with only Zr were cast, and extrusions were made in order to compare surface microstructures at varying strains in the as-extruded and …


Blockchain Games: What On And Off-Chain Factors Affect The Volatility, Returns, And Liquidity Of Gaming Crypto Tokens, Sumer Sareen 2023 Claremont Colleges

Blockchain Games: What On And Off-Chain Factors Affect The Volatility, Returns, And Liquidity Of Gaming Crypto Tokens, Sumer Sareen

CMC Senior Theses

Blockchain games took the internet by storm as they offered a new way for users to play video games, own the assets in those games, and benefit monetarily from their efforts. Through Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) and cryptocurrencies, new, Web3 games ushered in a unique asset class for retail and institutional investors to diversify into and benefit from. This paper uses cross-sectional data from 30 blockchain gaming companies to identify on and off-chain factors that affect the company’s token volatility, returns, and liquidity. A multiple linear regression found the percentage of tokens dedicated to a company’s private sale and rewarding users, …


Proknow: Process Knowledge For Safety Constrained And Explainable Question Generation For Mental Health Diagnostic Assistance, Kaushik Roy, Manas Gaur, Misagh Soltani, Vipula Rawte, Ashwin Kalyan, Amit Sheth 2023 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Proknow: Process Knowledge For Safety Constrained And Explainable Question Generation For Mental Health Diagnostic Assistance, Kaushik Roy, Manas Gaur, Misagh Soltani, Vipula Rawte, Ashwin Kalyan, Amit Sheth

Publications

Current Virtual Mental Health Assistants (VMHAs) provide counseling and suggestive care. They refrain from patient diagnostic assistance because of a lack of training on safety-constrained and specialized clinical process knowledge (Pro-Know). In this work, we define ProKnow as an ordered set of information that maps to evidence-based guidelines or categories of conceptual understanding to experts in a domain. We also introduce a new dataset of diagnostic conversations guided by safety constraints and ProKnow that healthcare professionals use (ProKnow-data). We develop a method for natural language question generation (NLG) that collects diagnostic information from the patient interactively (ProKnow-algo). We demonstrate the …


Demo Alleviate: Demonstrating Artificial Intelligence Enabled Virtual Assistance For Telehealth: The Mental Health Case, Kaushik Roy, Vedant Khandelwal, Raxit Goswami, Nathan Dolbir, Jinendra Malekar, Amit Sheth 2023 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Demo Alleviate: Demonstrating Artificial Intelligence Enabled Virtual Assistance For Telehealth: The Mental Health Case, Kaushik Roy, Vedant Khandelwal, Raxit Goswami, Nathan Dolbir, Jinendra Malekar, Amit Sheth

Publications

After the pandemic, artificial intelligence (AI) powered support for mental health care has become increasingly important. The breadth and complexity of significant challenges required to provide adequate care involve: (a) Personalized patient understanding, (b) Safety-constrained and medically validated chatbot patient interactions, and (c) Support for continued feedback-based refinements in design using chatbot-patient interactions. We propose Alleviate, a chatbot designed to assist patients suffering from mental health challenges with personalized care and assist clinicians with understanding their patients better. Alleviate draws from an array of publicly available clinically valid mental-health texts and databases, allowing Alleviate to make medically sound and informed …


Deep Learning-Based Classification Of Chaotic Systems Over Phase Portraits, SEZGİN KAÇAR, SÜLEYMAN UZUN, BURAK ARICIOĞLU 2023 TÜBİTAK

Deep Learning-Based Classification Of Chaotic Systems Over Phase Portraits, Sezgi̇n Kaçar, Süleyman Uzun, Burak Aricioğlu

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

This study performed a deep learning-based classification of chaotic systems over their phase portraits. To the best of the authors' knowledge, such classification studies over phase portraits have not been conducted in the literature. To that end, a dataset consisting of the phase portraits of the most known two chaotic systems, namely Lorenz and Chen, is generated for different values of the parameters, initial conditions, step size, and time length. Then, a classification with high accuracy is carried out employing transfer learning methods. The transfer learning methods used in the study are SqueezeNet, VGG-19, AlexNet, ResNet50, ResNet101, DenseNet201, ShuffleNet, and …


Transmission Network Planning For Realistic Egyptian Systems Via Encircling Prey Based Algorithms, ABDULLAH M. SHAHEEN, RAGAB ELSEHIEMY, MOHAMMED KHARRICH, SALAH KAMEL 2023 TÜBİTAK

Transmission Network Planning For Realistic Egyptian Systems Via Encircling Prey Based Algorithms, Abdullah M. Shaheen, Ragab Elsehiemy, Mohammed Kharrich, Salah Kamel

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Transmission network planning problem (TNPP) is one of the pertinent issues of the planning activities in power systems. It aims to optimally pick out the routs, types, and number of the new installed lines to confront the expected future loading conditions. In this line, this study proposes a new economic model to the TNPP. The aim of the model is to find the optimal transmission routes at least investment and operating costs. Three recent algorithms called grey wolf optimization algorithm (GWOA), spotted hyena optimization algorithm (SHOA) and whale optimization algorithm (WOA) are developed to solve the TNPP. The concept of …


An Effective Hilbert-Huang Transform-Based Approach For Dynamic Eccentricity Fault Diagnosis In Double-Rotor Double-Sided Stator Structure Axial Flux Permanent Magnet Generator Under Various Load And Speed Conditions, MAKAN TORABI, YOUSEF ALINEJAD BEROMI 2023 TÜBİTAK

An Effective Hilbert-Huang Transform-Based Approach For Dynamic Eccentricity Fault Diagnosis In Double-Rotor Double-Sided Stator Structure Axial Flux Permanent Magnet Generator Under Various Load And Speed Conditions, Makan Torabi, Yousef Alinejad Beromi

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Eccentricity fault in double-sided axial flux permanent magnet generator is very difficult to be detected as the fault generated variations in terminal electrical parameters are very weak and chaotic, especially at the initial stages of the fault occurrence. In addition, one of the most important problems in any fault diagnosis approach is the investigation of load and speed variation on the proposed indices. To overcome the aforementioned difficulty and problems, this paper adopts a novelty detection algorithm based on Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT) which is a time-frequency signal analysis approach based on empirical mode decomposition and the Hilbert transform. It is …


Two New Mathematical Models For Two Level Electricity Network Design With Distributed Generation, BURÇİN ÇAKIR ERDENER, BERNA DENGİZ, ZÜLAL GÜNGÖR, İMDAT KARA 2023 TÜBİTAK

Two New Mathematical Models For Two Level Electricity Network Design With Distributed Generation, Burçi̇n Çakir Erdener, Berna Dengi̇z, Zülal Güngör, İmdat Kara

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

In the new millennium, traditional electrical power systems have undergone a significant change driven by a set of requirements arising from evolving and changing technology. Thus, fundamental changes have occurred in the way electrical energy is produced, transmitted, and distributed. This situation has revealed the need to expand existing networks or to establish new networks. The available literature revealed that particular attention to the latter one is still limited due to the complexity of the power system. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the body of literature that tries to address the gap at overall design of …


The Effects Of The Dielectric Substrate Thickness And The Loss Tangent On The Absorption Spectrum: A Comprehensive Study Considering The Resonance Type, The Ground Plane Coupling, And The Characterization Setup, UMUT KÖSE, EVREN EKMEKÇİ 2023 TÜBİTAK

The Effects Of The Dielectric Substrate Thickness And The Loss Tangent On The Absorption Spectrum: A Comprehensive Study Considering The Resonance Type, The Ground Plane Coupling, And The Characterization Setup, Umut Köse, Evren Ekmekçi̇

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

In this study, the effects of dielectric substrate thickness and the dielectric loss tangent on the absorption spectrum are investigated parametrically in S-band. The study has been conducted on two different absorber topologies, one is closed ring resonator (CRR) and the other is composed of a split ring resonator (SRR), to observe the effects on both LC - and dipole-type resonances. The studies on the substrate thickness have been performed both numerically and experimentally, whereas the studies on the dielectric loss tangent have been performed numerically. The results agree with the literature such that the substrate thickness has significant effects …


Basismap: Sequence-Based Similarity Search For Geomagnetic Positioning, TEVFİK KADIOĞLU, BURCU ERKMEN 2023 TÜBİTAK

Basismap: Sequence-Based Similarity Search For Geomagnetic Positioning, Tevfi̇k Kadioğlu, Burcu Erkmen

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Indoor localization has become a popular topic with the development of location-based services (LBS) and indoor navigation systems. Beside these circumstances indoor positioning has been the focus of attention for researchers as the most important component of these applications. Many signals are used as distinguishable features for indoor positioning. RF-based Wi-Fi and BLE systems are the most popular ones and these have been preferred because of their high distinguishable feature. The use of geomagnetism, a natural signal found all over the world, has also been of interest to many researchers. Geomagnetic signals being distorted in the indoor area due to …


Variational Autoencoder-Based Anomaly Detection In Time Series Data For Inventory Record Inaccuracy, HALİL ARĞUN, SADETTİN EMRE ALPTEKİN 2023 TÜBİTAK

Variational Autoencoder-Based Anomaly Detection In Time Series Data For Inventory Record Inaccuracy, Hali̇l Arğun, Sadetti̇n Emre Alpteki̇n

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Retail companies monitor inventory stock levels regularly and manage them based on forecasted sales to sustain their market position. Inventory accuracy, defined as the difference between the warehouse stock records and the actual inventory, is critical for preventing stockouts and shortages. The root causes of inventory inaccuracy are the employee or customer theft, product damage or spoilage, and wrong shipments. In this paper, we aim at detecting inaccurate stocks of one of Turkey's largest supermarket chain using the variational autoencoder (VAE), which is an unsupervised learning method. Based on the findings, we showed that VAE is able to model the …


A Robust Model For Spot Virtual Machine Bidding In The Cloud Market Using Information Gap Decision Theory (Igdt), Mona NAGHDEHFOROUSHHA, Mehdi DEHGHAN TAKHT FOOLADI, MOHAMMED HOSSEIN REZVANI, Mohammad Mehdi GILANIAN SADEGHI 2023 TÜBİTAK

A Robust Model For Spot Virtual Machine Bidding In The Cloud Market Using Information Gap Decision Theory (Igdt), Mona Naghdehforoushha, Mehdi Dehghan Takht Fooladi, Mohammed Hossein Rezvani, Mohammad Mehdi Gilanian Sadeghi

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

The spot market is one of the most common cloud markets where cloud providers, such as Amazon EC2, rent their surplus computing resources at lower prices in the form of spot virtual machines (SVMs). In this market, which is often managed through an auction mechanism, users seek optimal bidding strategies for renting SVMs to minimize cost and risk. Uncertainty in the price of SVMs and their low availability/reliability is a challenging issue to bid on the user side. In this paper, we present a robust model for minimizing the cost of executing tasks by considering the uncertainty of the price …


Lvq Treatment For Zero-Shot Learning, FIRAT İSMAİLOĞLU 2023 TÜBİTAK

Lvq Treatment For Zero-Shot Learning, Firat İsmai̇loğlu

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

In image classification, there are no labeled training instances for some classes, which are therefore called unseen classes or test classes. To classify these classes, zero-shot learning (ZSL) was developed, which typically attempts to learn a mapping from the (visual) feature space to the semantic space in which the classes are represented by a list of semantically meaningful attributes. However, the fact that this mapping is learned without using instances of the test classes affects the performance of ZSL, which is known as the domain shift problem. In this study, we propose to apply the learning vector quantization (LVQ) algorithm …


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