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Developments In Monitoring Techniques For Durability Assessment Of Cover-Zone Concrete, W.J. McCarter, T. M. Chrisp, G. Starrs, Niall Holmes, L. Basheer, M. Basheer, S. V. Nanukuttan 2010 Heriot-Watt University

Developments In Monitoring Techniques For Durability Assessment Of Cover-Zone Concrete, W.J. Mccarter, T. M. Chrisp, G. Starrs, Niall Holmes, L. Basheer, M. Basheer, S. V. Nanukuttan

Conference papers

This paper outlines developments in the use of an embedded multi-electrode sensor to study the response of the cover-zone (surface 50mm) to the changing ambient environment. The sensor enables the measurement of the spatial and temporal distribution of the electrical properties of concrete and temperature within the cover-zone thereby allowing an integrated assessment of cover-zone concrete performance. Both laboratory and field results are presented to highlight the information that can be obtained from embedded sensors. When exposed to the natural environment, the temperature dependence of the electrical response is highlighted and standardization protocols are developed to account for this effect ...


The Use Of Novel Non-Destructive Methods For Quality Control And Performance Evaluation Of Concrete Structures, Sree Nanukuttan, Niall Holmes, Sudarsan Srininvasan, Lulu Basheer, Muhammed Basheer, John McCarter, Gerry Starrs 2010 Queen's University - Belfast

The Use Of Novel Non-Destructive Methods For Quality Control And Performance Evaluation Of Concrete Structures, Sree Nanukuttan, Niall Holmes, Sudarsan Srininvasan, Lulu Basheer, Muhammed Basheer, John Mccarter, Gerry Starrs

Conference papers

Concrete cover provides the first line of defense against the ingress of many deleterious substances into the concrete. Therefore, a measure of its transport properties is vital in assessing its long term performance in a given exposure condition. In new structures the rate of ingress of the deleterious substances could be monitored using array of electrical sensors that are embedded in the cover concrete. For structures that are currently in service, tests can be performed by removing cores from the structure (lab based tests) or by using tests that can be performed on the surface (in situ tests). Results relating ...


Feasibility Of Using Passive Monitoring Techniques In Mesh Networks For The Support Of Routing, Chenzhe Zhang 2010 Technological University Dublin

Feasibility Of Using Passive Monitoring Techniques In Mesh Networks For The Support Of Routing, Chenzhe Zhang

Masters

In recent years, Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs) have emerged as a promising solution to provide low cost access networks that extend Internet access and other networking services. Mesh routers form the backbone connectivity through cooperative routing in an often unstable wireless medium. Therefore, the techniques used to monitor and manage the performance of the wireless network are expected to play a significant role in providing the necessary performance metrics to help optimize the link performance in WMNs. This thesis initially presents an assessment of the correlation between passive monitoring and active probing techniques used for link performance measurement in single ...


Development Of A Quality Of Service Framework For Multimedia Streaming Applications, Stuart Wallace 2010 Technological University Dublin

Development Of A Quality Of Service Framework For Multimedia Streaming Applications, Stuart Wallace

Masters

By the year 2012, it is expected that the majority of all Internet traffic will be video content. Coupled with this is the increasing availability of Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) due to their ease of deployment, flexibility and reducing roll out costs. Unfortunately the contention based access mechanism utilised by IEEE 802.11 WLANs does not suit the non-uniform or bursty bandwidth profile of a video stream which can lead to a reduced quality of service (QoS) being experienced by the end-user. In 2005, the IEEE 802.11e protocol was ratified in an attempt to solve this emerging problem ...


Development Of A Framework For The Assessment Of The Role And Impact Of Technology On The Public Procurement Process: An Irish Health Sector Study, Paul Davis 2010 Technological University Dublin

Development Of A Framework For The Assessment Of The Role And Impact Of Technology On The Public Procurement Process: An Irish Health Sector Study, Paul Davis

Doctoral

This thesis sets out to examine how the role and impact of technology, in the context of the public procurement process, can be assessed by addressing it as a single bounded structural entity. The thesis specifically examines the procurement process in the Irish Health Sector. This thesis takes the view that context for the procurement process is critical and that adopting a structuration approach to the examination of the process allows for a greater understanding of the role of technology. The thesis is built around a thematic structure which examines the changing relationship between information technology systems and organisational structure ...


Phase Change Materials For Thermal Regulation Of Building Integrated Photovoltaics, Ahmad Hassan 2010 Technological University Dublin

Phase Change Materials For Thermal Regulation Of Building Integrated Photovoltaics, Ahmad Hassan

Doctoral

In outdoor deployed photovoltaics (PV), standard test conditions (STC) of 25 °C PV temperature, 1000 Wm-2 solar radiation intensity and 1.5 air-mass rarely prevail. PV temperature can rise 40-100 °C above STC inducing a power drop in crystalline silicon PV with a coefficient of -0.4 to -0.65 %/K above STC. Increased operating temperature also results in accelerated PV degradation due to cell delamination allowing moisture ingress. vConventional building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) cooling techniques using passive
or active heat removal by air or water flow are limited by (i) very low heat transfer or (ii) large capital as ...


Blind Single Channel Sound Source Separation, Mark Leddy 2010 Technological University Dublin

Blind Single Channel Sound Source Separation, Mark Leddy

Masters

In recent years source separation has become an increasingly popular area of research in the signal processing community. The subject has found applications in a variety of fields such as medical imaging, sound and audio, econometrics and geophysics. This document will discuss the application of source separation techniques to the area of audio. Sound source separation is the process of observing a mixture signal made up of a number of sources, and from this mixture estimating the individual source signals. Audio source separation techniques may be crudely split into the following areas; techniques that utilise attributes of the sources, and ...


Single Channel Vocal Separation Using Median Filtering And Factorisation Techniques, Derry Fitzgerald, Mikel Gainza 2010 Technological University Dublin

Single Channel Vocal Separation Using Median Filtering And Factorisation Techniques, Derry Fitzgerald, Mikel Gainza

Articles

This paper deals with the problem of the extraction of vocals from single channel audio signals containing both vocals and other instruments, including both pitched instruments and percussion instruments. A novel median filtering-based approach for the extraction of vocal tracks is described, which is simple and efficient to implement. Further improvements in separation quality are then obtained by the application of tensor factorisation techniques to further extract residual instruments from the vocal mix. Finally, a novel use of non-negative partial matrix cofactorisation is demonstrated as a means of further improving separation quality. Here the original single channel mixture is partially ...


Locating Tune Changes And Providing A Semantic Labelling Of Sets Of Irish Traditional Tunes, Cillian Kelly, Mikel Gainza, David Dorran, Eugene Coyle 2010 Technological University Dublin

Locating Tune Changes And Providing A Semantic Labelling Of Sets Of Irish Traditional Tunes, Cillian Kelly, Mikel Gainza, David Dorran, Eugene Coyle

Conference papers

An approach is presented which provides the tune change loactions within a set of Irish traditional turnes. Also provided are semantic labels for each part of each tune within the set. A set in Irish traditional music is a number of individual tunes played segue. Each of the tunes in the set are made up of structural segments called parts. Musical variation is a prominent characteristic of this genre. However, a certain set of notes known as "set accented tones" are considered impervious to musical variation. Chroma information is extracted at "set accented tone" locations within the music. The resulting ...


Audio Thumbnail Generation Of Irish Traditional Music, Cillian Kelly, Mikel Gainza, David Dorran, Eugene Coyle 2010 Technological University Dublin

Audio Thumbnail Generation Of Irish Traditional Music, Cillian Kelly, Mikel Gainza, David Dorran, Eugene Coyle

Conference papers

An approach is presented which generates an audio thumbnail of Irish traditional music. An audio thumbnail is consered to be the most representative segment of the music. For popular music, the chorus is considered to be an ideal audio thumbnail, however in Irish Traditional Music there is no chorus. An Irish Traditional tune consists of tow or mor short structural segments called parts. Parts are repeated to extend the tuen, and the tune itself is also repeated once or more in its entirety. To further extend a performance, tunes are concatenated to form a set of tuens. As a result ...


Towards A Method To Determine The Glottal Formant Parameters Of Voiced Speech Without Time-Domain Reference, Alan O'Cinneide, David Dorran, Mikel Gainza, Eugene Coyle 2010 Technological University Dublin

Towards A Method To Determine The Glottal Formant Parameters Of Voiced Speech Without Time-Domain Reference, Alan O'Cinneide, David Dorran, Mikel Gainza, Eugene Coyle

Conference papers

This paper presents an approach to estimate the glottal formant parameters of the voicing source in the frequency-domain. The method is based on a simplified pole-zero interpretion of the prevalent Liljencrants-Fant (LF) model of glottal flow, and gives approximations for a broad range of pulses shapes. An advantage of the method is that, unlike other methods, it does not rely on time-domain references.


Simulation Optimisation Methods In Supply Chain Applications: A Review, Amr Arisha, Waleed Abo-Hamad 2010 Technological University Dublin

Simulation Optimisation Methods In Supply Chain Applications: A Review, Amr Arisha, Waleed Abo-Hamad

Articles

The competitiveness and dynamic nature of today’s marketplace is due to rapid advances in information technology, short product life cycles and the continuing trend in global outsourcing. Managing the resulting supply chain networks effectively is challenged by high levels of uncertainty in supply and demand, confl ict objectives, vagueness of information, numerous decision variables and constraints. With such levels of complexity, supply chain optimisation has the potential to make a signifi cant contribution in resolving these challenges. In this paper, a literature review – based on more than 100 peer-reviewed articles – of state-of-the-art simulation-based optimisation techniques in the context of ...


Evaluating Sensorineural Hearing Loss With An Auditory Nerve Model Using A Mean Structural Similarity Measure, Andrew Hines, Naomi Harte 2010 Technological University Dublin

Evaluating Sensorineural Hearing Loss With An Auditory Nerve Model Using A Mean Structural Similarity Measure, Andrew Hines, Naomi Harte

Conference papers

Hearing loss research has traditionally been based on perceptual criteria, speech intelligibility and threshold levels. The development of computational models of the auditory-periphery has allowed experimentation via simulation to provide quantitative, repeatable results at a more granular level than would be practical with clinical research on human subjects. This work seeks to create an objective measure to automate this inspection process and ranks hearing losses based on auditory-nerve discharge patterns. A systematic way of assessing phonemic degradation using the outputs of an auditory nerve model for a range of sensorineural hearing losses would aid in rapid prototyping development of speech-processing ...


Defending Privacy: The Development And Deployment Of A Darknet, Conor McManamon, Fredrick Mtenzi 2010 Technological University Dublin

Defending Privacy: The Development And Deployment Of A Darknet, Conor Mcmanamon, Fredrick Mtenzi

Conference papers

New measures imposed by governments, Internet service providers and other third parties which threaten the state of privacy are also opening new avenues to protecting it. The unwarranted scrutiny of legitimate services such as file hosters and the BitTorrent protocol, once relatively unknown to the casual Internet user, is becoming more obvious. The darknet is a rising contender against these new measures and will preserve the default right to privacy of Internet users. A darknet is defined in the context of file sharing as a network which operates on top of another network such as the Internet for the purpose ...


Social Networking Sites: Evaluating And Investigating Their Use In Academic Research, Fiona Redmond 2010 Technological University Dublin

Social Networking Sites: Evaluating And Investigating Their Use In Academic Research, Fiona Redmond

Dissertations

Researchers must collect and analyse new data that will enhance the body of knowledge. It is for this reason that data is of major importance to researchers. All aspects of a research project involve data, from navigating existing data, to understanding how data is used in the world and why it is important to learn to collect data and make predictions. Researchers need to consider the types of data that are possible and examine and weight each option so they can determine what sources of data will answer the research questions or hypotheses.

Researchers, who require a large amount of ...


Metnetge: Interactive Views Of Biological Networks And Ontologies, Jia Ming, Suh-Yeon Choi, Dirk Reiners, Eve S. Wurtele, Julie A. Dickerson 2010 Iowa State University

Metnetge: Interactive Views Of Biological Networks And Ontologies, Jia Ming, Suh-Yeon Choi, Dirk Reiners, Eve S. Wurtele, Julie A. Dickerson

Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Publications

Background

Linking high-throughput experimental data with biological networks is a key step for understanding complex biological systems. Currently, visualization tools for large metabolic networks often result in a dense web of connections that is difficult to interpret biologically. The MetNetGE application organizes and visualizes biological networks in a meaningful way to improve performance and biological interpretability.

Results

MetNetGE is an interactive visualization tool based on the Google Earth platform. MetNetGE features novel visualization techniques for pathway and ontology information display. Instead of simply showing hundreds of pathways in a complex graph, MetNetGE gives an overview of the network using the ...


Solar Cell Efficiency Enhancement Through Down-Shifting And Up-Converting Layers: The Ephocell Project: Luminescent Downshifting Quantum Yield Measurements, M. Kennedy, L. Aubouy, D. Gutiérrez-Tauste, A. Jorge, M. Faccini, G. Noriega, M. Di Lorenzo, M. Cocca, M. Avella, M. Errico, G. Gentile, John Doran, Brian Norton, S. Baluschev, J. Bistué Guardiola, A. Robles Molina, J. Puigdollers, C. Voz, S. Daren, F. Tsvetkov, A. Pashov 2010 Technological University Dublin

Solar Cell Efficiency Enhancement Through Down-Shifting And Up-Converting Layers: The Ephocell Project: Luminescent Downshifting Quantum Yield Measurements, M. Kennedy, L. Aubouy, D. Gutiérrez-Tauste, A. Jorge, M. Faccini, G. Noriega, M. Di Lorenzo, M. Cocca, M. Avella, M. Errico, G. Gentile, John Doran, Brian Norton, S. Baluschev, J. Bistué Guardiola, A. Robles Molina, J. Puigdollers, C. Voz, S. Daren, F. Tsvetkov, A. Pashov

Conference Papers

Organic cells and dye-sensitized cells developed to-date have a narrow active absorption range, relative to the spectral range of the available solar resource. Their efficiency could be significantly enhanced through a process of down-shifting (DS) and up-conversion of non-absorbable photons converting them to photons better matching the spectral response of the particular solar cell. The DS molecules must exhibit a large Stokes shift and high luminescent quantum yield when incorporated in the downshifting polymer layer. In this paper, the QY of a downshifting Europium (III) complex in solution is determined using two distinct experimental techniques. The QY is measured for ...


Nebraska Agricultural Water Management Demonstration Network (Nawmdn): Integrating Research And Extension/Outreach, Suat Irmak, Jennifer M. Rees, Gary L. Zoubek, Brandy S. van DeWalle, William R. Rathje, Rodney DeBuhr, Dan Leininger, Darrel D. Siekman, James W. Schneider, Andrew P. Christiansen 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Agricultural Water Management Demonstration Network (Nawmdn): Integrating Research And Extension/Outreach, Suat Irmak, Jennifer M. Rees, Gary L. Zoubek, Brandy S. Van Dewalle, William R. Rathje, Rodney Debuhr, Dan Leininger, Darrel D. Siekman, James W. Schneider, Andrew P. Christiansen

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Maximizing the net benefits of irrigated plant production through appropriately designed agricultural water management programs is of growing importance in Nebraska, and other western and Midwestern states, because many areas are involved in management and policy changes to conserve irrigation water. In Nebraska, farmers are being challenged to practice conservation methods and use water resources more efficiently while meeting plant water requirements and maintaining high yields. Another challenge Nebraska experiences in it's approximately 3.5‐million‐ha irrigated lands is limited adoption of newer technologies/tools to help farmers better manage irrigation, conserve water and energy, and increase plant ...


Simulation Modelling A Tool To Inform And Support Decisions In Iron Ore Mining, Steven Richardson 2010 Edith Cowan University

Simulation Modelling A Tool To Inform And Support Decisions In Iron Ore Mining, Steven Richardson

ECU Research Week

Presented at a Showcase of Research at the School of Engineering.


Integration Of A Cob Separation System Into A Biomass Harvesting Combine, Jeremiah Kingsley Johnson 2010 Iowa State University

Integration Of A Cob Separation System Into A Biomass Harvesting Combine, Jeremiah Kingsley Johnson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Before the invention of a combine harvester, corn was picked on the ear and threshed later. This led to an availability of corn cobs and many uses were found. A renewed interest in the heat/energy value of the cob has increased the focus on harvesting corn cobs. A corn cob separation system was developed and installed on a single pass biomass harvesting combine. The system included a blower and two fans and the combine was capable of harvesting grain only, grain and stover, and grain and cobs. The cob separation system was evaluated using a stationary test with earcorn ...


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