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Sensing And Control Of Mems Accelerometers Using Kalman Filter, Kai Zhang 2010 Cleveland State University

Sensing And Control Of Mems Accelerometers Using Kalman Filter, Kai Zhang

ETD Archive

Surface micromachined low-capacitance MEMS capacitive accelerometers which integrated CMOS readout circuit generally have a noise above 0.02g. Force-to-rebalance feedback control that is commonly used in MEMS accelerometers can improve the performances of accelerometers such as increasing their stability, bandwidth and dynamic range. However, the controller also increases the noise floor. There are two major sources of the noise in MEMS accelerometer. They are electronic noise from the CMOS readout circuit and thermal-mechanical Brownian noise caused by damping. Kalman filter is an effective solution to the problem of reducing the effects of the noises through estimating and canceling the states ...


A Theoretical Model Of The Effect Of Bone Defects On Anterior Shoulder Instability: A Finite Element Approach, Piyush Walia 2010 Cleveland State University

A Theoretical Model Of The Effect Of Bone Defects On Anterior Shoulder Instability: A Finite Element Approach, Piyush Walia

ETD Archive

Presence of either a Hill Sachs or a Bony Bankart lesion has been indicated as a possible cause of subluxation and anterior shoulder dislocation. Previous studies have investigated only effects of these isolated lesions on the glenohumeral instability of the shoulder. The purpose of this thesis was to investigate the effect of both Bony Bankart lesion and Hill-Sachs lesion in the glenohumeral joint on the stability of the shoulder. We hypothesize that as the size of the lesion increases, the glenohumeral joint's stability will decrease. We further hypothesize that the presence of both defects together will reduce the glenohumeral ...


Heat Transfer In A Nanofluid Flow Past A Permeable Continuous Moving Surface, Sarvang D. Shah 2010 Cleveland State University

Heat Transfer In A Nanofluid Flow Past A Permeable Continuous Moving Surface, Sarvang D. Shah

ETD Archive

The main purpose of this paper is to introduce a boundary layer analysis for the fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics of an incompressible nanofluid flowing over a permeable isothermal surface moving continuously. The resulting system of non-linear ordinary differential equations is solved numerically using Runge-Kutta method with shooting techniques. Numerical results are obtained for the velocity, temperature and concentration distributions, as well as the friction factor, local Nusselt number and local Sherwood number for several values of the parameters, namely the velocity ratio parameter, suction/injection parameter and nanofluid parameters. The obtained results are presented graphically and in tabular ...


Biological Treatment Of Milk And Soybean Wastewater With Bioproducts, Tianzhu Bi 2010 Cleveland State University

Biological Treatment Of Milk And Soybean Wastewater With Bioproducts, Tianzhu Bi

ETD Archive

Dairy industries discharge larger amounts of wastewater as compared to other food industries. Wastewater contains high amount of total organic carbon materials and nutrients, such as fat, protein, and lactose. Biological treatment is widely used to treat this kind of wastewater due to the fluctuation of amount and content of dairy wastewater. This study investigated removal of total organic carbon (TOC) from two types of dairy wastewater-milk and soy milk wastewater. The bioproducts used in experiments were baker's yeast, beer's yeast, live liquid microorganism (LLMO), Enforcer Overnite Toilet Care Liquid, and Enforcer Overnite Toilet Care Granular. The parameters ...


The Thermodynamics Of Fluid-Phase Benzene Via Molecular Simulation, John L. Tatarko 2010 Cleveland State University

The Thermodynamics Of Fluid-Phase Benzene Via Molecular Simulation, John L. Tatarko

ETD Archive

Accurate values for thermodynamic properties throughout the fluid phase are a requirement for the design of separation processes. To date, very few pure substances have been completely characterized because of time and monetary constraints. Low cost computing power now permits complete determination of the thermodynamic properties of pure substances via molecular simulation. Molecular simulation is computational statistical mechanics. Benzene is an important industrial chemical and pharmaceutical precursor. It is the prototypical, symmetric, hexagonal molecule and is an ideal candidate for molecular simulation. The molecular models of three researchers in the field are submitted for Monte Carlo simulation in the virtual ...


Flow Induced Vibrations In Pipes: A Finite Element Approach, Ivan Grant 2010 Cleveland State University

Flow Induced Vibrations In Pipes: A Finite Element Approach, Ivan Grant

ETD Archive

Flow induced vibrations of pipes with internal fluid flow is studied in this work. Finite Element Analysis methodology is used to determine the critical fluid velocity that induces the threshold of pipe instability. The partial differential equation of motion governing the lateral vibrations of the pipe is employed to develop the stiffness and inertia matrices corresponding to two of the terms of the equations of motion. The equation of motion further includes a mixed-derivative term that was treated as a source for a dissipative function. The corresponding matrix with this dissipative function was developed and recognized as the potentially destabilizing ...


A Comparative Study Of The Interaction Of Different Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons On Different Types Of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes, Sourabhi Debnath, Qiaohun Cheng, Theresa Hedderman, Hugh Byrne 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

A Comparative Study Of The Interaction Of Different Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons On Different Types Of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes, Sourabhi Debnath, Qiaohun Cheng, Theresa Hedderman, Hugh Byrne

Articles

A comparative study of the solubilising effect of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) on single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) produced by high pressure decomposition of carbon monoxide (HiPco) and the arc discharge (AD) method has been carried out with the aid of fluorescence and Raman spectroscopy. For this study, polyphenyl and polyacene PAHs of different lengths are used. From the study it has been found that the binding energy of PAHs with AD SWCNTs is the same as that with HiPco SWCNTs. Shorter PAHs molecules better solubilise SWCNTs and in general smaller diameter SWCNTs. Thus, given their smaller diameter profile, significantly ...


Ammonia Emissions Of Pullets And Effects Of Stocking Density, Luciano B. Mendes, Hongwei Xin, Hong Li 2010 Iowa State University

Ammonia Emissions Of Pullets And Effects Of Stocking Density, Luciano B. Mendes, Hongwei Xin, Hong Li

Animal Industry Report

Data on ammonia (NH3) emissions from pullets (pre-laying hens) are non-existent, despite the large differences in nutritional and environmental conditions between raising pullets and laying hens. Different stocking densities (SD’s) in housing the birds may be used as a result of certain industry animal welfare guidelines. The objectives of this study were to determine NH3 emission rate (ER) of pullets during the growth period (4-18 wk of age), and to assess the effect of SD on NH3 ER of pullets and laying hens during a 6-d manure accumulation time (MAT).

Data to date showed that there was no significant ...


The Uncertainty Of Nitrogen Mass Balance For Turkey Housing, Hong Li, Hongwei Xin, Robert T. Burns 2010 Iowa State University

The Uncertainty Of Nitrogen Mass Balance For Turkey Housing, Hong Li, Hongwei Xin, Robert T. Burns

Animal Industry Report

Quantification of ammonia (NH3) loss from animal feeding operations by measuring gaseous concentration and air exchange through the emitting source is not always practical, e.g., under natural ventilation conditions. Mass balance over an extended period of time may offer a possible remedy. This study compares two NH3-N emission estimate approaches for a commercial turkey grow-out house over one year period: a) a concentration-flowintegration (CFI) method (considered as the reference method), and b) a nitrogen (N) mass-balance (NMB) method. The CFI NH3-N emission was determined by continuously measuring the NH3 concentration and exhaust air flow rate through the turkey house ...


Simulation Algorithm And Validation Of A Photovoltaic Water Pumping System, I. Odeh, Y. Yohannis, Brian Norton 2010 Ammann, Jordan

Simulation Algorithm And Validation Of A Photovoltaic Water Pumping System, I. Odeh, Y. Yohannis, Brian Norton

Articles

A photovoltaic (PV) water pumping system has been modelled using TRNSYS considering a power supply, a direct current (DC)/alternating current (AC) inverter, an AC induction motor, a centrifugal pump, a well, a water storage tank, and an overflow protection device. The model emulates actual pumping head curves, uses numerical methods to determine pump system working points, and includes a storage tank as a component in the system. It simulates PV-powered water pumping systems, constant voltage tracking, voltage frequency modulation, and maximum power point tracking algorithms; variable inverter frequency with variable motor efficiency, variable inverter frequency with constant motor efficiency ...


Three Dimensional Collagen Gels As A Cell Culture Matrix For The Study Of Live Cells By Raman Spectroscopy, Franck Bonnier, Aidan Meade, S. Merzha, Peter Knief, Kunal Bhattacharya, Fiona Lyng, Hugh Byrne 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Three Dimensional Collagen Gels As A Cell Culture Matrix For The Study Of Live Cells By Raman Spectroscopy, Franck Bonnier, Aidan Meade, S. Merzha, Peter Knief, Kunal Bhattacharya, Fiona Lyng, Hugh Byrne

Articles

Three dimensional collagen gels are evaluated as matrices for the study of live cells by Raman spectroscopy. The study is conducted on a human lung adenocarcinoma (A549) and a spontaneously immortalized human epithelial keratinocyte (HaCaT) cell line. It is demonstrated, using the Alamar Blue assay, that both cell models exhibit enhanced viability in collagen matrices compared to quartz substrates, commonly used for Raman spectroscopy. Using principal component analysis, it is shown that the Raman spectral analysis of cells in collagen matrices are minimally contaminated by substrate contributions and the cell to cell spectral variations are greatly reduced compared to those ...


An Investigation Of The Rwpe Prostate Derived Family Of Cell Lines Using Ftir Spectroscopy, M. Baker, Colin Clarke, D. Demoulin, J. Nicolson, Fiona Lyng, Hugh Byrne, C. Hart, M. Brown, N. Clarke, P. Gardner 2010 University of Manchester

An Investigation Of The Rwpe Prostate Derived Family Of Cell Lines Using Ftir Spectroscopy, M. Baker, Colin Clarke, D. Demoulin, J. Nicolson, Fiona Lyng, Hugh Byrne, C. Hart, M. Brown, N. Clarke, P. Gardner

Articles

Interest in developing robust, quicker and easier diagnostic tests for cancer has lead to an increased use of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy to meet that need. In this study we present the use of different experimental modes of infrared spectroscopy to investigate the RWPE human prostate epithelial cell line family which are derived from the same source but differ in their mode of transformation and their mode of invasive phenotype. Importantly, analysis of the infrared spectra obtained using different experimental modes of infrared spectroscopy produce similar results. The RWPE family of cell lines can be separated into groups based ...


High School Bridge Program: A Multidisciplinary Stem Research Program, Jiang Zhe, Dennis Doverspike, Julie Zhao, Paul C. Lam, Craig C. Menzemer 2010 University of Akron Main Campus

High School Bridge Program: A Multidisciplinary Stem Research Program, Jiang Zhe, Dennis Doverspike, Julie Zhao, Paul C. Lam, Craig C. Menzemer

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Research

A Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) summer Bridge Program was developed for high school students. The program was designed to encourage students to consider choosing an engineering major in college and to explore STEM as a future career. This was accomplished through a 10-week program involving multidisciplinary research activities. The participants in the program included 33 high school students. Among former participants in position to make a choice in terms of attending college, 100% had chosen to continue on in college, and 86% had chosen to major in a STEM area. The results indicated that that the program had ...


Development Of A Multi-Material Stereolithography System, Ho-Chan Kim, Jae-Won Choi, Ryan B. Wicker 2010 University of Akron, main campus

Development Of A Multi-Material Stereolithography System, Ho-Chan Kim, Jae-Won Choi, Ryan B. Wicker

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Research

Researchers continue to explore possibilities for expanding additive manufacturing (AM) technologies into direct product manufacturing. One limitation is in the materials available for use in AM that can meet the needs of end-use applications. Stereolithography (SL) is an AM technology well known for its precision and high quality surface finish capabilities. SL builds parts by selectively crosslinking or solidifying photo-curable liquid resins, and the resin industry has been continuously developing new resins with improved performance characteristics. This paper introduces a unique SL machine that can fabricate parts out of multiple SL materials. The technology is based on using multiple vats ...


Target Dna Recognition Using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy, Pauline Michaels, Simone Ciampi, Chan Yean Yean, J Justin Gooding 2010 University of New South Wales

Target Dna Recognition Using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy, Pauline Michaels, Simone Ciampi, Chan Yean Yean, J Justin Gooding

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was used to differentiate between different target DNA sequences without the use of a redox label or application of large bias voltages. This method relies on the formation of a mixed self-assembled monolayer (SAMs) composed of single-stranded DNA and a diluent, mercaptoethanol. Recognition of the DNA analytes was achieved through the significant increase in conductance for the double stranded DNA, as compared to single-stranded DNA. Non-complementary and single base-pair mismatches were also able to be differentiated. 2010 IEEE.


Biomimetics And Materials With Multiple Personalities - The Foundation Of Next Generation Molecular Sensing Devices, Dermot Diamond, Robert P. Byrne, Fernando Benito-Lopez, John Cleary, Damien Maher, John Healy, Cormac Fay, Jung Ho Kim, King Tong Lau 2010 Dublin City University

Biomimetics And Materials With Multiple Personalities - The Foundation Of Next Generation Molecular Sensing Devices, Dermot Diamond, Robert P. Byrne, Fernando Benito-Lopez, John Cleary, Damien Maher, John Healy, Cormac Fay, Jung Ho Kim, King Tong Lau

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

A strategy for advancing the price-performance capabilities of autonomous chemical sensor platforms is outlined. The importance of parallel efforts into the production of robust sensing platforms capable of autonomous monitoring of important environmental targets, while also generating potentially disruptive technologies based on fundamental materials science research is emphasised.


Inter­Molecular Di­Hydrogen- And Hydrogen-Bonding Inter­Actions In Di­Ammonium Closo-Deca­Hydro­Deca­Borate Sesquihydrate, Teshome B. Yisgedu, Xuenian Chen, Hima Kumar Lingam, Zhenguo Huang, Edward A. Meyers, Sheldon G. Shore, Ji-Cheng Zhao 2010 Ohio State University

Inter­Molecular Di­Hydrogen- And Hydrogen-Bonding Inter­Actions In Di­Ammonium Closo-Deca­Hydro­Deca­Borate Sesquihydrate, Teshome B. Yisgedu, Xuenian Chen, Hima Kumar Lingam, Zhenguo Huang, Edward A. Meyers, Sheldon G. Shore, Ji-Cheng Zhao

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

The asymmetric unit of the title salt, 2NH4+_B10H102__1.5H2O or (NH4)2B10H10_1.5H2O, (I), contains two B10H102_ anions, four NH4+ cations and three water molecules. (I) was converted to the anhydrous compound (NH4)2B10H10, (II), by heating to 343 K and its X-ray powder pattern was obtained. The extended structure of (I) shows two types of hydrogen-bonding interactions (N-H_ _ _O and O-H_ _ _O) and two types of dihydrogen-bonding interactions (N- H_ _ _H-B and O-H_ _ _H-B). The N-H_ _ _H-B dihydrogen bonding forms a two-dimensional sheet structure, and hydrogen bonding (N-H_ _ _O and O-H_ _ ...


Printing Nanomaterials Using Non-Contact Printing, Charles Mire, Marc in het Panhuis, Paul D. Calvert, Gordon G. Wallace 2010 University of Wollongong

Printing Nanomaterials Using Non-Contact Printing, Charles Mire, Marc In Het Panhuis, Paul D. Calvert, Gordon G. Wallace

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

We report on the use of inkjet, extrusion, and capillary printing of poly(3,4 ethylenedioxythiophene)/ poly(sodium 4-styrene-sulfonate) (PEDOT/PSS) to create structures that could be used in a flexible, implantable bionic device. Resistance values as low as 250 kΩ are demonstrated, with little deviation under as much as 1.5% strain. The results show PEDOT/PSS can be a suitable material for printed bionic devices.


Nanostructured Electrically Conducting Biofibres Produced Using A Reactive Wet-Spinning Process, Javad Foroughi, Geoffrey M. Spinks, Gordon G. Wallace 2010 University of Wollongong

Nanostructured Electrically Conducting Biofibres Produced Using A Reactive Wet-Spinning Process, Javad Foroughi, Geoffrey M. Spinks, Gordon G. Wallace

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

Electrically conducting, robust fibres comprised of both an alginate (Alg) biopolymer and a polypyrrole (PPy) component have been produced using reactive wet-spinning. Using this approach polypyrrole-biopolymer fibres were also produced with single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs), added to provide additional strength and conductivity. The fibres produced containing CNTs show a 78% increase in ultimate stress and 25% increase in elongation to break compared to PPy-alginate fibre. These properties are essential for studies involving the use of electrical stimulation to promote nerve regrowth and/or muscle regeneration. The resultant a novel fibres had been evaluated to develop a viable system in incorporating ...


Structure, Magnetic, And Thermal Properties Of Nd1-Xlaxcro3 (0 ≤ X ≤ 1.0), Yi Du, Zhenxiang Cheng, Xiaolin Wang, S X. Dou 2010 University of Wollongong

Structure, Magnetic, And Thermal Properties Of Nd1-Xlaxcro3 (0 ≤ X ≤ 1.0), Yi Du, Zhenxiang Cheng, Xiaolin Wang, S X. Dou

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

Perovskite-type Nd1−xLaxCrO3(0 ≤ x ≤1.0) polycrystalline samples were synthesized using solid state reaction. Structural studies indicate that the lattice parameters, metal–oxygen bond lengths, and angles of Nd1−xLaxCrO3 strongly depend on the La content. Two magnetic transition temperatures, Cr3+ antiferromagnetic ordering temperature (TN) and the spin reorientation phase transition temperature (TSRPT), have been observed in the M-T curves. The increase in TN and decrease in TSRPT with increasing x value can be explained by the change in the magnetic interactions due to ...


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