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Salmonella And Fecal Indicator Bacteria Survival In Soils Amended With Poultry Manure, Claire E. Hruby, Michelle L. Soupir, Thomas B. Moorman, Carl H. Pederson, Rameshwar S. Kanwar 2018 Iowa State University

Salmonella And Fecal Indicator Bacteria Survival In Soils Amended With Poultry Manure, Claire E. Hruby, Michelle L. Soupir, Thomas B. Moorman, Carl H. Pederson, Rameshwar S. Kanwar

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Minimizing the risks associated with manure-borne pathogenic microorganisms requires an understanding of microbial survival under realistic field conditions. The objective of this 3-year study was to assess the fate of Salmonella (SALM) and fecal indicator bacteria (FIB), E. coli (EC) and enterococci (ENT), in glacial till-derived soils, after application of poultry manure (PM) to cornfields under chisel-plowed (CP) or no-till (NT) management. From 2010 to 2012, soil samples were obtained each spring at 0–15- and 15–30-cm depths, to determine whether over-wintering of target bacteria had occurred. Sampling was followed by application of PM at low (PM1) and high ...


A Safety And Emissions Analysis Of Continuous Flow Intersections, Joshua Wolfgram 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

A Safety And Emissions Analysis Of Continuous Flow Intersections, Joshua Wolfgram

Environmental & Water Resources Engineering Masters Projects

Increasing travel demand, and challenges associated with high percentages of leftturning vehicles, have encouraged the introduction of significant infrastructure advancements. Certain alternative intersection designs, such as continuous flow intersections, median U-turns, and jughandles, eliminate the traditional protected lefterations of these intersection types have been studied to varying degrees, their safety and emissions-related impacts are not well-understood. This project develops a series of microsimulation models for two continuous flow intersections (CFI) located in Missouri and Colorado, and uses the Surrogate Safety Assessment Model (SSAM) to determine the impact of those designs on the location and type of conflicts compared to conventional ...


Improving And Predicting The Effectiveness Of Dispersed, Multi-Disciplinary Design Teams, Matthew Oliver Wald 2018 Brigham Young University

Improving And Predicting The Effectiveness Of Dispersed, Multi-Disciplinary Design Teams, Matthew Oliver Wald

All Theses and Dissertations

The use of dispersed (virtual) teams is growing rapidly in the engineering profession. To help prepare students for work in this type of industry, university engineering courses are requiring students to work in teams. Industry leaders and university faculty are interested in improving and measuring the performance of these distributed teams. Surveys, interviews, and observations from the AerosPACE Partners for the Advancement of Collaborative Engineering (AerosPACE) capstone design course are examined to demonstrate how different collaboration tools can be used to best enhance a distributed design team's effectiveness. Collaboration tools to which distributed design teams should give extra consideration ...


Analyses Of Crowd-Sourced Sound Levels Of Restaurants And Bars In New York City, Gregory S. Farber, Lily M. Wang 2018 SoundPrint

Analyses Of Crowd-Sourced Sound Levels Of Restaurants And Bars In New York City, Gregory S. Farber, Lily M. Wang

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

For several decades, there has been a significant need to better educate the public about noise pollution. A small number of small-scale studies have focused on the sound levels of restaurants and their impact on health and hearing. There have also been an increasing number of media articles stating that eating and drinking venues are getting increasingly loud making it more difficult for people to connect with others in conversation. This study reports on an exploratory large-scale noise survey of sound levels of 2,376 restaurants and bars in New York City using a novel smart-phone application and categorized them ...


Subjectivity In Failure Mode Effects Analysis (Fmea) Severity Classification Within A Reliability Centered Maintenance (Rcm) Context, Marc Banghart, Kari Babski-Reeves, Linkan Bian, Lesley Strawderman 2018 ERAU

Subjectivity In Failure Mode Effects Analysis (Fmea) Severity Classification Within A Reliability Centered Maintenance (Rcm) Context, Marc Banghart, Kari Babski-Reeves, Linkan Bian, Lesley Strawderman

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

This research paper investigated subjectivity in the severity rating of failure modes within a risk analysis process. Although several risk analysis processes can be utilized, the study considered the application of Failure Modes Effects Analysis (FMEA) or Failure Modes Effects and Criticality Analysis (FMECA) due to its common use within the Aerospace Industry. The study investigated both differences in severity selection given varying amounts of experience as well as any association between severity selection and the provided input information. The main goal of the research was to investigate the impact of data quality on severity selection and to identify factors ...


Internet Of Underground Things: Sensing And Communications On The Field For Precision Agriculture, Mehmet C. Vuran, Abdul Salam, Rigoberto Wong, Suat Irmak 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Internet Of Underground Things: Sensing And Communications On The Field For Precision Agriculture, Mehmet C. Vuran, Abdul Salam, Rigoberto Wong, Suat Irmak

CSE Conference and Workshop Papers

The projected increases in World population and need for food have recently motivated adoption of information technology solutions in crop fields within precision agriculture approaches. Internet of underground things (IOUT), which consists of sensors and communication devices, partly or completely buried underground for real-time soil sensing and monitoring, emerge from this need. This new paradigm facilitates seamless integration of underground sensors, machinery, and irrigation systems with the complex social network of growers, agronomists, crop consultants, and advisors. In this paper, state-of-the-art communication architectures are reviewed, and underlying sensing technology and communication mechanisms for IOUT are presented. Recent advances in the ...


Utilization Of Light Detection And Ranging For Quality Control And Quality Assurance Of Pavement Grades, Brad W. Rister, Levi McIntosh, Gabriel B. Dadi, Ruigang Yang, Eileen Grady 2018 University of Kentucky

Utilization Of Light Detection And Ranging For Quality Control And Quality Assurance Of Pavement Grades, Brad W. Rister, Levi Mcintosh, Gabriel B. Dadi, Ruigang Yang, Eileen Grady

Kentucky Transportation Center Research Report

Light Detection and Ranging (Lidar) technology is a useful tool that can assist transportation agencies during the design, construction, and maintenance phases of transportation projects. To demonstrate the utility of Lidar, this report discusses how Lidar data can be used while performing quality control and quality assurance (QC/QA) of pavement grades along road segments where safety concerns have been identified (e.g., increased crash rates due to water ponding on the roadway). Researchers modeled surface runoff using Lidar data for several roadways that had experienced significant crash increases during wet-weather events. Based on this modeling, the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet ...


Real-Time Variable Multidelay Controller For Multihazard Mitigation, Ling Cao, Simon Laflamme 2018 Iowa State University

Real-Time Variable Multidelay Controller For Multihazard Mitigation, Ling Cao, Simon Laflamme

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

High performance control systems (HPCS), including semiactive, active, and hybrid damping systems, are effective solutions to increase structural performance versus multihazard excitations. However, the implementation of HPCS within structural systems is still in its infancy, because of the complexity in designing a robust closed-loop control system that can ensure reliable and high mitigation performance. To overcome this challenge, a new type of controller with high adaptive capabilities is proposed. The control algorithm is based on real-time embedding of measurements to minimally represent the essential dynamics of the controlled system, therefore providing adaptive input space capabilities. This type of controller is ...


Propeller Design Requirements For Quadcopters Utilizing Variable Pitch Propellers, Ian R. McAndrew, Elena Navarro, Ken Witcher 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Propeller Design Requirements For Quadcopters Utilizing Variable Pitch Propellers, Ian R. Mcandrew, Elena Navarro, Ken Witcher

Publications

Unmanned aerial vehicles, UAV, has increases in the drastically in these past several years since their costs reduced. This research is based and built upon previous research presented in a conference. With the advent of commercial Quadcopters, four propeller systems, are used, being designed and used to operate the advantages of both flight and hovering. The basic design of their propeller blades has not evolved from the early days of manned flight when wooden fixed blades were used. In this paper that expands upon previous findings and discussions it explores the historical developments. Furthermore, how the expansion and reduction in ...


2fly With Rpi - Evaluating Suitability Of The Raspberry Pi3 B Single Board Computer For Experimental Glass Cockpit Embedded Applications, Donald R. Morris 2018 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

2fly With Rpi - Evaluating Suitability Of The Raspberry Pi3 B Single Board Computer For Experimental Glass Cockpit Embedded Applications, Donald R. Morris

Journal of Applied Sciences and Arts

Computer based cockpits typically interact with the pilot through glass covered displays, and are called glass cockpits. Glass cockpits came first to military aircraft and then to commercial aircraft. Most recently, they have become available for general aviation aircraft. However, price remains a significant barrier for low cost aircraft. At the same time, the price of computers suitable for embedded applications has dropped precipitously. The Raspberry Pi 3B is an example of just such a computer, and can be purchased for $35 to $40. This paper seeks to evaluate the suitability of this single board computer for use in an ...


Fdm Machine Learning: An Investigation Into The Utility Of Neural Networks As A Predictive Analytic Tool For Go Around Decision Making, John Bro 2018 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Fdm Machine Learning: An Investigation Into The Utility Of Neural Networks As A Predictive Analytic Tool For Go Around Decision Making, John Bro

Journal of Applied Sciences and Arts

Loss-of-control events during the approach-to-landing phase of flight account for a large share of fatalities in general aviation. During this critical transition towards the runway it is essential that an aircraft is stabilized. Pilot discretion and judgment is used to determine if an aircraft is suited to either land or go-around, based on an assessment of approach conditions. Many landing incidents and accidents could be prevented with improved go-around decisions. The purpose of this research is to investigate the utility of neural networks in modeling those decisions using historic aircraft flight data. Data collected from nearly 2,000 hours of ...


Performance Results Of Using Waste Vegetable Oil Based Biodiesel Fuel In A Turboshaft Gas Turboshaft Engine, Donald Bartlett 5218591, Blaine M. Heisner 2018 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Performance Results Of Using Waste Vegetable Oil Based Biodiesel Fuel In A Turboshaft Gas Turboshaft Engine, Donald Bartlett 5218591, Blaine M. Heisner

Journal of Applied Sciences and Arts

Biodiesel is a renewable fuel product made from triglycerides with properties similar to petroleum-based fuel. It is blended with various petroleum fractions to produce automotive and transportation fuels and is not typically utilized as a standalone fuel. Biodiesel can be manufactured from various feedstock including straight vegetable oils (SVO), waste vegetable oils (WVO), and animal fats. Although most U.S. biodiesel is made from SVO, using WVO feedstock is a much cheaper option. As biodiesel fuel offers certain advantages over petroleum based fuels, the aviation industry has gradually advanced the use of the fuel in gas turbine engines. However, increased ...


Efficient Alignment Algorithms For Dna Sequencing Data, Nilesh Vinod Khiste 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Efficient Alignment Algorithms For Dna Sequencing Data, Nilesh Vinod Khiste

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The DNA Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies produce data at a low cost, enabling their application to many ambitious fields such as cancer research, disease control, personalized medicine etc. However, even after a decade of research, the modern aligners and assemblers are far from providing efficient and error free genome alignments and assemblies respectively. This is due to the inherent nature of the genome alignment and assembly problem, which involves many complexities. Many algorithms to address this problem have been proposed over the years, but there still is a huge scope for improvement in this research space.

Many new genome ...


Assessment And Comparison Of Aviation Manufacturing Industries Throughout Mexico And Brazil, Omar E. Morsi, Kelly A. Whealan-George, Aaron D. Clevenger 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Assessment And Comparison Of Aviation Manufacturing Industries Throughout Mexico And Brazil, Omar E. Morsi, Kelly A. Whealan-George, Aaron D. Clevenger

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

This literature review serves to provide insight and understanding in regards to the evolving aviation manufacturing industry throughout the globe and more specifically, Mexico and Brazil. Increased demand for aircraft units both in the commercial and private sectors have led to unprecedented expansions in aircraft manufacturing across the industry. In order to illuminate certain potentials and current growth levels of such industries, this review will delve into an array of information and specifications in regards to economic, political, and cultural influences throughout both Mexican and Brazilian markets respectively. In conclusion, the review will identify the transformation of an aviation manufacturing ...


Spot-R By Triax, Purdue ECT Team 2018 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Spot-R By Triax, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

Triax’s Spot-r system was developed to tackle the construction industry’s unique safety and productivity challenges, stemming from a demonstrated lack of total jobsite visibility and automatically collected, easily accessible field data. Spot-r by Triax combines a proprietary mesh network with sensor technology to record and transmit previously unattainable workforce and equipment location, activity and safety data within a defined area – all in real-time.

The Spot-r network is installed around the site and operates in a 900 MHz network, with a subset using a cellular connection to forward Spot-r sensor data to Triax’s custom, cloud dashboard. In the ...


A High Gain Dc-Dc Full-Bridge Converter, Prashanth Prabhu 2018 The University of Western Ontario

A High Gain Dc-Dc Full-Bridge Converter, Prashanth Prabhu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

High gain DC-DC converters have become increasingly popular in recent years as there is greater need to interface low voltage DC sources such as solar cells and batteries with much higher voltage DC buses. A new high gain DC-DC converter with high gain, galvanic isolation and an integrated passive snubber network is proposed in the thesis. In the thesis, the general operation of the converter is discussed, its modes of operation are explained and its features are reviewed. The design of the converter is then discussed and a set of general guidelines that can be used in the design are ...


“Whole-Brained” Engineering Education In Undergraduate Studies At The University Of Dayton, Kylie Moellering 2018 Selected Works

“Whole-Brained” Engineering Education In Undergraduate Studies At The University Of Dayton, Kylie Moellering

Kylie Moellering

In this case study concerning “Whole-Brained” Engineering Education for undergraduate-level students, Dr. Ken Bloemer, the Director of the Visioneering Center at the University of Dayton, provided valuable information regarding this field. Voices from scholarly literature pertaining to the conversation and other undergraduate engineering curricula were then used to reinforce and give deeper insight into the various aspects of the changing engineering education format. The major change in pedagogy can be seen in the transferring from isolated left brain engineering education to the well-rounded whole-brained engineering education approach, which collaborates both aspects of logic and creativity. This main topic created three ...


Community-Engaged Operations Research: Localized Interventions, Appropriate Methods, Social Impact, Michael P. Johnson Jr. 2018 University of Massachusetts - Boston

Community-Engaged Operations Research: Localized Interventions, Appropriate Methods, Social Impact, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

Community-engaged operations research is an extension of multiple OR/MS traditions to support participatory research, localized impact and social change. It applies critical thinking, evidence-based policy analysis, community participation and decision modeling to local interventions. It emphasizes the needs, voices and values of disadvantaged and marginalized populations. It rests on a foundation of meaningful engagement with communities. Through a survey of current scholarship in two complementary areas of inquiry, ‘community operational research’ (referring to work by primarily European researchers) and ‘community-based operations research’ (referring to work by primarily American researchers), I develop principles for community-engaged OR, present critical questions that ...


Moral Authority And Artificial Intelligence, Jacob Souza 2018 Carroll College, Helena, MT

Moral Authority And Artificial Intelligence, Jacob Souza

Power, Voice, Mandate: Moral Authority in the Contemporary Age

This paper looks at the relationship between Artificial intelligence and moral authority. It explores the important concepts related to moral authority, such as power, authority, responsibility, and morality, but also defines what a thinking machine will look like in human society. What the paper determines is that it is difficult to trust machines that do not show emotion, but thinking machines without emotion will still have an important role in society and that when emotional AIs are achievable, they will be able to achieve moral authority.


A Simple Mathematical Model For The Nonlinear Compliance Of Arteries, Charles F. Babbs 2018 Purdue University

A Simple Mathematical Model For The Nonlinear Compliance Of Arteries, Charles F. Babbs

Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering Faculty Working Papers

No abstract provided.


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