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Building Support For Coud Computing In The Irish Construction Industry, Alan Redmond, Alan V. Hore, Roger West 2010 Technological University Dublin

Building Support For Coud Computing In The Irish Construction Industry, Alan Redmond, Alan V. Hore, Roger West

Conference papers

The construction industry has been traditionally recognised as a fragmented sector associated with a poor level of implementation and penetration of Information Communication Technology (ICT) by Small to Medium Size Enterprises (SMEs). Cloud computing is a collective term that can facilitate the ability to collaborate within a central repository that can act as a base for interoperability between various construction disciplines and their software applications. Cloud computing is a new layer of internet architecture that creates an open opportunity to add better functionality to an increasingly global network. The characteristics of cloud computing, such as, shared infrastructure, on-demand applications, elasticity ...


Development Of A Cloud Solution For Smes In The Irish Construction Industry, Alan V. Hore, Alan Redmond, Roger West 2010 Technological University Dublin

Development Of A Cloud Solution For Smes In The Irish Construction Industry, Alan V. Hore, Alan Redmond, Roger West

Conference papers

There is a strong emerging trend within the Information Communication Technology (ICT) sector for replacing traditional packaged desktop applications with Web based, outsourced products and services. The drive for this innovative solution is its contribution to enabling software to be developed, delivered and consumed in discrete chunks (known as services) liberating the users from traditional computing and providing services accessible across a range of devices and appliances. The objective of this paper is to report on the progress towards defining this Web based service, commonly known as ‘Cloud computing’, for Small to Medium Size Enterprises (SMEs) in the Irish construction ...


Cloud Computing And Its Application In The Irish Construction Industry, Alan V. Hore, Roger West, Alan Redmond 2010 Technological University Dublin

Cloud Computing And Its Application In The Irish Construction Industry, Alan V. Hore, Roger West, Alan Redmond

Conference papers

The significance of Irish Small to Medium Size Enterprises (SMEs) being more effective and efficient with eBusiness solutions in the construction industry has never been more evident than in today’s global economy. Through the development of a strong and proactive network the Construction IT Alliance (CITA) hope to create a platform for implementing the use of eBusiness in the SME community. This network will provide SME companies with a direction on how to improve their efficiency and effectiveness through the use of technology. At present CITA has identified a potential business solution that would make construction software more accessible ...


Developing A Cloud Integrated Life Cycle Costing Analysis Model Through Bim, Alan Redmond, Alan V. Hore, Roger West 2010 Technological University Dublin

Developing A Cloud Integrated Life Cycle Costing Analysis Model Through Bim, Alan Redmond, Alan V. Hore, Roger West

Conference papers

Advancing interoperability between design team applications has been a major challenge for advocates of open standards. The buildingSmart alliance and Open Geospatial Consortium Inc in the U.S. have developed and implemented an Architecture, Engineering, Construction, Owner Operator, Phase 1 Testbed that streamlines communications between parties at the conceptual design phase to establish an early understanding of the tradeoffs between construction cost and energy efficiency. The results of this Testbed combined with an on-going collaborative R&D project ‘Inpro’ co-funded by the European Commission to identify business and legal issues of Building Information Modeling in construction were used as theoretical ...


Comparison Of Indian Ppp Construction Industry And European Ppp Construction Industry: Process, Thresholds And Implementation, Louis Gunnigan, Renuka Rajput 2010 Technological University Dublin

Comparison Of Indian Ppp Construction Industry And European Ppp Construction Industry: Process, Thresholds And Implementation, Louis Gunnigan, Renuka Rajput

Conference papers

Abstract Since the 1990’s, there has been a rapid rise of Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) across the world. Governments in developing as well as developed countries are increasingly using this procurement method to bridge the much needed infrastructure gap. PPPs are seen as an important tool for producing an accelerated and larger pipeline of infrastructure investments, and catching up with the infrastructure deficit. Arguably, this is why developed and especially developing countries are very keen on PPP models. This paper will compare the PPP procurement process followed in Europe compared to India and presents a thorough review of literature ...


Inverse Optimal Control As A Tool To Understand Human Yoyo Playing, Katja Mombaur, Manish Sreenivasa 2010 University of Heidelberg

Inverse Optimal Control As A Tool To Understand Human Yoyo Playing, Katja Mombaur, Manish Sreenivasa

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This paper presents an inverse optimal control approach to identify objective functions of human motion from motion capture measurements. We apply it to analyze human yoyo playing. Yoyo playing may seem easy to us to learn but it is a challenging problem from a mechanical point of view involving a hybrid dynamics model. We recorded vertical yoyo playing of humans measuring yoyo height and rotation angle as well as the corresponding hand motions. Results of inverse optimal control are presented showing a mixed criterion of cycle time and terms depending on yoyo and hand acceleration and velocity.


On Using Human Movement Invariants To Generate Target-Driven Anthropomorphic Locomotion, Manish Sreenivasa, Philippe Souères, Jean-Paul Laumond 2010 University of Wollongong

On Using Human Movement Invariants To Generate Target-Driven Anthropomorphic Locomotion, Manish Sreenivasa, Philippe Souères, Jean-Paul Laumond

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

We present a method for generating anthropomorphic motion by studying `invariants' in human movements and applying them as kinematic tasks. We recorded whole-body motion of 14 participants during a walking and grasping task and performed a detailed analysis in order to synthesize the stereotypy in human motion as rules. We propose an algorithm that produces the key parameters of motion taking into account the knowledge from human movement, and the limitations of the anthropomorph. We generalize our results such that we can create motion parameters for objects which were not in the original protocol. The algorithmic output is applied in ...


Hrp-2 Plays The Yoyo: From Human To Humanoid Yoyo Playing Using Optimal Control, Katja Mombaur, Manish Sreenivasa 2010 University of Heidelberg

Hrp-2 Plays The Yoyo: From Human To Humanoid Yoyo Playing Using Optimal Control, Katja Mombaur, Manish Sreenivasa

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Yoyo playing may seem easy for a human, but it is a challenging problem for a humanoid robot. This paper presents an approach to generate yoyo motions for the humanoid robot, HRP-2, based on motion recorded from human yoyo playing, dynamical models and numerical optimal control techniques. We recorded vertical yoyo playing of 4 subjects measuring yoyo height and rotation angle as well as the corresponding hand motions. A detailed multi-phase yoyo model with impact collisions and control patterns of human yoyo playing were identified from these measurements. Based on this knowledge, reliable yoyo motions within the feasibility ranges of ...


Humanoid Human-Like Reaching Control Based On Movement Primitives, Minh Tuan Tran, Philippe Souères, Michel Taix, Manish Sreenivasa, Christophe Halgand 2010 Universite Paul Sabatier

Humanoid Human-Like Reaching Control Based On Movement Primitives, Minh Tuan Tran, Philippe Souères, Michel Taix, Manish Sreenivasa, Christophe Halgand

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This paper deals with the problem of generating realistic human-like reaching movements from a small set of movement primitives. Two kinds of movement databases are used as reference. The first one is obtained numerically, by applying biological principles of motor control on the dynamic model of the robot arm. The second one is obtained by recording reaching movements of human subjects. From these databases, primitives are extracted and analyzed by using Principal Component Analysis. An original generalization method is then proposed for generating movements that did not belong to the initial database. We show that twenty primitives allow to produce ...


Development Of A Family Of High Strength Low Carbon Microalloyed Ultra-Thin Cast Strip Products Produced By The Castrip® Process, Chris R. Killmore, Kristin R. Carpenter, Harold R. Kaul, James G. Williams, Daniel G. Edelman, Peter C. Campbell, Walter N. Blejde 2010 BlueScope Steel

Development Of A Family Of High Strength Low Carbon Microalloyed Ultra-Thin Cast Strip Products Produced By The Castrip® Process, Chris R. Killmore, Kristin R. Carpenter, Harold R. Kaul, James G. Williams, Daniel G. Edelman, Peter C. Campbell, Walter N. Blejde

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

The manufacture of high strength strip products in strip thicknesses less than 1.5mm is very challenging for the conventional hot and cold rolled processing routes. A range of Nb and Nb/V microalloyed steels have been successfully strip cast by the CASTRIP process enabling the development of a range of high strength Ultra-Thin Cast Strip (UCS) products. It was found that the CASTRIP process fully exploits the strengthening potential of the low C-Mn-Nb-(V) alloy design system. Substantial strengthening by microstructural hardening was provided by Nb. Retention of Nb and V in solid solution in hot rolled coils enabled ...


Near Infrared Photovoltaic Micro-Cell For Optical Fibre Based Power Harvesting, Gary Allwood 2010 Edith Cowan University

Near Infrared Photovoltaic Micro-Cell For Optical Fibre Based Power Harvesting, Gary Allwood

Theses : Honours

A photonic power system using a silicon or germanium based device as a photonic power converter was proposed. The properties of each device were investigated to determine the optimum structure, design, configuration and efficiency for power conversion. These included, but were not limited to, device geometry, doping concentration and the wavelength of the incident beam. Relevant inferences were made from the results obtained and compared to previous work. Currently, research into photovoltaic power converters is focused on the efficiencies of complex heterostuctures made from gallium-arsenide compounds. Here, the properties of a silicon device were investigated in detail as the predicted ...


Temporal Scales For Transport Patterns In The Gulf Of Finland, Bert Viikmae, Tarmo Soomere, Mikk Viidebaum, Mihhail Berezovski 2010 Tallinn University of Technology

Temporal Scales For Transport Patterns In The Gulf Of Finland, Bert Viikmae, Tarmo Soomere, Mikk Viidebaum, Mihhail Berezovski

Publications

The basic time scales for current-induced net transport of surface water and associated time scales of reaching the nearshore in the Gulf of Finland, the Baltic Sea, are analysed based on Lagrangian trajectories of water particles reconstructed from three-dimensional velocity fields by the Rossby Centre circulation model for 1987–1991. The number of particles reaching the nearshore exhibits substantial temporal variability whereas the rate of leaving the gulf is almost steady. It is recommended to use an about 3 grid cells wide nearshore area as a substitute to the coastal zone and about 10–15 day long trajectories for calculations ...


Waves In Materials With Microstructure: Numerical Simulation, Mihhail Berezovski, Arkadi Berezovski, Juri Engelbrecht 2010 Tallinn University of Technology

Waves In Materials With Microstructure: Numerical Simulation, Mihhail Berezovski, Arkadi Berezovski, Juri Engelbrecht

Publications

Results of numerical experiments are presented in order to compare direct numerical calculations of wave propagation in a laminate with prescribed properties and corresponding results obtained for an effective medium with the microstructure modelling. These numerical experiments allowed us to analyse the advantages and weaknesses of the microstructure model.


Variation Of Growth Morphology With Chemical Composition Of Terraces: Ag On A Twofold Surface Of A Decagonal Al-Cu-Co Quasicrystal, T. Duguet, Barış Ünal, Yong Han, James W. Evans, J. Ledieu, Cynthia J. Jenks, J.-M. Dubois, V. Fournée, Patricia A. Thiel 2010 Institut Jean Lamour

Variation Of Growth Morphology With Chemical Composition Of Terraces: Ag On A Twofold Surface Of A Decagonal Al-Cu-Co Quasicrystal, T. Duguet, Barış Ünal, Yong Han, James W. Evans, J. Ledieu, Cynthia J. Jenks, J.-M. Dubois, V. Fournée, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Growth of Ag thin films on the twofold surface of a decagonal Al-Cu-Co quasicrystal is characterized by scanning tunneling microscopy, at different temperatures, and for coverages ranging from submonolayer to 11 monolayers. From prior work, three types of clean surface terraces are known to exist. By correlation with a bulk structural model, the major difference between them lies in their transition-metal (TM) content, two being aluminum-rich (0 and 15 at. % TM) and one being TM-rich (40–50 at. % TM). The present article focuses on understanding the difference between Ag film morphologies on these terminations, in terms of their chemical content ...


Ultrasound-Assisted Swnts Dispersion: Effects Of Sonication Parameters And Solvent Properties, Qiaohuan Cheng, Sourabhi Debnath, Elizabeth Gregan, Hugh Byrne 2010 Technological University Dublin

Ultrasound-Assisted Swnts Dispersion: Effects Of Sonication Parameters And Solvent Properties, Qiaohuan Cheng, Sourabhi Debnath, Elizabeth Gregan, Hugh Byrne

Articles

Ultrasonication is widely used for preparing Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube (SWNT) dispersions in different solvent media and it has been shown to play a critical role in dispersing and debundling SWNTs. The strong shear force that can exfoliate the SWNT bundles during sonication comes from cavitation, which entails a process of bubble formation, growth, and collapse. The efficiency of the cavitation process is closely correlated to many solvent parameters, including vapor pressure, viscosity, and surface tension, as well as the sonication frequency, intensity, and time. In this study, SWNTs were dispersed in a range of organic solvents assisted by tip sonication ...


A Study Of Demoulding Force Prediction Applied To Periodic Mould Surface Profiles, Kevin Delaney, Giuliano Bissacco, David Kennedy 2010 Technological University Dublin

A Study Of Demoulding Force Prediction Applied To Periodic Mould Surface Profiles, Kevin Delaney, Giuliano Bissacco, David Kennedy

Conference Papers

Demoulding components without damage to either the components or tool is critical to successful replication processes. Accurate demoulding force prediction prior to tool fabrication helps designers optimize replication tools to minimize the demoulding force and resultant stress on replicated parts. Various models have been proposed to predict demoulding forces. One such model, the stair-step model, was developed by Colton et al for stereolithographic moulding tools. This paper investigates applying the model to other periodic surfaces with validation using published experimental data. In addition validity of the model for application to micro mould surfaces produced by micro milling is discussed.


Pvd And Cvd Coatings For The Metal Forming Industry, Simon Montgomery, David Kennedy, Noel O'Dowd 2010 Technological University Dublin

Pvd And Cvd Coatings For The Metal Forming Industry, Simon Montgomery, David Kennedy, Noel O'Dowd

Conference Papers

Metal forming applications are, by their very nature, taxing on the tools and machines used to achieve a finished component. Material degradation and wear is of critical importance in any such operation as a failing in the tool or machine has the potential to cause health hazards and/or significant monetary losses. The wear of material is due to the contact of two opposing surfaces and their subsequent motion relative to each other. It can take many forms some examples of which are: a two or three body abrasive type, a rolling fatigue type or an adhesion type.

Much research ...


Demoulding Force Prediction For Micro Polymer Replication: A Review Of Relevant Literature, Kevin Delaney, G. Bissacco ., David Kennedy 2010 Technological University Dublin

Demoulding Force Prediction For Micro Polymer Replication: A Review Of Relevant Literature, Kevin Delaney, G. Bissacco ., David Kennedy

Conference Papers

Demoulding components without damage to either the components or tool is critical to successful replication processes. During tooling development designers strive to optimize replication tools to minimize demoulding force and resultant stress on replicated parts. A critical element of this process is an accurate demoulding force prediction model. Various models have been proposed to predict demoulding forces, each showing limitations in its applicability. This paper reviews existing demoulding force models and parameters affecting demoulding force for micro polymer replication.


Spacecraft Coating-Induced Charging: A Materials And Modeling Study Of Environmental Extreme, Michelle M. Donegan, Jennifer L. Sample, JR Dennison, R. Hoffman 2010 Johns Hopkins University

Spacecraft Coating-Induced Charging: A Materials And Modeling Study Of Environmental Extreme, Michelle M. Donegan, Jennifer L. Sample, Jr Dennison, R. Hoffman

All Physics Faculty Publications

As mankind reaches to explore extreme environments in space, the application of ceramics surface coatings is increasing. The 2005 mission concept for Solar Probe used a unique design to achieve the necessary thermal control for a very close approach to the solar corona, including the use of a highly refractory, electrically insulating ceramic coating over a carbon-carbon composite heat shield. The proposed trajectory takes the spacecraft from a Jovian fly-by to within 4 solar radii of the Sun, spanning 5 orders of magnitude in solar radiation and solar wind plasma density as well as spacecraft temperatures from <100 K to >2000 K. Using ...


Some Complex Systems Engineering Principles, Matthew J. Berryman, Peter Campbell 2010 University of Wollongong

Some Complex Systems Engineering Principles, Matthew J. Berryman, Peter Campbell

SMART Infrastructure Facility - Papers

Complex adaptive systems can be characterised by many adaptively changing parts, with a large number of interactions, and adaptation at the system level. This body of research can inform the large engineering projects that are characterised by large systems of systems, where interactions to achieve end goals matters, and where designs and the technology of parts in service undergo many adaptive changes. A number of key lessons can be drawn from the complex adaptive systems literature. Firstly, that the use of design patterns, as traditionally applied in software engineering, can also be applied to wider systems engineering and systems integration ...


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