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Wave Energy Converter Performance Modeling And Cost Of Electricity Assessment, Dmitri Jarocki 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Wave Energy Converter Performance Modeling And Cost Of Electricity Assessment, Dmitri Jarocki

Master's Theses and Project Reports

California is experiencing a rapid increase in interest for the potential of converting ocean waves into clean electricity. Numerous applications have been submitted for the permitting of such renewable energy projects; however the profitability, practicability, and survivability have yet to be proven. Wave energy conversion technology has steadily matured since its naissance in the 1970’s, several wave energy power installations currently exist, and numerous plans for commercial power plant are in the works on the shores of multiple continents. This study aims to assess the economic viability of two proposed commercial wave energy power plant projects on the Central ...


An Investigative Study Into The Relationship Of Bone Morphogenetic Protein Antagonist Expression And Osteocyte Density By Region And Quadrant, Scott C. Mosher 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

An Investigative Study Into The Relationship Of Bone Morphogenetic Protein Antagonist Expression And Osteocyte Density By Region And Quadrant, Scott C. Mosher

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The role of cytokines and cell behavior and viability with respect to bone remodeling and bone behavior is an exciting area of orthopedic research. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between BMP antagonist expression and osteocyte density, lacunar densities and osteocyte viability in cortical bone. Samples of unloaded tibial bone obtained from six C57Bl/6 mice were immunohistochemically stained for gremlin and noggin expression and also underwent methyl green staining to determine osteocyte presence. Bone sections were divided into four quadrants (cranial, caudal, medial and lateral) and three regions (proximal, mid shaft and distal), followed by ...


High Order Finite Elements For Lagrangian Computational Fluid Dynamics, Truman Everett Ellis 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

High Order Finite Elements For Lagrangian Computational Fluid Dynamics, Truman Everett Ellis

Master's Theses and Project Reports

A general finite element method is presented to solve the Euler equations in a Lagrangian reference frame. This FEM framework allows for separate arbitrarily high order representation of kinematic and thermodynamic variables. An accompanying hydrodynamics code written in Matlab is presented as a test-bed to experiment with various basis function choices. A wide range of basis function pairs are postulated and a few choices are developed further, including the bi-quadratic Q2-Q1d and Q2-Q2d elements. These are compared with a corresponding pair of low order bi-linear elements, traditional Q1-Q0 and sub-zonal pressure Q1-Q1d. Several test problems are considered including static convergence ...


Upper Extremity Kinetics During Lofstrand Crutch-Assisted Gait In Children, Neha Bhagchandani 2010 Marquette University

Upper Extremity Kinetics During Lofstrand Crutch-Assisted Gait In Children, Neha Bhagchandani

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Complete biomechanical analysis helps evaluate the motion during various gait patterns for the upper and lower extremities. Extensive studies have been performed to evaluate unassisted gait patterns, but very little has been accomplished for studying assisted motion. Children with pathologies such as osteogenesis imperfecta, spinal cord injury, and cerebral palsy use assistive devices such as anterior and posterior walkers, canes, Lofstrand and axillary crutches for ambulation purposes.

Statistics show that there are currently about 566,000 crutch users in the United States. The long-term crutch users in this population can suffer various upper limb pathologies associated with extensive upper extremity ...


Sensitivity Of Motor Adaptation To The Statistical Properties Of An Environmental Load, Timothy Michael Haswell 2010 Marquette University

Sensitivity Of Motor Adaptation To The Statistical Properties Of An Environmental Load, Timothy Michael Haswell

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Linear, limited-memory models capture many important features of adaptive motor performance during reaching, stepping and pointing. A recent study in our lab found that a model fitted to data obtained from subjects reaching against elastic loads which varied from trial-to-trial later failed to fit the steady-state response behavior of subjects exposed to deterministic, step changes in load. Does motor adaptation depend on statistical properties of the environment (eg. mean load strength and variability)? Neurologically intact volunteers (n=14) made 6 blocks of 100 planar, ballistic, 10cm, out-and-back reaching movements against spring-like loads having equilibrium positions at the hand's starting ...


A Non-Rigid Registration Method For Analyzing Myocardial Wall Motion For Cardiac Ct Images, Elizabeth B. Philps 2010 Marquette University

A Non-Rigid Registration Method For Analyzing Myocardial Wall Motion For Cardiac Ct Images, Elizabeth B. Philps

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has a high percentage of non-responders. Successfully locating the optimal location for CRT lead placement on a priori images can increase efficiency in procedural preparation and execution and could potentially increase the rate of CRT responders.

Registration has been used in the past to assess the motion of medical images. Specifically, one method of non-rigid registration has been utilized to assess the motion of left ventricular MR cardiac images. As CT imaging is often performed as part of resynchronization treatment planning and is a fast and accessible means of imaging, extending this registration method to assessing ...


Coupling Into Waveguide Evanescent Modes With Applications In Electron Paramagnetic Resonance, Jason Walter Sidabras 2010 Marquette University

Coupling Into Waveguide Evanescent Modes With Applications In Electron Paramagnetic Resonance, Jason Walter Sidabras

Master's Theses (2009 -)

The use of analytical and numerical techniques in solving the coupling of evanescent modes in a microwave waveguide through slots can be optimized to create a uniform magnetic field excitation on axis within a waveguide. This work has direct applications in Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) where a 100~kHz time-varying magnetic field is incident on a sample contained in a microwave cavity. Typical cavity designs do not take into consideration the uniformity of the 100~kHz field modulation and assume it to be uniform enough over the sample region from quasi-static principles. This work shows otherwise and uses Ansoft (Pittsburgh ...


A Visual Approach To Construction Cost Estimating, Phuwadol Samphaongoen 2010 Marquette University

A Visual Approach To Construction Cost Estimating, Phuwadol Samphaongoen

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Construction cost estimating is considered one of the most important and critical phases of a construction project. Preparing reliable and accurate estimates to help decision makers is the most challenging assignment that estimators face. An estimate is not only necessary for proposal preparation but also for several project management functions. Despite the importance of estimating, it has remained a very time consuming process. The most inefficient part of construction cost estimating is determination of the amount of resources needed for the construction of a project. This is also known as quantity takeoff. Quantity takeoff is a very long and error-prone ...


Real-Time Health Monitoring System For Mast-Arm Sign Support Structures, Andrew David Smith 2010 Marquette University

Real-Time Health Monitoring System For Mast-Arm Sign Support Structures, Andrew David Smith

Master's Theses (2009 -)

There has been an ongoing study conducted by Marquette University and supported by the Wisconsin Highway Research Program that is seeking to understand the risk of fatigue-induced fracture in the connections of mast-arm sign support structures. This study has been brought on by recent problems encountered with the connections contained in, and the in-service performance of, several cantilevered mast-arm sign support structures. A resulting recommendation of phase one in this effort was to monitoring an in-service cantilevered mast-arm sign support structure.

The health monitoring system developed in this thesis effort includes a grouping of strain gages (full-bridge arrangements) positioned around ...


Bi-Planar Postural Stability Model: Fitting Parameters To Patient Data Automatically, Andrew Michael Sovol 2010 Marquette University

Bi-Planar Postural Stability Model: Fitting Parameters To Patient Data Automatically, Andrew Michael Sovol

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Studies of children with cerebral palsy (CP) have shown that maintaining control of posture in quiet standing is often difficult. Physical therapy and assistive devices, both with or without surgery, may be employed in an effort to improve postural stability. Assessing the effectiveness of such interventions is important for healthcare providers and their patients. A previously created bi-planar model of posture control has been further developed as a method of assessment. This MATLAB and Simulink model has successfully replicated experimental results for typical adults and children, as well as children with CP across three different test conditions: eyes open, eyes ...


Light-Activation Influence On The Thermal Analysis Of A Resin-Modified Glass-Ionomer, Raksha Srinivas 2010 Marquette University

Light-Activation Influence On The Thermal Analysis Of A Resin-Modified Glass-Ionomer, Raksha Srinivas

Master's Theses (2009 -)

The acid-base and light polymerization reactions in resin modified glass ionomers (RMGI) have been shown to compete and possibly inhibit one another during early RMGI development. Earlier beginning times of light polymerization initiation may limit the acid-base reaction and if time allowed for the acid-base components to react is increased, the extent of light cure reaction may be lesser. The thermal behavior of a commercially available RMGI was investigated in relation to a light initiation regimen using a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). The relationship between delay in light initiation or no light initiation and the resultant set matrix of the ...


A Voip Implementation On An Embedded Platform, Zachary D. Lund 2010 Marquette University

A Voip Implementation On An Embedded Platform, Zachary D. Lund

Master's Theses (2009 -)

This thesis presents a method of building an open VoIP telephone using off-the-shelf hardware. VoIP has become an important area of study in computer science and engineering, but many of the pieces are expensive and proprietary. We discuss the process of building an open IP telephone, the design decisions and difficulties, a performance evaluation of the different pieces of the system, and methods and suggestions for improving the overall system.

The IP telephone is built on the Freescale 68HC12 microcontroller because of its analog and digital capabilities and the Linksys WRT54GL router for its embedded simplicity and network capabilities. The ...


Simulation Of Scenarios To Meet Dissolved Oxygen Standards In The Chicago Waterway System, Yaping Ao 2010 Marquette University

Simulation Of Scenarios To Meet Dissolved Oxygen Standards In The Chicago Waterway System, Yaping Ao

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Although most reaches of the Chicago Waterway System (CWS) meet the General Use Water Quality Standards a high percentage of the time, dissolved oxygen (DO) standards are not met in the CWS during some periods for both the WYs 2001 and 2003 as representative of wet and dry years. Several methods were used to solve this problem; however, they were inadequate for achieving the proposed DO standards. Therefore, a method of integrating the alternative DO remediation methods into one integrated strategy for improving water quality is considered in this study.

The main purpose of this study is the application of ...


Mechatronic Tools For The Modeling And Design Of Servo Motor Actuated Belt Driven Motion Systems, Robert William Copsey 2010 Marquette University

Mechatronic Tools For The Modeling And Design Of Servo Motor Actuated Belt Driven Motion Systems, Robert William Copsey

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Mechatronics is defined as the synergistic integration of physical systems, electronics, controls, and computers through the design process, from the very start of the design process, thus enabling complex decision making. This definition reveals the elements involved yet it eludes to the complexity and the constant balance of tradeoffs which are prevalent in the context of applying Mechatronics to a successful design process. This work pursues the use of various tools for the application of Mechatronics to the modeling and design of a servo motor driven motion system.

The use of Mechatronics is pervasive in and among today's highly ...


The Influence Of Mechanical Circulation On Water Column Stability And Dissolved Oxygen In Stratified Lakes, Paal Engebrigtsen 2010 Old Dominion University

The Influence Of Mechanical Circulation On Water Column Stability And Dissolved Oxygen In Stratified Lakes, Paal Engebrigtsen

Civil & Environmental Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Surface circulators have been used in wastewater and industrial lagoons for many years, but only recently have they been designed for lakes and reservoirs as a water quality management tool. Their relatively low capital investment and operational costs make them an attractive chemical free option for ameliorating the symptoms of eutrophication. Little research has been conducted on their effectiveness in impacting water quality. Today many lake managers are waiting for independent research on surface circulators' performance before installing such systems.

The Occoquan Reservoir was the primary site for a study conducted to examine the influence of surface circulation on water ...


Incident Database-Based Framework For Establishing Industrial Safety Performance Assessments, Nir Keren 2010 Iowa State University

Incident Database-Based Framework For Establishing Industrial Safety Performance Assessments, Nir Keren

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Many organizations collect data on industrial incidents. These organizations differ from each other in their interests, data collection procedures, definitions, and scope, and each of them is analyzing its data to achieve its goal and to accomplish its mission. However, there were no attempts to explore the potential hidden in integrating data sources. Extensive efforts are required in order to integrate information from different data sources as well as to identify the effects of the individual aspects of data collection procedures on the quality and completeness of the data. This work presents a methodology for incident data collection from various ...


Section Abstracts: Biomedical And General Engineering, 2010 Old Dominion University

Section Abstracts: Biomedical And General Engineering

Virginia Journal of Science

Abstracts of the Biomedical and General Engineering Section for the 88th Annual Meeting of the Virginia Academy of Science, May 20-21, 2010, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA.


Fpga Acceleration Of The Phylogenetic Likelihood Function For Bayesian Mcmc Inference Methods, Stephanie Zierke, Jason D. Bakos 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Fpga Acceleration Of The Phylogenetic Likelihood Function For Bayesian Mcmc Inference Methods, Stephanie Zierke, Jason D. Bakos

Faculty Publications

Background
Likelihood (ML)-based phylogenetic inference has become a popular method for estimating the evolutionary relationships among species based on genomic sequence data. This method is used in applications such as RAxML, GARLI, MrBayes, PAML, and PAUP. The Phylogenetic Likelihood Function (PLF) is an important kernel computation for this method. The PLF consists of a loop with no conditional behavior or dependencies between iterations. As such it contains a high potential for exploiting parallelism using micro-architectural techniques. In this paper, we describe a technique for mapping the PLF and supporting logic onto a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA)-based co-processor ...


Section Abstracts: Aeronautical And Aerospace Sciences, 2010 Old Dominion University

Section Abstracts: Aeronautical And Aerospace Sciences

Virginia Journal of Science

Abstracts of the Aeronautical and Aerospace Science Section for the 88th Annual Meeting of the Virginia Academy of Science, May 20-21, 2010, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA.


Section Abstracts: Astronomy, Mathematics, And Physics & Materials Science, 2010 Old Dominion University

Section Abstracts: Astronomy, Mathematics, And Physics & Materials Science

Virginia Journal of Science

Abstracts of papers of the Astronomy, Mathematics, and Physics (Including Materials Science) Section for the 88th Annual Meeting of the Virginia Academy of Science, May 20-21, 2010, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA.


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