Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

151,851 Full-Text Articles 175,015 Authors 56,080,941 Downloads 310 Institutions

All Articles in Engineering

Faceted Search

151,851 full-text articles. Page 4319 of 4455.

Investigation Of Thermal Management And Metamaterials, Calvin T. Roman 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Investigation Of Thermal Management And Metamaterials, Calvin T. Roman

Theses and Dissertations

Thermal metamaterials are materials composed of engineered, microscopic structures that exhibit unique thermal performance characteristics based primarily on their physical structures and patterning, rather than just their chemical composition or bulk material properties. The heat transfer performance attributes of a thermal metamaterial are such that similar performance cannot be obtained using conventional materials or compounds. Thermal metamaterials are an emerging technology, and are just now beginning to be acknowledged and developed by the microelectronics and material sciences community. This thesis effort analyzed the current state of thermal metamaterial research, examined the physics and theory of heat transfer and electrical conductivity ...


Consideration Of Wear Rates At High Velocity, Chad S. Hale 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Consideration Of Wear Rates At High Velocity, Chad S. Hale

Theses and Dissertations

The development of the research presented here is one in which high velocity relative sliding motion between two bodies in contact has been considered. The experimental results of a VascoMax 300 maraging steel slipper sliding on an AISI 1080 steel rail during a January 2008 sled test mission were considered for the determination of high velocity wear rates. The numerical model, based on a metallographic study of a test slipper, contained all of the physical features present in order to adequately characterize high velocity wear rates. Two-dimensional, plane strain models have been implemented in the explicit finite element code, ABAQUS ...


Experiments With Geometric Non-Linear Coupling For Analytical Validation, Jonathan D. Boston 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Experiments With Geometric Non-Linear Coupling For Analytical Validation, Jonathan D. Boston

Theses and Dissertations

This study was focused on obtaining accurate experimental data for the validation of the geometrically exact beam theory from a series of experiments in which high quality surface shape and deflection data was collected. Many previous experiments have experienced issues with data collection or test articles which the researchers were unable to overcome. The test program was performed in two stages: qualification and joined-wing. The qualification stage validated the experimental procedures on simple 72 in long aluminum beams with 8 in x 0.5 in cross-sections. The joined-wing stage was the primary experiment focused on obtaining quality data for use ...


Accurate Dynamic Response Predictions Of Pnpsat I, Michael D. Trottier 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Accurate Dynamic Response Predictions Of Pnpsat I, Michael D. Trottier

Theses and Dissertations

Researchers at the Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) and the Operationally Responsive Space (ORS) Office have conducted extensive vibration testing and structural modeling on the first ORS Plug-and-Play Satellite (PnPSAT I). The intent of this research effort is to evaluate the premise that current post-integration spacecraft environmental test requirements can be reduced or modified using accurately tuned finite element (FE) models. As part of this research, modal testing was conducted on the PnPSAT I structural panels at AFIT. The modal testing was part of a much larger series of experimental trials on various configurations of PnPSAT I at the ...


Development Of A Remotely Operated Autonomous Satellite Tracking System, Michael E. Graff 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Development Of A Remotely Operated Autonomous Satellite Tracking System, Michael E. Graff

Theses and Dissertations

AFIT is currently developing a capability to remotely and autonomously track LEO satellites using commercial telescopes. Currently, the system is capable of open-loop tracking based on Two-Line Element sets (TLEs) downloaded from NORAD’s space object catalog. The ability to actively track using a closed-loop control system would allow tracking of satellites which deviated from the published TLEs along with providing some information about the object’s new orbital elements. To accomplish closed-loop tracking, the object is imaged by a digital camera connected to a wide field-of-view (WFOV) spotting scope. Software was developed to provide azimuth and elevation inputs in ...


Mission Analysis For Multiple Rendezvous Of Near-Earth Asteroids Using Earth Gravity Assist, Uriah J. Tobey 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Mission Analysis For Multiple Rendezvous Of Near-Earth Asteroids Using Earth Gravity Assist, Uriah J. Tobey

Theses and Dissertations

The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) catalog of near-Earth objects (NEOs) such as asteroids and comets contains over 6600 asteroids and 150 comets as of February of 2010. This includes over 1000 potentially hazardous asteroids, or objects with orbits that pass close enough to Earth to pose a potential impact threat. The asteroid community believes there are a significant number of objects still undiscovered, which makes finding, tracking, and calculating missions to study these objects an active area of research. This study was based on finding orbit solutions using Earth gravity assist to visit one near-Earth object (NEO) a year for ...


Analysis Of Slewing And Attitude Determination Requirements For Ctex, William J. Starr Jr. 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Analysis Of Slewing And Attitude Determination Requirements For Ctex, William J. Starr Jr.

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines the slewing and attitude determination requirements for the Chromotomographic Experiment (CTEX), a chromotomographic-based hyperspectral imager, to be mounted on-board the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) External Facility (EF). The in-track slewing requirement is driven by the facts that CTEx has a very small field of view (FOV) and is required to collect 10 seconds of data for any given collection window. The need to slew in the cross-track direction is a product of the small FOV and target/calibration site access. CTEx incorporates a two-axis slow-steering dwell mirror with a range of +/- 8 degrees and an accuracy of ...


A Simulation Based Methodology To Examine The B-1b'S An/Alq-161 Maintenance Process, Ricardo R. Garza 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

A Simulation Based Methodology To Examine The B-1b'S An/Alq-161 Maintenance Process, Ricardo R. Garza

Theses and Dissertations

The B-1 Bomber is the Air Force’s only supersonic, conventional-only strike platform. This thesis looks at the maintenance procedures associated with the defensive electronic counter measure (ECM) system on the B-1B, designated the AN/ALQ-161. Computer simulation of the current line-replaceable-unit maintenance network for Ellsworth AFB and Dyess AFB is modeled. In addition, two hypothetical repair networks are proposed and analyzed. This research considers the applicability of this type of computer simulation, using ARENA software to study the AN/ALQ-161 repair system. The contribution of this research is a discrete simulation methodology specific to the AN/ALQ-161 LRU repair ...


Simulation Analysis Of High Velocity Maintenance For The B-1b, Anson R. Park 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Simulation Analysis Of High Velocity Maintenance For The B-1b, Anson R. Park

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis explores the impact that High Velocity Maintenance (HVM) will have on aircraft availability rates for the B-1B by examining the proposed changes to the field maintenance and supply processes for the two B-1B squadrons of the 28th Bombardment Wing located at Ellsworth AFB, SD. There is a significant restructuring of depot level maintenance planned with the implementation of HVM, and the impact that this will have on base-level operations is important to determine, for it will provide insight as to whether or not HVM will be a feasible program with a high probability of successfully improving B-1B aircraft ...


Development Of Measures To Assess Product Modularity And Reconfigurability, Amie C. Stryker 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Development Of Measures To Assess Product Modularity And Reconfigurability, Amie C. Stryker

Theses and Dissertations

Several fundamental benefits of modularity are agreed upon by industry including reusability, flexibility, reconfigurability and extensibility. Interfaces within or between modules which establish provide/depend relationships are the focus of current modularity measures. This research outlines a new method and measures for assessing product modularity in terms of degree of coupling and the recognized modularity benefits. A five–step analysis process is developed and used to guide the modularity assessment. Defining and decomposing products are performed first. Using the resultant functional model from the first step, the identified functions are mapped to modules in a product in the second step ...


Using Decision Analysis To Select Facility Maintenance Management Information Systems, Marchello T. Graddy 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Using Decision Analysis To Select Facility Maintenance Management Information Systems, Marchello T. Graddy

Theses and Dissertations

Maintenance organizations, charged with preserving the built environment, are receiving a shrinking portion of an organization’s operational budget to do its job. It has been demonstrated through various studies that efficiencies can be gained by implementing a maintenance management information system (MMIS). However, with so many choices available, maintenance organizations often select the wrong system. This research effort used value-focused thinking decision analysis to create a model based on values from the Air Force Civil Engineer career field. Data for values and weights were collected from official documents and interviews. The resulting model is highly flexible, allowing the ultimate ...


Gravity Gradiometry And Map Matching: An Aid To Aircraft Inertial Navigation Systems, Anthony J. DeGregoria 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Gravity Gradiometry And Map Matching: An Aid To Aircraft Inertial Navigation Systems, Anthony J. Degregoria

Theses and Dissertations

Inertial navigation systems (INS) offer passive, all-weather, and undeniable navigation information, which military customers often view as especially appealing strengths. Unfortunately, Airmen and engineers still struggle with INS’s drifting position errors, and navigation aids generally detract from INS’s strengths. At this year’s Air, Space, and Cyberspace in the 21st Century Conference, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force identified the Global Positioning System (GPS) as a widely-known and exploitable vulnerability, saying that it’s critical the Joint force reduce GPS dependence. Recent advances provide an opportunity for gravity gradient instruments (GGI), which measure spatial derivatives of ...


Fatigue Behavior Of An Advanced Sic/Sic Composite With An Oxidation Inhibited Matrix At 1200°C In Air And In Steam, Jacob Delapasse 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Fatigue Behavior Of An Advanced Sic/Sic Composite With An Oxidation Inhibited Matrix At 1200°C In Air And In Steam, Jacob Delapasse

Theses and Dissertations

The fatigue behavior of an advanced Silicon Carbide/Silicon Carbide (SiC/SiC) ceramic matrix composite (CMC) with oxidation inhibited matrix was investigated at 1200˚C in laboratory air and in steam environments. The composite consisted of an oxidation inhibited SiC matrix reinforced with Hi-Nicalon fibers coated with pyrolytic carbon (PyC) with a boron carbide overlay woven into eight-harness-satin (8HS) weave plies. Tensile stress-strain behavior and tensile properties were evaluated at 1200˚C. Tension-tension fatigue tests were conducted in both laboratory air and in steam at 1200˚C at frequencies of 0.1 Hz, 1.0 Hz, and 10 Hz. The ...


Effectsof Prior Aging At 260 °C In Argon On Inelastic Deformation Behavior Of Pmr-15 Polymer At 260 °C: Experiment And Modeling, Bradley K. Diedrick 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Effectsof Prior Aging At 260 °C In Argon On Inelastic Deformation Behavior Of Pmr-15 Polymer At 260 °C: Experiment And Modeling, Bradley K. Diedrick

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to investigate the inelastic deformation behavior of PMR-15 neat resin, a high-temperature polymer, at 260 °C. The experimental program was designed to explore the influence of strain rate on loading and unloading behaviors. In addition, the effect of prior strain rate on creep, relaxation, and recovery responses was evaluated. The material exhibits positive, nonlinear strain rate sensitivity in monotonic loading. Early failures occur before fully establishing inelastic flow. The creep, relaxation, and recovery responses are significantly influenced by prior strain rate. The experimental results suggest the behavior of PMR-15 at 260 °C can be ...


Validation Of A Novel Approach To Solving Multibody Systems Using Hamilton's Weak Principle, Ashton D. Hainge 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Validation Of A Novel Approach To Solving Multibody Systems Using Hamilton's Weak Principle, Ashton D. Hainge

Theses and Dissertations

A novel approach for formulating and solving for the dynamic response of multibody systems has been developed using Hamilton’s Law of Varying Action as its unifying principle. In order to assure that the associated computer program is sufficiently robust when applied across a wide range of dynamic systems, the program must be verified and validated. The purpose of the research was to perform the verification and validation of the program. Results from the program were compared with closed-form and numerical solutions of simple systems, such as a simple pendulum and a rotating pendulum. The accuracy of the program for ...


Particle Size Control For Piv Seeding Using Dry Ice, Brian T. Love 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Particle Size Control For Piv Seeding Using Dry Ice, Brian T. Love

Theses and Dissertations

Particle image velocimetry (PIV) has been carried out using solid carbon dioxide (CO2) particles as the seed material to continue the development of clean seeding for use in large-scale, closed-circuit tunnels. Testing occurred in two wind tunnels at subsonic and supersonic speeds using dry ice particles generated by allowing liquefied CO2 to expand from a small diameter injector tube through a larger diameter shroud tube. The particles were injected into the plenum and discrete solid particles, suitable for PIV measurements, were present in the test section. Data on particle size were first collected using a Malvern particle size ...


Conceptual Design Tool For Fuel-Cell Powered Micro Air Vehicles, Paul M. Hrad 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Conceptual Design Tool For Fuel-Cell Powered Micro Air Vehicles, Paul M. Hrad

Theses and Dissertations

A conceptual design tool was built to explore power requirements of a hybrid-power system for Micro Air Vehicles (MAVs) comparable in size to the Cooper's Hawk. An inviscid aerodynamic code, Athena Vortex Lattice (AVL), and a motor-propeller analysis code, QPROP, provide overall lift, drag, and thrust data for power-required calculation as functions of many variables to include mass, platform geometry, altitude, velocity, and mission duration. Phoenix Technologies’ Model Center was used to integrate multi-disciplinary components that employ specific power and specific energy of two power sources to determine power system mass required for a designated mission. The tool simulated ...


Back-Pressure Effect On Shock-Train Location In A Scramjet Engine Isolator, Richard I. Paek 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Back-Pressure Effect On Shock-Train Location In A Scramjet Engine Isolator, Richard I. Paek

Theses and Dissertations

The isolator of the scramjet decelerates the incoming high Mach flow to a lower Mach number and stabilizes the flow before it enters the combustor. Because of the unsteady combustion phenomenon and inconsistent completeness of the combustion, pressures within the combustor can vary drastically. These pressure variations can propagate forward and affect the flow field in the isolator - worst case unstarting the inlet. In this research, the shock train location versus the back-pressure is examined experimentally. The back-pressure is artificially created by symmetric (top & bottom) ramps that can close the flow area. Raising/lowering ramps result in higher/lower back-pressure ...


Disturbance Observer: Design And Flight Test Of A Large Envelope Flight Controller, Donevan A. Rein 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Disturbance Observer: Design And Flight Test Of A Large Envelope Flight Controller, Donevan A. Rein

Theses and Dissertations

A new flight controller was evaluated through piloted simulation and flight test conducted at the USAF Test Pilot School. The controller, commonly called a disturbance observer, uses inertial sensor feedback routed through a simple control architecture that acts to force the desired response while rejecting sensor noise and atmospheric disturbances. The investigation included both handling qualities testing in the Octonian simulator at the Air Force Research Laboratories Air Vehicle Directorate, and initial flight test conducted as part of a Test Management Project at the USAF TPS. Simulation produced positive results with desired performance throughout a wide flight envelope. In addition ...


Structural Response Of Slotted Waveguide Antenna Stiffened Structure Components Under Compression, Joseph W. Sabat Jr. 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Structural Response Of Slotted Waveguide Antenna Stiffened Structure Components Under Compression, Joseph W. Sabat Jr.

Theses and Dissertations

The Slotted Waveguide Antenna Stiffened Structure (SWASS) is an aircraft system that can provide the capabilities of a stiffened panel skin structure and a slotted waveguide radar antenna simultaneously. The system made from carbon fiber reinforced polymers is designed around a 10 GHz radar frequency in the X-band range and uses a WR-90 waveguide as a baseline for design. The system is designed for integration into fuselage or wing sections of intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) aircraft and would increase the system performance through the availability of increased area and decreased system weight. Elemental parts of the SWASS structure were ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress