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A Case Study: Teaching Engineering Concepts In Science, David R. Stricker 2010 University of Wisconsin - Stout

A Case Study: Teaching Engineering Concepts In Science, David R. Stricker

Reports of Center Studies

This study was conducted to describe a teacher developed high school engineering course, to identify teaching strategies used in the process of delivering math and science literacy through this course, to identify challenges and constraints that occurred during its development and delivery, and to describe the strategies that were used to overcome those obstacles.

A case study was conducted using semi-structured interviews with the engineering instructor at Benilde-St. Margaret's in St. Louis Park, Minnesota. In addition, the researcher conducted classroom observations and reviewed instructional materials, teacher lesson plans, and teacher journals.

Themes that developed regarding the strategies used to ...


Xperts And Novices: Differences In Their Use Of Mental Representation And Metacognition In Engineering Design, Raymond Anthony Dixon 2010 Utah State University

Xperts And Novices: Differences In Their Use Of Mental Representation And Metacognition In Engineering Design, Raymond Anthony Dixon

Dissertations

Research shows that mental representation such as analogical reasoning is a fundamental cognitive tool for design problem solving (Daugherty & Mentzer, 2008; Hey, Lensey, Agogino, & Wood, 2008; Lewis, 2008). Not much is known, however, about the way students and professional engineers actively generate and change their mental representation when solving a engineering design problem. There are very few studies that show how different types of mental representations; such as metaphors, propositions, and analogies; interplay with higher order cognitive processes; such as planning, monitoring, and evaluation; as engineering designers navigate their problem and solution spaces. This empirical study investigated the mental representation and metacognitive regulation of ...


Engineering Student Outcomes For Infusion Into Technological Literacy Programs: Grades 9-12, Craig Rhodes, Vincent Childress 2010 North Carolina A&T State University

Engineering Student Outcomes For Infusion Into Technological Literacy Programs: Grades 9-12, Craig Rhodes, Vincent Childress

Publications

In 2004, the National Center for Engineering and Technology Education (NCETE) secured funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to infuse engineering design into the schools through technology education. In order to reach this goal the researchers, in cooperation with NCETE, conducted a two phase study to identify outcomes for high-school students studying engineering. The first study (referred to as a Phase I) focused on students who intended to enter an engineering program after high school, answering the question:

What are the engineering student outcomes that prospective engineering students in grades 9 through 12 should know and be able to ...


Performance Tuning Of Streaming Applications Via Search-Space Decomposition, Shobana Padmanabhan, Roger D. Chamberlain, Yixin Chen 2010 Washington University in St Louis

Performance Tuning Of Streaming Applications Via Search-Space Decomposition, Shobana Padmanabhan, Roger D. Chamberlain, Yixin Chen

All Computer Science and Engineering Research

High-performance streaming applications are typically pipelined and deployed on architecturally diverse (hybrid)systems. Developers of such applications are interested in customizing components used, so as to benefit application performance. We present an efficient and automatic technique for design-space exploration of applications in this problem domain. We solve performance tuning as an optimization problem by formulating cost functions using results from queueing theory. This results in a mixed-integer nonlinear optimization problem which is NP-hard. We reduce the search complexity by decomposing the search space. We have developed a domain-specific decomposition technique using topological information of the application embodied in the queueing ...


What Do Collaborations With The Arts Have To Say About Human-Robot Interaction?, William D. Smart, Annamaria Pileggi, Leila Takayama 2010 Washington University in St Louis

What Do Collaborations With The Arts Have To Say About Human-Robot Interaction?, William D. Smart, Annamaria Pileggi, Leila Takayama

All Computer Science and Engineering Research

This is a collection of papers presented at the workshop "What Do Collaborations with the Arts Have to Say About HRI", held at the 2010 Human-Robot Interaction Conference, in Osaka, Japan.


Split And Merge Functions For Supporting Multiple Processing Pipelines In Mercury Blastn, Jwalant Ahir, Jeremy Buhler, Roger D. Chamberlain 2010 Washington University in St Louis

Split And Merge Functions For Supporting Multiple Processing Pipelines In Mercury Blastn, Jwalant Ahir, Jeremy Buhler, Roger D. Chamberlain

All Computer Science and Engineering Research

Biosequence similarity search is an important application in computational biology. Mercury BLASTN, an FPGA-based implementation of BLAST for DNA, is one of the alternatives for fast DNA sequence comparison. The re-design of BLAST into a streaming application combined with a high-throughput hardware pipeline have enabled Mercury BLAST to emerge as one of the fastest implementations of bio-sequence similarity search. This performance can be further enhanced by exploiting the data-level parallelism present within the application. Here we present a multiple FPGA-based Mercury BLASTN design in order to double the speed and throughput of DNA sequence computation. This paper describes a dual ...


Optimal Time Utility Based Scheduling Policy Design For Cyber-Physical Systems , Terry Tidwell, Robert Glaubius, Christopher D. Gill, William D. Smart 2010 Washington University in St Louis

Optimal Time Utility Based Scheduling Policy Design For Cyber-Physical Systems , Terry Tidwell, Robert Glaubius, Christopher D. Gill, William D. Smart

All Computer Science and Engineering Research

Classical scheduling abstractions such as deadlines and priorities do not readily capture the complex timing semantics found in many real-time cyber-physical systems. Time utility functions provide a necessarily richer description of timing semantics, but designing utility-aware scheduling policies using them is an open research problem. In particular, optimal utility accrual scheduling design is needed for real-time cyber-physical domains. In this paper we design optimal utility accrual scheduling policies for cyber-physical systems with periodic, non-preemptable tasks that run with stochastic duration. These policies are derived by solving a Markov Decision Process formulation of the scheduling problem. We use this formulation to ...


A Scalable Method For Solving High-Dimensional Continuous Pomdps Using Local Approximation, Tom Erez, William D. Smart 2010 Washington University in St Louis

A Scalable Method For Solving High-Dimensional Continuous Pomdps Using Local Approximation, Tom Erez, William D. Smart

All Computer Science and Engineering Research

Partially-Observable Markov Decision Processes (POMDPs) are typically solved by finding an approximate global solution to a corresponding belief-MDP. In this paper, we offer a new planning algorithm for POMDPs with continuous state, action and observation spaces. Since such domains have an inherent notion of locality, we can find an approximate solution using local optimization methods. We parameterize the belief distribution as a Gaussian mixture, and use the Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) to approximate the belief update. Since the EKF is a first-order filter, we can marginalize over the observations analytically. By using feedback control and state estimation during policy execution ...


Cloud Computing For Scalable Planning By Stochastic Search, Qiang Lu, You Xu, Ruoyun Huang, Yixin Chen 2010 Washington University in St Louis

Cloud Computing For Scalable Planning By Stochastic Search, Qiang Lu, You Xu, Ruoyun Huang, Yixin Chen

All Computer Science and Engineering Research

Graph search has been employed by many AI techniques and applications. A natural way to improve the efficiency of search is to utilize ad- vanced, more powerful computing platforms. However, expensive computing infrastructures, such as supercomputers and large-scale clusters, are traditionally available to only a limited number of projects and researchers. As a results, most AI applications, with access to only commodity com- puters and clusters, cannot benefit from the efficiency improvements of high-performance parallel search algorithms. Cloud computing provides an attractive, highly accessible alternative to other traditional high- performance computing platforms. In this paper, we first show that the ...


Against All Probabilities: A Modeling Paradigm For Streaming Applications That Goes Against Common Notions, Rahav Dor 2010 Washington University in St Louis

Against All Probabilities: A Modeling Paradigm For Streaming Applications That Goes Against Common Notions, Rahav Dor

All Computer Science and Engineering Research

Hardware and software design requires the right portion of skills and mental faculties. The design of a good system is an exercise in rational thinking, engineering, and art. The design process is further complicated when we aspire to build systems that exploit parallelism or are targeted to be deployed on architecturally diverse computing devices, FPGAs or GPUs to name just a few. The need to develop systems that can take advantage of computing devices beyond general purpose CPUs is real. There are several application domains and research efforts that will simply not be able to adequately perform or yield answers ...


Multi-Tier Diversified Service Architecture For Internet 3.0: The Next Generation Internet, Subharthi Paul, Raj Jain, Jianli Pan, Chakchai So-in 2010 Washington University in St Louis

Multi-Tier Diversified Service Architecture For Internet 3.0: The Next Generation Internet, Subharthi Paul, Raj Jain, Jianli Pan, Chakchai So-In

All Computer Science and Engineering Research

The next generation Internet needs to support multiple diverse application contexts. In this paper, we present Internet 3.0, a diversified, multi-tier architecture for the next generation Internet. Unlike the current Internet, Internet 3.0 defines a new set of primitives that allows diverse applications to compose and optimize their specific contexts over resources belonging to multiple ownerships. The key design philosophy is to enable diversity through explicit representation, negotiation and enforcement of policies at the granularity of network infrastructure, compute resources, data and users. The basis of the Internet 3.0 architecture is a generalized three-tier object model. The ...


Multi-Channel Reliability And Spectrum Usage In Real Homes: Empirical Studies For Home-Area Sensor Networks, Mo Sha, Gregory Hackmann, Chenyang Lu 2010 Washington University in St Louis

Multi-Channel Reliability And Spectrum Usage In Real Homes: Empirical Studies For Home-Area Sensor Networks, Mo Sha, Gregory Hackmann, Chenyang Lu

All Computer Science and Engineering Research

Home area networks (HANs) consisting of wireless sensors have emerged as the enabling technology for important applications such as smart energy and assisted living. A key challenge faced by HANs is maintaining reliable operation in real-world residential environments. This paper presents two in-depth empirical studies on the wireless channels in real homes. The spectrum study analyzes the spectrum usage in the 2.4 GHz band where wireless sensor networks based on the IEEE 802.15.4 standard must coexist with existing wireless devices. We characterize the ambient wireless environment in six apartments through passive spectrum analysis across the entire 2 ...


Arch: Practical Channel Hopping For Reliable Home-Area Sensor Networks, Mo Sha, Gregory Hackmann, Chenyang Lu 2010 Washington University in St Louis

Arch: Practical Channel Hopping For Reliable Home-Area Sensor Networks, Mo Sha, Gregory Hackmann, Chenyang Lu

All Computer Science and Engineering Research

Home area networks (HANs) promise to enable sophisticated home automation applications such as smart energy usage and assisted living. However, recent empirical study of HAN reliability in real-world residential environments revealed significant challenges to achieving reliable performance in the face of significant and variable interference from a multitude of coexisting wireless devices. We propose the Adaptive and Robust Channel Hopping (ARCH) protocol: a lightweight receiveroriented protocol which handles the dynamics of residential environments by reactively channel hopping when channel conditions have degraded. ARCH has several key features. First, ARCH is an adaptive protocol that channel-hops based on changes in channel ...


End-To-End Delay Analysis For Fixed Priority Scheduling In Wirelesshart Networks, Abusayeed Saifullah, You Xu, Chenyang Lu, Yixin Chen 2010 Washington University in St Louis

End-To-End Delay Analysis For Fixed Priority Scheduling In Wirelesshart Networks, Abusayeed Saifullah, You Xu, Chenyang Lu, Yixin Chen

All Computer Science and Engineering Research

The WirelessHART standard has been specifically designed for real-time communication between sensor and actuator devices for industrial process monitoring and control. End-to-end communication delay analysis for WirelessHART networks is required for acceptance test of real-time data flows from sensors to actuators and for workload adjustment in response to network dynamics. In this paper, we map the scheduling of real-time periodic data flows in a WirelessHART network to real-time multiprocessor scheduling. We, then, exploit the response time analysis for multiprocessor scheduling and propose a novel method for the end-to-end delay analysis of the real-time flows that are scheduled using a fixed ...


The Design And Implementation Of Mcflow: A Real-Time Multi-Core Aware Middleware For Dependent Task Graphs, Huang-Ming Huang, Christopher Gill, Chenyang Lu 2010 Washington University in St Louis

The Design And Implementation Of Mcflow: A Real-Time Multi-Core Aware Middleware For Dependent Task Graphs, Huang-Ming Huang, Christopher Gill, Chenyang Lu

All Computer Science and Engineering Research

Modern computer architectures have evolved from uni-processor platforms to multi-processor and multi-core plat- forms, but traditional real-time distributed middleware such as RT-CORBA has not kept pace with that evolution. To address those issues, this paper describes the design and implementation of MCFlow, a new real-time distributed middleware for dependent task graphs running on multi-core platforms. MCFlow provides the following contributions to the state of the art in real-time middleware: (1) it provides an efficient C++ based component model through which computations can be configured flexibly for execution within a single core, across cores of a common host, or spanning multiple ...


Priority Assignment For Real-Time Flows In Wirelesshart Sensor-Actuator Networks, Abusayeed Saifullah, You Chenyang, Yixin Chen 2010 Washington University in St Louis

Priority Assignment For Real-Time Flows In Wirelesshart Sensor-Actuator Networks, Abusayeed Saifullah, You Chenyang, Yixin Chen

All Computer Science and Engineering Research

Recent years have witnessed the adoption of wireless sensor-actuator networks as a communication infrastructure for process control applications. An important enabling technology for industrial process control is WirelessHART, an open wireless sensor-actuator network standard specifically developed for process industries. A key challenge faced byWirelessHART networks is to meet the stringent real-time communication requirements imposed by feedback control systems in process industries. Fixed priority scheduling, a popular scheduling policy in real-time networks, has recently been shown to be an effective real-time transmission scheduling policy in WirelessHART networks. Priority assignment has a major impact on the schedulability of real-time flows in these ...


An Inexpensive Robot Platform For Teleoperation And Experimentation, Daniel A. Lazewatsky, William D. Smart 2010 Washington University in St Louis

An Inexpensive Robot Platform For Teleoperation And Experimentation, Daniel A. Lazewatsky, William D. Smart

All Computer Science and Engineering Research

Most commercially-available robots are either aimed at the research community, or are designed with a single purpose in mind. The extensive hobbyist community has tended to focus on the hardware and the low-level software aspects. We claim that there is a need for a low-cost, general-purpose robot, accessible to the hobbyist community, with sufficient computation and sensing to run ``research-grade'' software. In this paper, we describe the design and implementation of such a robot. We explicitly outline our design goals, and show how a capable robot can be assembled from off-the-shelf parts, for a modest cost, by a single person ...


Global Constructive Optimization Of Vascular Systems, Manfred Georg, Tobias Preusser, Horst K. Hahn 2010 Washington University in St Louis

Global Constructive Optimization Of Vascular Systems, Manfred Georg, Tobias Preusser, Horst K. Hahn

All Computer Science and Engineering Research

We present a framework for the construction of vascular systems based on optimality principles of theoretical physiology. Given the position and flow distribution of end points of a vascular system, we construct the topology and positions of internal nodes to complete the vascular system in a realistic manner. Optimization is driven by intravascular volume minimization with constraints derived from physiological principles. Direct optimization of a vascular system, including topological changes, is used instead of simulating vessel growth. A good initial topology is found by extracting key information from a previously optimized model with less detail. This technique is used iteratively ...


Analysis Of Large Scale Spatial Variability Of Soil Moisture Using A Geostatistical Method, Tarendra Lakhankar, Andrew S. Jones, Cynthia L. Combs, Manajit Sengupta, Thomas H. Vonder Haar, Reza Khanbilvardi 2010 CUNY City College

Analysis Of Large Scale Spatial Variability Of Soil Moisture Using A Geostatistical Method, Tarendra Lakhankar, Andrew S. Jones, Cynthia L. Combs, Manajit Sengupta, Thomas H. Vonder Haar, Reza Khanbilvardi

Publications and Research

Spatial and temporal soil moisture dynamics are critically needed to improve the parameterization for hydrological and meteorological modeling processes. This study evaluates the statistical spatial structure of large-scale observed and simulated estimates of soil moisture under pre- and post-precipitation event conditions. This large scale variability is a crucial in calibration and validation of large-scale satellite based data assimilation systems. Spatial analysis using geostatistical approaches was used to validate modeled soil moisture by the Agriculture Meteorological (AGRMET) model using in situ measurements of soil moisture from a state-wide environmental monitoring network (Oklahoma Mesonet). The results show that AGRMET data produces larger ...


The Characterization Of Leadership Within Undergraduate Engineering Design Teams Through Case Study Analysis, Gary Palmer ii 2010 Clemson University

The Characterization Of Leadership Within Undergraduate Engineering Design Teams Through Case Study Analysis, Gary Palmer Ii

All Theses

The purpose of this research is to clearly define leadership that exists within engineering project teams. Leadership can be applicable to any field of study and is heavily researched in business management. Sources which review leadership classify this topic in reference to managerial styles, leadership types and styles, emotional intelligence, and work climate. However, there are few sources which define leadership specifically within engineering environments. The motivation of this research is driven by the absence of defining and observing consistency in engineering leadership through the research‟s experience in engineering teams. Existing leadership is defined in this research through conducting ...


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