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150,258 full-text articles. Page 4352 of 4391.

High-Performance Thin-Film Garnet Materials For Magneto-Optic And Nanophotonic Applications., Mikhail Vasiliev, Mohammad Nur E Alam, Viacheslav Kotov, Kamal Alameh 2010 Edith Cowan University

High-Performance Thin-Film Garnet Materials For Magneto-Optic And Nanophotonic Applications., Mikhail Vasiliev, Mohammad Nur E Alam, Viacheslav Kotov, Kamal Alameh

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Since the 1960's, Magneto-optic (MO) garnet materials have been studied extensively. These materials can possess world-record MO performance characteristics in terms of Faraday rotation and optical quality. Among the rear-earth-doped garnets, the Bi-substituted iron garnet is the best candidate for use as a functional material in different integrated-optics, imaging/image processing applications and also in forward-looking applications e.g. the design of metamaterials with non-reciprocal properties. We have established a set of technologies for fabricating ferrimagnetic garnet films of type (BiDy)3(FeGa)5O12 and also garnet-oxide nanocomposite (BiDy)3(FeGa)5O12 : Bi2O3 layers possessing record-high MO quality across ...


Design Of High-Sensitivity Plasmonics-Assisted Gaas Metal-Semiconductor-Metal Photodetectors, Ayman Karar, Narottam Das, Chee Leong Tan, Kamal Alameh, Yong Lee 2010 Edith Cowan University

Design Of High-Sensitivity Plasmonics-Assisted Gaas Metal-Semiconductor-Metal Photodetectors, Ayman Karar, Narottam Das, Chee Leong Tan, Kamal Alameh, Yong Lee

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

In this paper, we use the finite difference timedomain (FDTD) method to optimize the light absorption of an ultrafast plasmonic GaAs metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector (MSM-PD) employing metal nano-gratings. The MSM-PD is optimized geometrically, leading to improved light absorption near the designed wavelength of GaAs through plasmon-assisted electric and magnetic field concentration through a subwavelength aperture. Simulation results show up to 10-times light absorption enhancement at 867 nm due to surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) propagation through the metal nano-grating, in comparison to conventional MSM-PD.


A 1x2 Adaptive Optical Splitter Based On Opto-Vlsi Processor, Haithem Mustafa, Feng Xiao, Kamal Alameh 2010 Edith Cowan University

A 1x2 Adaptive Optical Splitter Based On Opto-Vlsi Processor, Haithem Mustafa, Feng Xiao, Kamal Alameh

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

A 1×2 adaptive optical splitter structure is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The 1×2 adaptive optical splitter structure is based on Opto-VLSI in conjunction with 4-f imaging system. An Opto-VLSI processor is software driven and capable of splitting an optical beam into different directions when a multicasting phase hologram is uploaded. An input optical signal launched into an input optical fiber port is split and coupled into two output optical fiber ports with arbitrary splitting ratios over a wavelength range exceeding 50 nm.


The Properties Of Nanocomposite (Bidy)3(Fega)5o12:Bi2o3 Magneto-Optic Garnet Films For Applications In Nanophotonics, Ultrafast Switching And Integrated Optoelectronics, Mikhail Vasiliev, Mohammad Nur E Alam, Viacheslav Kotov, Kamal Alameh 2010 Edith Cowan University

The Properties Of Nanocomposite (Bidy)3(Fega)5o12:Bi2o3 Magneto-Optic Garnet Films For Applications In Nanophotonics, Ultrafast Switching And Integrated Optoelectronics, Mikhail Vasiliev, Mohammad Nur E Alam, Viacheslav Kotov, Kamal Alameh

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

We investigate the properties and applications of newly-developed RF-sputtered nano-composites with record-high magneto-optic quality (exceeding 25° at 532 nm and 42° at 635 nm). Bi-substituted dysprosium-gallium iron garnet layers with excess co-sputtered bismuth oxide content are demonstrated to possess very attractive optical and magnetic properties, which makes them suitable for novel magneto-optic and nanophotonic applications.


Technological Challenges Of 1-Dimensional Magnetic Photonic Crystals, Mikhail Vasiliev, Kamal Alameh, Dmitry E. Balabanov, Vladimir I. Burkov, V. V. Koledov, Viacheslav A. Kotov, V. G. Shavrov, Anotoly K. Zvezdin 2010 Edith Cowan University

Technological Challenges Of 1-Dimensional Magnetic Photonic Crystals, Mikhail Vasiliev, Kamal Alameh, Dmitry E. Balabanov, Vladimir I. Burkov, V. V. Koledov, Viacheslav A. Kotov, V. G. Shavrov, Anotoly K. Zvezdin

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Visible-region magnetic photonic crystals (MPC) designed for higher-order bandgap operation have been proposed to overcome the technological restrictions originating from the strong thickness dependency of the individual magnetic layer properties observed in MPC structures.


The Effect Of Lifting Straps On Peak Velocity, Force, And Power During Clean Pull, Naruhira Hori, Brendyn Appleby, Warren Andrews, Kazunori Nosaka 2010 Edith Cowan University

The Effect Of Lifting Straps On Peak Velocity, Force, And Power During Clean Pull, Naruhira Hori, Brendyn Appleby, Warren Andrews, Kazunori Nosaka

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

The clean pull is a common exercise among athletes. Some athletes use lifting straps in this exercise, but efficacy of lifting straps has not been examined. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of lifting straps on velocity, force and power during the clean pull. Five male professional Rugby Union players performed two sets of two repetitions of the clean pull with a 140-kg barbell under two conditions: with and without the lifting straps, in a counterbalanced order. An optical encoder was attached to the barbell, and peak velocity of the barbell, and force / power applied ...


Groove Shape-Dependent Absorption Enhancement Of 850 Nm Msm Photodetectors With Nano-Gratings, Narottam Das, Ayman Karar, Mikhail Vasiliev, Chee Leong Tan, Kamal Alameh, Yong Tak Lee 2010 Edith Cowan University

Groove Shape-Dependent Absorption Enhancement Of 850 Nm Msm Photodetectors With Nano-Gratings, Narottam Das, Ayman Karar, Mikhail Vasiliev, Chee Leong Tan, Kamal Alameh, Yong Tak Lee

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Finite difference time-domain (FDTD) analysis is used to investigate the light absorption enhancement factor dependence on the groove shape of the nano-gratings etched into the surfaces of metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector (MSM-PD) structures. By patterning the MSM-PDs with optimized nano-gratings a significant improvement in light absorption near the design wavelength is achieved through plasmon-assisted electric field concentration effects. Simulation results show about 50 times light absorption enhancement for 850 nm light due to improved optical signal propagation through the nano-gratings.


Comparison Between Neural Network Based Pi And Pid Controllers, Mohammed Hassan, Ganesh Kothapalli 2010 Edith Cowan University

Comparison Between Neural Network Based Pi And Pid Controllers, Mohammed Hassan, Ganesh Kothapalli

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

The Pneumatic actuation systems are widely used in industrial automation, such as drilling, sawing, squeezing, gripping, and spraying. Also, they are used in motion control of materials and parts handling, packing machines, machine tools, and in robotics; e.g. two-legged robot. In this paper, a Neural Network based PI controller and Neural Network based PID controller are designed and simulated to increase the position accuracy in a pneumatic servo actuator. In these designs, a well-trained Neural Network provides these controllers with suitable gains depending on feedback representing changes in position error and changes in external load force. These gains should ...


Call Admission Control Scheme For The Ieee 802.16e At Vehicular Speeds, Iftekhar Ahmad, Daryoush Habibi 2010 Edith Cowan University

Call Admission Control Scheme For The Ieee 802.16e At Vehicular Speeds, Iftekhar Ahmad, Daryoush Habibi

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

The IEEE 802.16e standard has emerged as an exciting mobile wireless broadband technology that promises to deliver both high throughput and guaranteed quality of service (QoS). Call admission control (CAC) scheme serves as a great utility for WiMAX, which ensures that resources are not over committed and thereby, all existing connections enjoy guaranteed quality of service. Existing CAC schemes largely depend on computation of available resources while making an acceptance or rejection decision once a new request arrives. Since wireless channels are not as reliable as wired communication, CAC scheme in WiMAX communication faces a serious challenge of making ...


Adiabatic Coherent Quantum Tunneling Of Ultracold Atoms Trapped In An Asymmetrical Two-Dimensional Magnetic Lattices, Ahmed Abdelrahman, Kamal Alameh, Peter Hannford 2010 Edith Cowan University

Adiabatic Coherent Quantum Tunneling Of Ultracold Atoms Trapped In An Asymmetrical Two-Dimensional Magnetic Lattices, Ahmed Abdelrahman, Kamal Alameh, Peter Hannford

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

We propose a new method to realize a two-dimensional magnetic lattice, having two different configurations of asymmetric magnetic lattice, which exhibits magnetic band gap structure, and a symmetric magnetic lattice. We also describe the tunneling mechanisms of magnetically trapped ultracold atoms, prepared in a degenerate quantum gas such as Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC). A coherent quantum tunneling of ultracold atoms between the sites of the asymmetrical magnetic lattice can be realized which induces the adiabatically controlled dc Josephson current. At critical phase transitions, namely at certain values of site phase difference and population fraction, a plasma oscillation can be observed in ...


Spatial Performance Of Acousto-Ultrasonic Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor, Graham Wild, Steven Hinckley 2010 Edith Cowan University

Spatial Performance Of Acousto-Ultrasonic Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor, Graham Wild, Steven Hinckley

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

In this letter, we present results for the spatial performance of a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor to continuous-wave acousto-ultrasonic (AU) signals. The FBG AU sensor is an intensity sensor, using a transmit reflect detection system. The AU sensor was used to receive actively generated continuous-wave ultrasonic signals from a PZT transducer. We present results showing the received signal strength as a function of longitudinal, lateral, and angular separation in small aluminum panels. Measurements were taken for distances of less then 100 mm and at angles from 0 to 90 degrees between the sensor and the transducer. These results show ...


Adaptive Optical Splitter Employing An Opto-Vlsi Processor And A 4-F Imaging System, Haithem AB Mustafa, Feng Xiao, Kamal Alameh 2010 Edith Cowan University

Adaptive Optical Splitter Employing An Opto-Vlsi Processor And A 4-F Imaging System, Haithem Ab Mustafa, Feng Xiao, Kamal Alameh

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

A novel adaptive optical splitter structure employing an Opto-VLSI processor and 4-f imaging system is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. By driving the Opto-VLSI processor with computer generated multicasting phase holograms, an input optical signal launched into an input optical fiber port can be split and coupled into many output optical fiber ports with arbitrary splitting ratios. A proof-of-principle 1 2 adaptive optical splitter structure driven by optimized multicasting phase holograms uploaded onto the Opto-VLSI processor is developed, demonstrating an arbitrary splitting ratio over a wavelength range exceeding 50 nm.


Effect Of A Polywell Geometry On A Cmos Photodiode Array, Paul V. Jansz, Steven Hinckley, Graham Wild 2010 Edith Cowan University

Effect Of A Polywell Geometry On A Cmos Photodiode Array, Paul V. Jansz, Steven Hinckley, Graham Wild

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

The effect of a polywell geometry hybridized with a stacked gradient poly-homojunction architecture, on the response of a CMOs compatible photodiode array was simulated. Crosstalk and sensitivity improved compared to the polywell geometry alone, for both back and front illumination


Multi-Wavelength Laser Scanning Architecture For Object Discrimination., Kavitha Venkataraayan, Sreten Askraba, Kamal Alameh, Clifton Smith 2010 Edith Cowan University

Multi-Wavelength Laser Scanning Architecture For Object Discrimination., Kavitha Venkataraayan, Sreten Askraba, Kamal Alameh, Clifton Smith

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

A novel method for identifying and discriminating various objects using five different lasers is described. This method uses a laser combination module that allows five laser diodes of different wavelengths to sequentially emit identically polarized light beams through a common aperture, along one optical path. Each laser beam enters a custom-made curved optical cavity for multi-beam spot generation through internal partial beam reflection. The intensity of the reflected light beams from each spot is detected by a high-speed area scan image sensor. Object discrimination based on analyzing the Gaussian profile of reflected laser light at distinguishing wavelengths is demonstrated.


Opto-Vlsi-Based Tunable Linear-Cavity Fibre Laser, David Michel, Feng Xiao, Kamal Alameh 2010 Edith Cowan University

Opto-Vlsi-Based Tunable Linear-Cavity Fibre Laser, David Michel, Feng Xiao, Kamal Alameh

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

A novel approach using an Opto-VLSI processor to achieve a tunable fibre laser is presented. The Opto-VLSI based fibre laser is able to tune wavelengths and maintain a high Side-Mode Suppression Ratio (SMSR) even when the output optical power is low. Experimental results show a continuously tunable fibre laser source with a tuning range as high as 30 nm and a SMSR exceeding 30 dB.


Jpeg Compression Of Monochrome 2d-Barcode Images Using Dct Coefficient Distributions, Keng Teong Tan, Douglas Chai 2010 Hong Kong Baptist University

Jpeg Compression Of Monochrome 2d-Barcode Images Using Dct Coefficient Distributions, Keng Teong Tan, Douglas Chai

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Two dimensional (2D) barcodes are becoming a pervasive interface for mobile devices, such as camera phones. Often, only monochrome 2D-barcodes are used due to their robustness in an uncontrolled operating environment of camera phones. Most camera phones capture and store such 2D-barcode images in the baseline JPEG format. As a lossy compression technique, JPEG does introduce a fair amount of error in the decoding of captured 2D-barcode images. In this paper, we introduce an improved JPEG compression scheme for such barcode images. By altering the JPEG compression parameters based on the DCT coefficient distribution of such barcode images, the improved ...


The Use Of Alignment Cells In Mmcc Barcode, Siong Khai Ong, Douglas Chai, Alexander Rassau 2010 Edith Cowan University

The Use Of Alignment Cells In Mmcc Barcode, Siong Khai Ong, Douglas Chai, Alexander Rassau

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

The QR code, a monochrome 2D barcode, is a popular and commonly used barcode system worldwide. QR codes can easily be read using a mobile phone with the appropriate decoder. As there is an increasing need for higher data capacity barcodes, some newer 2D barcodes, such as the MMCC code, have adopted the use of colour. However, the use of colour introduces more challenges for mobile phone decoders than with monochrome codes. In this paper, the use of alignment cells within the MMCC code is proposed to improve the robustness of the colour barcode when used in a mobile environment ...


Challenges And Opportunities For Simulation Modelling Integrating Mine Haulage And Truck Shop Operations, Melinda Hodkiewicz, Steven Richardson, Richard Durham 2010 Edith Cowan University

Challenges And Opportunities For Simulation Modelling Integrating Mine Haulage And Truck Shop Operations, Melinda Hodkiewicz, Steven Richardson, Richard Durham

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Historically considerable work has been done to develop models that simulate truck haulage for both underground and open-pit operations. However, this work frequently simplifies or overlooks aspects such as the reliability of the trucks, priority setting and maintenance strategies in the truck shop, and resourcing of the repair facilities. This paper provides an overview of work in this area that is specific to the mining industry and also relevant work from other sectors that might inform how improvements can be made. The paper proposes some specific projects that will assist in identifying technical issues. Initially, it is important to understand ...


The Role Of Sustainability In Scm: The Case Of The Sustainable Packaging Supply Chain, Edward Sweeney 2010 Technological University Dublin

The Role Of Sustainability In Scm: The Case Of The Sustainable Packaging Supply Chain, Edward Sweeney

Practitioner Journals

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A Comparative Study Of The Interaction Of Different Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons On Different Types Of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes, Sourabhi Debnath, Qiaohun Cheng, Theresa Hedderman, Hugh Byrne 2010 Technological University Dublin

A Comparative Study Of The Interaction Of Different Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons On Different Types Of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes, Sourabhi Debnath, Qiaohun Cheng, Theresa Hedderman, Hugh Byrne

Articles

A comparative study of the solubilising effect of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) on single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) produced by high pressure decomposition of carbon monoxide (HiPco) and the arc discharge (AD) method has been carried out with the aid of fluorescence and Raman spectroscopy. For this study, polyphenyl and polyacene PAHs of different lengths are used. From the study it has been found that the binding energy of PAHs with AD SWCNTs is the same as that with HiPco SWCNTs. Shorter PAHs molecules better solubilise SWCNTs and in general smaller diameter SWCNTs. Thus, given their smaller diameter profile, significantly ...


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