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On The Use Of A Dynamic Hybrid Tempo Detection Model For Beat Tracking, Mikel Gainza 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

On The Use Of A Dynamic Hybrid Tempo Detection Model For Beat Tracking, Mikel Gainza

Conference papers

In this paper, an approach that estimates the times at which musical beats occur is presented. The system uses a hybrid multi-band decomposition in order to estimate the music tempo. Following this, beat events are tracked by using a dynamic programming approach, which is updated by using short time tempo estimates. The hybrid decomposition is used in order to calculate the tempo by using different onset detection functions in different frequency bands. In addition, a method that estimates which frequency bands provide reliable periodicities is also presented. The accuracy of the model is evaluated by comparing the presented system against ...


Apartment Living And The Multi-Unit Developments Bill 2009, Lorcan Sirr 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Apartment Living And The Multi-Unit Developments Bill 2009, Lorcan Sirr

Articles

No abstract provided.


Applying Geographic Information Systems To Support Strategic Environmental Assessment: Opportunities And Limitations In The Context Of Irish Land-Use Plans, Ainhoa Gonzalez, Alan Gilmer, Ronan Foley, John Sweeney, John Fry 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Applying Geographic Information Systems To Support Strategic Environmental Assessment: Opportunities And Limitations In The Context Of Irish Land-Use Plans, Ainhoa Gonzalez, Alan Gilmer, Ronan Foley, John Sweeney, John Fry

Articles

The strengthening of spatial database infrastructures, further promoted by the INSPIRE Directive adopted in 2007, has led to an increased use of spatial data in planning and decision-making. Given that land-use plans are intrinsically spatial, such evidence and approaches can significantly benefit plan-making. A spatial framework could especially support the specific Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) aspects of the plan-making process. Spatial tools such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are particularly well-placed to support the environmental integration sought in SEA by providing evidence through the spatial assessment of multiple environmental datasets. Moreover, GIS bring the opportunity to augment conventional assessment techniques ...


Comparison Of Indian Ppp Construction Industry And European Ppp Construction Industry: Process, Thresholds And Implementation, Louis Gunnigan, Renuka Rajput 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Comparison Of Indian Ppp Construction Industry And European Ppp Construction Industry: Process, Thresholds And Implementation, Louis Gunnigan, Renuka Rajput

Conference papers

Abstract Since the 1990’s, there has been a rapid rise of Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) across the world. Governments in developing as well as developed countries are increasingly using this procurement method to bridge the much needed infrastructure gap. PPPs are seen as an important tool for producing an accelerated and larger pipeline of infrastructure investments, and catching up with the infrastructure deficit. Arguably, this is why developed and especially developing countries are very keen on PPP models. This paper will compare the PPP procurement process followed in Europe compared to India and presents a thorough review of literature ...


Non-Destructive Evaluation Of In-Place Rehabilitated Concrete Pavements, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Sunghwan Kim, Halil Ceylan 2010 Iowa State University

Non-Destructive Evaluation Of In-Place Rehabilitated Concrete Pavements, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Sunghwan Kim, Halil Ceylan

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Several in-place rehabilitation techniques have been used before placing an Asphalt Concrete (AC) overlay on Portland Cement Concrete (PCC) pavements in attempts to minimize reflection cracking. Among these techniques, "rubblization" of PCC has been recognized to be the most utilized procedure for the mitigation of reflection cracking in US. This paper presents the practices on the use of rubblization in US and discusses the performance of this technique based on field evaluation. The specifications for the rubblization procedure used by state Department of Transportation (DOT) in US were reviewed. To evaluate the performance of rubblization technique, the structural and the ...


Characterization Of Biochars Produced From Cornstovers For Soil Amendment, James W. Leeq, MIchelle Kidder, Barbara R. Evans, Sokwon Paik, A.C. Buchanan III, Charles T. Garten, Robert C. Brown 2010 Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Characterization Of Biochars Produced From Cornstovers For Soil Amendment, James W. Leeq, Michelle Kidder, Barbara R. Evans, Sokwon Paik, A.C. Buchanan Iii, Charles T. Garten, Robert C. Brown

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Through cation exchange capacity assay, nitrogen adsorption−desorption surface area measurements, scanning electron microscopic imaging, infrared spectra and elemental analyses, we characterized biochar materials produced from cornstover under two different pyrolysis conditions, fast pyrolysis at 450 °C and gasification at 700 °C. Our experimental results showed that the cation exchange capacity (CEC) of the fast-pyrolytic char is about twice as high as that of the gasification char as well as that of a standard soil sample. The CEC values correlate well with the increase in the ratios of the oxygen atoms to the carbon atoms (O:C ratios) in the ...


Protein Adsorption On And Swelling Of Polyelectrolyte Brushes: A Simultaneous Ellipsometry-Quartz Crystal Microbalance Study, Eva Bittrich, Keith B. Rodenhausen Jr., Klaus-Jochen Eichhorn, Tino Hofmann, Mathias Schubert, Manfred Stamm, Petra Uhlmann 2010 Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research Dresden

Protein Adsorption On And Swelling Of Polyelectrolyte Brushes: A Simultaneous Ellipsometry-Quartz Crystal Microbalance Study, Eva Bittrich, Keith B. Rodenhausen Jr., Klaus-Jochen Eichhorn, Tino Hofmann, Mathias Schubert, Manfred Stamm, Petra Uhlmann

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

With a coupled spectroscopic ellipsometry-quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) experimental setup, quantitative information can be obtained about the amount of buffer components (water molecules and ions) coupled to a poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) brush surface in swelling and protein adsorption processes. PAA Guiselin brushes with more than one anchoring point per single polymer chain were prepared. For the swollen brushes a high amount of buffer was found to be coupled to the brush-solution interface in addition to the content of buffer inside the brush layer. Upon adsorption of bovine serum albumin the further incorporation of buffer molecules into the ...


Development Of A Moodle Vle Plug-In To Support Simultaneous Visualisation Of A Collection Of Multi-Media Sign Language Objects, Brian Nolan 2010 Institute of Technology, Blanchardstown

Development Of A Moodle Vle Plug-In To Support Simultaneous Visualisation Of A Collection Of Multi-Media Sign Language Objects, Brian Nolan

Conference Papers

Using Virtual Learning Environments (VLE) to support blended learning is very common in educational institutes. Delivering learning material in a flexible and semi-structured manner to the learner transforms such systems into powerful eLearning tools. However, the presentation and visualisation of individual or multiple learning objects is mostly dictated by the system and cannot be altered easily. This paper reports on a project between Trinity College Dublin (TCD) and the Institute of Technology Blanchardstown (ITB) that aims to improve the simultaneous visualisation of multiple multimedia objects for deaf learners of ISL. The project was implemented using the Open Source VLE Moodle ...


The Role Of Sustainability In Scm: The Case Of The Sustainable Packaging Supply Chain, Edward Sweeney 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

The Role Of Sustainability In Scm: The Case Of The Sustainable Packaging Supply Chain, Edward Sweeney

Practitioner Journals

No abstract provided.


Selective Solubilisation Of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes Using Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Sourabhi Debnath 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Selective Solubilisation Of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes Using Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Sourabhi Debnath

Doctoral

Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTS) are proposed to be one of the most promising nanomaterials, with unique electronic and mechanical properties which lend themselves to a variety of applications. In all cases the quality of the SWCNT material is important, and for some applications it is paramount. Despite sustained efforts, all currently known SWCNT synthetic techniques generate significant quantities of impurities. They also grow in bundles or ropes and are largely insoluble in common organic solvents. SWCNTS can have a range of structures and their electronic properties (metallic or semiconducting) depend on their structure and as well on their diameters. Currently ...


Forty Years Of Movie Hacking: Considering The Potential Implications Of The Popular Media Representation Of Computer Hackers From 1968 To 2008, Damian Gordon 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Forty Years Of Movie Hacking: Considering The Potential Implications Of The Popular Media Representation Of Computer Hackers From 1968 To 2008, Damian Gordon

Articles

Increasingly movies are being produced which feature plots that incorporate elements of computer security and hacking, and cumulatively these movies are creating a public perception as to the nature of computer security. This research examines movies that feature hackers (and hacking) to identify if any common themes emerge from these movies in their representation of these issues. To achieve this, first a corpus of hacking movies is created, and then using a qualitative data analysis technique, guidelines are developed which distinguish those movies that actually have the potential to create a perception with the general public. The resultant dataset is ...


Speech Intelligibility From Image Processing, Andrew Hines, Naomi Harte 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Speech Intelligibility From Image Processing, Andrew Hines, Naomi Harte

Articles

Hearing loss research has traditionally been based on perceptual criteria, speech intelligibility and threshold levels. The development of computational models of the auditory-periphery has allowed experimentation via simulation to provide quantitative, repeatable results at a more granular level than would be practical with clinical research on human subjects.


A Computational Analysis Of Cognitive Effort, Luca Longo, Stephen Barrett 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

A Computational Analysis Of Cognitive Effort, Luca Longo, Stephen Barrett

Books/Book Chapters

Cognitive effort is a concept of unquestionable utility in understanding human behaviour. However, cognitive effort has been defined in several ways in literature and in everyday life, suffering from a partial understanding. It is common to say “Pay more attention in studying that subject” or “How much effort did you spend in resolving that task?”, but what does it really mean? This contribution tries to clarify the concept of cognitive effort, by introducing its main influencing factors and by presenting a formalism which provides us with a tool for precise discussion. The formalism is implementable as a computational concept and ...


Ultrasound-Assisted Swnts Dispersion: Effects Of Sonication Parameters And Solvent Properties, Qiaohuan Cheng, Sourabhi Debnath, Elizabeth Gregan, Hugh Byrne 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Ultrasound-Assisted Swnts Dispersion: Effects Of Sonication Parameters And Solvent Properties, Qiaohuan Cheng, Sourabhi Debnath, Elizabeth Gregan, Hugh Byrne

Articles

Ultrasonication is widely used for preparing Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube (SWNT) dispersions in different solvent media and it has been shown to play a critical role in dispersing and debundling SWNTs. The strong shear force that can exfoliate the SWNT bundles during sonication comes from cavitation, which entails a process of bubble formation, growth, and collapse. The efficiency of the cavitation process is closely correlated to many solvent parameters, including vapor pressure, viscosity, and surface tension, as well as the sonication frequency, intensity, and time. In this study, SWNTs were dispersed in a range of organic solvents assisted by tip sonication ...


Strategies For Lidar Characterization Of Particulates From Point And Area Sources, Michael D. Wojcik, Kori D. moore, Randy Martin, Jerry Hatfield 2010 Utah State University

Strategies For Lidar Characterization Of Particulates From Point And Area Sources, Michael D. Wojcik, Kori D. Moore, Randy Martin, Jerry Hatfield

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications

Use of ground based remote sensing technologies such as scanning lidar systems (light detection and ranging) has gained traction in characterizing ambient aerosols due to some key advantages such as wide area of regard (10 km2 ), fast response time, high spatial resolution (m) and high sensitivity. Energy Dynamics Laboratory and Utah State University, in conjunction with the USDA-ARS, has developed a three-wavelength scanning lidar system called Aglite that has been successfully deployed to characterize particle motion, concentration, and size distribution at both point and diffuse area sources in agricultural and industrial settings. A suite of massbased and size distribution point ...


Laboratory Scale Evaluation Of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions As Indication Of Swine Carcass Degradation Inside Biosecure Composting Units, Neslihan Akdeniz, Jacek A. Koziel, Hee-Kwon Ahn, Thomas D. Glanville, Benjamin P. Crawford, D. Raj Raman 2010 Iowa State University

Laboratory Scale Evaluation Of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions As Indication Of Swine Carcass Degradation Inside Biosecure Composting Units, Neslihan Akdeniz, Jacek A. Koziel, Hee-Kwon Ahn, Thomas D. Glanville, Benjamin P. Crawford, D. Raj Raman

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Biosecure livestock mortality composting systems have been used to dispose of diseased livestock mortalities. In those types of system, visual inspection of carcass degradation is not possible and monitoring VOCs (volatile organic compounds) released by carcasses is a new approach to assess progress of the composting process. In this study, field-scale livestock mortality composting systems were simulated and a laboratory scale composting system with aerobic and anaerobic test units was designed to collect VOC samples from the headspace of decaying plant materials (70 g dry weight) and swine tissues (70 g dry weight) at controlled operating temperatures. Headspace samples were ...


Towards A Method To Determine The Glottal Formant Parameters Of Voiced Speech Without Time-Domain Reference, Alan O'Cinneide, David Dorran, Mikel Gainza, Eugene Coyle 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Towards A Method To Determine The Glottal Formant Parameters Of Voiced Speech Without Time-Domain Reference, Alan O'Cinneide, David Dorran, Mikel Gainza, Eugene Coyle

Conference papers

This paper presents an approach to estimate the glottal formant parameters of the voicing source in the frequency-domain. The method is based on a simplified pole-zero interpretion of the prevalent Liljencrants-Fant (LF) model of glottal flow, and gives approximations for a broad range of pulses shapes. An advantage of the method is that, unlike other methods, it does not rely on time-domain references.


Single Channel Vocal Separation Using Median Filtering And Factorisation Techniques, Derry Fitzgerald, Mikel Gainza 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Single Channel Vocal Separation Using Median Filtering And Factorisation Techniques, Derry Fitzgerald, Mikel Gainza

Articles

This paper deals with the problem of the extraction of vocals from single channel audio signals containing both vocals and other instruments, including both pitched instruments and percussion instruments. A novel median filtering-based approach for the extraction of vocal tracks is described, which is simple and efficient to implement. Further improvements in separation quality are then obtained by the application of tensor factorisation techniques to further extract residual instruments from the vocal mix. Finally, a novel use of non-negative partial matrix cofactorisation is demonstrated as a means of further improving separation quality. Here the original single channel mixture is partially ...


Lateral Vibration And Read/Write Head Servo Dynamics In Magnetic Tape Transport, M. R. Brake, Jonathan A. Wickert 2010 Carnegie Mellon University

Lateral Vibration And Read/Write Head Servo Dynamics In Magnetic Tape Transport, M. R. Brake, Jonathan A. Wickert

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Magnetic tape is a flexible mechanical structure having dimensions that areorders of magnitude different in its thickness, width, and length directions. In order to position the tape relative to the read/write head, guides constrain the tape's lateral motion, but even the modest forces that develop during guiding can cause wear and damage to the tape's edges. This paper presents antensioned axially-moving viscoelastic Euler–Bernoulli beam model used to simulate thentape's lateral dynamics, the guiding forces, and the position errornbetween the data tracks and the read/write head. Lateral vibration can be excited by disturbances in the ...


Superfast Phase-Shifting Method For 3-D Shape Measurement, Song Zhang, Daniel Van Der Welde, James H. Oliver 2010 Iowa State University

Superfast Phase-Shifting Method For 3-D Shape Measurement, Song Zhang, Daniel Van Der Welde, James H. Oliver

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Recently introduced DLP Discovery technology allows for tens of kHz binary image switching, which has great potential for superfast 3-D shape measurement. This paper presents a system that realizes 3-D shape measurement by using a DLP Discovery technology to switch binary structured patterns at very high frame rates. The sinusoidal fringe patterns are generated by properly defocusing the projector. Combining this approach with a phase-shifting method, we achieve an unprecedented rate for 3-D shape measurement: 667 Hz. This technology can be applied to numerous applications including medical science, biometrics, and entertainment.


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