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Comparison Between Neural Network Based Pi And Pid Controllers, Mohammed Hassan, Ganesh Kothapalli 2010 Edith Cowan University

Comparison Between Neural Network Based Pi And Pid Controllers, Mohammed Hassan, Ganesh Kothapalli

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

The Pneumatic actuation systems are widely used in industrial automation, such as drilling, sawing, squeezing, gripping, and spraying. Also, they are used in motion control of materials and parts handling, packing machines, machine tools, and in robotics; e.g. two-legged robot. In this paper, a Neural Network based PI controller and Neural Network based PID controller are designed and simulated to increase the position accuracy in a pneumatic servo actuator. In these designs, a well-trained Neural Network provides these controllers with suitable gains depending on feedback representing changes in position error and changes in external load force. These gains should ...


Call Admission Control Scheme For Improved Quality Of Service In Wimax Communication At Vehicular Speeds, Iftekhar Ahmad, Daryoush Habibi 2010 Edith Cowan University

Call Admission Control Scheme For Improved Quality Of Service In Wimax Communication At Vehicular Speeds, Iftekhar Ahmad, Daryoush Habibi

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

The IEEE 802.16e standard, also known as mobile WiMAX, has emerged as an exciting mobile wireless communication technology that promises to offer both high throughput and guaranteed quality of service (QoS). Call admission control (CAC) scheme serves as a useful tool for WiMAX, which ensures that resources are not overcommitted and thereby, all existing connections enjoy guaranteed QoS. Existing CAC schemes largely depend on readily available information like currently available resources and bandwidth demand of the new call while making an acceptance or rejection decision once a new request arrives. Since wireless channels are not as reliable as wired ...


A New Perspective On First Read Rate Of 2d Barcodes In Mobile Applications, Keng Tiong (Alf) Tan, Douglas Chai 2010 Edith Cowan University

A New Perspective On First Read Rate Of 2d Barcodes In Mobile Applications, Keng Tiong (Alf) Tan, Douglas Chai

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

The first read rate (FRR) has been one of the traditional benchmark metric for measuring the performance of barcode systems. In recent studies, it has been noted that the FRR alone is not a complete measure of user experience, especially of barcodes in mobile applications. In this paper, we present a further three factors that would influence the user experience of mobile 2D barcodes. Our investigation is based on a quantitative survey of a controlled study participated by 250 lay users of mobile phones, through reading QRCode and Data Matrix barcodes with a variety of camera mobile phones. Observations from ...


Distributed Sensing, Communications, And Power In Optical Fibre Smart Sensor Networks For Structural Health Monitoring, Graham Wild, Gary Allwood, Steven Hinckley 2010 Edith Cowan University

Distributed Sensing, Communications, And Power In Optical Fibre Smart Sensor Networks For Structural Health Monitoring, Graham Wild, Gary Allwood, Steven Hinckley

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

With distributed optical fibre sensors, a single source, a single detector, and a single fibre can be used for up to 1000 fibre Bragg grating sensors. However, this multiplexing architecture is not robust. Damage to any of these individual components can render the entire sensing system useless. To achieve a robust structural health monitoring system, this type of multiplexing cannot be utilised. To overcome the lack of robustness associated with multiplexing optical fibre sensors together, intelligence along with sensors needs to be distributed around a structure. Distributed Optical Fibre Smarts Sensing (DOFSS) represents a sensing architecture for the structural health ...


A 1x2 Adaptive Optical Splitter Based On Opto-Vlsi Processor., Haithem Mustafa, Feng Xiao, Kamal Alameh 2010 Edith Cowan University

A 1x2 Adaptive Optical Splitter Based On Opto-Vlsi Processor., Haithem Mustafa, Feng Xiao, Kamal Alameh

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

A 1×2 adaptive optical splitter structure is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The 1×2 adaptive optical splitter structure is based on Opto-VLSI in conjunction with 4-f imaging system. An Opto-VLSI processor is software driven and capable of splitting an optical beam into different directions when a multicasting phase hologram is uploaded. An input optical signal launched into an input optical fiber port is split and coupled into two output optical fiber ports with arbitrary splitting ratios over a wavelength range exceeding 50 nm.


Absorption Enhancement Of Msm Photodetector Structure With A Plasmonic Double Grating Structure, Chee Leong Tan, Volodymyr V. Lysak, Narottam Das, Ayman Karar, Kamal Alameh, Yong Lee 2010 Edith Cowan University

Absorption Enhancement Of Msm Photodetector Structure With A Plasmonic Double Grating Structure, Chee Leong Tan, Volodymyr V. Lysak, Narottam Das, Ayman Karar, Kamal Alameh, Yong Lee

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

We present finite difference time domain simulation to analyze the optical absorption enhancement of metal-semiconductor-metal photo detectors employing double plasmonic grating structures. Simulation results show that the combination of a subwavelength aperture and double nano-structured metal grating results in up to 25 times enhancement in optical absorption, in comparison to MSM photodetector structures employing only a subwavelength aperture. This improvement of the absorption enhancement is due to the coupling out function of the bottom grating structure which distributes the light to both side of the subwavelength aperture.


Design Of High-Sensitivity Plasmonics-Assisted Gaas Metal-Semiconductor-Metal Photodetectors., Ayman Karar, Narottam Das, Chee Leong Tan, Kamal Alameh, Yong Lee 2010 Edith Cowan University

Design Of High-Sensitivity Plasmonics-Assisted Gaas Metal-Semiconductor-Metal Photodetectors., Ayman Karar, Narottam Das, Chee Leong Tan, Kamal Alameh, Yong Lee

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

In this paper, we use the finite difference timedomain (FDTD) method to optimize the light absorption of an ultrafast plasmonic GaAs metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector (MSM-PD) employing metal nano-gratings. The MSM-PD is optimized geometrically, leading to improved light absorption near the designed wavelength of GaAs through plasmon-assisted electric and magnetic field concentration through a subwavelength aperture. Simulation results show up to 10-times light absorption enhancement at 867 nm due to surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) propagation through the metal nano-grating, in comparison to conventional MSM-PD.


Model-Based Nonlinear Control Of Active Tilting-Pad Bearings, An Wu 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Model-Based Nonlinear Control Of Active Tilting-Pad Bearings, An Wu

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

A promising mechanical bearing candidate for active operation is the tilting-pad bearing. The proposed active tilting-pad bearing has linear actuators that radially translate each pad. The use of feedback control in determining the actuator forces allows for the automatic, continuous adjustment of the pad position during the operation of the rotating machine. In the first part of the dissertation, we develop a nonlinear dynamic model of the active bearing system. The hydrodynamic force produced by the fluid film is modeled as a nonlinear, squeeze-film damper plus repellent spring. A model-based nonlinear controller is then designed to exponentially regulate the rotor ...


Identifying And Quantifying Factors Affecting Traffic Crash Severity In Louisiana, Hong Zhang 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Identifying And Quantifying Factors Affecting Traffic Crash Severity In Louisiana, Hong Zhang

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

This study was conducted to identify and quantify the factors affecting highway crash severity in Louisiana. Three candidate models were fit to the crash data to compare their performance and the Ordered Mixed Logit (OML) model was selected as the crash severity prediction model of choice. The factors contributing to crash severity identified by the OML model are: age and gender of the driver, vehicle speed, whether alcohol played a role in the crash, whether seatbelts were used, whether the driver was ejected from the vehicle, whether the crash was a head-on collision, whether an airbag was deployed, and whether ...


Heat Stress Evaluation Of Protective Clothing Ensembles, Amanda Lee Pease 2010 University of South Florida

Heat Stress Evaluation Of Protective Clothing Ensembles, Amanda Lee Pease

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Clothing directly affects the level of heat stress exposure. Useful measures to express the thermal characteristics are WBGT (wet bulb globe temperature) clothing adjustment factor (CAF) or apparent total evaporative resistance (Re,T,a). The CAF is assigned through laboratory wear trials following a heat stress protocol in which the air temperature and humidity are progressively increased until the participant clearly loses the ability to maintain thermal equilibrium. The critical condition is the point of thermal transition and from these conditions both the CAF and Re,T,a are computed. The first objective of this study is to compare the ...


Point-Of-Care Immunoassay System Using Carbon Nanotube Labels, Adeyabeba Abera 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Point-Of-Care Immunoassay System Using Carbon Nanotube Labels, Adeyabeba Abera

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The goal of this research was to develop enhanced signal detection mechanisms for immunosensing using carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The utilization of CNT labels for direct electrical measurement was implemented on lateral flow system and microfluidic integrated interdigitated array microelectrodes. These sensing mechanisms in simple and miniaturized system provided higher sensitivity and autonomous flow control for rapid detection aimed at point-of-care diagnostics. Specific functionalization protocols were carried out to chemically modify the surface of the CNTs for uniform dispersion and antibody conjugation in aqueous solution. Surfactant assisted dispersion of the CNTs was studied using PVP and PEG. Covalent conjugation of antibodies ...


Estimated Impact Of Left Lane Truck Restriction On Louisiana Highway Pavement Using Mepdg, Mini Radhakrishnan 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Estimated Impact Of Left Lane Truck Restriction On Louisiana Highway Pavement Using Mepdg, Mini Radhakrishnan

LSU Master's Theses

Truck lane restriction strategies (TLRS) are strategies used to manage truck traffic on highways by prohibiting trucks from using certain lanes in order to minimize interaction between trucks and other vehicles and currently it is under consideration for implementation in Louisiana’s multi-lane highways. One of the serious impacts of a truck lane restriction on highways is accelerated pavement damage on unrestricted lanes due to the increased truck traffic on them. The purpose of this study is to estimate the increased pavement damage on the right lane in terms of various distress caused by imposing left lane truck restriction on ...


Electrodeposited Cu-Based Catalysts For Alcohols From Co Hydrogenation And Electrodeposition Of Cuniw/Cuni Multilayered Alloys, Mayank Gupta 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Electrodeposited Cu-Based Catalysts For Alcohols From Co Hydrogenation And Electrodeposition Of Cuniw/Cuni Multilayered Alloys, Mayank Gupta

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Ethanol and higher alcohols can be used as a fuel or fuel additive in gasoline engines as well as a hydrogen carrier. One of the promising methods to synthesize these alcohols is based on thermochemical conversion of CO and H2 (CO hydrogenation). Conventional catalysts used for the conversion CO and H2 (syngas) to ethanol typically give yields less than 20% with the balance resulting mostly in the formation of the thermodynamically favored products CH4 and CO2. New catalysts with compositions designed to kinetically favor the formation of ethanol and higher alcohols are needed. Electrodeposition of nanowires offers a means to ...


Quantification Of Energy Intake Using Food Image Analysis, Sertan Kaya 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Quantification Of Energy Intake Using Food Image Analysis, Sertan Kaya

LSU Master's Theses

Obtaining real-time and accurate estimates of energy intake while people reside in their natural environment is technically and methodologically challenging. The goal of this project is to estimate energy intake accurately in real-time and free-living conditions. In this study, we propose a computer vision based system to estimate energy intake based on food pictures taken and emailed by subjects participating in the experiment. The system introduces a reference card inclusion procedure, which is used for geometric and photometric corrections. Image classification and segmentation methods are also incorporated into the system to have fully-automated decision making.


Thermal Conductivity And Its Effects On The Performance Of Pcc Pavements In Mepdg, Upender Kodide 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Thermal Conductivity And Its Effects On The Performance Of Pcc Pavements In Mepdg, Upender Kodide

LSU Master's Theses

This study developed a standard thermal conductivity test procedure to test concrete specimens and studied factors influencing those specimens. The thermal conductivity of concrete is significantly affected by moisture content, type, and percentage of coarse aggregate; this finding was confirmed statistically by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The study also developed a model for predicting the thermal conductivity of concrete that varies with moisture content and the coarse aggregate percentage. To understand the effect of supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs), this study also measured thermal conductivity of control and ternary mixtures. An increase in thermal conductivity percentage due to increase in moisture ...


The Effect Of Anisotropic Surface Energy On The Stability Of Micro And Nano Wires, Ping Du 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Effect Of Anisotropic Surface Energy On The Stability Of Micro And Nano Wires, Ping Du

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

A liquid thread of radius R will break up into drops if the axial wavelength of the surface perturbation L > 2πR. If L < 2πR, the thread is stable and will remain intact. This is Rayleigh’s stability criterion based on a continuum model. We use molecular dynamics to simulate the evolution of Lennard-Jones liquid threads with equilibrium radius R = 2.3-6.6, where R has been non-dimensionalized by the distance at which the Lennard-Jones potential equals zero. We find that if R is fixed, the wavelength L is bounded by Lmin and Lmax. For L > Lmax the thread always breaks up and stays as drops, and for L < Lmin the thread remains intact. However, for Lmin < L < Lmax, the thread oscillates continuously among several shapes. The appearance of various shapes can be explained by the energy fluctuation of the system.

We also simulate the evolution of Lennard-Jones nanowires with equilibrium radius R = 1.57, 2.58, 3.59, and 4.60 by molecular dynamics. The ...


Optimization Of New Chinese Remainder Theorems Using Special Moduli Sets, Narendran Narayanaswamy 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Optimization Of New Chinese Remainder Theorems Using Special Moduli Sets, Narendran Narayanaswamy

LSU Master's Theses

The residue number system (RNS) is an integer number representation system, which is capable of supporting parallel, high-speed arithmetic. This system also offers some useful properties for error detection, error correction and fault tolerance. It has numerous applications in computation-intensive digital signal processing (DSP) operations, like digital filtering, convolution, correlation, Discrete Fourier Transform, Fast Fourier Transform, direct digital frequency synthesis, etc. The residue to binary conversion is based on Chinese Remainder Theorem (CRT) and Mixed Radix Conversion (MRC). However, the CRT requires a slow large modulo operation while the MRC requires finding the mixed radix digits which is a slow ...


Experimental Study On Single Cement Fracture Exposed To Co2 Saturated Brine Under Dynamic Conditions, Tevfik Yalcinkaya 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Experimental Study On Single Cement Fracture Exposed To Co2 Saturated Brine Under Dynamic Conditions, Tevfik Yalcinkaya

LSU Master's Theses

Carbon capture and storage is one of the technologies that could help reduce CO2 concentration in the atmosphere while contributing to cutback of Greenhouse Gas emissions. Depleted oil and gas fields are favorable targets for CO2 storage because existing wells can be readily used as injection wells. However, a number of abandoned wells also serve as gateway to the reservoir which should be considered in the context of effective Carbon capture and storage. Wellbore cement is a very essential element in wellbore systems that serve as a barrier between different zones in the subsurface. The fractures inside wellbore cement sheath ...


Antisense Silver Nanoparticles For Photo-Activated Gene Silencing, Paige Kathleen Brown 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Antisense Silver Nanoparticles For Photo-Activated Gene Silencing, Paige Kathleen Brown

LSU Master's Theses

The unique properties of noble metal nanoparticles, which include tunable electronic and photonic characteristics, contribute to their potential as novel delivery vectors with enhanced drug stability, cell uptake, and photo-activated functionalities. Silver, as one of best surface-enhancing substrates available for bulk nanostructure synthesis, is a prime choice for investigations of metal nanohybrids as antisense therapy vehicles with special surface plasmon resonance (SPR) enabled functional attributes. The singular photonic properties of silver nanoparticles (SNPs) may contribute to ease of delivery confirmation and in situ photo-activation of protected cargo packed on particle surfaces. Here we show the synthesis and characterization of 40-80nm ...


A Study Of Hough Transform For Weld Extraction, Rakesh Gunaseelan 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

A Study Of Hough Transform For Weld Extraction, Rakesh Gunaseelan

LSU Master's Theses

The process of joining metals is called welding. At times, selecting a poor quality material or improper usage of welding technologies may cause defects in welded joints. Some of these welded joints have to be tested nondestructively, because their failure can cause lot of damage, for instance in power plants. Radiography is a very common method for non-destructive testing of welds. It is done by certified weld inspectors who have knowledge about weld flaws, looking at the radiograph of the welded joint with naked eye. The judgment of the weld inspector can be biased; subjective, because it is dependent on ...


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